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News & Reports 2011-08-06

时间:2011-09-30 05:44来源:互联网 提供网友:gmeng   字体: [ ]
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 Hello and Welcome to News and Reports on China Radio International.

 
In This Edition
 
The Thai parliament elects Yingluck Shinawatra to serve as the country's first female prime minister, 11 weeks after she started her political career.
 
US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton says Washington and its allies are working to apply more pressure on the Syrian government for killing1 thousands of its own citizens in the crack down on protests.
 
Some experts express concerns over the rapid development of China's high-speed railways in the wake of the recent deadly bullet train crash in Zhejiang.
 
Latest figures show that China's property prices are growing at a slower pace following measures including higher interest rates on home loans and limits on the number of home purchases.
 
 
Hot Issue Reports
 
Thai Parliament Elects Yingluck Shinawatra as Prime Minister
The Thai parliament has voted Yingluck Shinawatra as the country's first female prime minister, 11 weeks after she started her political career.
 
Yingluck, the sister of former Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra, won the approval of almost 60 percent of the 500 members in the lower house.
 
"Today's voting is preliminary. There will be other steps before the official endorsement2, we have to wait till it's official before we announce any policies and missions."
 
Yingluck led her Pheu Thai party to a clear victory in last month's national election. And she is now waiting for the endorsement of King Bhumi-bol Adul-yadej before she officially takes up her post and begins naming a cabinet.
 
The ceremony could happen as early as this evening.
 
The Pheu Thai party and its coalition3 partners now enjoy a huge majority in the lower house.
 
Yingluck has no previous political experience. She was an executive in some of the family's enterprises before she got the nod in May to lead the Pheu Thai party's campaign.
 
The 44-year-old has said her "first urgent issue is how to achieve reconciliation4".
 
Her brother was thrown out of office in a 2006 military coup5 after being accused of corruption6 and disrespect for Thailand's monarchy7.
 
Since then, Thailand has been suffering from internal divisions.
 
Last year, anti-government protesters occupied parts of Bangkok for months. The demonstration8 was eventually cleared by the army with 91 people killed.
 
Clinton Accuses Syrian Government of Killing More than 2,000 Citizens
US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton has also accused the Syrian government of killing more than 2-thousand of its own citizens in the crack down on protests.
 
Clinton says the U.S. believes President Bashar al-Assad should no longer be running Syria.
 
"President Assad has lost his legitimacy9 to govern the Syrian people. We continue to support the Syrians themselves and their efforts to begin a peaceful and orderly transition to democracy."
 
She adds that the US and its allies are working to apply more pressure on the Syrian government.
 
Earlier, officials said the U.S. is working on some new sanctions targeting Syria's state-owned and state-affiliated oil and gas companies. Those companies are a leading revenue source for the Syrian government.
 
In May, the White House imposed sanctions on Assad and several senior Syrian officials in protest against the deadly violence to quell10 the demonstrations11.
Earlier this week, the EU took similar steps, adding more names to a sanction blacklist, including President Assad and 34 other people as well as firms linked to the military.
 
A Long Way to Go from "Made in China" to "Created in China"
When the first Beijing to Shanghai high speed train started its journey in late June, it was seen as a step from "Made in China" to "Created in China."
 
Less than a month later, the Wenzhou train crash made people ask, is China ready to take that step?
 
Chengcheng reports.
 
Tens of billions of dollars has been put into China's high speed train industry annually12 in recent years.
 
In only 3 years, China leapfrogged to the world No.1 status in terms of the travel distance and the length of railway under construction.
 
Economist13 Yuan Ming from Tsing Hua University is worried about the rapid development.
 
"We put too much capital into the high speed train industry. Yes, our government departments have their way to mobilize society to achieve big things, but this can have its consequences as well. Developing too fast brings about security disasters."
 
Yuan also says too much input14 has put huge pressure on the high speed train industry. Technologies in a high end industry like this cannot be acquired in a short time, so rushing to that result is never a good idea.
 
"What we need now is to slow down, to build the foundation. The high speed train industry in China has advanced by leaps and bounds and we've made breakthroughs, there's no denying that. We just need some time to fix those problems that popped up recently."
 
Yuan says China needs to regulate the investment and put it into good use so that repetitive work can be avoided.
 
Before the Wenzhou collision, more than 50 countries wanted help from China to build their own high speed rail lines. Now those proposals are probably all out of the window.
 
However, Yuan does not think China's high speed railway system is a total failure just because of this recent accident in Wenzhou.
 
"I don't think it is that hard for China's high speed train industry to go into foreign markets, because it involves high end technologies. But we need to strengthen development before we can go aboard. In short, despite the accident, I still think Chinese high speed rail has a bright future."
 
As Yuan points out, learning from the Wenzhou accident will be a good first step toward that future.
 
For CRI, I'm Shen Chengcheng.
 
EU Silent on Bicycle Tax Extension
The European Union is refusing to comment on Chinese media reports, suggesting an anti-dumping tax on bicycles imported from China is set to be extended.
 
The EU says cheap bicycles imported from China threaten domestic manufacturers. So it artificially raises their price by imposing15 what's known as an anti-dumping tax of around 50 percent.
 
But the move has received criticism from both sides. Dominic Swire reports.
 
Trade relations between the EU and China have hit rocky ground again. This time it's about bicycles.
 
Reports in the Chinese press suggest the EU is set to extend anti-dumping taxes on imported bicycles from China. The tariff16 is designed to protect European bicycle manufacturers from what some say is unfairly cheap competition. But not all agree.
 
Fredrik Erixon heads the European Centre for International Political Economy, an economic think-tank based in Brussels.
 
"It's obvious Europe is acting17 in a protectionist manner against China when it comes to low-cost manufacturing sectors18 where Europe is trying to protect itself from much more efficient producers in Asia."
 
China's Xinhua news agency says it's seen a document that states the current anti-dumping tax of almost 50 percent will be extended for an extra two years until 2016.
 
Yu Xiang is an economist at China's Institute of Contemporary International Relations. He says Chinese companies won't like the news, but there could be a silver lining19.
 
"Of course such a policy will have a very bad impact on Chinese manufacturing industry. But on the other hand, maybe this policy will be good for some Chinese firms because it will help them improve technologies."
 
Trade disputes between the EU and China are nothing new. China's complained about EU anti-dumping tariffs20 on many occasions. At the same time, many European companies say they face unfair competition in China.
 
Fredrik Erixon from the European Centre for International Political Economy again:
 
"In the greater scheme of things I don't think this individual example is going to disturb EU-China relations. However, when you aggregate21 all various forms of negative examples of protectionism by Europe against China and against other countries, of course, that turns into a problem."
 
For its part the EU has refused to comment on the media speculation22, simply stating that a final proposal on the tariffs will be released at the end of August.
 
For CRI, I'm Dominic Swire.
 
China's Property Prices Grows at a Slower Pace
China's property prices are growing at a slower pace. The average price of a new home in 100 major cities rose 0.2 percent in July.
 
Price hikes in small and medium-size cities contributed the most to the increase.
 
That means the price per square meter of an average home nationwide is now almost 89-hundred yuan, or about 14-hundred U.S. dollars.
 
Property prices in 66 cities grew in July compared to the previous month, while 33 cities posted declines. Prices remained stable in only one city.
 
China is implementing23 a series of measures to contain property prices, including higher interest rates on home loans and limits on the number of home purchases.
 
For more on this, Liu Yan earlier talked to Professor Liu Bao-cheng form the University of International Business and Economics.
 
That was Professor Liu Bao-cheng form the University of International Business and Economics.
 
The Business of Qixi Festival
Saturday is Qi Xi festival. Traditionally, this was a day for women to show off their needlepoint skills and wish for a good husband. But in the past few years, it's been reinvented as China's answer to Valentine's day.
 
Allie Johnsson has more:
 
February 14th is a big spending spree in China.
 
And retailers24 also want to cash in on Qixi Festival.
 
But reports say that they're not having much success.
 
It seems Chinese couples are still a lot more eager to celebrate the Western Valentine's day than the Chinese one.
 
But I wanted to find out for myself.
 
So I went down to NanLuoGu alley25, which is a trendy and very youth-oriented street in the centre of Beijing…and spoke26 to business owners and couples about what they're doing for this year's Qixi Festival.
 
I started at Happy Holidays clothing store.
 
It sells matching his-and-hers t-shirts, so obviously lovers' holidays are a big money-maker for them.
 
Lin Luo Luo is the owner:
 
"Last year at Qixi festival we made almost as much as at Valentines' day. Around Valentines' day we might have made about 100 thousand yuan, and around Qixi festival we might have made, say, 90 thousand. So it's not that big a difference. Qixi festival is definitely still not as important as Valentines' day, but I think it's getting more important. So many of my friends this year have been like, what are you doing for Qixi festival? People are talking about it all over the internet and on their microblogs. I think it's a lot better than it was two years ago.
 
Well as you can imagine I was pretty surprised. I'd heard this festival wasn't a big money-maker! But I went to flower shops and gift shops and pretty much everyone told me the same thing: since last year people have started getting into Qixi festival.
 
Another place I just had to check out was 3A07 cupcakes – their name means LOVE upside down and backwards27. And the place is pink and covered in hearts.
Kong Ni owns LOVE cupcakes with her boyfriend.
 
And she says they've got big plans for tomorrow.
 
"For couples who come tomorrow night, we'll get the girls to go upstairs and relax, and we'll make the guys stay downstairs. Then we'll give the guys a flower and get them to go upstairs and give it to their girlfriends themselves. Then when they leave we'll get them to take a photo together and they can take it home as a souvenir. I think young people used to be a lot more interested in Valentine's day, but now we're slowly recovering our traditional culture. So I think young people put more importance on Qixi Festival now.
 
But some lovebirds don't need a festival to show they care about one another.
 
Here's Ms. Wang and Mr. Li.
 
"Her: We'll probably watch a movie and hang out together. I don't think we'll spend more money than usual – the most important thing is just being together.
Him: Of course Qixi festival is as important as Valentines' Day. Really, they're pretty much the same. Every day is the same – as far as we're concerned, every day is Qixi festival."
 
Awww, that's cute. Well, whatever you're doing tomorrow, I'd recommend looking up the legend behind Qixi festival. It involves fairies and cow-herders, so it's pretty much an instant winner in my books.
 
Allie Johnsson reporting on the eve of Qi Xi Festival.
 
James Blunt Looking Forward to the Upcoming Concerts in China
In other news....Grammy-nominated English singer-songwriter James Hillier Blount, better known by his stage name James Blunt, is set to hold concerts in China.
 
Guangzhou will be his first stop followed byBeijing and Shanghai later this month.
 
To promote his upcoming gigs in China, Blunt has opened a SINA microblog account, where he sends greetings to his Chinese fans and invites them to the concerts.
 
Blunt's first album, "Back to Bedlam28", catapulted him into worldwide superstardom on the strength of such songs as "You're Beautiful" and "Goodbye My Lover".
 
His second album, 2007's "All the Lost Souls" debuted29 at No.1 in 10 countries, which sold nearly 5 million copies globally. And his third studio album, "Some Kind of Trouble", was released in November 2010.
 
Blunt's repertoire30 can be best described as a mix of acoustic-tinged pop, rock and folk.
 
Newspaper Picks
 
China Daily: There are 13 million blind people in China, but only 34 guide dogs. China Daily reports on how difficult it is for these guide dogs to do their job in China. The article mostly talks about a woman in Beijing named Chen Yan who has been barred six times from taking her dog on the subway near her house. She's also been shooed away from restaurants, airplanes, and restaurants, - even McDonalds. Apparently31 this is quite a common issue.
 
The problem is that guide dogs are so new in China that a lot of businesses and services just don't know how to deal with them.
 
China's Protection Law for Disabled Persons does say that dogs can work in public places – as long as they abide32 by local regulations. And that little "local" stipulation33 means that lots of places CAN refuse entry to guide dogs.
 
There are some places where they can't. Shanghai, Shenzhen, and Zhejiang province all have regulations that say guide dogs must be allowed into any workplace, museum, cinema, hospital or other public facility.
 
And as assistance dogs become more common and their use and training become more standardized34, we'll probably see a change here.

点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 killing kpBziQ     
n.巨额利润;突然赚大钱,发大财
参考例句:
  • Investors are set to make a killing from the sell-off.投资者准备清仓以便大赚一笔。
  • Last week my brother made a killing on Wall Street.上个周我兄弟在华尔街赚了一大笔。
2 endorsement ApOxK     
n.背书;赞成,认可,担保;签(注),批注
参考例句:
  • We are happy to give the product our full endorsement.我们很高兴给予该产品完全的认可。
  • His presidential campaign won endorsement from several celebrities.他参加总统竞选得到一些社会名流的支持。
3 coalition pWlyi     
n.结合体,同盟,结合,联合
参考例句:
  • The several parties formed a coalition.这几个政党组成了政治联盟。
  • Coalition forces take great care to avoid civilian casualties.联盟军队竭尽全力避免造成平民伤亡。
4 reconciliation DUhxh     
n.和解,和谐,一致
参考例句:
  • He was taken up with the reconciliation of husband and wife.他忙于做夫妻间的调解工作。
  • Their handshake appeared to be a gesture of reconciliation.他们的握手似乎是和解的表示。
5 coup co5z4     
n.政变;突然而成功的行动
参考例句:
  • The monarch was ousted by a military coup.那君主被军事政变者废黜了。
  • That government was overthrown in a military coup three years ago.那个政府在3年前的军事政变中被推翻。
6 corruption TzCxn     
n.腐败,堕落,贪污
参考例句:
  • The people asked the government to hit out against corruption and theft.人民要求政府严惩贪污盗窃。
  • The old man reviled against corruption.那老人痛斥了贪污舞弊。
7 monarchy e6Azi     
n.君主,最高统治者;君主政体,君主国
参考例句:
  • The monarchy in England plays an important role in British culture.英格兰的君主政体在英国文化中起重要作用。
  • The power of the monarchy in Britain today is more symbolical than real.今日英国君主的权力多为象徵性的,无甚实际意义。
8 demonstration 9waxo     
n.表明,示范,论证,示威
参考例句:
  • His new book is a demonstration of his patriotism.他写的新书是他的爱国精神的证明。
  • He gave a demonstration of the new technique then and there.他当场表演了这种新的操作方法。
9 legitimacy q9tzJ     
n.合法,正当
参考例句:
  • The newspaper was directly challenging the government's legitimacy.报纸直接质疑政府的合法性。
  • Managing from the top down,we operate with full legitimacy.我们进行由上而下的管理有充分的合法性。
10 quell J02zP     
v.压制,平息,减轻
参考例句:
  • Soldiers were sent in to quell the riots.士兵们被派去平息骚乱。
  • The armed force had to be called out to quell violence.不得不出动军队来镇压暴力行动。
11 demonstrations 0922be6a2a3be4bdbebd28c620ab8f2d     
证明( demonstration的名词复数 ); 表明; 表达; 游行示威
参考例句:
  • Lectures will be interspersed with practical demonstrations. 讲课中将不时插入实际示范。
  • The new military government has banned strikes and demonstrations. 新的军人政府禁止罢工和示威活动。
12 annually VzYzNO     
adv.一年一次,每年
参考例句:
  • Many migratory birds visit this lake annually.许多候鸟每年到这个湖上作短期逗留。
  • They celebrate their wedding anniversary annually.他们每年庆祝一番结婚纪念日。
13 economist AuhzVs     
n.经济学家,经济专家,节俭的人
参考例句:
  • He cast a professional economist's eyes on the problem.他以经济学行家的眼光审视这个问题。
  • He's an economist who thinks he knows all the answers.他是个经济学家,自以为什么都懂。
14 input X6lxm     
n.输入(物);投入;vt.把(数据等)输入计算机
参考例句:
  • I will forever be grateful for his considerable input.我将永远感激他的大量投入。
  • All this information had to be input onto the computer.所有这些信息都必须输入计算机。
15 imposing 8q9zcB     
adj.使人难忘的,壮丽的,堂皇的,雄伟的
参考例句:
  • The fortress is an imposing building.这座城堡是一座宏伟的建筑。
  • He has lost his imposing appearance.他已失去堂堂仪表。
16 tariff mqwwG     
n.关税,税率;(旅馆、饭店等)价目表,收费表
参考例句:
  • There is a very high tariff on jewelry.宝石类的关税率很高。
  • The government is going to lower the tariff on importing cars.政府打算降低进口汽车的关税。
17 acting czRzoc     
n.演戏,行为,假装;adj.代理的,临时的,演出用的
参考例句:
  • Ignore her,she's just acting.别理她,她只是假装的。
  • During the seventies,her acting career was in eclipse.在七十年代,她的表演生涯黯然失色。
18 sectors 218ffb34fa5fb6bc1691e90cd45ad627     
n.部门( sector的名词复数 );领域;防御地区;扇形
参考例句:
  • Berlin was divided into four sectors after the war. 战后柏林分成了4 个区。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Industry and agriculture are the two important sectors of the national economy. 工业和农业是国民经济的两个重要部门。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
19 lining kpgzTO     
n.衬里,衬料
参考例句:
  • The lining of my coat is torn.我的外套衬里破了。
  • Moss makes an attractive lining to wire baskets.用苔藓垫在铁丝篮里很漂亮。
20 tariffs a7eb9a3f31e3d6290c240675a80156ec     
关税制度; 关税( tariff的名词复数 ); 关税表; (旅馆或饭店等的)收费表; 量刑标准
参考例句:
  • British industry was sheltered from foreign competition by protective tariffs. 保护性关税使英国工业免受国际竞争影响。
  • The new tariffs have put a stranglehold on trade. 新的关税制对开展贸易极为不利。
21 aggregate cKOyE     
adj.总计的,集合的;n.总数;v.合计;集合
参考例句:
  • The football team had a low goal aggregate last season.这支足球队上个赛季的进球总数很少。
  • The money collected will aggregate a thousand dollars.进帐总额将达一千美元。
22 speculation 9vGwe     
n.思索,沉思;猜测;投机
参考例句:
  • Her mind is occupied with speculation.她的头脑忙于思考。
  • There is widespread speculation that he is going to resign.人们普遍推测他要辞职。
23 implementing be68540dfa000a0fb38be40d32259215     
v.实现( implement的现在分词 );执行;贯彻;使生效
参考例句:
  • -- Implementing a comprehensive drug control strategy. ――实行综合治理的禁毒战略。 来自汉英非文学 - 白皮书
  • He was in no hurry about implementing his unshakable principle. 他并不急于实行他那不可动摇的原则。 来自辞典例句
24 retailers 08ff8df43efeef1abfd3410ef6661c95     
零售商,零售店( retailer的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • High street retailers reported a marked increase in sales before Christmas. 商业街的零售商报告说圣诞节前销售量显著提高。
  • Retailers have a statutory duty to provide goods suitable for their purpose. 零售商有为他们提供符合要求的货品的法定义务。
25 alley Cx2zK     
n.小巷,胡同;小径,小路
参考例句:
  • We live in the same alley.我们住在同一条小巷里。
  • The blind alley ended in a brick wall.这条死胡同的尽头是砖墙。
26 spoke XryyC     
n.(车轮的)辐条;轮辐;破坏某人的计划;阻挠某人的行动 v.讲,谈(speak的过去式);说;演说;从某种观点来说
参考例句:
  • They sourced the spoke nuts from our company.他们的轮辐螺帽是从我们公司获得的。
  • The spokes of a wheel are the bars that connect the outer ring to the centre.辐条是轮子上连接外圈与中心的条棒。
27 backwards BP9ya     
adv.往回地,向原处,倒,相反,前后倒置地
参考例句:
  • He turned on the light and began to pace backwards and forwards.他打开电灯并开始走来走去。
  • All the girls fell over backwards to get the party ready.姑娘们迫不及待地为聚会做准备。
28 bedlam wdZyh     
n.混乱,骚乱;疯人院
参考例句:
  • He is causing bedlam at the hotel.他正搅得旅馆鸡犬不宁。
  • When the teacher was called away the classroom was a regular bedlam.当老师被叫走的时候,教室便喧闹不堪。
29 debuted b3e2d85131439fe8678f6628fda0ec90     
初次表演,初次登台(debut的过去式与过去分词形式)
参考例句:
  • In late 2003 a full-size SUV, the Pathfinder Armada, debuted. 2003年末,全尺寸SUV的探路者无敌舰队,推出。
  • The album debuted at number two and quickly went platinum. 专辑一亮相就荣登排行榜第二名,很快就取得了白金销量。
30 repertoire 2BCze     
n.(准备好演出的)节目,保留剧目;(计算机的)指令表,指令系统, <美>(某个人的)全部技能;清单,指令表
参考例句:
  • There is an extensive repertoire of music written for the flute.有很多供长笛演奏的曲目。
  • He has added considerably to his piano repertoire.他的钢琴演奏曲目大大增加了。
31 apparently tMmyQ     
adv.显然地;表面上,似乎
参考例句:
  • An apparently blind alley leads suddenly into an open space.山穷水尽,豁然开朗。
  • He was apparently much surprised at the news.他对那个消息显然感到十分惊异。
32 abide UfVyk     
vi.遵守;坚持;vt.忍受
参考例句:
  • You must abide by the results of your mistakes.你必须承担你的错误所造成的后果。
  • If you join the club,you have to abide by its rules.如果你参加俱乐部,你就得遵守它的规章。
33 stipulation FhryP     
n.契约,规定,条文;条款说明
参考例句:
  • There's no stipulation as to the amount you can invest. 没有关于投资额的规定。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The only stipulation the building society makes is that house must be insured. 建屋互助会作出的唯一规定是房屋必须保险。 来自《简明英汉词典》
34 standardized 8hHzgs     
adj.标准化的
参考例句:
  • We use standardized tests to measure scholastic achievement. 我们用标准化考试来衡量学生的学业成绩。
  • The parts of an automobile are standardized. 汽车零件是标准化了的。
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