英语 英语 日语 日语 韩语 韩语 法语 法语 德语 德语 西班牙语 西班牙语 意大利语 意大利语 阿拉伯语 阿拉伯语 葡萄牙语 葡萄牙语 越南语 越南语 俄语 俄语 芬兰语 芬兰语 泰语 泰语 泰语 丹麦语 泰语 对外汉语

VOA慢速英语 2007 1227b

时间:2008-03-20 05:56来源:互联网 提供网友:蓝静子   字体: [ ]
    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)

VOICE ONE:

This is Rich Kleinfeldt.

VOICE TWO:

And this is Ray Freeman with THE MAKING OF A NATION, a VOA Special English program about the history of the United States.  Today, we continue the story of the American Revolution against Britain in the late seventeen hundreds.

(SOUND)

VOICE ONE:

 
George Washington and the colonists1 fight the British in ''Washington Midway Between the Two Armies at Princeton'' by H. van Ingen
Delegates2 to the American Continental3 Congress approved and signed a Declaration4 of Independence on July Fourth, seventeen seventy-six.  The new country called the United States of America was at war with Britain.  Yet, not everyone in the former colonies agreed on the decision.

No one knows for sure how many Americans remained loyal to Great Britain.  The Massachusetts political leader, John Adams, thought about thirty-three percent of the colonists supported independence, thirty-three percent supported Britain, and thirty-three percent supported neither side.  Most history experts today think that about twenty percent of the colonists supported Britain.  They say the others were neutral or supported whichever side seemed to be winning.

VOICE TWO:

As many as thirty thousand Americans fought for the British during the war.  Others helped Britain by reporting the movements of American rebel troops.

Who supported Britain?  They included people appointed to their jobs by the king, religious leaders of the Anglican Church, and people with close business connections in Britain.

Many members of minority groups remained loyal to the king because they needed his protection against local majority groups.  Other people were loyal because they did not want change or because they believed that independence would not improve their lives. Some thought the actions of the British government were not bad enough to make a rebellion5 necessary.  Others did not believe that the rebels could win a war against such a powerful nation as Britain.

VOICE ONE:

Native American Indians did not agree among themselves about the revolution.  Congress knew it had to make peace with the Indians as soon as the war started, or American troops might have to fight them and the British at the same time.  To prevent trouble, American officials tried to stop settlers from moving onto Indian lands.

In some places, the Indians joined the Americans, but generally they supported the British.  They expected the British to win. They saw the war as a chance to force the Americans to leave their lands.  At times, the Indians fought on the side of the British, but left when the British seemed to be losing the battle.  Choosing to fight for the British proved to be a mistake.  When the war was over, the Americans felt they owed the Indians nothing.

(MUSIC)

VOICE TWO:

Black slaves in the colonies also were divided about what side to join during the American Revolution.

Thousands fought for the British, because that side offered them freedom if they served in the army or navy.  Some American states also offered to free slaves who served, and hundreds of free blacks fought on the American side.  Many slaves, however, felt their chances for freedom were better with the British.  Details are not exact, but history experts say more blacks probably joined the British in the North than in the South.

VOICE ONE:

At least five thousand African-Americans served with the colonial6 American forces.  Most had no choice.  They were slaves, and their owners took them to war or sent them to replace their sons. Others felt that a nation built on freedom might share some of that freedom with them.

In the South, many slave owners kept their slaves at home.  Later in the war, every man was needed, although most slaves did not fight.  Instead, they drove wagons7 and carried supplies.  Many African-Americans also served in the American navy.  Blacks who served in the colonial army and navy were not separated from whites.  Black and white men fought side by side during the American Revolution.

History experts say, however, that most black slaves spent the war as they had always lived:  working on their owners' farms.

(MUSIC)

VOICE TWO:

The American rebels called themselves patriots8.  They called British supporters Tories.  Patriots often seized Tories' property to help pay for the war.  They also kidnapped Tories' slaves to be used as laborers9 for the army.  Many Tories were forced from towns in which they had lived all their lives.  Some were tortured or hanged.  In New Jersey10, Tories and patriots fought one another with guns, and sometimes burned each other's houses and farms.

VOICE ONE:

 
A painting of Benjamin Franklin by Joseph-Siffrede Duplissis.
Some history experts say the American Revolution was really the nation's first civil war.  The revolution divided many families.  Perhaps the most famous example was the family of Benjamin Franklin.  Ben Franklin signed the Declaration of Independence. His son William was governor of the colony of New Jersey.  He supported the king.  Political disagreement about the war tore apart this father and son for the rest of their lives.

VOICE TWO: 

Different ideas about the war existed among the patriots, too. That is because the colonies did not really think of themselves as one nation.  They saw themselves as independent states trying to work together toward a goal.  People from Massachusetts, for example, thought Pennsylvania was a strange place filled with strange people.  Southerners did not like people from the North. And people who lived in farm areas did not communicate easily with people who lived in coastal11 towns and cities.

This meant that the Continental Congress could not order the states to do anything they did not want to do.  Congress could not demand that the states provide money for the war.  It could only ask for their help.

George Washington, the top general, could not take men into the army.  He could only wait for the states to send them.  History experts say George Washington showed that he was a good politician by the way he kept Congress and the thirteen states supporting him throughout the war.

(MUSIC)

VOICE ONE:

As the people of America did not agree about the war, the people of Britain did not agree about it, either.  Many supported the government's decision to fight.  They believed that the war was necessary to rescue loyalists from the patriots.  Others did not think Britain should fight the Americans, because the Americans had not invaded or threatened their country.  They believed that Britain should leave the colonies alone to do as they wished.  

King George was not able to do this, however.  He supported the war as a way to continue his power in the world, and to rescue British honor in the eyes of other national leaders.

Whichever side British citizens were on, there was no question that the war was causing severe problems in Britain.  British businessmen could no longer trade with the American colonies.  Prices increased.   Taxes did, too.  And young men were forced to serve in the royal navy.

(MUSIC)

VOICE TWO:

At the start of the war, the British believed that the rebellion was led by a few extremists in New England.  They thought the other colonies would surrender if that area could be surrounded and controlled.  So, they planned to separate New England from the other colonies by taking command of the Hudson River Valley.

 
British general Burgoyne's surrenders at Saratoga painted by Percy Moran
They changed this plan after they were defeated in the Battle of Saratoga in New York state.  Later, they planned to capture major cities and control the coast from Maine in the north to Georgia in the south.  They failed to do this, although they did occupy New York City for the whole war, and at times had control over Philadelphia and Charleston.

VOICE ONE:

The British experienced many problems fighting the war.  Their troops were far from home, across a wide ocean.  It was difficult to bring in more forces and supplies, and it took a long time. As the war continued, American ships became more skilled at attacking British ships at sea.

The colonial army had problems, too.  Congress never had enough money.  Sometimes, it could not send General Washington the things he needed.  Often, the states did not send what they were supposed to.  Americans were not always willing to take part in the war.  They were poorly trained as soldiers and would promise to serve for only a year or so.

VOICE TWO:

The political and economic developments of the American Revolution concerned not just the Americans and the British.  European nations were watching the events in America very closely.  Those events, and the reactions in Europe, will be our story next time.

(MUSIC)

VOICE ONE:

Today's MAKING OF A NATION program was written by Nancy Steinbach.  This is Rich Kleinfeldt.

VOICE TWO:

And this is Ray Freeman.  Join us again next week for another VOA Special English program about the history of the United States.

_____

This is #13 in series THE MAKING OF A NATION

 


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 colonists 4afd0fece453e55f3721623f335e6c6f     
n.殖民地开拓者,移民,殖民地居民( colonist的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Colonists from Europe populated many parts of the Americas. 欧洲的殖民者移居到了美洲的许多地方。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Some of the early colonists were cruel to the native population. 有些早期移居殖民地的人对当地居民很残忍。 来自《简明英汉词典》
2 delegates f6181d3345b223dc5fcaf31ceaaa79c3     
代表,代表团成员( delegate的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The conference was attended by delegates from 56 countries. 此次会议有来自56个国家的代表出席。
  • Delegates expressed strong opposition to the plans. 代表强烈反对这些计划。
3 continental Zazyk     
adj.大陆的,大陆性的,欧洲大陆的
参考例句:
  • A continental climate is different from an insular one.大陆性气候不同于岛屿气候。
  • The most ancient parts of the continental crust are 4000 million years old.大陆地壳最古老的部分有40亿年历史。
4 declaration rxrxj     
n.宣布,宣告,宣言,声明(书),申报
参考例句:
  • We read the declaration posted on the bulletin board.我们读了贴在布告板上的声明。
  • At the recent convention a declaration was adopted.在最近举行的大会上通过了一项宣言。
5 rebellion stVyI     
n.造反,叛乱,反抗
参考例句:
  • The next year they rose up in rebellion.第二年他们就揭竿起义了。
  • The new government quickly suppressed the rebellion.新政府迅速把叛乱镇压下去。
6 colonial Hq9zJ     
adj.殖民地的,关于殖民的;n.殖民地,居民
参考例句:
  • The natives were unwilling to be bent by colonial power.土著居民不愿受殖民势力的摆布。
  • The people of Africa have successfully fought against colonial rule.非洲人民成功地反抗了殖民统治。
7 wagons ff97c19d76ea81bb4f2a97f2ff0025e7     
n.四轮的运货马车( wagon的名词复数 );铁路货车;小手推车
参考例句:
  • The wagons were hauled by horses. 那些货车是马拉的。
  • They drew their wagons into a laager and set up camp. 他们把马车围成一圈扎起营地。
8 patriots cf0387291504d78a6ac7a13147d2f229     
爱国者,爱国主义者( patriot的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Abraham Lincoln was a fine type of the American patriots. 亚伯拉罕·林肯是美国爱国者的优秀典型。
  • These patriots would fight to death before they surrendered. 这些爱国者宁愿战斗到死,也不愿投降。
9 laborers c8c6422086151d6c0ae2a95777108e3c     
n.体力劳动者,工人( laborer的名词复数 );(熟练工人的)辅助工
参考例句:
  • Laborers were trained to handle 50-ton compactors and giant cranes. 工人们接受操作五十吨压土机和巨型起重机的训练。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
  • Wage-labour rests exclusively on competition between the laborers. 雇佣劳动完全是建立在工人的自相竞争之上的。 来自英汉非文学 - 共产党宣言
10 jersey Lp5zzo     
n.运动衫
参考例句:
  • He wears a cotton jersey when he plays football.他穿运动衫踢足球。
  • They were dressed alike in blue jersey and knickers.他们穿着一致,都是蓝色的运动衫和灯笼短裤。
11 coastal WWiyh     
adj.海岸的,沿海的,沿岸的
参考例句:
  • The ocean waves are slowly eating away the coastal rocks.大海的波浪慢慢地侵蚀着岸边的岩石。
  • This country will fortify the coastal areas.该国将加强沿海地区的防御。
本文本内容来源于互联网抓取和网友提交,仅供参考,部分栏目没有内容,如果您有更合适的内容,欢迎点击提交分享给大家。
------分隔线----------------------------
TAG标签:   voa  慢速英语
顶一下
(1)
33.3%
踩一下
(2)
66.7%
最新评论 查看所有评论
发表评论 查看所有评论
请自觉遵守互联网相关的政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
评价:
表情:
验证码:
听力搜索
推荐频道
论坛新贴