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VOA慢速英语 2007 1228a

时间:2008-03-20 05:59来源:互联网 提供网友:蓝静子   字体: [ ]
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This is the VOA Special English Economics Report.

 
A Chinese worker smokes a cigarette while carrying bags in Beijing
China has one of the world's fastest growing economies.  In two thousand seven, the Chinese economy grew by more than eleven percent for most of the year. 

But recently the World Bank announced that the Chinese economy was smaller than had been thought.  The World Bank released its International Comparison Program report on December seventeenth.  It said that the size of the world economy had been overestimated1.  And it found that the total value of goods and services produced by China had been overestimated by forty percent. 

The World Bank used new tools to compare the economies and buying power of people in one hundred forty-six countries.  This year's report marked the first time that China took part in the World Bank's International Comparison Program.

The World Bank says China is the second largest economy after the United States by its new measurements.  But the revaluation has caused experts to reconsider economic progress in China. 

It also raises questions about the exchange rate of Chinese money.  Critics have long argued that China should let the value of its money rise freely against the value of the dollar and other currencies.  It may be that Chinese money is not undervalued if the Chinese economy is not as large as once thought.  However, some experts point to other economic statistics to argue that China's money is undervalued.

China faces other problems as well.  Inflation hit an eleven-year high in November.  The country's huge trade surplus reached a record two hundred thirty-eight billion dollars in the first eleven months of this year.  This has raised tensions with trading partners, such as the United States and the European Union.  And China has been criticized for permitting its manufacturers to produce unsafe products.  

Two thousand seven marks another event for China's economy.  It is the first year in which China invested more money in foreign countries than foreign countries invested in China.  The Wall Street Journal says Chinese companies and the government invested over twenty-nine billion dollars in foreign companies.  Investors2 from the rest of the world invested less than twenty-two billion dollars in Chinese companies this year.

And that's the VOA Special English Economics Report, written by Mario Ritter.  Transcripts3 and archives are at voaspecialenglish.com.  I'm Steve Ember.

 


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 overestimated 3ea9652f4f5fa3d13a818524edff9444     
对(数量)估计过高,对…作过高的评价( overestimate的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • They overestimated his ability when they promoted him. 他们提拔他的时候高估了他的能力。
  • The Ministry of Finance consistently overestimated its budget deficits. 财政部一贯高估预算赤字。
2 investors dffc64354445b947454450e472276b99     
n.投资者,出资者( investor的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • a con man who bilked investors out of millions of dollars 诈取投资者几百万元的骗子
  • a cash bonanza for investors 投资者的赚钱机会
3 transcripts 525c0b10bb61e5ddfdd47d7faa92db26     
n.抄本( transcript的名词复数 );转写本;文字本;副本
参考例句:
  • Like mRNA, both tRNA and rRNA are transcripts of chromosomal DNA. tRNA及rRNA同mRNA一样,都是染色体DNA的转录产物。 来自辞典例句
  • You can't take the transfer students'exam without your transcripts. 没有成绩证明书,你就不能参加转学考试。 来自辞典例句
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