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VOA慢速英语 2007 1231a

时间:2008-03-20 06:11来源:互联网 提供网友:蓝静子   字体: [ ]
    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)

This is the VOA Special English Development Report. 

Today we have the second of two reports explaining how to prepare fish by drying or smoking1 them for future use.

We talked last week about the first steps of cleaning and salting freshly caught fish. Internet users2 who missed that report can find it at voaspecialenglish.com.

To dry fish, you will need either a drying table or a place to hang them. If a table is used, it should have a top made of wire screen or thin pieces of wood with space between each piece. 

Lay the cleaned, wet salted fish on top of the table. Do not let them touch each other. Be sure that air can reach the fish from all sides, including the top and bottom.

Build a small smoky fire under the drying table for the first day to keep the flies away. After that, you can keep the flies away by covering the fish with a thin cloth. Do not let the cloth touch the fish. 

Fish taste better if they are out of bright sunlight3 while they are being dried. For best results, put the drying table under a tree. Turn the fish over every other day. Small fish will dry in about three days if the air is dry. Large fish will take a week or ten days to dry.  

After the fish have dried, place them in a basket. Cover them with clean paper or large leaves. Then put the basket in a cool, dry place, not on the ground. 

To smoke the fish, you must first remove as much of the saltwater as possible. The smoking can be done in a large, round metal container. Remove the top of the drum and cut a small opening on one side at the bottom. 

Cover the top with a strong wire screen. This is where you put the fish. Build a small fire in the drum by reaching in through the opening at the bottom.  

Wood from fruit trees makes good fuel for your fire. Such wood will give the smoked fish good color and taste.  Hardwoods such as hickory, oak4 and ash also burn well. 

It is important to keep the fire small, so it does not burn the fish. You want a lot of smoke but very little flame. One way to get a lot of smoke is to use green wood, not dried wood. 

You should smoke the fish for five days or longer if you plan to keep them for a long time.  After you finish smoking the fish, remove them and let them cool. Then wrap5 them in clean paper. 

Put the fish in baskets and keep them in a cool, dry place off the ground. Dried fish must be kept completely6 dry until they are eaten. 

And that's the VOA Special English Development Report. Transcripts7 and MP3 archives of our reports can be downloaded at voaspecialenglish.com.  I'm Steve Ember.

 


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 smoking NilzKh     
n.吸烟,抽烟;冒烟
参考例句:
  • He was wise to give up smoking.他戒烟是明智的。
  • He has decided to cut out smoking and drinking.他已决心戒烟、戒酒。
2 users 9bc65c2abec141778ffaa729489f3e87     
用户,使用者( user的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The new software will prove a boon to Internet users. 这种新软件将会对互联网用户大有益处。
  • Ramps should be provided for wheelchair users. 应该给轮椅使用者提供坡道。
3 sunlight ts3wM     
n.日光,阳光,日照
参考例句:
  • The room was flooded with warm and golden sunlight.房间充满着温暖、金色的阳光。
  • In the bright sunlight she had to narrow her eyes.在强烈阳光下她必须眯着双眼。
4 oak YHoxP     
n.栎树,橡树,栎木,橡木
参考例句:
  • The chair is of solid oak.这把椅子是纯橡木的。
  • The carpenter will floor this room with oak.木匠将用橡木铺设这个房间的地板。
5 wrap 2fCwC     
n.外套,围巾,包裹,限制,约束,秘密;vt.包装,卷,缠绕,包,裹,覆盖,遮蔽,隐藏
参考例句:
  • You'd better wrap it with a piece of clean cloth.你最好用一块干净的布把它包起来。
  • You can wrap the skirt around your waist.你可以把裙子围在腰间。
6 completely lvmzzZ     
adv.完全地,十分地,全然
参考例句:
  • She never completely gave up hope.她从不完全放弃希望。
  • I feel completely in the dark on this question.这件事使我感到茫然。
7 transcripts 525c0b10bb61e5ddfdd47d7faa92db26     
n.抄本( transcript的名词复数 );转写本;文字本;副本
参考例句:
  • Like mRNA, both tRNA and rRNA are transcripts of chromosomal DNA. tRNA及rRNA同mRNA一样,都是染色体DNA的转录产物。 来自辞典例句
  • You can't take the transfer students'exam without your transcripts. 没有成绩证明书,你就不能参加转学考试。 来自辞典例句
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TAG标签:   voa  慢速英语
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