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VOA慢速英语2011--Rural Medical School Competes With City Life

时间:2011-12-30 08:15来源:互联网 提供网友:nan   字体: [ ]

Education Report - Rural1 Medical School Competes With City Life

教育报道 - 美国农村地区医生缺乏,医学院校出招应对

This is the VOA Special English Education Report.


Many rural areas in the United States have no doctor. Some medical schools are trying different ways to treat the problem. One idea is to educate doctors in smaller communities and hope they stay. Dr. William Cathcart-Rake heads a new program at the University of Kansas in the Midwest.

美国许多农村地区没有医生。一些医学院校正尝试通过不同方式来处理这一问题。办法之一就是在较小的社区培训医生并希望他们能留下来。威廉·卡思卡特-雷克(William Cathcart-Rake)医生领导了美国中西部的堪萨斯大学的一个新项目。

WILLIAM CATHCART-RAKE: "We need more docs. There’s somewhere like a quarter of all of our physicians in Kansas are sixty years of age or older. So we need to be replacing physicians, too."


He says medical students from rural areas now typically study in Wichita or Kansas City, two of the biggest cities in Kansas.


WILLIAM CATHCART-RAKE: "They say, 'You know, I really have every intention of coming back to rural Kansas,' but they meet a soul mate2, they get married, their soul mate happens to be from a big city and we never see them again. They get captured3 in the big city. Hopefully, if we train them in smaller communities, they can meet the prospective4 spouses5 here, they can network here, and they have those connections which can hopefully be lifelong."


The program is based in Kansas' tenth largest city, Salina, home to about fifty thousand people. Salina is about a three-hour drive from Kansas City, past fields of corn, soybeans and cattle.


Student Claire Hinrichsen grew up in a town of about six hundred people. She attended the University of Kansas, or KU, as an undergraduate6. One reason she chose the Salina program is because of the size. There are only eight students -- the smallest medical school in the country. Classes are taught by professors in Salina or on a video link from Kansas City or Wichita.

学生克莱尔·亨瑞奇(Claire Hinrichsen)在一个居民只有600人左右的小镇长大。她作为一名大学生入读了堪萨斯大学。她选择萨莱纳项目的原因之一是因为学生规模。这里只有8名学生,是全美最小的医学院,授课的是萨利纳的教授,或者是堪萨斯城与威奇托的教授通过视频教学。

Ms. Hinrichsen talked about the program with reporter David Weinberg.

亨瑞奇女士和记者大卫·温伯格(David Weinberg)谈到了这个项目。

CLAIRE HINRICHSEN: "I really like it. I know everybody in my class. We are close and it’s a nice feeling. I went to KU, so I went to a big school, and I’m getting back to the small feel. I like it a lot."


DAVID WEINBERG: "How do these two compare, like going to KU and going here?"


CLAIRE HINRICHSEN: "They're a lot different. My first class in general chemistry in KU had more people in that lecture hall than there were in my town! So it was a big change and it was hard to get used to having so many people there."


Students who complete the four-year program will then do their residency training in a small community in the surrounding area. One place a resident7 might work is the Clay Center Clinic, where Dr. Kerry Murphy is a family physician.


KERRY MURPHY: "This is a clinic that has currently8 eight doctors and four mid-level practitioners9 and we cover, of course, this town, but we also have satellite clinics in two nearby towns. We just kind of operate as a what I call a 'cradle-to-grave operation.' We deliver babies and go all the way up to doing nursing home care."


Rural doctors generally serve older, poorer patients. Going into a specialty10 in a big city can mean better working hours and more money to pay off student loans11.


The Salina program will pay tuition12 for each year that students practice in a rural area in Kansas. Dr. Cathcart-Rake hopes four years of medical school and two years of residency will be enough time to put down roots.


WILLIAM CATHCART-RAKE: "It’s going to be hopefully harder for them to break away from those roots and go to bigger cities."

And that's the VOA Special English Education Report. I'm Mario Ritter.

Contributing: David Weinberg


1 rural OC8za     
  • He lived a rural life.他过着田园生活。
  • We left the city for a rural home.我们离开城市,去农村安家。
2 mate 2B9xE     
  • Where is the mate to this glove?这副手套的另一只在哪儿?
  • She has been a faithful mate to him.她一直是他忠实的配偶。
3 captured 2f77656f4c6180990cee5ce65bdefe74     
俘获( capture的过去式和过去分词 ); 夺取; 夺得; 引起(注意、想像、兴趣)
  • Allied troops captured over 300 enemy soldiers. 盟军俘虏了300多名敌方士兵。
  • Most of the rebels were captured and disarmed. 大部分叛乱分子被俘获并解除了武装。
4 prospective oR7xB     
  • The story should act as a warning to other prospective buyers.这篇报道应该对其他潜在的购买者起到警示作用。
  • They have all these great activities for prospective freshmen.这会举办各种各样的活动来招待未来的新人。
5 spouses 3fbe4097e124d44af1bc18e63e898b65     
n.配偶,夫或妻( spouse的名词复数 )
  • Jobs are available for spouses on campus and in the community. 校园里和社区里有配偶可做的工作。 来自辞典例句
  • An astonishing number of spouses-most particularly in the upper-income brackets-have no close notion of their husbands'paychecks. 相当大一部分妇女——特别在高收入阶层——并不很了解他们丈夫的薪金。 来自辞典例句
6 undergraduate vUczO     
  • Mr. Stone spent his undergraduate days in Columbia University,majoring in economics.斯通先生在哥伦比亚大学度过了他四年的大学生活,主修经济学。
  • During this time,they are called undergraduate students.在此期间,他们被称为大学本科生。
7 resident 8Wixl     
  • I've been resident in this place for five years. 我已经在这个地方住了五年。
  • They engaged a resident tutor. 他们聘用了一名住家的家庭教师。
8 currently SvMzI2     
  • Currently it is not possible to reconcile this conflicting evidence.当前还未有可能去解释这一矛盾的例证。
  • Our contracts are currently under review.我们的合同正在复查。
9 practitioners 4f6cea6bb06753de69fd05e8adbf90a8     
n.习艺者,实习者( practitioner的名词复数 );从业者(尤指医师)
  • one of the greatest practitioners of science fiction 最了不起的科幻小说家之一
  • The technique is experimental, but the list of its practitioners is growing. 这种技术是试验性的,但是采用它的人正在增加。 来自辞典例句
10 specialty SrGy7     
  • Shell carvings are a specialty of the town.贝雕是该城的特产。
  • His specialty is English literature.他的专业是英国文学。
11 loans f806527a4b4ecb554edad98174334a70     
n.借出物,借款( loan的名词复数 )v.借出,贷与(尤指钱)( loan的第三人称单数 );出借(贵重物品给博物馆等)
  • They are offering loans at extortionate rates of interest. 他们在放高利贷。
  • Government loans have been the salvation of several shaky business companies. 政府的贷款救活了几家濒临倒闭的公司。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
12 tuition lm7wS     
  • Students can apply for individual tuition.学生可以申请个别指导。
  • Is this money enough for the tuition fee?这些钱交学费够吗?
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