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VOA慢速英语2012 IN THE NEWS - Muslim Brotherhood Ready for More Active Role in Jordan

时间:2012-12-10 09:00来源:互联网 提供网友:nan   字体: [ ]


IN THE NEWS - Muslim Brotherhood1 Ready for More Active Role in Jordan

时事新闻 - 穆斯林兄弟会准备好在约旦发挥更积极作用

From VOA Learning English, this is IN THE NEWS in Special English.


The Muslim Brotherhood is one of the largest Islamic groups in the Arab world. For years, the Brotherhood has been banned in a number of Middle Eastern countries. Yet the group has long had an influential2 voice in the kingdom of Jordan. It also is considered the most organized political force in the nation. 


Jordanians’ demands for change have been growing stronger, partly because of economic problems. Their demands have, at times, led to conflict with the nation’s monarch3, King Abdullah.


The Muslim Brotherhood seems ready for a more active role in Jordanian politics. But the group says it wants no part in changing the government. Nimer al-Assaf is a top official in the Brotherhood’s political organization. 

穆斯林兄弟会似乎做好了在约旦政治中发挥更积极作用的准备。但该组织表示他们不想参与改变约旦政府。Nimer al-Assaf是穆斯林兄弟会政治组织中的高级官员。

"We are a peaceful movement and what we are asking for are reforms under the auspices4 of the monarchy5."


The Muslim Brotherhood has been active in Jordan since the 1940s. Since then, the group has worked with the government as it slowly built a following. But changes are taking place, partly because of the Arab Spring and the civil war in neighboring Syria. 


Oraib al-Rantawi is with the Al Quds Center for Political Studies in Amman. He believes the group has been watching what is happening in Syria. 

Oraib al-Rantawi就职于安曼的圣城政治研究中心。他认为该组织一直在关注叙利亚动态。

"They spent more than one year and a half waiting for what will happen in Syria because they feel if Muslim Brothers there reach power, this will empower them by default." 


The Brotherhood says it is watching the Syrian conflict, but not taking an active part in it. Nimer al-Assaf says the group’s leaders do not send warriors6 to fight, although he argues it is their right.

穆斯林兄弟会表示,他们关注叙利亚冲突,但并未积极参与。Nimer al-Assaf表示,该组织领导人没有派战士去打仗,但他认为这是他们的权利。

It is not clear what the long-term goals of the Brotherhood are in Jordan. The group has refused discussions with the United States and Israel. Yet, the Jordanian government honors a peace treaty with Israel. Mr. Assaf admits this would change should the Brotherhood become a leading political player.


"Things become different. You have to deal with the world, whether you like them or not."


He says any changes might come through a special nationwide vote. 


Opponents of the Brotherhood see the rise of Islamists in Jordan and across the Middle East as a hijacking7 of the hopes and goals of the Arab Spring. Mister al-Rantawi believes that wealthy conservatives in Saudi Arabia and Qatar are to blame. But the group dismisses such criticism, linking its rise to the expression of popular will.


In Egypt, the Muslim Brotherhood came to power following the ouster of longtime leader Hosni Mubarak. The group’s presidential candidate, Mohamed Morsi, took office earlier this year.

在埃及,穆斯林兄弟会在长期领导人胡斯尼·穆巴拉克下台后走上前台。该组织的总统候选人穆罕默德·穆尔西(Mohamed Morsi)今年年初上任。

This week, Egypt revisited protests similar to those almost two years ago. Tanks were deployed8 to the presidential palace in Cairo following deadly clashes between supporters and opponents of Mr. Morsi.


Opposition9 protesters want the president to cancel an order expanding his powers. They also oppose a proposed constitution they say was the work of Islamists, without help from those who disagree with Mr. Morsi. A nationwide vote on the constitution is set for December 15th.



1 brotherhood 1xfz3o     
  • They broke up the brotherhood.他们断绝了兄弟关系。
  • They live and work together in complete equality and brotherhood.他们完全平等和兄弟般地在一起生活和工作。
2 influential l7oxK     
  • He always tries to get in with the most influential people.他总是试图巴结最有影响的人物。
  • He is a very influential man in the government.他在政府中是个很有影响的人物。
3 monarch l6lzj     
  • The monarch's role is purely ceremonial.君主纯粹是个礼仪职位。
  • I think myself happier now than the greatest monarch upon earth.我觉得这个时候比世界上什么帝王都快乐。
4 auspices do0yG     
  • The association is under the auspices of Word Bank.这个组织是在世界银行的赞助下办的。
  • The examination was held under the auspices of the government.这次考试是由政府主办的。
5 monarchy e6Azi     
  • The monarchy in England plays an important role in British culture.英格兰的君主政体在英国文化中起重要作用。
  • The power of the monarchy in Britain today is more symbolical than real.今日英国君主的权力多为象徵性的,无甚实际意义。
6 warriors 3116036b00d464eee673b3a18dfe1155     
武士,勇士,战士( warrior的名词复数 )
  • I like reading the stories ofancient warriors. 我喜欢读有关古代武士的故事。
  • The warriors speared the man to death. 武士们把那个男子戳死了。
7 hijacking 8bc03d345d8eb45010ef3f77dba7a41c     
n. 劫持, 抢劫 动词hijack的现在分词形式
  • I have been told about the hijacking . 我已听说了那次劫机事件。 来自英汉 - 翻译样例 - 口语
  • They are taking measures to guarantee against the occurrence of hijacking. 他们正采取措施防止劫机事件的发生。
8 deployed 4ceaf19fb3d0a70e329fcd3777bb05ea     
(尤指军事行动)使展开( deploy的过去式和过去分词 ); 施展; 部署; 有效地利用
  • Tanks have been deployed all along the front line. 沿整个前线已部署了坦克。
  • The artillery was deployed to bear on the fort. 火炮是对着那个碉堡部署的。
9 opposition eIUxU     
  • The party leader is facing opposition in his own backyard.该党领袖在自己的党內遇到了反对。
  • The police tried to break down the prisoner's opposition.警察设法制住了那个囚犯的反抗。
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