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Pfizer Adds to Fight to End Blindness from Trachoma

时间:2005-06-03 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:vipnoble   字体: [ ]
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By Jill Moss1

Broadcast: November 17, 2003

This is Steve Ember with the VOA Special English Development Report.
The drug company Pfizer says it will give enough medicine free of charge to treat about ninety percent of people with 1)trachoma. This eye infection is the leading cause of 2)preventable blindness. An estimated one-hundred-fifty-million people have trachoma. Most live in developing nations.
Pfizer said from New York that it will give away one-hundred-thirty-five-million treatments of Zithromax over the next five years. Pfizer invented this 3)antibiotic2 drug and holds the patent rights until two-thousand-six. After that, other companies can make their own versions. One dose of Zithromax a year can prevent a trachoma infection from progressing.
Pfizer's new donation will help the World Health Organization with its goal to end trachoma by two-thousand-twenty. Joseph Cook heads the W-H-O's International Trachoma Initiative. He says the success over the past five years proves that the goal is within reach.
Since nineteen-ninety-nine, Pfizer has given away eight-million doses of Zithromax to the W-H-O campaign. The nine countries already in the program include Ethiopia, Ghana, Mali, Morocco and Nepal. The others are Niger, Sudan, Tanzania and Vietnam. Initiative officials say the effort will expand to at least ten more countries. The Washington Post reported that Senegal and Mauritania are the next to be added.
Antibiotics3 are not the only method for dealing4 with trachoma. The World Health Organization supports a program known as the “SAFE Strategy.” “S” stands for 4)surgical5 operations, for the most severe cases. “A” stands for antibiotics, such as Zithromax. “F” stands for face washing, to reduce the spread of the disease. And “E” stands for environmental changes. These include the development of clean water supplies and better living conditions.
Trachoma begins as a 5)bacterial6 infection inside the upper eyelids7. Hands, clothes or insects that have touched fluid from the eyes or nose of an infected person can spread the disease. Children and women are at greatest risk -- women, because they often are around children.
Trachoma has blinded about six-million people. Blindness usually happens during the most economically productive years of life. You can learn more on the Internet at trachoma-dot-o-r-g.
This VOA Special English Development Report was written by Jill Moss. I'm Steve Ember.

注释:
1) trachoma [trE5kEumE] n.(医)沙眼
2) preventable [pri5ventEb(E)l] adj.可预防的
3) antibiotic [7Antibai5Ctik] adj.抗生的,抗菌的
4) surgical [5sE:dVikEl] adj.外科的
5) bacterial [bAk5tiEriEl] adj.细菌的


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 moss X6QzA     
n.苔,藓,地衣
参考例句:
  • Moss grows on a rock.苔藓生在石头上。
  • He was found asleep on a pillow of leaves and moss.有人看见他枕着树叶和苔藓睡着了。
2 antibiotic KNJzd     
adj.抗菌的;n.抗生素
参考例句:
  • The doctor said that I should take some antibiotic.医生说我应该服些用抗生素。
  • Antibiotic can be used against infection.抗菌素可以用来防止感染。
3 antibiotics LzgzQT     
n.(用作复数)抗生素;(用作单数)抗生物质的研究;抗生素,抗菌素( antibiotic的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • the discovery of antibiotics in the 20th century 20世纪抗生素的发现
  • The doctor gave me a prescription for antibiotics. 医生给我开了抗生素。
4 dealing NvjzWP     
n.经商方法,待人态度
参考例句:
  • This store has an excellent reputation for fair dealing.该商店因买卖公道而享有极高的声誉。
  • His fair dealing earned our confidence.他的诚实的行为获得我们的信任。
5 surgical 0hXzV3     
adj.外科的,外科医生的,手术上的
参考例句:
  • He performs the surgical operations at the Red Cross Hospital.他在红十字会医院做外科手术。
  • All surgical instruments must be sterilised before use.所有的外科手术器械在使用之前,必须消毒。
6 bacterial dy5z8q     
a.细菌的
参考例句:
  • Bacterial reproduction is accelerated in weightless space. 在失重的空间,细菌繁殖加快了。
  • Brain lesions can be caused by bacterial infections. 大脑损伤可能由细菌感染引起。
7 eyelids 86ece0ca18a95664f58bda5de252f4e7     
n.眼睑( eyelid的名词复数 );眼睛也不眨一下;不露声色;面不改色
参考例句:
  • She was so tired, her eyelids were beginning to droop. 她太疲倦了,眼睑开始往下垂。
  • Her eyelids drooped as if she were on the verge of sleep. 她眼睑低垂好像快要睡着的样子。 来自《简明英汉词典》
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TAG标签:   voa  发展与科学  pfizer  fight  trachom
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