英语 英语 日语 日语 韩语 韩语 法语 法语 德语 德语 西班牙语 西班牙语 意大利语 意大利语 阿拉伯语 阿拉伯语 葡萄牙语 葡萄牙语 越南语 越南语 俄语 俄语 芬兰语 芬兰语 泰语 泰语 泰语 丹麦语 泰语 对外汉语


时间:2006-04-14 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:天心皓月   字体: [ ]


Therapists Use Music as Powerful Medicine



Jan Stouffer: Hello friends, my name is Jan. We're gonna make music.


A music therapy class is beginning at Penn State Children's Hospital in Hershey, Pennsylvania. Musician and therapist Jan Stouffer plays guitar while greeting four kids from the cancer unit, who range in age from 10 months to 11 years.


The children sit in a semi-circle facing Ms. Stouffer, surrounded by an array of drums, bells, tambourines2, maracas and other musical instruments.


Jan Stouffer: Do you want the frog shaker or the bear tambourine1 or would you like a drum, a drum, which one would you like? The really big one, or a flat one?

 A little boy: The really big one.


Jan Stouffer: I thought so.


These children spend most of their time alone in sterile3 hospital rooms. Ms. Stouffer says being with other kids in a class like this eases stress while helping4 them get stronger, more active and more expressive5.


Jan Stouffer: I provide a lot of activities for them to engage in self expression, to share their ideas, coming up with lyrics6 to songs…that type of thing.


While it may seem like this classes are loosely organized, the therapist says just the opposite is true.


Jan Stouffer: The structure of the music activities and the planning that goes into what music you're going to use and how you're going to use it --and that's what differentiates7 music therapy from performance, entertainment, recreational music, because we have very clearly defined goals where we're using specific music in a very specific manner to work on their goals. Like I decided8 I am going to do a sticking activity and included opportunities for the children to play the sticks in different directions at different heights relation to their body in order to include strengthening and physical conditioning.


While much of her therapy in the hospital is done individually in patients' rooms, MS. Stouffer says this weekly group session is special because it keeps the kids involved and attentive9.


MS. Stouffer: Into be solo. We are cool. OK? So listen carefully to what instrument I call for and just that one plays. Ready? Here we go. We are great musicians, we play everyday. People come from miles away just to hear us play . . . the cabaca!


11-year-old Caitlin joins the group whenever she is able. Smiling broadly on her baseball cap, she sings and plays music on her wheel-chair, seemingly oblivious10 to the clear plastic tube running from her arm to an IV stand.


Caitlin says this is a nice change from her usual hospital routine.


Caitlin: I like playing the musical instruments and everything. It's a lot of fun. I like the drums, personally. I feel like I get a little more energy.


Family members are welcome to join the one-hour sessions. Caitlin's mother, Darlene, often does.


Darlene: I enjoy it. I love to see the difference from the arrival until the time they leave. You see the big difference in their faces. They light up while they're singing. It kind of takes them away from their pain and suffering.


Jan Stouffer is one of about 5,000 music therapists, bringing their special kind of medicine to rehabilitation11 hospitals, nursing homes, senior centers and schools throughout the United States.


For VOA news now, I’m Mary Saner12, in Hershey, Pennsylvania.



array [E5rei] n. 排列,编队

tambourine [7tAmbE5ri:n] n. 小手鼓

maraca [mE5rB:kE] n. 沙球(一种打击乐器)

sterile [5sterail] adj. 消过毒的

engage in v. 使从事于,参加

therapist [5WerEpist] n. 临床医学家

recreational [9rekri5eiFEnEl] adj. 休养的,娱乐的

rehabilitation [5ri:(h)E7bili5teiFEn] n. 复原,康复

nursing home n. 疗养院


1 tambourine 5G2yt     
  • A stew without an onion is like a dance without a tambourine.烧菜没有洋葱就像跳舞没有手鼓。
  • He is really good at playing tambourine.他很擅长演奏铃鼓。
2 tambourines 4b429acb3105259f948fc42e9dc26328     
n.铃鼓,手鼓( tambourine的名词复数 );(鸣声似铃鼓的)白胸森鸠
  • The gaiety of tambourines ceases, The noise of revelers stops, The gaiety of the harp ceases. 赛24:8击鼓之乐止息、宴乐人的声音完毕、弹琴之乐也止息了。 来自互联网
  • The singers went on, the musicians after them, In the midst of the maidens beating tambourines. 诗68:25歌唱的行在前、乐的随在后、在击鼓的童女中间。 来自互联网
3 sterile orNyQ     
  • This top fits over the bottle and keeps the teat sterile.这个盖子严实地盖在奶瓶上,保持奶嘴无菌。
  • The farmers turned the sterile land into high fields.农民们把不毛之地变成了高产田。
4 helping 2rGzDc     
  • The poor children regularly pony up for a second helping of my hamburger. 那些可怜的孩子们总是要求我把我的汉堡包再给他们一份。
  • By doing this, they may at times be helping to restore competition. 这样一来, 他在某些时候,有助于竞争的加强。
5 expressive shwz4     
  • Black English can be more expressive than standard English.黑人所使用的英语可能比正式英语更有表现力。
  • He had a mobile,expressive,animated face.他有一张多变的,富于表情的,生动活泼的脸。
6 lyrics ko5zoz     
  • music and lyrics by Rodgers and Hart 由罗杰斯和哈特作词作曲
  • The book contains lyrics and guitar tablatures for over 100 songs. 这本书有100多首歌的歌词和吉他奏法谱。
7 differentiates e1a5ca2c9946ac040edc6427341f59db     
区分,区别,辨别( differentiate的第三人称单数 ); 区别对待; 表明…间的差别,构成…间差别的特征
  • This genus of plants differentiates into many species. 这种植物可分为许多种类。
  • Our fax machine differentiates between an incoming fax signal and a voice call. 我们的传真机能区分接收传真信号和语音信号。
8 decided lvqzZd     
  • This gave them a decided advantage over their opponents.这使他们比对手具有明显的优势。
  • There is a decided difference between British and Chinese way of greeting.英国人和中国人打招呼的方式有很明显的区别。
9 attentive pOKyB     
  • She was very attentive to her guests.她对客人招待得十分周到。
  • The speaker likes to have an attentive audience.演讲者喜欢注意力集中的听众。
10 oblivious Y0Byc     
  • Mother has become quite oblivious after the illness.这次病后,妈妈变得特别健忘。
  • He was quite oblivious of the danger.他完全没有察觉到危险。
11 rehabilitation 8Vcxv     
  • He's booked himself into a rehabilitation clinic.他自己联系了一家康复诊所。
  • No one can really make me rehabilitation of injuries.已经没有人可以真正令我的伤康复了。
12 saner 3d0ae5c6cab45f094fb6af1ae9c6423f     
adj.心智健全的( sane的比较级 );神志正常的;明智的;稳健的
  • He seemed wiser than Hurstwood, saner and brighter than Drouet. 他看上去比赫斯渥明智,比杜洛埃稳舰聪明。 来自英汉文学 - 嘉莉妹妹
  • Such brooding didn't make him any saner. 然而,苦思冥想并没有使他头脑清醒。 来自辞典例句
最新评论 查看所有评论
发表评论 查看所有评论