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星火30篇文章贯通考研词汇 19

时间:2007-06-15 07:59来源:互联网 提供网友:ddrjra   字体: [ ]
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Unit 19 Knights1 Honor(I)……………………………315
骑士的荣誉(一)
两情相悦、世俗阻碍、他人横刀夺爱、骑士英勇复仇,这是一部很古典的外国武侠小说……
Chapter 1
Shortly before daylight, Robert began to stir. He stretched his shoulders, feeling his bones grind against one another as they found their normal junction2 With a great deal of effort, first his right eye, then his left, opened against the cloak of tears and dirt that had sealed them shut while he slept.“I can't see,“he thought.“Have I gone blind? Are my eyes even open? Are there bandages on them? I can’t be sure.”He touched his cheek with a forefinger(食指),tracing gently toward the outer edge of his left eye.“Yes, they’re wide open. They sore!”He rubbed his eyes, loosening the clogged(堵塞的)coarse veil, then blinking(眨眼)them and effusing(流出)tears to refresh them.
A faint light penetrated3 the glum4. “Where am I?”he wondered.
His faculty5 made him aware that, wherever he was, he was not alone. Something warm and soft like sponge was beside him. And it was snoring(打鼾)!He thought for a moment and then it started to come back to him. No, he most certainly wasn’t alone! The body next to him was that so-called colonel that untidy, blundering lump man who had so very nearly gotten them both killed the previous evening.
Robert rolled away from his companion, shrewdly lest he would disturb the man’s sleep. The Curtain of darkness was lifting without restraint and he could perceive and acquaint himself a little more with his surroundings. The refuge in which they were staying he found was really quite spacious6. He felt the smooth surface of the granite(大理石)against his back.
Now that he had more room, he uncoiled his raw body, feeling his blood saturate7 his limbs, his trunk and his brain. He yearned8 to leave this place and the swell9 of flesh that continued to rumble10 and chew in its sleep. “I can’t do that. I have to get us out of this dilemma11.1 guess I’ll just wait until this bull rouses. By then 1 should have a plan. Whether he likes it or not, I am taking charge. He must concede his authority to me. I’m not going to let his humiliating behavior be my downfall.’ He narrated12 (讲) to himself.
Before the colonel awakened13, Robert allowed himself the venture of reflecting on the events of the previous day. It was beyond his understanding how they could have found themselves victimized(使受害)so easily. There was nothing in the dawning of yesterday to warrant the hostile change that was to happen. But there had been warning signs that something bad was pending(悬而未决).
“If only she had agreed to run away with me!”he said to himself.
Chapter 2
The Earl(伯爵)of Morley was a man with ambitions. He had a strong desire to conquer and obtain. Once he decided14 he wanted something, be it property or county maiden15, through conspiracy16 or erroneous plot, he would rejoice his selfishness by whatever means necessary. He was never shameful(可耻的)for his greed(贪欲)and being of no virtue17 at a11.The origin of yesterday's conflagration(大火灾)was the Earl’s lusty(贪欲的)craving(渴望)for the daughter of Lord Stafford.
Lady Janine, the Lord's only child, was spending a vocation18 with her tutor in a village on the edge of the Earl's extensive land when the Earl first saw her. Her beauty did not escape him, and he immediately began to pursue her, shrewdly immersing himself into her company. He also flattered her every chance he got. Lady Janine, a haughty(高傲的)young woman, was indifferent to his unwelcome courtship(求爱).
Not a man to take rejection19 lightly(轻易地),the Earl's initial response normally would have been simply to kidnap the object of his passion. This time, however, he made a resolution that he coveted(非分地妄想)more than just a casual companionship with the young lady. He wanted her to be obedient, to accept him as her husband. With this in mind, and following the rules of social custom of the day, he sent an agent, a monk20(修道士)from the monastery21(修道院)near the village, to her father to relay his message and act on his behalf. As a sign of good faith, the monk was to present the lady with a ring in which was set a ruby22 of huge proportions.
The monk arrived at the castle in simplicity23 only to be met by Lady Janine’s father. Lord Stafford, being a straightforward24 man, did not disguise his feelings. “To prompt matters, and to assure you there is no doubt in my daughter’s mind that the Earl’s propositions are to no success, please tell him that 1 will never consent to a union between them. He is unfit(不适宜的)for my daughter. She despises him! Tell him to forget this ridiculous show. He has sent you on a fool’s mission.”
Touching25 the brim of his hat in farewell, the depressed26 monk turned around and returned to give Lord Stafford’s response to the Earl. How was he going to tell him that this unsuccessful attempt was unlikely to be reversed? How was he going to elude(躲避)punishment(惩罚)?The Earl was sure to show his scorn and hatred27 by dismissing him from the estate.
Chapter 3
“Sire(阁下),”the monk stammered(结结巴巴地说),“I fear Lord Stafford has refused your suit.’’
“What, exactly, were his words?”demanded the Earl in torrent28.“Has he merely deferred(推迟)his decision or has he taken a resolute29 declaration?”
“Sire, I am certain he will not change his mind. It seems his daughter would prefer to take another as her husband.”
The Earl scorned at this suggestion. “She is but a girl, and has had no experience。nor。I am told, has she any suitors(追求者).I like young and beautiful women.1 will have her!”
The monk was sent back to the monastery to resume his preaching, an act that greatly surprised him as he had expected to be doomed30 or suffer ejection from the estate. He wondered what the Earl’s next approach would be and sincerely hoped his cooperation was at an end.
For a time, a state of desolation descended31 the Earl’s very being. He spent hours on end despising himself for being such a fool, neither eating nor sleeping. Then, he became very angry. “How dare she refuse me?1 will have her!”
With this thought in mind, he commenced to win her by evil means, since his previously32 extraordinary behavior had been rejected. And so began the complex plan to spoil the lovely Lady Janine by violence and then ransom(向…勒索赎金)her to her father for a large amount of money.
His subordinates were sent to spy on the fair maiden. When he learned that Lady Janine’s father was to travel to another province to oversee(视察)his estates there, leaving Lady Janine in the care of his staff, the Earl decided to seize both the girl and the Lord’s treasures.
A small village surrounded the castle. In the dead of night, the Earl and his recruits raided and occupied it like lightning with little resistance from the tenants33. The following morning, he approached the gates of the mansion(宅邸)of the Lord, on]Y to be opposed by the presence of armed guards, fifty knights(骑士)in armor(盔甲).As the Earl had not expected to find that the castle had been keeping prepared for the assault, he had to discard his preliminary plan in which he would simply attack and steal. Now he had to fight to abolish the guards. His capturing the village gave him a good position and his cunning gave him the advantage.
Chapter 4
Robert gazed thoughtfully at the misty34 exterior35 of frost icing the red and gold leaves of the maple(枫树)and walnut(胡桃树)trees situated36 on the hillside(山坡)across from the ridge37 where the mouth of the cave is located. His thoughts took him back to his first sight of Janine.
The son of a servant, Robert was employed by Lord Stafford as a stable boy. His duties included clearing the animal dirt out of the canals behind the horses, putting fresh straw in the stalls, and preparing and watering the horses. One day, as he was cleaning the horse stable, a girl about his own age appeared in the doorway38. “My father said I am to tell you to prepare my mount(供骑乘用的马)for me.”
Robert was so surprised by her request; he blushed and didn’t respond immediately. “Are you deaf?”she asked.
“No, Milady(夫人,小姐),99 he replied.“You startled me. Which of these ponies(小马)is the one you prefer?”
“I don’t ride a pony39! I usually ride that black mare40(母马),”she answered irritably41.
“I’11 have her ready in a moment, Milady.”
As soon as the mare was saddled and bridled(系上马笼头),Janine mounted her with Robert’s assistance. She walked the mare out of the barn, and thrust her into a gallop42 as soon as they were in the barnyard. It was obvious she was a skilled rider.
Robert appraised43 her ability, reassured44 himself that she could carry herself quite nicely on horseback, and returned to his work.
And so their relationship began. He soon learned that Janine was passionately45 impulsive46, witty47, snobbish(势利的)and lacks modesty(谦虚),whereas he, Robert, was calm and thrifty(节俭的),as well as totally enchanted(使迷恋)by her. When she discovered he was illiterate48, she taught him to read and write, although most of his writing was difficult to read. In return, he taught her to do mathematical operations, something he had always done in his head before she taught him the symbols for the numbers. He worshipped her. Over the next few years, their decent friendship grew, eventually turning to love.
注释:
shortly
daylight→★light
grind
junction→★join
dirt
bandage
forefinger
trace
outer
sore
rub
coarse
veil
refresh→★fresh
gloom
faculty
sponge
so-called
colonel
untidy
blunder
lump
shrewdly
lest
restraint
perceive
acquaint→★acquaint
surroundings→★round
refuge
raw
limb
yearn
swell
flesh
chew
dilemma
bull
rouse→★raise
narrate
venture
understanding
warrant
hostile
agree→★agree
ambition
desire→★desire
conquer
obtain
property→★proper
county
maiden
conspiracy
erroneous
plot
rejoice
selfishness
shameful→★shame
virtue
origin
lord
vocation→★voice
tutor→★tutor
immerse
flatter→★flat
indifferent
lightly
kidnap
passion
resolution→★solve
obedient
agent
on one's behalf→★half/quarter
relay
ruby
proportion
simplicity
straightforward
prompt
assure
proposition
union
unfit
despise
ridiculous
mission→★message
brim
farewell
depress
scorn
hatred
dismiss
estate
torrent
resolute
suggestion
preach
doom
ejection
sincerely
cooperation
evil
commence
complex
amount
subordinate
spy
province
staff
treasure
recruit
raid
lightening
tenant
oppose
presence
assault
preliminary
abolish
capture
cunning
advantage→★advance
thoughtful→★thought
exterior
frost
situated
hillside
ridge
locate
employ
stable
canal
straw
blush
deaf
saddle
barn
gallop
obvious
skilled
appraise
ability
impulsive
snobbish
modesty
whereas
illiterate→★letter
mathematical
worship→★worth
decent

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1 knights 2061bac208c7bdd2665fbf4b7067e468     
骑士; (中古时代的)武士( knight的名词复数 ); 骑士; 爵士; (国际象棋中)马
参考例句:
  • stories of knights and fair maidens 关于骑士和美女的故事
  • He wove a fascinating tale of knights in shining armour. 他编了一个穿着明亮盔甲的骑士的迷人故事。
2 junction N34xH     
n.连接,接合;交叉点,接合处,枢纽站
参考例句:
  • There's a bridge at the junction of the two rivers.两河的汇合处有座桥。
  • You must give way when you come to this junction.你到了这个路口必须让路。
3 penetrated 61c8e5905df30b8828694a7dc4c3a3e0     
adj. 击穿的,鞭辟入里的 动词penetrate的过去式和过去分词形式
参考例句:
  • The knife had penetrated his chest. 刀子刺入了他的胸膛。
  • They penetrated into territory where no man had ever gone before. 他们已进入先前没人去过的地区。
4 glum klXyF     
adj.闷闷不乐的,阴郁的
参考例句:
  • He was a charming mixture of glum and glee.他是一个很有魅力的人,时而忧伤时而欢笑。
  • She laughed at his glum face.她嘲笑他闷闷不乐的脸。
5 faculty HhkzK     
n.才能;学院,系;(学院或系的)全体教学人员
参考例句:
  • He has a great faculty for learning foreign languages.他有学习外语的天赋。
  • He has the faculty of saying the right thing at the right time.他有在恰当的时候说恰当的话的才智。
6 spacious YwQwW     
adj.广阔的,宽敞的
参考例句:
  • Our yard is spacious enough for a swimming pool.我们的院子很宽敞,足够建一座游泳池。
  • The room is bright and spacious.这房间很豁亮。
7 saturate 5CczP     
vt.使湿透,浸透;使充满,使饱和
参考例句:
  • We'll saturate California with the rise in its crime rate.我们将使加利福尼亚州的犯罪案件增长率达到饱和点。
  • Saturate the meat in the mixture of oil and herbs.把肉浸泡在油和作料的卤汁里。
8 yearned df1a28ecd1f3c590db24d0d80c264305     
渴望,切盼,向往( yearn的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • The people yearned for peace. 人民渴望和平。
  • She yearned to go back to the south. 她渴望回到南方去。
9 swell IHnzB     
vi.膨胀,肿胀;增长,增强
参考例句:
  • The waves had taken on a deep swell.海浪汹涌。
  • His injured wrist began to swell.他那受伤的手腕开始肿了。
10 rumble PCXzd     
n.隆隆声;吵嚷;v.隆隆响;低沉地说
参考例句:
  • I hear the rumble of thunder in the distance.我听到远处雷声隆隆。
  • We could tell from the rumble of the thunder that rain was coming.我们根据雷的轰隆声可断定,天要下雨了。
11 dilemma Vlzzf     
n.困境,进退两难的局面
参考例句:
  • I am on the horns of a dilemma about the matter.这件事使我进退两难。
  • He was thrown into a dilemma.他陷入困境。
12 narrated 41d1c5fe7dace3e43c38e40bfeb85fe5     
v.故事( narrate的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • Some of the story was narrated in the film. 该电影叙述了这个故事的部分情节。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Defoe skilfully narrated the adventures of Robinson Crusoe on his desert island. 笛福生动地叙述了鲁滨逊·克鲁索在荒岛上的冒险故事。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
13 awakened de71059d0b3cd8a1de21151c9166f9f0     
v.(使)醒( awaken的过去式和过去分词 );(使)觉醒;弄醒;(使)意识到
参考例句:
  • She awakened to the sound of birds singing. 她醒来听到鸟的叫声。
  • The public has been awakened to the full horror of the situation. 公众完全意识到了这一状况的可怕程度。 来自《简明英汉词典》
14 decided lvqzZd     
adj.决定了的,坚决的;明显的,明确的
参考例句:
  • This gave them a decided advantage over their opponents.这使他们比对手具有明显的优势。
  • There is a decided difference between British and Chinese way of greeting.英国人和中国人打招呼的方式有很明显的区别。
15 maiden yRpz7     
n.少女,处女;adj.未婚的,纯洁的,无经验的
参考例句:
  • The prince fell in love with a fair young maiden.王子爱上了一位年轻美丽的少女。
  • The aircraft makes its maiden flight tomorrow.这架飞机明天首航。
16 conspiracy NpczE     
n.阴谋,密谋,共谋
参考例句:
  • The men were found guilty of conspiracy to murder.这些人被裁决犯有阴谋杀人罪。
  • He claimed that it was all a conspiracy against him.他声称这一切都是一场针对他的阴谋。
17 virtue BpqyH     
n.德行,美德;贞操;优点;功效,效力
参考例句:
  • He was considered to be a paragon of virtue.他被认为是品德尽善尽美的典范。
  • You need to decorate your mind with virtue.你应该用德行美化心灵。
18 vocation 8h6wB     
n.职业,行业
参考例句:
  • She struggled for years to find her true vocation.她多年来苦苦寻找真正适合自己的职业。
  • She felt it was her vocation to minister to the sick.她觉得照料病人是她的天职。
19 rejection FVpxp     
n.拒绝,被拒,抛弃,被弃
参考例句:
  • He decided not to approach her for fear of rejection.他因怕遭拒绝决定不再去找她。
  • The rejection plunged her into the dark depths of despair.遭到拒绝使她陷入了绝望的深渊。
20 monk 5EDx8     
n.和尚,僧侣,修道士
参考例句:
  • The man was a monk from Emei Mountain.那人是峨眉山下来的和尚。
  • Buddhist monk sat with folded palms.和尚合掌打坐。
21 monastery 2EOxe     
n.修道院,僧院,寺院
参考例句:
  • They found an icon in the monastery.他们在修道院中发现了一个圣像。
  • She was appointed the superior of the monastery two years ago.两年前她被任命为这个修道院的院长。
22 ruby iXixS     
n.红宝石,红宝石色
参考例句:
  • She is wearing a small ruby earring.她戴着一枚红宝石小耳环。
  • On the handle of his sword sat the biggest ruby in the world.他的剑柄上镶有一颗世上最大的红宝石。
23 simplicity Vryyv     
n.简单,简易;朴素;直率,单纯
参考例句:
  • She dressed with elegant simplicity.她穿着朴素高雅。
  • The beauty of this plan is its simplicity.简明扼要是这个计划的一大特点。
24 straightforward fFfyA     
adj.正直的,坦率的;易懂的,简单的
参考例句:
  • A straightforward talk is better than a flowery speech.巧言不如直说。
  • I must insist on your giving me a straightforward answer.我一定要你给我一个直截了当的回答。
25 touching sg6zQ9     
adj.动人的,使人感伤的
参考例句:
  • It was a touching sight.这是一幅动人的景象。
  • His letter was touching.他的信很感人。
26 depressed xu8zp9     
adj.沮丧的,抑郁的,不景气的,萧条的
参考例句:
  • When he was depressed,he felt utterly divorced from reality.他心情沮丧时就感到完全脱离了现实。
  • His mother was depressed by the sad news.这个坏消息使他的母亲意志消沉。
27 hatred T5Gyg     
n.憎恶,憎恨,仇恨
参考例句:
  • He looked at me with hatred in his eyes.他以憎恨的眼光望着我。
  • The old man was seized with burning hatred for the fascists.老人对法西斯主义者充满了仇恨。
28 torrent 7GCyH     
n.激流,洪流;爆发,(话语等的)连发
参考例句:
  • The torrent scoured a channel down the hillside. 急流沿着山坡冲出了一条沟。
  • Her pent-up anger was released in a torrent of words.她压抑的愤怒以滔滔不绝的话爆发了出来。
29 resolute 2sCyu     
adj.坚决的,果敢的
参考例句:
  • He was resolute in carrying out his plan.他坚决地实行他的计划。
  • The Egyptians offered resolute resistance to the aggressors.埃及人对侵略者作出坚决的反抗。
30 doomed EuuzC1     
命定的
参考例句:
  • The court doomed the accused to a long term of imprisonment. 法庭判处被告长期监禁。
  • A country ruled by an iron hand is doomed to suffer. 被铁腕人物统治的国家定会遭受不幸的。
31 descended guQzoy     
a.为...后裔的,出身于...的
参考例句:
  • A mood of melancholy descended on us. 一种悲伤的情绪袭上我们的心头。
  • The path descended the hill in a series of zigzags. 小路呈连续的之字形顺着山坡蜿蜒而下。
32 previously bkzzzC     
adv.以前,先前(地)
参考例句:
  • The bicycle tyre blew out at a previously damaged point.自行车胎在以前损坏过的地方又爆开了。
  • Let me digress for a moment and explain what had happened previously.让我岔开一会儿,解释原先发生了什么。
33 tenants 05662236fc7e630999509804dd634b69     
n.房客( tenant的名词复数 );佃户;占用者;占有者
参考例句:
  • A number of tenants have been evicted for not paying the rent. 许多房客因不付房租被赶了出来。
  • Tenants are jointly and severally liable for payment of the rent. 租金由承租人共同且分别承担。
34 misty l6mzx     
adj.雾蒙蒙的,有雾的
参考例句:
  • He crossed over to the window to see if it was still misty.他走到窗户那儿,看看是不是还有雾霭。
  • The misty scene had a dreamy quality about it.雾景给人以梦幻般的感觉。
35 exterior LlYyr     
adj.外部的,外在的;表面的
参考例句:
  • The seed has a hard exterior covering.这种子外壳很硬。
  • We are painting the exterior wall of the house.我们正在给房子的外墙涂漆。
36 situated JiYzBH     
adj.坐落在...的,处于某种境地的
参考例句:
  • The village is situated at the margin of a forest.村子位于森林的边缘。
  • She is awkwardly situated.她的处境困难。
37 ridge KDvyh     
n.山脊;鼻梁;分水岭
参考例句:
  • We clambered up the hillside to the ridge above.我们沿着山坡费力地爬上了山脊。
  • The infantry were advancing to attack the ridge.步兵部队正在向前挺进攻打山脊。
38 doorway 2s0xK     
n.门口,(喻)入门;门路,途径
参考例句:
  • They huddled in the shop doorway to shelter from the rain.他们挤在商店门口躲雨。
  • Mary suddenly appeared in the doorway.玛丽突然出现在门口。
39 pony Au5yJ     
adj.小型的;n.小马
参考例句:
  • His father gave him a pony as a Christmas present.他父亲给了他一匹小马驹作为圣诞礼物。
  • They made him pony up the money he owed.他们逼他还债。
40 mare Y24y3     
n.母马,母驴
参考例句:
  • The mare has just thrown a foal in the stable.那匹母马刚刚在马厩里产下了一只小马驹。
  • The mare foundered under the heavy load and collapsed in the road.那母马因负载过重而倒在路上。
41 irritably e3uxw     
ad.易生气地
参考例句:
  • He lost his temper and snapped irritably at the children. 他发火了,暴躁地斥责孩子们。
  • On this account the silence was irritably broken by a reproof. 为了这件事,他妻子大声斥责,令人恼火地打破了宁静。 来自英汉文学 - 嘉莉妹妹
42 gallop MQdzn     
v./n.(马或骑马等)飞奔;飞速发展
参考例句:
  • They are coming at a gallop towards us.他们正朝着我们飞跑过来。
  • The horse slowed to a walk after its long gallop.那匹马跑了一大阵后慢下来缓步而行。
43 appraised 4753e1eab3b5ffb6d1b577ff890499b9     
v.估价( appraise的过去式和过去分词 );估计;估量;评价
参考例句:
  • The teacher appraised the pupil's drawing. 老师评价了那个学生的画。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • He appraised the necklace at £1000. 据他估计,项链价值1000英镑。 来自《简明英汉词典》
44 reassured ff7466d942d18e727fb4d5473e62a235     
adj.使消除疑虑的;使放心的v.再保证,恢复信心( reassure的过去式和过去分词)
参考例句:
  • The captain's confidence during the storm reassured the passengers. 在风暴中船长的信念使旅客们恢复了信心。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
  • The doctor reassured the old lady. 医生叫那位老妇人放心。 来自《简明英汉词典》
45 passionately YmDzQ4     
ad.热烈地,激烈地
参考例句:
  • She could hate as passionately as she could love. 她能恨得咬牙切齿,也能爱得一往情深。
  • He was passionately addicted to pop music. 他酷爱流行音乐。
46 impulsive M9zxc     
adj.冲动的,刺激的;有推动力的
参考例句:
  • She is impulsive in her actions.她的行为常出于冲动。
  • He was neither an impulsive nor an emotional man,but a very honest and sincere one.他不是个一冲动就鲁莽行事的人,也不多愁善感.他为人十分正直、诚恳。
47 witty GMmz0     
adj.机智的,风趣的
参考例句:
  • Her witty remarks added a little salt to the conversation.她的妙语使谈话增添了一些风趣。
  • He scored a bull's-eye in their argument with that witty retort.在他们的辩论中他那一句机智的反驳击中了要害。
48 illiterate Bc6z5     
adj.文盲的;无知的;n.文盲
参考例句:
  • There are still many illiterate people in our country.在我国还有许多文盲。
  • I was an illiterate in the old society,but now I can read.我这个旧社会的文盲,今天也认字了。
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TAG标签:   考研词汇  星火  文章贯通  词汇
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