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2006年NPR美国国家公共电台二月-Buying Back China's Lost Art Treasures

时间:2007-07-19 06:57来源:互联网 提供网友:zhao6221133   字体: [ ]
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Steve Inskeep: Many Chinese businesses and collectors are using their new wealth to buy back some of the country's history. Treasures plundered1 in wars or stolen by tomb robbers. One company has made this its specialty2. The Poly corporation, which started as an arms trading branch of china's military. NPR's Anthony Kuhn reports from Beijing.

Anthony Kuhn: Poly Plaza3, the company's towering headquarters, overlooks a major intersection4 on Beijing's east side. On the second floor is the Poly Museum, where museum assistant He Hui shows off some of the collections gems5. There is a set of eight bronze bells in various sizes handcrafted 2800 years ago. There's a rare ritual wine vessel6 from the Shang Dynasty some 3000 years old.

He Hui: There are two dragons here on the side handles. The head on the lid is an owl7. Further down we have mythical8 beasts with the trunk of an elephant, the head of an ox, and the feet of a sheep.

Anthony Kuhn: Nearby are several bronze animal head sculptures. Poly rocked the Chinese art world when it bought them for a total of 4 million dollars at auctions9 in Hong Kong in 2000. At the time, media reported that Poly was willing to pay any prices to reclaim10 the sculptures which French and British troops plundered from the Imperial Summer Palace in 1860. Poly Museum's curator Jiang Yingchun is an archeologist by training. He explains Poly's motivation this way.

Jiang Yingchun: We thought what will Poly Corporation leave to future generations, he recalls. We decided11 that only these ancient Chinese works of fine art are everlasting12.

Anthony Kuhn: Jiang says that Poly cut all its ties with the Chinese military in 1998. He insists that Poly buys artworks with its own corporate13 earnings14 and is not acting15 on the government's behalf.

James Mulvenon: There is a very strong motivation at the heart of this to restore China's national treasures.

Anthony Kuhn: James Mulvenon is an expert on the Chinese military at the Center for Intelligence Research and Analysis, a Washington DC based think tank.

James Mulvenon: I really think they are sincere. There is a lot of people who think that this is just a front, I do think it is sincere but there are commercial benefits to be in a cultural patron. I think it does, to a certain extent, take some heat off of them. Because, you know, they had a fairly nefarious16 past.

Anthony Kuhn: Poly was created under the People's Liberation Armies General Armaments Department, it got its start selling weapons and has since diversified17 into real estate and cultural ventures. Its current president is He Ping, son-in-law of the late leader Deng Xiaoping. Poly's former president, Wang Jun, sipped18 coffee with President Clinton at the white house in 1996 amid a controversy19 over campaign contributions by foreign interests. Earlier that year, US Customs officials uncovered an alleged20 conspiracy21 to import 2000 Ak-47 rifles into the US. Indicted22 in the case was Ma Baoping, Polly's former representative in the US and the former vice23 curator of the Poly Museum, he left the US before he could be arrested. Foreign museums and collectors need not worry about their collections, museum assistant He Hui says that for all its formidable connections, Poly is not about to buy up all of China's overseas art treasures.

He Hui: As for artwork that has been lost overseas, if they were lost through illegal channels, then they should come back. But if they were legitimately24 purchased, and taken overseas by, say, businessmen or missionaries25, those should remain abroad.

Anthony Kuhn: Past controversies26 seemed to have had little affect on Poly, the museum is moving this year to larger quarters across the street. The company's relations with the US are apparently27 in good shape too; last year the US army approved a 29 million dollar contract for Poly to equip the Iraqi Army with Chinese made guns and ammunition28.

Anthony Kuhn: Anthony Kuhn, NPR News.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 plundered 02a25bdd3ac6ea3804fb41777f366245     
掠夺,抢劫( plunder的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • Many of our cultural treasures have been plundered by imperialists. 我国许多珍贵文物被帝国主义掠走了。
  • The imperialists plundered many valuable works of art. 帝国主义列强掠夺了许多珍贵的艺术品。
2 specialty SrGy7     
n.(speciality)特性,特质;专业,专长
参考例句:
  • Shell carvings are a specialty of the town.贝雕是该城的特产。
  • His specialty is English literature.他的专业是英国文学。
3 plaza v2yzD     
n.广场,市场
参考例句:
  • They designated the new shopping centre York Plaza.他们给这个新购物中心定名为约克购物中心。
  • The plaza is teeming with undercover policemen.这个广场上布满了便衣警察。
4 intersection w54xV     
n.交集,十字路口,交叉点;[计算机] 交集
参考例句:
  • There is a stop sign at an intersection.在交叉路口处有停车标志。
  • Bridges are used to avoid the intersection of a railway and a highway.桥用来避免铁路和公路直接交叉。
5 gems 74ab5c34f71372016f1770a5a0bf4419     
growth; economy; management; and customer satisfaction 增长
参考例句:
  • a crown studded with gems 镶有宝石的皇冠
  • The apt citations and poetic gems have adorned his speeches. 贴切的引语和珠玑般的诗句为他的演说词增添文采。
6 vessel 4L1zi     
n.船舶;容器,器皿;管,导管,血管
参考例句:
  • The vessel is fully loaded with cargo for Shanghai.这艘船满载货物驶往上海。
  • You should put the water into a vessel.你应该把水装入容器中。
7 owl 7KFxk     
n.猫头鹰,枭
参考例句:
  • Her new glasses make her look like an owl.她的新眼镜让她看上去像只猫头鹰。
  • I'm a night owl and seldom go to bed until after midnight.我睡得很晚,经常半夜后才睡觉。
8 mythical 4FrxJ     
adj.神话的;虚构的;想像的
参考例句:
  • Undeniably,he is a man of mythical status.不可否认,他是一个神话般的人物。
  • Their wealth is merely mythical.他们的财富完全是虚构的。
9 auctions 1c44b3008dd1a89803d9b2f2bd58e57a     
n.拍卖,拍卖方式( auction的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • They picked up most of the furniture at auctions in country towns. 他们大部分的家具都是在乡村镇上的拍卖处买的。 来自辞典例句
  • Our dealers didn't want these cars, so we had to dump them at auctions. 我们的承销商都不要这些车子,因此我们只好贱价拍卖。 来自辞典例句
10 reclaim NUWxp     
v.要求归还,收回;开垦
参考例句:
  • I have tried to reclaim my money without success.我没能把钱取回来。
  • You must present this ticket when you reclaim your luggage.当你要取回行李时,必须出示这张票子。
11 decided lvqzZd     
adj.决定了的,坚决的;明显的,明确的
参考例句:
  • This gave them a decided advantage over their opponents.这使他们比对手具有明显的优势。
  • There is a decided difference between British and Chinese way of greeting.英国人和中国人打招呼的方式有很明显的区别。
12 everlasting Insx7     
adj.永恒的,持久的,无止境的
参考例句:
  • These tyres are advertised as being everlasting.广告上说轮胎持久耐用。
  • He believes in everlasting life after death.他相信死后有不朽的生命。
13 corporate 7olzl     
adj.共同的,全体的;公司的,企业的
参考例句:
  • This is our corporate responsibility.这是我们共同的责任。
  • His corporate's life will be as short as a rabbit's tail.他的公司的寿命是兔子尾巴长不了。
14 earnings rrWxJ     
n.工资收人;利润,利益,所得
参考例句:
  • That old man lives on the earnings of his daughter.那个老人靠他女儿的收入维持生活。
  • Last year there was a 20% decrease in his earnings.去年他的收入减少了20%。
15 acting czRzoc     
n.演戏,行为,假装;adj.代理的,临时的,演出用的
参考例句:
  • Ignore her,she's just acting.别理她,她只是假装的。
  • During the seventies,her acting career was in eclipse.在七十年代,她的表演生涯黯然失色。
16 nefarious 1jsyH     
adj.恶毒的,极坏的
参考例句:
  • My father believes you all have a nefarious purpose here.我父亲认为你们都有邪恶的目的。
  • He was universally feared because of his many nefarious deeds.因为他干了许多罪恶的勾当,所以人人都惧怕他。
17 diversified eumz2W     
adj.多样化的,多种经营的v.使多样化,多样化( diversify的过去式和过去分词 );进入新的商业领域
参考例句:
  • The college biology department has diversified by adding new courses in biotechnology. 该学院生物系通过增加生物技术方面的新课程而变得多样化。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Take grain as the key link, develop a diversified economy and ensure an all-round development. 以粮为纲,多种经营,全面发展。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
18 sipped 22d1585d494ccee63c7bff47191289f6     
v.小口喝,呷,抿( sip的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • He sipped his coffee pleasurably. 他怡然地品味着咖啡。
  • I sipped the hot chocolate she had made. 我小口喝着她调制的巧克力热饮。 来自辞典例句
19 controversy 6Z9y0     
n.争论,辩论,争吵
参考例句:
  • That is a fact beyond controversy.那是一个无可争论的事实。
  • We ran the risk of becoming the butt of every controversy.我们要冒使自己在所有的纷争中都成为众矢之的的风险。
20 alleged gzaz3i     
a.被指控的,嫌疑的
参考例句:
  • It was alleged that he had taken bribes while in office. 他被指称在任时收受贿赂。
  • alleged irregularities in the election campaign 被指称竞选运动中的不正当行为
21 conspiracy NpczE     
n.阴谋,密谋,共谋
参考例句:
  • The men were found guilty of conspiracy to murder.这些人被裁决犯有阴谋杀人罪。
  • He claimed that it was all a conspiracy against him.他声称这一切都是一场针对他的阴谋。
22 indicted 4fe8f0223a4e14ee670547b1a8076e20     
控告,起诉( indict的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • The senator was indicted for murder. 那位参议员被控犯谋杀罪。
  • He was indicted by a grand jury on two counts of murder. 他被大陪审团以两项谋杀罪名起诉。
23 vice NU0zQ     
n.坏事;恶习;[pl.]台钳,老虎钳;adj.副的
参考例句:
  • He guarded himself against vice.他避免染上坏习惯。
  • They are sunk in the depth of vice.他们堕入了罪恶的深渊。
24 legitimately 7pmzHS     
ad.合法地;正当地,合理地
参考例句:
  • The radio is legitimately owned by the company. 该电台为这家公司所合法拥有。
  • She looked for nothing save what might come legitimately and without the appearance of special favour. 她要的并不是男人们的额外恩赐,而是合法正当地得到的工作。 来自英汉文学 - 嘉莉妹妹
25 missionaries 478afcff2b692239c9647b106f4631ba     
n.传教士( missionary的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Some missionaries came from England in the Qing Dynasty. 清朝时,从英国来了一些传教士。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The missionaries rebuked the natives for worshipping images. 传教士指责当地人崇拜偶像。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
26 controversies 31fd3392f2183396a23567b5207d930c     
争论
参考例句:
  • We offer no comment on these controversies here. 对于这些争议,我们在这里不作任何评论。 来自英汉非文学 - 历史
  • The controversies surrounding population growth are unlikely to subside soon. 围绕着人口增长问题的争论看来不会很快平息。 来自辞典例句
27 apparently tMmyQ     
adv.显然地;表面上,似乎
参考例句:
  • An apparently blind alley leads suddenly into an open space.山穷水尽,豁然开朗。
  • He was apparently much surprised at the news.他对那个消息显然感到十分惊异。
28 ammunition GwVzz     
n.军火,弹药
参考例句:
  • A few of the jeeps had run out of ammunition.几辆吉普车上的弹药已经用光了。
  • They have expended all their ammunition.他们把弹药用光。
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TAG标签:   npr  公共电台  back  treasure
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