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2006年NPR美国国家公共电台八月-The Peasant Life, for a Student's Summer

时间:2007-07-20 07:02来源:互联网 提供网友:zhao6221133   字体: [ ]
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Commentator1 Jill Vaughan has a small farm in upstate New York. And right now, that means she's hiring teenagers who aren't afraid of really working at their summer jobs.

We still need peasants in our corner of the country. On our farm, we make hay the old fashioned way. Small square bales are conveyed on a hay elevator to a tall loft2. Adolescents with strong backs are a necessary part of the process. The kids lift and swing the bales into high stacks after they fall off the elevator, and bounce end to end on the wood floor. The heat is crippling.

When a hay wagon4 is emptied, kids swing down from the hill mill, their broad backs glistening5 with sweat and dusted with hay. They gulp6 cold water, and stick their heads under the faucet7 in the milk house. Then they sprawl8 under the maple9 trees. A few head out on the tractor to get another full wagon. The cows watched them over the fence, their nostrils10 flaring11 at the scent3 of clover and alfalfa.

The tractor is back and kids pry12 themselves off the grass. They bump into each other's shoulders and box on the way back to the barn. Conversations center around cars, and sports, and local gossip. Our little girls hang around, listening to these exotic adolescents.

During the morning, the kids belt out songs from this year's school musical. By suppertime, the sweltering heat and heavy bales have taken their toll13. So they eat their pizza in silence. We paid them what we can, but money is not the only reward they get. Their parents hayed as youngsters, now they want their kids to have the experience.

Haying is teamwork, but it's different than sports. There is no adult on the team. The adults are running the machinery14 in the field. No coach is urging competitiveness. They have to cooperate for efficiency.

Teens have a sharp sense of justice that keeps the workload15 fair. If someone doesn't pull their weight, they'll be left out of conversations and not asked back. If a regular has a bad day though, the others take up the slack.

At dusk, the air looses its heat and their spirits perk16 up. The moon rises and the kids shoot baskets under the light of the front door bulb. I write checks, giving them extra if the day was more grueling than usual. They've worked harder than I have a right to expect. And they've learned more than they will / most days of their lives. They've formed the team, taken the lead if they needed to, problem solved, and physically17 endured.

The haying crew changes every year, by the time they're 18, other jobs are available. Why wear yourself out when you can wash dishes and run a cash register? It's getting harder to find help, but new kids stop by and give us their phone number. They're not sure what they are getting into, but they want the camaraderie18 and confidence they've sensed in the others who have worked here.

Jill Vaughan's farm is in Amarro, New York.

【WORLD BANK】
upstate
in the northern part of a particular state
upstate New York
bale
a large quantity of something such as paper or hay that is tightly tied together especially into a block
a bale of straw
loft
??ON A FARM??
a raised area in a barn used for keeping hay or other crops
a hayloft
wagon
a strong vehicle with four wheels, used for carrying heavy loads and usually pulled by horses
??see also cart
tractor
a strong vehicle with large wheels, used for pulling farm machinery
flare19
[intransitive and transitive] if a person or animal flares20 their nostrils (=the openings at the end of the nose) , or if their nostrils flare, their nostrils become wider because they are angry
The bull flared21 its nostrils and charged.
clover
[植]三叶草, 苜蓿
alfalfa
[植]紫花苜蓿
box
also box up
[transitive] to put things in boxes
Want to help me box up the Christmas tree lights?
??see also boxed
belt something out phrasal verb
to sing a song or play an instrument loudly
She was belting out old Broadway favourites.
musical
a play or film that includes singing and dancing
Webber had three musicals playing in London at one time. Broadway/West End musical (=one that is performed in New York's or London's important theatres) Carroll appeared in a number of Broadway musicals.
toll
a very bad effect that something has on something or someone over a long period of time
toll on
Years of smoking have taken their toll on his health. a heavy toll on the environment
pull your weight
to do your full share of work
He accused me of not pulling my weight.
take up/pick up the slack
a) to make a system or organization as efficient as possible by making sure that money, space, or people are fully22 used
Without another contract to help pick up the slack, employees may face job losses.
 to do something that needs to be done because someone else is no longer doing it
c) to make a rope tighter
perk up phrasal verb
1
to become more cheerful, active, and interested in what is happening around you, or to make someone feel this way
She seemed kind of tired, but she perked23 up when Helen came over.
perk somebody ?? up
There's no doubt coffee perks24 you up.
2
to become more active, more interesting, more attractive etc, or to make something do this
perk something ?? up
A little chili25 will perk up the sauce.
cash registe
<美>收银机, 现金出纳机
crippling
1
causing so much damage or harm that something no longer works or is no longer effective
the crippling effects of war on the economy
2
a crippling disease or condition causes severe pain and makes it difficult or impossible for someone to walk



点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 commentator JXOyu     
n.注释者,解说者;实况广播评论员
参考例句:
  • He is a good commentator because he can get across the game.他能简单地解说这场比赛,是个好的解说者。
  • The commentator made a big mistake during the live broadcast.在直播节目中评论员犯了个大错误。
2 loft VkhyQ     
n.阁楼,顶楼
参考例句:
  • We could see up into the loft from bottom of the stairs.我们能从楼梯脚边望到阁楼的内部。
  • By converting the loft,they were able to have two extra bedrooms.把阁楼改造一下,他们就可以多出两间卧室。
3 scent WThzs     
n.气味,香味,香水,线索,嗅觉;v.嗅,发觉
参考例句:
  • The air was filled with the scent of lilac.空气中弥漫着丁香花的芬芳。
  • The flowers give off a heady scent at night.这些花晚上散发出醉人的芳香。
4 wagon XhUwP     
n.四轮马车,手推车,面包车;无盖运货列车
参考例句:
  • We have to fork the hay into the wagon.我们得把干草用叉子挑进马车里去。
  • The muddy road bemired the wagon.马车陷入了泥泞的道路。
5 glistening glistening     
adj.闪耀的,反光的v.湿物闪耀,闪亮( glisten的现在分词 )
参考例句:
  • Her eyes were glistening with tears. 她眼里闪着晶莹的泪花。
  • Her eyes were glistening with tears. 她眼睛中的泪水闪着柔和的光。 来自《用法词典》
6 gulp yQ0z6     
vt.吞咽,大口地吸(气);vi.哽住;n.吞咽
参考例句:
  • She took down the tablets in one gulp.她把那些药片一口吞了下去。
  • Don't gulp your food,chew it before you swallow it.吃东西不要狼吞虎咽,要嚼碎了再咽下去。
7 faucet wzFyh     
n.水龙头
参考例句:
  • The faucet has developed a drip.那个水龙头已经开始滴水了。
  • She turned off the faucet and dried her hands.她关掉水龙头,把手擦干。
8 sprawl 2GZzx     
vi.躺卧,扩张,蔓延;vt.使蔓延;n.躺卧,蔓延
参考例句:
  • In our garden,bushes are allowed to sprawl as they will.在我们园子里,灌木丛爱怎么蔓延就怎么蔓延。
  • He is lying in a sprawl on the bed.他伸开四肢躺在床上。
9 maple BBpxj     
n.槭树,枫树,槭木
参考例句:
  • Maple sugar is made from the sap of maple trees.枫糖是由枫树的树液制成的。
  • The maple leaves are tinge with autumn red.枫叶染上了秋天的红色。
10 nostrils 23a65b62ec4d8a35d85125cdb1b4410e     
鼻孔( nostril的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Her nostrils flared with anger. 她气得两个鼻孔都鼓了起来。
  • The horse dilated its nostrils. 马张大鼻孔。
11 flaring Bswzxn     
a.火焰摇曳的,过份艳丽的
参考例句:
  • A vulgar flaring paper adorned the walls. 墙壁上装饰着廉价的花纸。
  • Goebbels was flaring up at me. 戈塔尔当时已对我面呈愠色。
12 pry yBqyX     
vi.窥(刺)探,打听;vt.撬动(开,起)
参考例句:
  • He's always ready to pry into other people's business.他总爱探听别人的事。
  • We use an iron bar to pry open the box.我们用铁棍撬开箱子。
13 toll LJpzo     
n.过路(桥)费;损失,伤亡人数;v.敲(钟)
参考例句:
  • The hailstone took a heavy toll of the crops in our village last night.昨晚那场冰雹损坏了我们村的庄稼。
  • The war took a heavy toll of human life.这次战争夺去了许多人的生命。
14 machinery CAdxb     
n.(总称)机械,机器;机构
参考例句:
  • Has the machinery been put up ready for the broadcast?广播器材安装完毕了吗?
  • Machinery ought to be well maintained all the time.机器应该随时注意维护。
15 workload fVCzw     
n.作业量,工作量
参考例句:
  • An assistant one day a week would ease my workload.每周有一天配一个助手就会减轻我的工作负担。
  • He's always grousing about the workload.他总是抱怨工作量大。
16 perk zuSyi     
n.额外津贴;赏钱;小费;
参考例句:
  • His perks include a car provided by the firm.他的额外津贴包括公司提供的一辆汽车。
  • And the money is,of course,a perk.当然钱是额外津贴。
17 physically iNix5     
adj.物质上,体格上,身体上,按自然规律
参考例句:
  • He was out of sorts physically,as well as disordered mentally.他浑身不舒服,心绪也很乱。
  • Every time I think about it I feel physically sick.一想起那件事我就感到极恶心。
18 camaraderie EspzQ     
n.同志之爱,友情
参考例句:
  • The camaraderie among fellow employees made the tedious work just bearable.同事之间的情谊使枯燥乏味的工作变得还能忍受。
  • Some bosses are formal and have occasional interactions,while others prefer continual camaraderie.有些老板很刻板,偶尔才和下属互动一下;有些则喜欢和下属打成一片。
19 flare LgQz9     
v.闪耀,闪烁;n.潮红;突发
参考例句:
  • The match gave a flare.火柴发出闪光。
  • You need not flare up merely because I mentioned your work.你大可不必因为我提到你的工作就动怒。
20 flares 2c4a86d21d1a57023e2985339a79f9e2     
n.喇叭裤v.(使)闪耀( flare的第三人称单数 );(使)(船舷)外倾;(使)鼻孔张大;(使)(衣裙、酒杯等)呈喇叭形展开
参考例句:
  • The side of a ship flares from the keel to the deck. 船舷从龙骨向甲板外倾。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • He's got a fiery temper and flares up at the slightest provocation. 他是火爆性子,一点就着。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
21 Flared Flared     
adj. 端部张开的, 爆发的, 加宽的, 漏斗式的 动词flare的过去式和过去分词
参考例句:
  • The match flared and went out. 火柴闪亮了一下就熄了。
  • The fire flared up when we thought it was out. 我们以为火已经熄灭,但它突然又燃烧起来。
22 fully Gfuzd     
adv.完全地,全部地,彻底地;充分地
参考例句:
  • The doctor asked me to breathe in,then to breathe out fully.医生让我先吸气,然后全部呼出。
  • They soon became fully integrated into the local community.他们很快就完全融入了当地人的圈子。
23 perked 6257cbe5d4a830c7288630659113146b     
(使)活跃( perk的过去式和过去分词 ); (使)增值; 使更有趣
参考例句:
  • The recent demand for houses has perked up the prices. 最近对住房的需求使房价上涨了。
  • You've perked up since this morning. 你今天上午精神就好多了。
24 perks 6e5f1a81b34c045ce1dd0ea94a32e614     
额外津贴,附带福利,外快( perk的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Perks offered by the firm include a car and free health insurance. 公司给予的额外待遇包括一辆汽车和免费健康保险。
  • Are there any perks that go with your job? 你的工作有什么津贴吗?
25 chili JOlzm     
n.辣椒
参考例句:
  • He helped himself to another two small spoonfuls of chili oil.他自己下手又加了两小勺辣椒油。
  • It has chocolate,chili,and other spices.有巧克力粉,辣椒,和其他的调味品。
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TAG标签:   npr  公共电台  peasant  life
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