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大学英语听力第四册 lesson 15

时间:2005-09-14 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:gzhzh   字体: [ ]
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  PART A Micro-Listening
1. M: Did you go to the museum before or after lunch?
W: After. First I had lunch at McDonald's, and then I decided1 to see the new exhibits2 at the museum before it closed.
Q: What did the woman do after lunch?
2. W: Have you seen Mr Young lately?
M: No, I haven't seen him since the week before last.
Q: When did the man see Mr Young?
3. M: Why did Linda spend the whole day at the library?
W: To finish her chemistry paper before the exams begin.
Q: What do we know about Linda?
4. W: Did you miss the beginning of the concert yesterday?
M: No. The concert began as soon as I arrived at the hall.
Q : What does the man mean?
5. M: Can you come to my office early to help me with my paper?
W: I'd like to, but I can't leave until I've typed out the letters.
Q : What is the woman going to do?
6. M: It's 12 o'clock now. Shall we have something to eat?
W: Not until I finish writing the paper.
Q : What is the woman doing now?
7. W: How's John doing with his writing?
M: Oh, he's improved his writing skill since he took the English course.
Q : What do you know about John?
8. M : Could you return this CD to John when you meet him on Wednesday at the Student Union meeting?
W: No problem. In fact I'm seeing him this afternoon at the English literature class. I can give it to him then.
Q : When will John get his CD back?
9. W: Did you ask Mary to attend the lecture on solar energy?
M: Well, she won't be back from her conference3 until the lecture series4 is over.
Q : What do we know about Mary?
10. W: You're always doing housework on Saturdays, Bill. You must enjoy it.
M : Not really. I'd rather relax or go swimming but there always seems to be so much work to do in the house. By the time I get home during the week, I'm always worn5 out.
Q : What does the man usually do on Saturdays?
PART B Macro-Listening
Passage 1
English Food
Tapescript
Visitors to Britain are always complaining about English food. But they do not really know what they are talking about because they rarely6 get a chance to eat it. Most of the restaurants in large towns have foreign owners and serve foreign food. When visitors are invited to eat in an English home their hosts often feel they must offer them something foreign and exotic7.
Those of us who do know English food are aware that at its best it can be really very good. On the other hand it is true to say that it is sometimes terrible. Part of the problem is that we are not really interested in food we eat to live and not live to eat. So we don't generally spend the necessary time and effort needed to cook really good meals. We prefer food that is simple and easy to cook, or ready prepared food which only needs heating8 up before eating.
You can find the best English food in small restaurants in the country away from the large cities, where life is slower and people are not in such a hurry. But, of course, most visitors come to London. They come because they are interested in shopping and sightseeing. They do not come because of the food, so why should they complain about it?
Passage 2
American Fast Food Restaurants
Tapescript
Americans are often in a hurry. They rush to work, rush home, and rush through their meals. Workers and students usually have only a half hour or an hour for lunch. Many working people don't have time to cook dinners every night. As a result, a lot of Americans eat some of their meals in fast food restaurants. The service is quick, and the prices are cheap. Most fast food restaurants offer carry-out service, too. Customers can order the food 'to go' and take it home.
What do fast food restaurants serve? Of course, many of them have hot dogs, hamburgers, fried9 chicken, pizza, or ice cream. But other fast food restaurants specialize10 in different foods. Some places serve roast11 beef. Some serve fish and seafood12. Some even serve steak and lobster13. In fact, you can find popular foreign dishes in fast food restaurants, too. There are Greek14 restaurants with gyros. There are Mexican restaurants with tacos. There are Italian restaurants with Italian sausage and spaghetti15. And there are Chinese restaurants with Cantonese or Sichuan foods.
A lot of fast food restaurants are franchises17, a very popular form of business in the United18 States. There are many restaurants in a franchise16, and each franchise has a different owner. However, all of the restaurants are under one central management, and the name of the restaurants is the same everywhere in the United States -- and in foreign countries, too. This kind of central control guarantees that, for example, McDonald's hamburgers and Kentucky Fried Chicken taste the same everywhere.
In modern American life, fast food restaurants are very important. They provide quick meals for people in a hurry and inexpensive19 meals for people on a budget.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 decided lvqzZd     
adj.决定了的,坚决的;明显的,明确的
参考例句:
  • This gave them a decided advantage over their opponents.这使他们比对手具有明显的优势。
  • There is a decided difference between British and Chinese way of greeting.英国人和中国人打招呼的方式有很明显的区别。
2 exhibits 49e6a3dcd041283a1d2eff933cee3288     
v.陈列,展览( exhibit的第三人称单数 );表现;显示;[法律]当庭出示(证件、物证等)
参考例句:
  • Many exhibits with characteristics of the Chinese art are on display. 许多具有中国艺术特色的展品陈列出来。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • One is dazzled by the endless array of beautiful exhibits. 展品琳琅满目,美不胜收。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
3 conference vprzf     
n.(正式的)会议;讨论
参考例句:
  • We're having a conference and we'd like you to sit in.我们将举行一次会议,希望你来旁听。
  • The conference will come to a close this afternoon.今天下午会议闭幕。
4 series 1zzw1     
n.连续;系列
参考例句:
  • The students have put forward a series of questions.学生们提出了一系列问题。
  • He gave forth a series of works in rapid succession.他很快连续发表了一系列的作品。
5 worn seCzJu     
adj.用旧的,疲倦的;vbl.wear的过去分词
参考例句:
  • The child's trousers have worn through at the knees.孩子裤子的膝盖处磨破了。
  • My shoes are worn out.我的鞋子穿坏了。
6 rarely tT2x4     
adv.很少,难得;非常地,非凡地
参考例句:
  • Such fish is rarely met with in the north country.这种鱼在北方难得看到。
  • He rarely comes here anymore.现在他难得来这儿了。
7 exotic nmHxb     
adj.奇异的,异乎寻常的,外(国)来的,外国产
参考例句:
  • There are some exotic words in English language.英语中有一些外来词。
  • She likes to wear exotic clothes.她喜欢穿奇装异服。
8 heating KrLz0U     
n.加热,供暖,暖气装置;adj.加热的,供暖的
参考例句:
  • They will install a heating and lighting system in our house.他们将在我们家装上供热供电系统。
  • If the pressure is too low,the heating system will act up.如果压力太低,供暖系统就会出毛病。
9 fried osfz81     
adj.油煎的;油炒的
参考例句:
  • I ate everything fried.所有油炸的我都吃。
  • I prefer fried peanuts.我选择炸花生。
10 specialize vvbwq     
v.专化,特化 ;(in)专攻;专门研究
参考例句:
  • What did you specialize in?你的主修科目是什么?
  • After his first degree he wishes to specialize.获得学士学位之后,他希望专攻某科。
11 roast vXox9     
v.烤,炙,烘;n.烤肉;adj.烤(烘)过的
参考例句:
  • There's a piece of roast beef.这儿有一块烤牛肉.
  • Put the meat into the oven to roast.把肉放到炉子里去烤。
12 seafood 7j6zUl     
n.海产食品,海味,海鲜
参考例句:
  • There's an excellent seafood restaurant near here.离这儿不远有家非常不错的海鲜馆。
  • Shrimps are a popular type of seafood.小虾是比较普遍的一种海味。
13 lobster w8Yzm     
n.龙虾,龙虾肉
参考例句:
  • The lobster is a shellfish.龙虾是水生贝壳动物。
  • I like lobster but it does not like me.我喜欢吃龙虾,但它不适宜于我的健康。
14 Greek 7flxN     
adj.希腊(人)的,希腊语的;n.希腊人;希腊语
参考例句:
  • The Greek seaman went to the hospital five times.这位希腊海员到该医院去过五次。
  • Delta is the fourth letter of the Greek alphabet.δ是希腊字母中的第四个字母。
15 spaghetti wF9zD     
n.意大利式细面务
参考例句:
  • I think you like spaghetti.我以为你喜欢意大利面条。
  • People served a spaghetti supper in the parish house.人们在教堂交谊厅吃意大利面晚餐。
16 franchise BQnzu     
n.特许,特权,专营权,特许权
参考例句:
  • Catering in the schools is run on a franchise basis.学校餐饮服务以特许权经营。
  • The United States granted the franchise to women in 1920.美国于1920年给妇女以参政权。
17 franchises ef6665e7cd0e166d2f4deb0f4f26c671     
n.(尤指选举议员的)选举权( franchise的名词复数 );参政权;获特许权的商业机构(或服务);(公司授予的)特许经销权v.给…以特许权,出售特许权( franchise的第三人称单数 )
参考例句:
  • TV franchises will be auctioned to the highest bidder. 电视特许经营权将拍卖给出价最高的投标人。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Ford dealerships operated as independent franchises. 福特汽车公司的代销商都是独立的联营商。 来自辞典例句
18 united Yfmz2c     
adj.和谐的;团结的;联合的,统一的
参考例句:
  • The whole nation is closely united.全国人民紧密团结。
  • The two men were united by community of interests.共同的利益使两个人结合在一起。
19 inexpensive j73x8     
adj.花费不多的,费用不昂贵的
参考例句:
  • Those shoes are very inexpensive.那些鞋子很便宜。
  • This kind of car is inexpensive.这种汽车便宜。
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TAG标签:   大学英语  听力  第四册  lesson
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