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大学英语听力第四册 lesson 16

时间:2005-09-14 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:gzhzh   字体: [ ]
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  PART A Micro-Listening
1. W: Are we going to have the swimming competition at the school swimming pool today?
M: It will be held at the sports center because it's raining so hard.
Q : What do we learn from the conversation?
2. W: Have you finished your paper?
M: Not yet. I keep rewriting it and I really don't know when I can finish it.
Q : What do you learn about the man?
3. M: Is Helen ready to leave for her trip to Europe?
W: She is busy packing now. Her suitcase is so full that it won't shut.
Q : What's Helen's problem?
4. M: Did you watch the eight o'clock news program last night?
W: I couldn't because I had an appointment with Professor Li then.
Q : Why did the woman miss the news program?
5. W: I thought you were going out to dinner.
M: I was, but the party was postponed1 because Michael's wife Sue2 came down with a fever.
Q : Why was the party postponed?
6. M: It's so crowded here that I can hardly see a thing.
W: I don't understand why they didn't have this show in a bigger theater, do you?
Q : Why is the man complaining?
7. M : Would you come to the beach with me if it doesn't rain?
W: No. It's very hot out there and I burn easily.
Q : Why won't the woman go to the beach?
8. M: Have you found an apartment yet?
W: No. We need such a large space that all the apartments we've seen are not big enough.
Q : Why is the woman having trouble finding3 an apartment?
9. M: Do you take cream and sugar in your coffee?
W: I've had enough sugar today, so just black.
Q : What does the woman want in her coffee?
10. W: Carol made up for the time she missed by working overtime4.
M: Oh, that's why she was working in the weekend shift5.
Q: What did Carol do?
PART B Macro-Listening
Passage I
Great American Drinks
Tapescript
The French are famous for their wines. The German are famous for their beers. And the Americans are famous for their carbonated drinks. For example, Colas, the country's most popular carbonated drinks, are available in almost every part of the world.
Carbonated drinks, also known as soft drinks, are called 'pop' in some parts of the United States. In other sections of the, country, people call them 'soda6' Nowadays, the bottle cap doesn't make a popping sound when you open the bottle. The drink doesn't have any soda in it. There are still bubbles7 but it is the carbon dioxide (CO2) that makes the bubbles. Nevertheless, the old-fashioned8 names 'pop' and 'soda' are popular.
What is a carbonated drink? It's mostly sugar and flavoring9. Most Cola companies keep their exact recipes a secret, but everyone knows that the Cola flavoring comes from coca leaves. Cocaine10, an illegal and dangerous drug, comes from the same plant, so the government watches the extraction process very carefully.
Americans are heavy drinkers of carbonated drinks. You can find these drinks everywhere in the country -- in supermarkets, gas stations, schools, movie theaters, fast food restaurants, bars, and even elegant11 restaurants. You can also find Americans go with a can of, say, Coca-Cola at any time and on any occasion12 at classes, at meetings, at meals, and at sports games. Carbonated drinks have become part of life of most Americans.
Today, the average American drinks about 300 bottles of pop each year. Profits within the soft drinks industry are huge. The Coca-Cola Company is the biggest soft drink company in the world. In a recent year, its profits were over $ 400 million. Other huge soft drink companies -- Pepsi and 7-Up, for example ---also make millions of dollars each year.
Passage 2
What Kinds of Food Do People Need?
Tapescript
Scientists have learned13 a great deal about the kinds of food people need. They say that there are several kinds of food that people should eat every day. What are these classes of food? They are 1) green vegetables of all kinds, such as string beans, peas, lettuces14, and cabbages; 2) fruits, such as apples, peaches and bananas; 3) other vegetables, examples of these are beets15, onions, carrots, tomatoes and so on; 4) meat of all kinds, fish and eggs; 5) milk and food made from milk, such as butter, cheese and ice cream; 6) bread or cereal16. Rice is also in this class of food.
People in different countries and different areas of the world eat different kinds of things. Scientists say that none of these differences are really important. It doesn't matter whether food is eaten raw or cooked, canned or frozen17. It doesn't matter if a person eats dinner at four o'clock in the afternoon or at eleven o'clock at night. The important thing, they say, is that every day a person should eat something from each of these kinds of food.
There are two problems, then, in feeding the ever-increasing number of people on earth. The first is to find some way to feed the world population so that no one is hungry. The second is to make sure that people everywhere have the right kinds of food to make them grow to be strong and healthy.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 postponed 9dc016075e0da542aaa70e9f01bf4ab1     
vt.& vi.延期,缓办,(使)延迟vt.把…放在次要地位;[语]把…放在后面(或句尾)vi.(疟疾等)延缓发作(或复发)
参考例句:
  • The trial was postponed indefinitely. 审讯无限期延迟。
  • The game has already been postponed three times. 这场比赛已经三度延期了。
2 sue PUAzm     
vt.控告,起诉;vi.请求,追求,起诉
参考例句:
  • If you don't pay me the money,I'll sue you.如果你不付给我钱,我就告你。
  • The war criminals sue for peace.战犯求和。
3 finding 5tAzVe     
n.发现,发现物;调查的结果
参考例句:
  • The finding makes some sense.该发现具有一定的意义。
  • That's an encouraging finding.这是一个鼓舞人心的发现。
4 overtime aKqxn     
adj.超时的,加班的;adv.加班地
参考例句:
  • They are working overtime to finish the work.为了完成任务他们正在加班加点地工作。
  • He was paid for the overtime he worked.他领到了加班费。
5 shift 4yAwt     
n.交换,变化,移动,接班者;vt.更替,移转,变声;vi.改变,定责,更衣
参考例句:
  • Lend me a hand to shift this box,will you?来帮一下忙,把这箱子搬开,好吗?
  • A sudden shift in the wind warned of the coming storm.风向的突然改变预示暴风雨来临。
6 soda cr3ye     
n.苏打水;汽水
参考例句:
  • She doesn't enjoy drinking chocolate soda.她不喜欢喝巧克力汽水。
  • I will freshen your drink with more soda and ice cubes.我给你的饮料重加一些苏打水和冰块。
7 bubbles fe75bd065ff48b91c35fe8ff842f986c     
泡( bubble的名词复数 ); 泡影; 肥皂泡; (欲表达的)一点感情
参考例句:
  • Bubbles are rising from the bottom of the boiling water. 水泡从沸水的底部升到水面。
  • The incorporation of air bubbles in the glass spoiled it. 玻璃含有气泡,使它质量降低。
8 old-fashioned FmIzps     
adj.旧式的,保守的,挑剔的
参考例句:
  • Why do you still dress in an old-fashioned mode?你为什么还穿款式陈旧的衣服?
  • Here is an old-fashioned pump for drawing water from a well.这里有一个旧式水泵可从井里抽水。
9 flavoring es5zvc     
n.调味品,调味料v.给…调味( flavor的现在分词 );给…增添风趣
参考例句:
  • Add a spoonful of banana flavoring. 加一匙香蕉调料。 来自辞典例句
  • A soft, rich candy made of sugar, milk, butter and flavoring. 软糖或水果、坚果通常做夹心的糖果,外面包有一层巧克力。 来自互联网
10 cocaine VbYy4     
n.可卡因,古柯碱(用作局部麻醉剂)
参考例句:
  • That young man is a cocaine addict.那个年轻人吸食可卡因成瘾。
  • Don't have cocaine abusively.不可滥服古柯碱。
11 elegant UjOzi     
adj.优美的,文雅的,简练的,简结的
参考例句:
  • She was an elegant and accomplished woman.她是位优雅的才女。
  • She has a life of elegant ease.她过着风雅悠闲的生活。
12 occasion DIAxo     
n.场合,时机,机会,诱因,理由;vt.惹起,引起
参考例句:
  • Her dress was too showy for such a formal occasion.在如此正式的场合,她的服装过分华丽了。
  • Her tears were fought back on such an occasion.在这种场合下她忍住了眼泪。
13 learned m1oxn     
adj.有学问的,博学的;learn的过去式和过去分词
参考例句:
  • He went into a rage when he learned about it.他听到这事后勃然大怒。
  • In this little village,he passed for a learned man.在这个小村子里,他被视为有学问的人。
14 lettuces 36ffcdaf031f1bb6733a3cbf66f68f44     
n.莴苣,生菜( lettuce的名词复数 );生菜叶
参考例句:
  • My lettuces have gone to seed. 我种的莴苣已结子。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
  • Are these lettuces home-grown or did you buy them in the market? 这些生菜是自家种的呢,还是你在市场上买的? 来自辞典例句
15 beets 88b1e961db3387e932ee94bcb085128f     
甜菜( beet的名词复数 ); 甜菜根; (因愤怒、难堪或觉得热而)脸红
参考例句:
  • Beets are Hank's favorite vegetable. 甜菜根是汉克最爱吃的蔬菜。
  • In this enlargement, barley, alfalfa, and sugar beets can be differentiated. 在这张放大的照片上,大麦,苜蓿和甜菜都能被区分开。
16 cereal Wrzz1     
n.谷类,五谷,禾谷
参考例句:
  • I have hot cereal every day for breakfast.我每天早餐吃热麦片粥。
  • Soybeans are handled differently from cereal grains.大豆的加工处理与谷类的加工处理不同。
17 frozen 2sVz6q     
adj.冻结的,冰冻的
参考例句:
  • He was frozen to death on a snowing night.在一个风雪的晚上,他被冻死了。
  • The weather is cold and the ground is frozen.天寒地冻。
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TAG标签:   大学英语  听力  第四册  lesson
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