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大学英语听力第四册 lesson 20

时间:2005-09-14 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:gzhzh   字体: [ ]
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  PART A Micro-Listening
Integrative1 Skills' Training
I.
One of the main complaints3 of the city residents4 in the United5 States is the number of homeless cats and dogs. It has been estimated6 by Friends of Animals Incorporation7 that more than 30 million cats and dogs are wandering through the streets of the cities. Each year, about a fifth of these animals are destroyed. A survey of 41 cities reports that as much as 15 million dollars is spent to capture8 and kill those animals every year. One city alone, Chicago, spends$1,000,000 a year to control its animal population. On the other hand, though you can find quite a lot of cats and dogs wandering in New York, the city government doesn't spend any money on animal control.
1. What is the complaint2 mentioned in the passage?
2. What is the estimated number of these animals?
3. What is the source9 of the statistics10 given in the passage?
4. Where will you find no control of the animal population?
5. Which of the following can best serve as a title of the passage?
II.
What do you know about the sea? Most of us have seen it. Many of us have swum in it. We know that it looks very pretty when the sun is shining on it. And we also know that the sea is full of waves. Waves are beautiful to look at, but they can destroy ships at sea, as well as houses and buildings near the shore. What causes waves? Most waves are caused by winds blowing over the surface of the water. The sun heats the earth, causing the air to rise and the winds to blow. The winds blow across the sea, pushing little waves into enormous11 ones.
The size of a wave depends on how strong the wind is, how long it blows and how large the body of water is. In a small bay12 waves will never build up. But at sea the wind can build up giant, powerful13 waves. When the wind is blowing at 120 kilometers per hour, most waves will be about 12 meters high. In1933 the United States reported the largest measured wave in history. It rose in the Pacific Ocean to a height of 34 meters.
1. Which of the following directly14 causes waves?
2. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage?
3. When was the largest measured wave in history reported?
4. How high was the largest measured wave?
5. Which of the following may be the most appropriate15 title for this passage?
PART B Macro-Listening
Passage
Do Dreams Save Lives?
Tapeacript
Do dreams save lives? Yes, they do sometimes save the lives of friends and other people.
Merna was a Polish16 girl, who was in love with a Polish soldier. During World War I the soldier left her to fight on the battlefield17. Later on Merna began to dream about him.
The first dream came in October, 1918, about a month before the end of the war. In the dream she saw him in a dark place among some rocks or stones. He was trying to move some of them, but he could not do so. So he stopped trying and sat down on the ground alone in the dark.
She had this dream several times, but then in the following summer it changed. In the new dream she saw a castle on a hill. Part of the castle had fallen down and there was a lot of stones on the ground below the broken part. She went towards these stones in her dream, and then she heard the voice of her boyfriend. The voice came from under the stones, and so she tried to lift some of them. But she was too weak to do this, and she had to go away sadly.
This dream took the place of the older one, and she saw the same stones several times in her sleep on other nights. She told her mother about it, and a lot of other people in the city heard about the dream. But they didn't care very much. A girl's dreams were not important to other people.
Merna decided18 that she ought to find that castle. She was quite sure that it was a real one, but there were a lot of old castles in that part of Poland. There was little hope of finding19 a special one among so many. But the dream continued, and one day Merna could not bear it any longer. She had to find that castle. So she began a long journey on foot.
Day after day she went onwards20, looking for the castle. She slept on the ground beside the road, and sometimes farmers gave her something to eat. For them it was only another sad story of the war, but they had kind hearts.
One day in April, 1920, she came to the little village of a small town. There on the top of a hill stood the castle, as she had seen it so often in her dreams! She ran into the village and fell down on the ground.
Of course, a crowd of people arrived and looked down at her. A police- man arrived, too, and Merna told everyone about her dreams.
'There's the castle!' she cried wildly, pointing to it. 'That's the castle that I've seen in my dreams!' But the people saw the castle everyday and did not care much.
She got up and went towards the fallen stones at the bottom of the castle wall, and some of the villagers went with her. She asked the men to lift up the stones, and they laughingly did so. They did not believe that her story had any meaning, but it was not difficult to lift a few stones. They found nothing on the first day, but after working for two days they heard a man's voice calling from below.
Merna knew that voice. It was the voice of her boyfriend. The men quickly made the hole bigger and soon brought him out. He had been in the dark- ness for two years, and at first the strong light of the day hurt his eyes. But soon he was looking around with surprise at the people who were standing21 there.
He had lived on the food that he had found in the castle. He had entered
the castle during the war; then part of the castle was hit and destroyed, and his way out was closed by falling stones. So he could not get out and he had to remain there until Merna brought him help.
What caused her to dream like that? How did her mind know anything about a castle which she had never seen? Do you know?
1. Which of the following did Merna see in her first dream?
2. When did Merna begin to have her new dream ?
3. Which of the following did NOT happen in her new dream?
4. How did people respond22 when Merna told them about her dreams?
5. What did Merna decide to do?
6. How was Merna's journey?
7. How long did it take Merna to solve the mystery of her dreams?
8. Why didn't the villagers care much when Merna pointed23 out the castle to them?
9. What did Merna and the villagers hear when they were moving the stones?
10. How did Merna's boyfriend get into that situation?


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 integrative f66971bc6a4473962a751b595e9625cf     
综合的,一体化的
参考例句:
  • Chinese ocean economy needs integrative management in rich ocean areas and resources. 中国海洋经济的发展需要对海洋区域和丰富的海洋资源进行海洋综合管理。
  • Hence enacted law is more authoritative and more integrative than judge-made law. 因此,制定法比法官造法更具有权威性和统一性。
2 complaint FOPz5     
n.诉苦,抱怨,牢骚,委屈,疾病
参考例句:
  • This is a cause of complaint.这是抱怨的原因。
  • He has a heart complaint.他有心脏病。
3 complaints 1c2af6696c4c67949752fa8006c4e63d     
抱怨( complaint的名词复数 ); 诉苦; 投诉; 疾病
参考例句:
  • a litany of complaints 喋喋不休的抱怨
  • The company had received complaints both verbally and in writing. 这家公司收到了口头和书面的投诉。
4 residents 430773153341c662da6867d207e96ae2     
n.居民( resident的名词复数 );(旅馆的)住宿者
参考例句:
  • Plans to build a new mall were deep-sixed after protests from local residents. 修建新室内购物中心的计划由于当地居民反对而搁浅。
  • Local residents have reacted angrily to the news. 当地居民对这一消息表示愤怒。
5 united Yfmz2c     
adj.和谐的;团结的;联合的,统一的
参考例句:
  • The whole nation is closely united.全国人民紧密团结。
  • The two men were united by community of interests.共同的利益使两个人结合在一起。
6 estimated CtGzc2     
adj.根据估计的
参考例句:
  • She estimated the breadth of the lake to be 500 metres. 她估计湖面大约有500米宽。
  • The man estimated for the repair of the car. 那人估算了修理汽车的费用。
7 incorporation bq7z8F     
n.设立,合并,法人组织
参考例句:
  • The incorporation of air bubbles in the glass spoiled it.玻璃含有气泡,使它质量降低。
  • The company will be retooled after the incorporation.合并之后的公司要进行重组。
8 capture xTny1     
vt.捕获,俘获;占领,夺得;n.抓住,捕获
参考例句:
  • The company is out to capture the European market.这家公司希望占据欧洲市场。
  • With the capture of the escaped tiger,everyone felt relieved.逃出来的老虎被捕获后,大家都松了一口气。
9 source KwfwM     
n.来源,水源;原始资料
参考例句:
  • They mentioned you as a good source of information.他们说你消息灵通。
  • All works of art have life as their source.一切文艺创作都来源于生活。
10 statistics iGyzb     
n.统计,统计数字,统计学
参考例句:
  • We have statistics for the last year.我们有去年的统计资料。
  • Statistics is taught in many colleges.许多大学都教授统计学。
11 enormous xoExz     
adj.巨大的;庞大的
参考例句:
  • An enormous sum of money is injected each year into teaching.每年都有大量资金投入到教学中。
  • They wield enormous political power.他们行使巨大的政治权力。
12 bay rQ7yt     
n.海湾,狗吠声,月桂;vt.吠,使走投无路;vi.吠
参考例句:
  • I enjoy the view of the bay in the starlight.我喜欢星光下的海湾风景。
  • Dogs sometimes bay at the moon.狗有时会朝着月亮吠叫。
13 powerful E1Zzi     
adj.有力的,有权力的,强大的
参考例句:
  • The UN began to get more and more powerful.联合国开始变得越来越强大了。
  • Such are the most powerful voices of our times!这些就是我们时代的最有力的声音!
14 directly DPIzn     
adv.直接地,径直地;马上,立即
参考例句:
  • I will telephone you directly I hear the news.我一听到消息,马上打电话给你。
  • She answered me very directly and openly.她非常坦率地、开门见山地答复了我。
15 appropriate 8eCy5     
adj.适当的,合适的;v.拨出,挪用,盗用
参考例句:
  • It is appropriate that he should get the post.由他担任这一职务是恰当的。
  • We should take appropriate measures to improve our teaching.我们应当采取适当的措施提高教学质量。
16 polish P2XzW     
vt.修正;文饰;(涂蜡等)打光滑;使(人、举止、仪表等)变得优雅;n.擦亮剂;擦亮,磨光;优美,优雅,精良;adj.使完美,使优美,使精炼;vi.得到改进,变得完美
参考例句:
  • I'm going to New York,so I must polish up my English.我要去纽约,因此我必须提高英语水平。
  • The wood won't polish.这种木材无法磨光。
17 battlefield qyczF0     
n.战场;争论点
参考例句:
  • Her son died on the battlefield.她儿子死在了战场上。
  • The battlefield flowed with rivers of blood.战场上血流成河。
18 decided lvqzZd     
adj.决定了的,坚决的;明显的,明确的
参考例句:
  • This gave them a decided advantage over their opponents.这使他们比对手具有明显的优势。
  • There is a decided difference between British and Chinese way of greeting.英国人和中国人打招呼的方式有很明显的区别。
19 finding 5tAzVe     
n.发现,发现物;调查的结果
参考例句:
  • The finding makes some sense.该发现具有一定的意义。
  • That's an encouraging finding.这是一个鼓舞人心的发现。
20 onwards YIgxI     
adv.前进;在前;在先;迈进
参考例句:
  • From now onwards my teacher will be stricter.从此我的老师会更加严格。
  • The crowd began to move onwards.人群开始向前移动。
21 standing 2hCzgo     
n.持续,地位;adj.永久的,不动的,直立的,不流动的
参考例句:
  • After the earthquake only a few houses were left standing.地震过后只有几幢房屋还立着。
  • They're standing out against any change in the law.他们坚决反对对法律做任何修改。
22 respond 3WYx9     
vi.回答,响应
参考例句:
  • I offered him a drink but he did not respond.我请他喝酒,但他未作回答。
  • I greeted him but he didn't respond.我跟他打招呼,他没答理我。
23 pointed Il8zB4     
adj.尖的,直截了当的
参考例句:
  • He gave me a very sharp pointed pencil.他给我一支削得非常尖的铅笔。
  • She wished to show Mrs.John Dashwood by this pointed invitation to her brother.她想通过对达茨伍德夫人提出直截了当的邀请向她的哥哥表示出来。
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TAG标签:   大学英语  听力  第四册  lesson
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