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08 THE STORIES OF ROME

时间:2005-06-06 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:vipnoble   字体: [ ]
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    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)

 

 

     The Pantheon here was built by the Emperor Haydrian in the 2nd century AD and its 1)dome is still one of the largest 2)concrete domes1 in the world. It's 50 yards across and its concrete is up to 20 feet thick.

     The word "concrete" comes from the Latin "concretus", meaning grown together or harden. Romanconcrete was a mixture of sand, powdered 3)limestone2 and stone 4)rubble, pretty well what it is today. To construct 5)arches and 6)vaults, the Romans also developed a lightening. And the higher they went the lighter3 they made the concrete. In this way they could roof over much larger areas than would be possible with stone.

   But one of the problems with concrete is that even after it's hardened, it still absorbs water. So the Romans added a mix of 7)volcanic4 8)cinders and clay called "Potsularna". Potsularna reacts with the 9)lime in the 10)mortar and sets quickly. And most important of all, it's resistant5 to water.

    The Romans had invented damp proof concrete, and they used it for the foundations of buildings like the pantheon, for lining6 reservoirs and for constructing harbors. Concrete allowed the Romans to build big and fast, and thus 11)impose their authority on tribes still living in simple structures of wood or mud. Concrete may well have been one of the secret weapons of the Roman Empire.

 

古罗马的故事

 

    万神殿是哈第安皇帝在公元2世纪时建立的,它的圆顶至今仍是世界上最大的混凝土圆顶之一。宽有50码,混凝土厚达20英尺。

    "混凝土"一词来自拉丁语"concretus",意思是粘合在一起或硬化。罗马的混凝土是把沙子、石灰粉和碎石掺合到一块来,和今天的做法很相似。为了建造拱门与拱顶结构,罗马人还发展了减压技术。建得越高,所用的混凝土也就越轻。他们用此办法搭建的屋顶面积比用石头搭建的要大得多。

    可混凝土的一个问题是,即使变硬以后,它仍然吸水。所以罗马人又添加进一种火山灰与黏土的混合物,称为"波修拉那"。波修那拉与灰泥中的石灰产生反应,可以快速定型。最重要的是它还防水。

    罗马人发明出防湿混凝土,用它来建造万神殿这样的建筑基础,用来围水库、起港口。混凝土使罗马人的建筑宏大、建筑速度更快,并加强了他们对依然居住在泥木搭建的简单结构里的部族的统治。混凝土也许一直是罗马帝国的秘密武器之一。

1) dome  n. 圆屋顶      

2) concrete  n. 混凝土

3) limestone n. 石灰石   

4) rubble  n. 碎石            

5) arch n. 拱门 

6) vault  n. 拱顶             

7) volcanic a. 火山的   

8) cinder  n.

9) lime  n. 石灰              

10) mortar   n. 灰泥          

11) impose v. 加强

 

 


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 domes ea51ec34bac20cae1c10604e13288827     
n.圆屋顶( dome的名词复数 );像圆屋顶一样的东西;圆顶体育场
参考例句:
  • The domes are circular or ovoid in cross-section. 穹丘的横断面为圆形或卵圆形。 来自辞典例句
  • Parks. The facilities highlighted in text include sport complexes and fabric domes. 本书重点讲的设施包括运动场所和顶棚式结构。 来自互联网
2 limestone w3XyJ     
n.石灰石
参考例句:
  • Limestone is often used in building construction.石灰岩常用于建筑。
  • Cement is made from limestone.水泥是由石灰石制成的。
3 lighter 5pPzPR     
n.打火机,点火器;驳船;v.用驳船运送;light的比较级
参考例句:
  • The portrait was touched up so as to make it lighter.这张画经过润色,色调明朗了一些。
  • The lighter works off the car battery.引燃器利用汽车蓄电池打火。
4 volcanic BLgzQ     
adj.火山的;象火山的;由火山引起的
参考例句:
  • There have been several volcanic eruptions this year.今年火山爆发了好几次。
  • Volcanic activity has created thermal springs and boiling mud pools.火山活动产生了温泉和沸腾的泥浆池。
5 resistant 7Wvxh     
adj.(to)抵抗的,有抵抗力的
参考例句:
  • Many pests are resistant to the insecticide.许多害虫对这种杀虫剂有抵抗力。
  • They imposed their government by force on the resistant population.他们以武力把自己的统治强加在持反抗态度的人民头上。
6 lining kpgzTO     
n.衬里,衬料
参考例句:
  • The lining of my coat is torn.我的外套衬里破了。
  • Moss makes an attractive lining to wire baskets.用苔藓垫在铁丝篮里很漂亮。
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TAG标签:   疯狂英语  story  rome
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