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时间:2005-06-06 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:幽幽草   字体: [ ]



    These 1)skyscrapers are built of mud there in the Yemen. They're over 400 years old. The reason they're so tightly packed together is not because of the cost of 2)real estate, it's a protection against the fierce heat. The 3)Yemeni have been building high rises like this for over a thousand years.

   But the Romans got there first.  Nobody can be quite sure how high the department lots went up; but a letter found in one ancient Roman city gives directions to an apartment on the 8th floor. The Roman architect, Vetruvious wrote in view of Rome's unlimited1 number of citizens, necessity has driven us to build high. By the use of stone, brick andconcrete, buildings are raised with several stories; producing very convenient apartments.

   Well there it was. As soon as you start building high, the city becomes a more dangerous place to live in. As the great Roman historian, Livy, recorded, I sincerely regret that I have to report that an ox fell from the 4th story of an apartment block on the forum2 floorarium. Look out below!

    Who invented cooking? Well we don't know, but God bless him anyway. Although another thing that makes city life more 4)convivial is being able to eat good food without necessarily havingto cook it yourself. And in ancient times this was often vital for city 5)dwellers. In Rome, for example, none of those people 6)crammed together in high-rise apartment lots had chimneys and very few had pot fires to cook on. So they relied on being able to eat out or else another great invention of ancient times -- take away. 

   There were dozens of 7)snack bars like this in Roman cities serving anything from cheesecake and 8)custard to 9)sterile 10)sow's 11)wombs and stuffed door mice.

   The Roman writer, Armeanus Masolines, has left us with a description of what these Roman snack bars were actually like. Even concoction, he tells us, People led by the odor of cooking but want to stand on 12)tiptoe beside the pots 13)gnawing the ends of their fingers as they wait for the dishes to cool. Others hang over the 14)nauseous mass of half raw meat while it is cooking watching intently.

Here's an ancient Roman recipe from the first century A.D. It's from a very early cook book by a 15)chap named Pigleus. The dish is called Pesicia Arman Tarta. You take some ground beef and a little salt and some pine 16)kernels and a little croak4 -- I don'tknow how you pronounce it -- it's a sort of sticky white wine, and you mix it all together. It's even better if you're doing this in a bowl. Then you put it all together and make it into a sort of pate5. I know it's a bit crude using your hands but it's actually the best way of doing it. You make it into a little pate like that and then put it in the pan. Here's one I cooked up earlier, 2000 years earlier. To serve it you put it in between two pieces of bread. Oh, and I forgot to mention, the ancient Romans apparently6 invented the hamburger.











1) skyscraper  n. 摩天大楼   

2) real estate 房地产,不动产    

3) Yemeni  n. 也门人

4) convivial  a. 欢乐的

5) dweller  n. 居民      

6) cram  v. 填塞,勉强            7) snack bar 小吃店

8) custard n. 乳蛋糕   

9) sterile  a. 不育的,贫瘠的    

10) sow n. 母猪

11) womb n. 子宫        

12)tiptoe n. 脚 尖             13) gnaw3 v. 咬,啃

14) nauseous  a. 令人厌恶的        15) chap  n. 家伙       

16) kernel  n. 仁,核




1 unlimited MKbzB     
  • They flew over the unlimited reaches of the Arctic.他们飞过了茫茫无边的北极上空。
  • There is no safety in unlimited technological hubris.在技术方面自以为是会很危险。
2 forum cilx0     
  • They're holding a forum on new ways of teaching history.他们正在举行历史教学讨论会。
  • The organisation would provide a forum where problems could be discussed.这个组织将提供一个可以讨论问题的平台。
3 gnaw E6kyH     
  • Dogs like to gnaw on a bone.狗爱啃骨头。
  • A rat can gnaw a hole through wood.老鼠能啃穿木头。
4 croak yYLzJ     
  • Everyone seemed rather out of sorts and inclined to croak.每个人似乎都有点不对劲,想发发牢骚。
  • Frogs began to croak with the rainfall.蛙随着雨落开始哇哇叫。
5 pate pmqzS9     
  • The few strands of white hair at the back of his gourd-like pate also quivered.他那长在半个葫芦样的头上的白发,也随着笑声一齐抖动着。
  • He removed his hat to reveal a glowing bald pate.他脱下帽子,露出了发亮的光头。
6 apparently tMmyQ     
  • An apparently blind alley leads suddenly into an open space.山穷水尽,豁然开朗。
  • He was apparently much surprised at the news.他对那个消息显然感到十分惊异。
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