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CRI 中国国际广播电台 2010-01-16

时间:2010-07-13 02:58来源:互联网 提供网友:uv4313   字体: [ ]
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Hello and Welcome to News and Reports on China Radio International

In This Edition

The 50-member Chinese Rescue Team adds its weight to the international aid efforts in Haiti in the wake of a devastating1 earthquake.

Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi says the Chinese government takes open policies to the internet, but certain regulations are necessary to maintain the country's stability and the mental health of its citizens.

And China's economy developed steadily2 in 2009 thanks to improved foreign trade and domestic consumption.


Hot Issue Reports

Chinese team offers aid in Haitian capital

The 50-member Chinese International Rescue Team has added its weight to the international aid efforts in Haiti in the wake of a magnitude 7.3 earthquake. Haitian President Rene Preval says about 7,000 victims have been buried at a cemetery3 outside the capital, but the death toll4 may be over 50,000.

Obama Pledges Long-term Relief Efforts for Haiti

United States President Barack Obama has promised an expansive US effort to help Haiti survive its disaster, not just to save lives but also to help rebuild the country.

Obama announced he will meet on Saturday at the White House with two of his predecessors5, George W. Bush and Bill Clinton, to help enlist6 the American people more broadly in the recovery effort.

Bush and Clinton will lead that drive going forward.

Obama said the whole world stands with Haiti.

"The scale of the devastation7 is extraordinary, as I think all of us are seeing on television, and the losses are heartbreaking. I pledged America's continued commitment to the government and the people of Haiti in the immediate8 effort to save lives and deliver relief and in the long-term effort to rebuild."

Haiti is reeling from Tuesday's massive earthquake, galvanizing a humanitarian9 relief response across the globe.

Obama spoke10 as US relief is flowing into Haiti, where the death toll mounted amid chaos11 and fear.

US military officials say up to 10-thousand US troops will be in Haiti or off its shores by Monday to help distribute aid and prevent potential rioting among desperate earthquake survivors12.

UN Chief: Humanitarian Effort Well Underway for Haiti

UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon says that up to 50 percent of the buildings in Haiti's capital and other areas hardest struck by the earthquake have been damaged or destroyed.

The UN chief said that the United Nations will launch an emergency appeal for 550 million US dollars to provide life necessities for millions of Haitians.

"A high proportion of the three million people in the capital area are without access to food, water, shelter and electricity. We are still in the search and rescue phase, and we are trying to save as many lives as possible. A major humanitarian effort is now well underway."

Ban Ki-moon also announced that he will visit Haiti "very soon" to show his support and to assess the situation further.

UN spokesman Martin Nesirky said that 37 UN personnel have been confirmed dead and 330 missing from the roughly 12,000-strong UN mission in Haiti.

The International Red Cross estimates that 45,000 to 50,000 people were killed in Tuesday's devastating earthquake.

Yang Jiechi: China Takes Open Policy to Internet

The Chinese government takes open policies to the internet, but certain regulations are necessary to maintain the "stability" and "the mental and physical health" of its citizens.

Chinese Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi made the remarks during a press conference with visiting German Vice13 Chancellor14 and Federal Minister for Foreign Affairs Guido Westerwelle in Beijing on Friday.

When asked about google's possible withdrawal15 from China raised from his German counterpart, Yang Jiechi clarified China's stance.

"As for the issue of internet, I emphasised in the talks that the Chinese government conducts open policies on the internet. However, according to the Chinese constitution and other regulations, we have to maintain the stability of the country and prevent things from happening that will hurt the mental and physical health of our citizens."

Addressing other issues, the Chinese Foreign Minister reiterated16 China's position towards Iran's nuclear programme and said the issue "is a serious one, but it should be resolved through peaceful diplomatic negotiations17."

Westerwelle said the international community would consider new sets of sanctions against Iran if the country is not willing to solve its nuclear standoff with the West "through discussions and negotiations."

Official: China's Economy Develops Steadily in 2009
The Chinese Ministry18 of Commerce reviewed the country's economic development in 2009 during a regular press conference held in Beijing on Thursday. The Ministry says the recovered vitality19 of foreign trade and domestic consumption power have contributed to the stable economic condition in China.

Solar eclipse Observed in Africa and Asia
Thousands of people across Africa and Asia viewed an annular20 eclipse on Friday as the moon crossed the sun's path blocking everything but a narrow, blazing rim21 of light.

The path of the eclipse began in Africa, passing through Chad, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Uganda, Kenya and Somalia before crossing the Indian Ocean, where it reached its peak, according to the NASA website.

In the Kenyan capital of Nairobi many residents gathered to watch the rare celestial22 phenomenon.

Lucy Warigia, Nairobi resident says:

"I have seen the moon and the sun merging23 and it's something I have never experienced before. It's like a miracle."

Robert Mbasi, of the Nairobi Police also says:

"I saw something round like the sun and then there was darkness in between which I'm suspecting might be the moon, so it's like the moon was overlapping24 the sun or the sun was overlapping the moon."

The path then continued into Asia where the eclipse could be seen in the Maldives, southern India, parts of Sri Lanka, Myanmar and China.

In southern India, hundreds gathered to view the phenomenon, which could be seen for about 10 minutes.
Satyadev Pandey, Hindu priest says:

"Twelve hours before the solar eclipse, the temple doors were closed. No prayers were held. The gods are supposed to be resting."

Annular eclipses occur around 66 times a century and the last total eclipse of the sun was on July 22, 2009.

1 in 2 births in China delivered by Cesarean Section
Nearly one in two births in China are delivered by cesarean section, of which a quarter are not medically necessary. The latest survey by the World Health Organization also warns unnecessary C-sections jeopardize25 women's health by raising the risk of complications.

Media Digest/Stock/Weather

Southern Metropolis26 Daily: Nobody Wins if Google Leaves
Since Google announced the search engine is reviewing business operations in China, the news that Google might leave China has shocked many local internet users. China has a search engine market that was worth 1 billion U.S. dollars last year. Google, in second place, enjoys around 36 percent of the market share behind Chinese search engine and market leader Baidu.

An editorial in the Southern Metropolis Daily says Google plays an important role in the Chinese market not only in terms of market share but also for its leading technology. Leaving would be a loss both to the company and to China.

Moreover, it says Google is leaving not because of losing out in the development and improvement of the domestic internet industry, but mainly because of the obstacles created by the economic and political system.

The author cites intellectual property rights protection as an example. Google was sued for scanning books into its controversial web library, but some local portals that have done this frequently were not punished. There is no doubt that intellectual property rights violations27 should be cracked down on, but a double standard on who gets punished may lead to unfair competition.

It emphasizes that in addition to developing better products, it is also Google's responsibility as a foreign company to learn about Chinese society and try to adapt to the Chinese market in other aspects. It suggests that the Chinese market should meet international competition with a more open mind.

China Daily: Don't blame students for loan defaults in hard times
Offering low-interest student loans to those who cannot afford a college education is a guarantee of equal opportunity in China. As of the end of 2008, almost 4.4 million students had received such loans. But increasing reports of graduates failing to repay loans have brought accusations28 down on almost everyone involved – policymakers, commercial banks, colleges that pay the security deposits and, of course, the students themselves.

But a commentary in Friday's China Daily argues that considering the tough job market right now, students should be spared some of the blame.

The article emphasizes that before pointing fingers, we should consider the fact that college graduates are struggling through very tough times, especially those who took out loans. Firstly, they are less likely to get support from their low-income families. Also, the cost of living in big cities without a high-paying job can be very high, let alone the soaring housing price they face if they try to settle down eventually.

But the article argues that for those who try to find excuses for not paying off their loans, such as not being reminded, they deserve reminders29 that it is their legal obligation to repay the money.

Nonetheless, the commentary still sympathizes with those who are struggling to find a way to feed themselves and suggests policymakers continue helping30 young graduates get jobs so as to make student loans affordable31 to all parties.

US stocks
Financial stocks led the US market lower Friday, pulling major stock indexes down about 1 percent from 15-month highs.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average fell 0.9 percent, to 10,610. The broader Standard & Poor's 500 index fell 1.1 percent, to 1,136, and the Nasdaq composite index fell 1.2 percent, to 2,288.
In Europe, Britain's FTSE 100 was down 0.78 percent, Germany's DAX index dropped 1.89 percent, and France's CAC-40 plunged32 1.53 percent.

0116weather-07am
Before we go, a quick look at the weather,
Beijing sunny today with a high of 1 degree Celsius,tonight clear with a low of -7 degrees.
Shanghai overcast33 with a high of 8,tonight,cloudy with a low of 3.
Elsewhere around the world,
New York,cloudy with a high of 7
Houston,moderate rain,13
San Francisco,overcast,15
Toronto,rain,3
Vientiane,sunny,27
Bangkok,sunny,31
Jakarta,sunny,30
Tokyo,sunny,8
Sydney,overcast,26
Wellington,rain,16
Perth,sunny,31
Cairo,sunny,21
Johannesburg,sunny,24
and finally Nairobi will be sunny with a high of 26 degrees Celsius


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 devastating muOzlG     
adj.毁灭性的,令人震惊的,强有力的
参考例句:
  • It is the most devastating storm in 20 years.这是20年来破坏性最大的风暴。
  • Affairs do have a devastating effect on marriages.婚外情确实会对婚姻造成毁灭性的影响。
2 steadily Qukw6     
adv.稳定地;不变地;持续地
参考例句:
  • The scope of man's use of natural resources will steadily grow.人类利用自然资源的广度将日益扩大。
  • Our educational reform was steadily led onto the correct path.我们的教学改革慢慢上轨道了。
3 cemetery ur9z7     
n.坟墓,墓地,坟场
参考例句:
  • He was buried in the cemetery.他被葬在公墓。
  • His remains were interred in the cemetery.他的遗体葬在墓地。
4 toll LJpzo     
n.过路(桥)费;损失,伤亡人数;v.敲(钟)
参考例句:
  • The hailstone took a heavy toll of the crops in our village last night.昨晚那场冰雹损坏了我们村的庄稼。
  • The war took a heavy toll of human life.这次战争夺去了许多人的生命。
5 predecessors b59b392832b9ce6825062c39c88d5147     
n.前任( predecessor的名词复数 );前辈;(被取代的)原有事物;前身
参考例句:
  • The new government set about dismantling their predecessors' legislation. 新政府正着手废除其前任所制定的法律。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Will new plan be any more acceptable than its predecessors? 新计划比原先的计划更能令人满意吗? 来自《简明英汉词典》
6 enlist npCxX     
vt.谋取(支持等),赢得;征募;vi.入伍
参考例句:
  • They come here to enlist men for the army.他们来这儿是为了召兵。
  • The conference will make further efforts to enlist the support of the international community for their just struggle. 会议必将进一步动员国际社会,支持他们的正义斗争。
7 devastation ku9zlF     
n.毁坏;荒废;极度震惊或悲伤
参考例句:
  • The bomb caused widespread devastation. 炸弹造成大面积破坏。
  • There was devastation on every side. 到处都是破坏的创伤。 来自《简明英汉词典》
8 immediate aapxh     
adj.立即的;直接的,最接近的;紧靠的
参考例句:
  • His immediate neighbours felt it their duty to call.他的近邻认为他们有责任去拜访。
  • We declared ourselves for the immediate convocation of the meeting.我们主张立即召开这个会议。
9 humanitarian kcoxQ     
n.人道主义者,博爱者,基督凡人论者
参考例句:
  • She has many humanitarian interests and contributes a lot to them.她拥有很多慈善事业,并作了很大的贡献。
  • The British government has now suspended humanitarian aid to the area.英国政府现已暂停对这一地区的人道主义援助。
10 spoke XryyC     
n.(车轮的)辐条;轮辐;破坏某人的计划;阻挠某人的行动 v.讲,谈(speak的过去式);说;演说;从某种观点来说
参考例句:
  • They sourced the spoke nuts from our company.他们的轮辐螺帽是从我们公司获得的。
  • The spokes of a wheel are the bars that connect the outer ring to the centre.辐条是轮子上连接外圈与中心的条棒。
11 chaos 7bZyz     
n.混乱,无秩序
参考例句:
  • After the failure of electricity supply the city was in chaos.停电后,城市一片混乱。
  • The typhoon left chaos behind it.台风后一片混乱。
12 survivors 02ddbdca4c6dba0b46d9d823ed2b4b62     
幸存者,残存者,生还者( survivor的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The survivors were adrift in a lifeboat for six days. 幸存者在救生艇上漂流了六天。
  • survivors clinging to a raft 紧紧抓住救生筏的幸存者
13 vice NU0zQ     
n.坏事;恶习;[pl.]台钳,老虎钳;adj.副的
参考例句:
  • He guarded himself against vice.他避免染上坏习惯。
  • They are sunk in the depth of vice.他们堕入了罪恶的深渊。
14 chancellor aUAyA     
n.(英)大臣;法官;(德、奥)总理;大学校长
参考例句:
  • They submitted their reports to the Chancellor yesterday.他们昨天向财政大臣递交了报告。
  • He was regarded as the most successful Chancellor of modern times.他被认为是现代最成功的财政大臣。
15 withdrawal Cfhwq     
n.取回,提款;撤退,撤军;收回,撤销
参考例句:
  • The police were forced to make a tactical withdrawal.警方被迫进行战术撤退。
  • They insisted upon a withdrawal of the statement and a public apology.他们坚持要收回那些话并公开道歉。
16 reiterated d9580be532fe69f8451c32061126606b     
反复地说,重申( reiterate的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • "Well, I want to know about it,'she reiterated. “嗯,我一定要知道你的休假日期,"她重复说。 来自英汉文学 - 嘉莉妹妹
  • Some twenty-two years later President Polk reiterated and elaborated upon these principles. 大约二十二年之后,波尔克总统重申这些原则并且刻意阐释一番。
17 negotiations af4b5f3e98e178dd3c4bac64b625ecd0     
协商( negotiation的名词复数 ); 谈判; 完成(难事); 通过
参考例句:
  • negotiations for a durable peace 为持久和平而进行的谈判
  • Negotiations have failed to establish any middle ground. 谈判未能达成任何妥协。
18 ministry kD5x2     
n.(政府的)部;牧师
参考例句:
  • They sent a deputation to the ministry to complain.他们派了一个代表团到部里投诉。
  • We probed the Air Ministry statements.我们调查了空军部的记录。
19 vitality lhAw8     
n.活力,生命力,效力
参考例句:
  • He came back from his holiday bursting with vitality and good health.他度假归来之后,身强体壮,充满活力。
  • He is an ambitious young man full of enthusiasm and vitality.他是个充满热情与活力的有远大抱负的青年。
20 annular XzizNQ     
adj.环状的
参考例句:
  • It was reported that there would be an annular eclipse tomorrow.据报道说,明天有日环食。
  • The annular markings on a tree indicate its age.树的环形纹理显示其年龄。
21 rim RXSxl     
n.(圆物的)边,轮缘;边界
参考例句:
  • The water was even with the rim of the basin.盆里的水与盆边平齐了。
  • She looked at him over the rim of her glass.她的目光越过玻璃杯的边沿看着他。
22 celestial 4rUz8     
adj.天体的;天上的
参考例句:
  • The rosy light yet beamed like a celestial dawn.玫瑰色的红光依然象天上的朝霞一样绚丽。
  • Gravity governs the motions of celestial bodies.万有引力控制着天体的运动。
23 merging 65cc30ed55db36c739ab349d7c58dfe8     
合并(分类)
参考例句:
  • Many companies continued to grow by merging with or buying competing firms. 许多公司通过合并或收买竞争对手的公司而不断扩大。 来自英汉非文学 - 政府文件
  • To sequence by repeated splitting and merging. 用反复分开和合并的方法进行的排序。
24 overlapping Gmqz4t     
adj./n.交迭(的)
参考例句:
  • There is no overlapping question between the two courses. 这两门课程之间不存在重叠的问题。
  • A trimetrogon strip is composed of three rows of overlapping. 三镜头摄影航线为三排重迭的象片所组成。
25 jeopardize s3Qxd     
vt.危及,损害
参考例句:
  • Overworking can jeopardize your health.工作过量可能会危及你的健康。
  • If you are rude to the boss it may jeopardize your chances of success.如果你对上司无礼,那就可能断送你成功的机会。
26 metropolis BCOxY     
n.首府;大城市
参考例句:
  • Shanghai is a metropolis in China.上海是中国的大都市。
  • He was dazzled by the gaiety and splendour of the metropolis.大都市的花花世界使他感到眼花缭乱。
27 violations 403b65677d39097086593415b650ca21     
违反( violation的名词复数 ); 冒犯; 违反(行为、事例); 强奸
参考例句:
  • This is one of the commonest traffic violations. 这是常见的违反交通规则之例。
  • These violations of the code must cease forthwith. 这些违犯法规的行为必须立即停止。
28 accusations 3e7158a2ffc2cb3d02e77822c38c959b     
n.指责( accusation的名词复数 );指控;控告;(被告发、控告的)罪名
参考例句:
  • There were accusations of plagiarism. 曾有过关于剽窃的指控。
  • He remained unruffled by their accusations. 对于他们的指控他处之泰然。
29 reminders aaaf99d0fb822f809193c02b8cf69fba     
n.令人回忆起…的东西( reminder的名词复数 );提醒…的东西;(告知该做某事的)通知单;提示信
参考例句:
  • The film evokes chilling reminders of the war. 这部电影使人们回忆起战争的可怕场景。
  • The strike has delayed the mailing of tax reminders. 罢工耽搁了催税单的投寄。
30 helping 2rGzDc     
n.食物的一份&adj.帮助人的,辅助的
参考例句:
  • The poor children regularly pony up for a second helping of my hamburger. 那些可怜的孩子们总是要求我把我的汉堡包再给他们一份。
  • By doing this, they may at times be helping to restore competition. 这样一来, 他在某些时候,有助于竞争的加强。
31 affordable kz6zfq     
adj.支付得起的,不太昂贵的
参考例句:
  • The rent for the four-roomed house is affordable.四居室房屋的房租付得起。
  • There are few affordable apartments in big cities.在大城市中没有几所公寓是便宜的。
32 plunged 06a599a54b33c9d941718dccc7739582     
v.颠簸( plunge的过去式和过去分词 );暴跌;骤降;突降
参考例句:
  • The train derailed and plunged into the river. 火车脱轨栽进了河里。
  • She lost her balance and plunged 100 feet to her death. 她没有站稳,从100英尺的高处跌下摔死了。
33 overcast cJ2xV     
adj.阴天的,阴暗的,愁闷的;v.遮盖,(使)变暗,包边缝;n.覆盖,阴天
参考例句:
  • The overcast and rainy weather found out his arthritis.阴雨天使他的关节炎发作了。
  • The sky is overcast with dark clouds.乌云满天。
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