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CRI 中国国际广播电台 2010-01-22

时间:2010-07-13 03:22来源:互联网 提供网友:uv4313   字体: [ ]
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Hello and Welcome to News and Reports on China Radio International.

In This Edition

China's stable and clean energy supply contributes to the country's continued economic development efficiently1.

U.S. President Barack Obama proposes new regulations to cut back on the size and the investment risks of American mega-banks.

A top Chinese official says Google's threat to pull out of China should not affect ties with the United States.

And SUVs are hotter in China, as sales hike dramatically in the Chinese markets.


Hot Issue Reports

China's Energy Sector2 Continures to Grow

China's stable and clean energy supply system is running efficiently and has contributed greatly to the country's continued economic development.

After a steady recovery last year, the country's energy output is expected to continue to grow this year.


Brazil Holds Memorial Services for UN Staff Killed in Quake Zone

Brazil held memorials on Thursday for a top UN official and 18 soldiers killed in the Haitian earthquake.

During a brief speech, President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva mentioned each soldier by name and thanked them for their service as part of the UN peacekeeping mission in Haiti.

Earlier, Foreign Minister Celso Amorim led a service at the UN's Brazil headquarters in Rio de Janeiro for Luiz Carlos da Costa, the deputy chief of the UN mission in Haiti.

Amorim said Brazil's commitment towards Haiti would remain and gain more strength.

"I believe it is our obligation now, more than ever, to honor the memory of those who lost their lives. We can't allow their deaths to be in vain, we must continue with our reconstruction4 efforts there."

Earlier on Thursday, Braizlian leaders discussed a proposal allowing Brazil to donate roughly 200 million US dollars in reconstruction and medical aid to Haiti.


32 Haitian Orphans5 Head for New Life in France

Thirty-two Haitian orphans are heading to France for a new life.

All had been adopted by foreigners before the devastating6 7.0-scale earthquake on last week, which authorities estimate that had killed up to 200-thousand people.

The orphans were gathered at Port-au-Prince's French Lycee before leaving for the airport in a bus.

Didier Lebret, France's ambassador to Haiti, said the orphanages7 in Haiti "were running out of food."

"We did try to work closely with the World Food Program. They have been trying to bring necessary items for those kids, so they are covered. But we don't know how long they will manage to cope with this situation."

It was forecast that the devastating earthquake might have left thousands of children orphaned8.

But experts have been quick to warn against taking the newly orphaned children out of Haiti or rushing adoption9 procedures.

The United Nations Children's Fund said it is working to reunite quake orphans with family members and prevent them from being abused and exploited.


Obama Calls for New Limits on Banks

U.S. President Barack Obama is proposing new regulations to cut back on the size and the investment risks of American mega-banks.

The proposals will prevent banks or financial institutions that own banks from investing in, owning or sponsoring a hedge fund or private equity10 fund.

"We have to enact11 commonsense12 reforms that will protect American taxpayers13 - and the American economy - from future crises as well. For while the financial system is far stronger today than it was one year ago, it's still operating under the same rules that led to its near collapse14."

They will also set a new limit on a banks' size in relation to the overall financial sector that would take into account deposits, liabilities and other non-deposit funding sources.

The new proposal has sent shares of major financial institutions including Citigroup and Bank of America plummeting15 Thursday.

Economists16 say big banks under new rules may have a limited ability to court new customers aggressively because they will not be able to cover better pricing on the retail17 side with as much revenue from trading.


Israel to Move Ahead on Border Fence with Egypt

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has said he would ask his cabinet to move ahead on a planned border fence along part of Israel's 250-kilometer frontier with Egypt, aimed to prevent the entry of illegal migrants.

Netanyahu, who toured part of the Egyptian border area, said migrants were changing Israel's "Jewish and democratic character."

"There is a danger here of a very significant rise in the number of infiltrators into the state of Israel—illegal workers and other aspects—and that must be stopped. We will close this border. It is possible and it is about to happen."

The structure will come in addition to a massive fence surrounding the Gaza Strip, as well as a separation barrier that snakes along parts of Israel's more than 680-kilometer frontier with the West Bank.

The military began planning the fence in 2005 after Israel pulled out of the Gaza Strip, fearing that militants18 would freely travel to Egypt and sneak19 into Israel.

However, UN officials and human rights workers estimated some 17-thousand to 19-thousand people have entered Israel through the southern border since 2005.

Most of them are from Eritrea, Sudan and other war-torn African countries.


Google's Retreat Should Not Affect Sino-US Ties

A top Chinese official said on Thursday Google's threat to pull out of China should not affect ties with the United States.

The comment from Vice3 Foreign Minister He Yafei came just hours before U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton delivered a speech in Washington on internet freedom and its place in U.S. foreign policy.

"Google should take suitable legal action to solve the problems it has encountered. The Chinese government is willing to offer help. I think it's improper20 to relate Google's retreat from China to Sino-US relations. "

He also said censorship is a concern for the nation's security and is a normal practice for any government. Saying if companies don't agree with it, they can seek legal action to defend themselves.

The international search giant said on January 12 that it will remain in China only if the government relents on rules requiring the censorship of content that is considered subversive21.

Earlier, the Chinese Foreign Ministry22 said that internet in the country was open and the search giant must obey China's laws and traditions, suggesting it was giving no ground in talks with the company.
Light News

SUVs Becoming Popular in China

As SUV sales plunge23 in the Western market, they are currently comparatively hotter among Chinese.

In order to cope with customer demands on oil efficiency, many automakers are turning their SUVs into 'greener' models without sacrificing power or speed.


Deputy Mayor: Vancouver is Ready for the Olympics

The 21st Winter Olympics will begin on February 12th in Vancouver, Canada. But ever since its successful Olympics bid in 2003, the green and vibrant25 city has been beset26 by project delays, anti-Olympics protests and problems in some of its more infamous27 neighborhoods. Now with only three weeks to go before the start of the Games, is this alluring28 North American metropolis29 ready for the coming event?


GM's Opel Unit to Shut down Antwerp Plant

General Motor's Opel unit has decided30 to cut 8,300 jobs across Europe, and close a plant in Antwerp, Belgium because of a shrinking European auto24 market.

Opel president Nick Reilly said on Thursday that the Antwerp plant had to go based on strategic consideration.

"We are announcing today the intent to wind down the plant in Antwerp. The intent to do this is certainly not based on the performance of the plant or its work force. It's based on economics and the distribution of our products."

The shutdown will cause the loss of more than 2,600 jobs at the plant.

Reilly added that Antwerp would be the only Opel plant in Europe to shut down, but warned that none of the company's German factories would escape "substantial" job cuts.


Tight Net for Drug Cheats at Winter Olympics

The lab where Olympic officials plan to conduct 2,000 urine and blood tests on athletes in February's Vancouver Olympics has been officially certified31.

More than 30 technicians will staff the lab and drivers will deliver samples from the venues32 to the lab's refrigeration unit for processing.

The lab will be led by Dr. Christiane Ayotte, who is the director of the Canadian national institute of scientific research.

"The test results should be given to the IOC within 24 hours. The procedures would be done at the time of the competition, therefore shall there be any sanction given and medal withdrawal33 the athlete to which the medal would be awarded could have a chance of getting it during Game time."

Samples will also be saved for eight years for possible retroactive testing. It was the case when the IOC retested samples from the 2008 Beijing Olympics and caught five athletes for using drugs.

Drug-testing at the Winter Olympics began in 1968 in Grenoble, with just 86 tests.

The number has gradually increased, with the figure reaching 700 tests in Salt Lake City in 2002 and 1,200 in Turin.
Media Digest

Beijing News: Consumer Price Index Needs Modification34

The National Bureau of Statistics has released a report stating that the country's Consumer Price Index, or CPI fell 0.7 percent in 2009 and was up again in November by 0.6 percent from a year earlier.

An editorial in the Beijing News casts doubts on the reliability35 of the CPI figures. It says apparently36 the public is overwhelmed by the price hikes in some commodities. It says the criteria37 of CPI calculations stays the same as it was thirty years ago and fails to serve as a barometer38 of inflation. Actually, it needs frequent modifications39 in accordance with actual conditions to give a clearer and real-time picture of general living costs and financial pressures.

Meanwhile, a commentary in Rednet.cn says in line with international practices, China's CPI excludes housing since housing is a form of investment, not consumption. However, the situation varies from country to country. In China, most people struggle to live in their own homes and owning an apartment is a necessity. Housing costs have occupied an increasingly bigger share of income in China. In this circumstance, it's unreasonable40 to exclude housing prices from Consumer Price Index.

Both articles indicate that the government fails to get a true reading on inflation if the CPI calculating system is not revised. That will block off the government from the realities of the people's everyday living conditions.


China Daily: Chinese Soccer Needs Overhaul41

Police have confirmed that three Chinese Football Association or CFA officials have been taken in for questioning amid a deepening probe into fraud and gambling42 in professional soccer games.

A comment in the China Daily says that Chinese soccer has no future without a through overhaul of the management system, and in that sense, the CFA is the logical starting point of the clean-up.

The article says it is an open secret that the chaos43 in Chinese soccer is not a matter of one rotten egg spoiling the whole pudding. So extending the probe to the highest level is a welcome development.

It says to transform Chinese soccer, the key is to make clear what has gone wrong and who is responsible for the corruption44.

The article says offenders45 and abusers must pay. But the revival46 of Chinese soccer entails47 more than that. That professional soccer in China has degenerated48 into a lawless realm is not just down to personal gain. It is also rooted in the management system.
 


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 efficiently ZuTzXQ     
adv.高效率地,有能力地
参考例句:
  • The worker oils the machine to operate it more efficiently.工人给机器上油以使机器运转更有效。
  • Local authorities have to learn to allocate resources efficiently.地方政府必须学会有效地分配资源。
2 sector yjczYn     
n.部门,部分;防御地段,防区;扇形
参考例句:
  • The export sector will aid the economic recovery. 出口产业将促进经济复苏。
  • The enemy have attacked the British sector.敌人已进攻英国防区。
3 vice NU0zQ     
n.坏事;恶习;[pl.]台钳,老虎钳;adj.副的
参考例句:
  • He guarded himself against vice.他避免染上坏习惯。
  • They are sunk in the depth of vice.他们堕入了罪恶的深渊。
4 reconstruction 3U6xb     
n.重建,再现,复原
参考例句:
  • The country faces a huge task of national reconstruction following the war.战后,该国面临着重建家园的艰巨任务。
  • In the period of reconstruction,technique decides everything.在重建时期,技术决定一切。
5 orphans edf841312acedba480123c467e505b2a     
孤儿( orphan的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The poor orphans were kept on short commons. 贫苦的孤儿们吃不饱饭。
  • Their uncle was declared guardian to the orphans. 这些孤儿的叔父成为他们的监护人。
6 devastating muOzlG     
adj.毁灭性的,令人震惊的,强有力的
参考例句:
  • It is the most devastating storm in 20 years.这是20年来破坏性最大的风暴。
  • Affairs do have a devastating effect on marriages.婚外情确实会对婚姻造成毁灭性的影响。
7 orphanages f2e1fd75c22306f9e35d6060bfbc7862     
孤儿院( orphanage的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • It is Rotarians running orphanages for children who have no homes. 扶轮社员们为没有家的孩子办孤儿院。
  • Through the years, she built churches, hospitals and orphanages. 许多年来,她盖了一间间的教堂、医院、育幼院。
8 orphaned ac11e48c532f244a7f6abad4cdedea5a     
[计][修]孤立
参考例句:
  • Orphaned children were consigned to institutions. 孤儿都打发到了福利院。
  • He was orphaned at an early age. 他幼年时便成了孤儿。
9 adoption UK7yu     
n.采用,采纳,通过;收养
参考例句:
  • An adoption agency had sent the boys to two different families.一个收养机构把他们送给两个不同的家庭。
  • The adoption of this policy would relieve them of a tremendous burden.采取这一政策会给他们解除一个巨大的负担。
10 equity ji8zp     
n.公正,公平,(无固定利息的)股票
参考例句:
  • They shared the work of the house with equity.他们公平地分担家务。
  • To capture his equity,Murphy must either sell or refinance.要获得资产净值,墨菲必须出售或者重新融资。
11 enact tjEz0     
vt.制定(法律);上演,扮演
参考例句:
  • The U.S. Congress has exclusive authority to enact federal legislation.美国国会是唯一有权颁布联邦法律的。
  • For example,a country can enact laws and economic policies to attract foreign investment fairly quickly.例如一个国家可以很快颁布吸引外资的法令和经济政策。
12 commonsense aXpyp     
adj.有常识的;明白事理的;注重实际的
参考例句:
  • It is commonsense to carry an umbrella in this weather.这种天气带把伞是很自然的。
  • These results are no more than a vindication of commonsense analysis.这些结果只不过是按常理分析得出的事实。
13 taxpayers 8fa061caeafce8edc9456e95d19c84b4     
纳税人,纳税的机构( taxpayer的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Finance for education comes from taxpayers. 教育经费来自纳税人。
  • She was declaiming against the waste of the taxpayers' money. 她慷慨陈词猛烈抨击对纳税人金钱的浪费。
14 collapse aWvyE     
vi.累倒;昏倒;倒塌;塌陷
参考例句:
  • The country's economy is on the verge of collapse.国家的经济已到了崩溃的边缘。
  • The engineer made a complete diagnosis of the bridge's collapse.工程师对桥的倒塌做了一次彻底的调查分析。
15 plummeting a560b06f9b99975167411b72966f5588     
v.垂直落下,骤然跌落( plummet的现在分词 )
参考例句:
  • Prices are rising, falling, going up, going down, shooting up, plummeting, etc. 物价在上涨、下跌、上升、下落、猛然上涨、骤然下跌等。 来自辞典例句
  • The enemy plane went plummeting into the sea. 敌机直直掉进海里。 来自辞典例句
16 economists 2ba0a36f92d9c37ef31cc751bca1a748     
n.经济学家,经济专家( economist的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The sudden rise in share prices has confounded economists. 股价的突然上涨使经济学家大惑不解。
  • Foreign bankers and economists cautiously welcomed the minister's initiative. 外国银行家和经济学家对部长的倡议反应谨慎。 来自《简明英汉词典》
17 retail VWoxC     
v./n.零售;adv.以零售价格
参考例句:
  • In this shop they retail tobacco and sweets.这家铺子零售香烟和糖果。
  • These shoes retail at 10 yuan a pair.这些鞋子零卖10元一双。
18 militants 3fa50c1e4338320d8495907fdc5bdbaf     
激进分子,好斗分子( militant的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The militants have been sporadically fighting the government for years. 几年来,反叛分子一直对政府实施零星的战斗。
  • Despite the onslaught, Palestinian militants managed to fire off rockets. 尽管如此,巴勒斯坦的激进分子仍然发射导弹。
19 sneak vr2yk     
vt.潜行(隐藏,填石缝);偷偷摸摸做;n.潜行;adj.暗中进行
参考例句:
  • He raised his spear and sneak forward.他提起长矛悄悄地前进。
  • I saw him sneak away from us.我看见他悄悄地从我们身边走开。
20 improper b9txi     
adj.不适当的,不合适的,不正确的,不合礼仪的
参考例句:
  • Short trousers are improper at a dance.舞会上穿短裤不成体统。
  • Laughing and joking are improper at a funeral.葬礼时大笑和开玩笑是不合适的。
21 subversive IHbzr     
adj.颠覆性的,破坏性的;n.破坏份子,危险份子
参考例句:
  • She was seen as a potentially subversive within the party.她被看成党内潜在的颠覆分子。
  • The police is investigating subversive group in the student organization.警方正调查学生组织中的搞颠覆阴谋的集团。
22 ministry kD5x2     
n.(政府的)部;牧师
参考例句:
  • They sent a deputation to the ministry to complain.他们派了一个代表团到部里投诉。
  • We probed the Air Ministry statements.我们调查了空军部的记录。
23 plunge 228zO     
v.跳入,(使)投入,(使)陷入;猛冲
参考例句:
  • Test pool's water temperature before you plunge in.在你跳入之前你应该测试水温。
  • That would plunge them in the broil of the two countries.那将会使他们陷入这两国的争斗之中。
24 auto ZOnyW     
n.(=automobile)(口语)汽车
参考例句:
  • Don't park your auto here.别把你的汽车停在这儿。
  • The auto industry has brought many people to Detroit.汽车工业把许多人吸引到了底特律。
25 vibrant CL5zc     
adj.震颤的,响亮的,充满活力的,精力充沛的,(色彩)鲜明的
参考例句:
  • He always uses vibrant colours in his paintings. 他在画中总是使用鲜明的色彩。
  • She gave a vibrant performance in the leading role in the school play.她在学校表演中生气盎然地扮演了主角。
26 beset SWYzq     
v.镶嵌;困扰,包围
参考例句:
  • She wanted to enjoy her retirement without being beset by financial worries.她想享受退休生活而不必为金钱担忧。
  • The plan was beset with difficulties from the beginning.这项计划自开始就困难重重。
27 infamous K7ax3     
adj.声名狼藉的,臭名昭著的,邪恶的
参考例句:
  • He was infamous for his anti-feminist attitudes.他因反对女性主义而声名狼藉。
  • I was shocked by her infamous behaviour.她的无耻行径令我震惊。
28 alluring zzUz1U     
adj.吸引人的,迷人的
参考例句:
  • The life in a big city is alluring for the young people. 大都市的生活对年轻人颇具诱惑力。
  • Lisette's large red mouth broke into a most alluring smile. 莉莎特的鲜红的大嘴露出了一副极为诱人的微笑。
29 metropolis BCOxY     
n.首府;大城市
参考例句:
  • Shanghai is a metropolis in China.上海是中国的大都市。
  • He was dazzled by the gaiety and splendour of the metropolis.大都市的花花世界使他感到眼花缭乱。
30 decided lvqzZd     
adj.决定了的,坚决的;明显的,明确的
参考例句:
  • This gave them a decided advantage over their opponents.这使他们比对手具有明显的优势。
  • There is a decided difference between British and Chinese way of greeting.英国人和中国人打招呼的方式有很明显的区别。
31 certified fw5zkU     
a.经证明合格的;具有证明文件的
参考例句:
  • Doctors certified him as insane. 医生证明他精神失常。
  • The planes were certified airworthy. 飞机被证明适于航行。
32 venues c277c9611f0a0f19beb3658245ac305f     
n.聚集地点( venue的名词复数 );会场;(尤指)体育比赛场所;犯罪地点
参考例句:
  • The band will be playing at 20 different venues on their UK tour. 这个乐队在英国巡回演出期间将在20个不同的地点演出。
  • Farmers market corner, 800 meters long, 60 meters wide livestock trading venues. 农牧市场东北角,有长800米,宽60米的牲畜交易场地。 来自互联网
33 withdrawal Cfhwq     
n.取回,提款;撤退,撤军;收回,撤销
参考例句:
  • The police were forced to make a tactical withdrawal.警方被迫进行战术撤退。
  • They insisted upon a withdrawal of the statement and a public apology.他们坚持要收回那些话并公开道歉。
34 modification tEZxm     
n.修改,改进,缓和,减轻
参考例句:
  • The law,in its present form,is unjust;it needs modification.现行的法律是不公正的,它需要修改。
  • The design requires considerable modification.这个设计需要作大的修改。
35 reliability QVexf     
n.可靠性,确实性
参考例句:
  • We mustn't presume too much upon the reliability of such sources.我们不应过分指望这类消息来源的可靠性。
  • I can assure you of the reliability of the information.我向你保证这消息可靠。
36 apparently tMmyQ     
adv.显然地;表面上,似乎
参考例句:
  • An apparently blind alley leads suddenly into an open space.山穷水尽,豁然开朗。
  • He was apparently much surprised at the news.他对那个消息显然感到十分惊异。
37 criteria vafyC     
n.标准
参考例句:
  • The main criterion is value for money.主要的标准是钱要用得划算。
  • There are strict criteria for inclusion in the competition.参赛的标准很严格。
38 barometer fPLyP     
n.气压表,睛雨表,反应指标
参考例句:
  • The barometer marked a continuing fall in atmospheric pressure.气压表表明气压在继续下降。
  • The arrow on the barometer was pointing to"stormy".气压计上的箭头指向“有暴风雨”。
39 modifications aab0760046b3cea52940f1668245e65d     
n.缓和( modification的名词复数 );限制;更改;改变
参考例句:
  • The engine was pulled apart for modifications and then reassembled. 发动机被拆开改型,然后再组装起来。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The original plan had undergone fairly extensive modifications. 原计划已经作了相当大的修改。 来自《简明英汉词典》
40 unreasonable tjLwm     
adj.不讲道理的,不合情理的,过度的
参考例句:
  • I know that they made the most unreasonable demands on you.我知道他们对你提出了最不合理的要求。
  • They spend an unreasonable amount of money on clothes.他们花在衣服上的钱太多了。
41 overhaul yKGxy     
v./n.大修,仔细检查
参考例句:
  • Master Worker Wang is responsible for the overhaul of this grinder.王师傅主修这台磨床。
  • It is generally appreciated that the rail network needs a complete overhaul.众所周知,铁路系统需要大检修。
42 gambling ch4xH     
n.赌博;投机
参考例句:
  • They have won a lot of money through gambling.他们赌博赢了很多钱。
  • The men have been gambling away all night.那些人赌了整整一夜。
43 chaos 7bZyz     
n.混乱,无秩序
参考例句:
  • After the failure of electricity supply the city was in chaos.停电后,城市一片混乱。
  • The typhoon left chaos behind it.台风后一片混乱。
44 corruption TzCxn     
n.腐败,堕落,贪污
参考例句:
  • The people asked the government to hit out against corruption and theft.人民要求政府严惩贪污盗窃。
  • The old man reviled against corruption.那老人痛斥了贪污舞弊。
45 offenders dee5aee0bcfb96f370137cdbb4b5cc8d     
n.冒犯者( offender的名词复数 );犯规者;罪犯;妨害…的人(或事物)
参考例句:
  • Long prison sentences can be a very effective deterrent for offenders. 判处长期徒刑可对违法者起到强有力的威慑作用。
  • Purposeful work is an important part of the regime for young offenders. 使从事有意义的劳动是管理少年犯的重要方法。
46 revival UWixU     
n.复兴,复苏,(精力、活力等的)重振
参考例句:
  • The period saw a great revival in the wine trade.这一时期葡萄酒业出现了很大的复苏。
  • He claimed the housing market was showing signs of a revival.他指出房地产市场正出现复苏的迹象。
47 entails bc08bbfc5f8710441959edc8dadcb925     
使…成为必要( entail的第三人称单数 ); 需要; 限定继承; 使必需
参考例句:
  • The job entails a lot of hard work. 这工作需要十分艰苦的努力。
  • This job entails a lot of hard work. 这项工作需要十分努力。
48 degenerated 41e5137359bcc159984e1d58f1f76d16     
衰退,堕落,退化( degenerate的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • The march degenerated into a riot. 示威游行变成了暴动。
  • The wide paved road degenerated into a narrow bumpy track. 铺好的宽阔道路渐渐变窄,成了一条崎岖不平的小径。
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