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CRI 中国国际广播电台 2010-03-06

时间:2010-07-13 05:55来源:互联网 提供网友:df5553   字体: [ ]
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Broadcasting Time: 07:00-08:00, GMT+08:00, 2010-03-06

Hello and Welcome to News and Reports on China Radio International.

In This Edition

Chinese Premier1 Wen Jiabao says the central government plans to improve social equality through a fairer wealth distribution system, deal with soaring housing prices and reform the household registration2 system.

China's leading medical expert says primary healthcare may offer an answer to the country's food safety and medical services problems.

A gunman in the US Capital opened fire at a subway entrance to the Pentagon complex wounding two police officers before being shot and killed.

And Turkey recalls its ambassador from Washington after a US congressional panel approved a resolution declaring the Ottoman-era killing4 of Armenians "genocide".


Hot Issue Reports

Premier Wen Pledges to Create a Fairer Society

In his government work report to the opening of the National People's Congress Friday in Beijing, Premier Wen Jiabao says the central government plans to improve social equality through a fairer wealth distribution system, deal with soaring housing prices and reform the household registration system.

Hukou reform - right time now?

As the Premier mentioned in his speech, household registration reform is going to be one of the priorties for the central government this year. But, as we hear from our Dominic Swire, the larger question of how to change the Hukou system still lingers.


Cultural Industry Accelerates Transformation5 of China's Economic Development Pattern

Members of China's top advisory6 body are suggesting that this country's cultural elements could be part of equasion when it comes to transforming the overall economic development pattern.

Zhong Nanshan: primary healthcare may offer an answer to problems of food safety and poor medical services

China's leading medical expert says primary healthcare may offer an answer to the country's food safety and medical services problems.

Zhong Nanshan, Director of Chinese Medical Associatin, says he considers China's new food safety commission, which is headed by Vice3 Premier Li Keqiang, a step in the right direction.

"I have high expectations for this commission. It moves closer to the goal of a primary healthcare commission, which is also my dream for China's health system. We have fulfilled the task of incorporating the food and drug watchdogs into the Health Ministry7. But more work remains8 to achieve the goal of securing healthcare for every Chinese person. "

Zhong Nanshan also blames the multi-layered control of different departments for the loopholes in food-quality control.


"Vested interest is the core reason behind multi-layered control. It demands determination and forceful moves by the central government to solve this problem."

Earlier this month, about 3.5 tons of Hainan cowpeas were found tainted9 with poison in Wuhan. Tests on Hainan cowpeas were later carried out nationwide.

Light News

Shooter in Pentagon Attack Killed, 2 Police Officers Injured

In Washington, DC, a gunman opened fire Friday at a subway entrance to the Pentagon complex wounding two police officers before being shot and killed.

Richard Keevill is the chief of the Pentagon police.

"6:40 tonight a person came towards the Pentagon pre-screen area, appeared to be pretty calm, as the officers started to ask him for his pass to get into the Pentagon, he drew a weapon from his pocket and started shooting immediately at the officers, he didn't say anything, he just engaged the officers."

Police say the suspect, 36 year old John Patrick Bedell, tried to get inside the massively fortified11 Defense12 Department headquarters.

In the immediate10 aftermath, investigators13 did not think "terrorism" was involved but were not ruling that out, but did not discuss possible motives14.

A Pentagon official working late in the building says people inside first heard about the shooting from the television.

Turkey Recalls its Ambassador from Washington as Committee Recognizes Genocide

Turkey is recalling its ambassador from Washington after a US congressional panel approved a resolution declaring the Ottoman-era killing of Armenians "genocide".

Howard Berman, the Chairman of the House Committee on Foreign Affairs, urged his fellow members of the committee to pass the resolution.

"Nothing justifies15 Turkey turning a blind eye to the reality of the Armenian genocide; it is regrettable for example that Turkey's Nobel Prize winning Novelist Orhan Pamuk was essentially16 hounded out of his native country for speaking out on this subject."

The Committee endorsed17 the resolution with a 23-22 vote, even though the Obama administration had urged Congress not to offend Turkey by approving it.

Meanwhile, Obama has asked Turkey to rapidly ratify18 a deal with Armenia that would open the border between the two countries.

However, Turkish lawmakers have warned that the committee's vote could stall progress.

Historians estimate that up to 1.5 million Armenians were killed by Ottoman Turks, an event widely viewed by scholars as the "first genocide of the 20th century".

Turkey denies that the deaths constituted genocide, saying the toll19 has been inflated20, and that the people who died were casualties of the First World War.

Strong Aftershock Rocks Chile, Government Backs Away from Preliminary Death Toll

A strong aftershock today created some brief panic in the city of Concepcion in Chile.

However, no injuries or damage have been reported.

The U.S. Geological Survey says the aftershock had preliminary magnitude of 5.9.

Meanwhile, Chile's government now says the death toll from a massive 8.8 magnitude earthquake and ensuing tsunamis22 was unclear because of confusion over the number of people who disappeared and whether they were dead.

Chile's Interior Ministry Undersecretary Patricio Rosende says that the information will eventually be available via the internet and added that President Michelle Bachelet has declared a three-day mourning period.

"A complete list of the 279 Chileans that have been identified by the relevant state organizations will be available to all Chileans at the internet site Interior.gov.cl. Her Excellency, the President of the Republic, has declared a period of national mourning for three days, starting at midnight, March 7, in memory of the Chilean men and woman that have died."

The government had earlier put the death toll at just over 800.

The Chilean government has come under criticism for underestimating the tsunami21 threat as well as its slow response in the aftermath of the quake. The governmetn admits aid still hasn't been able to reach certian areas.

Greek Rally against Budget Cut Plans Turn Violent

Clashes have broken out between riot police and protestors in Athens during demonstrations23 over the government's stringent24 austerity measures.

The rallies were sparked after the debt-ridden Greek government this week detailed25 a new round of painful austerity measures, including salary cuts for civil servants, pension freezes and tax increases on cigarettes, alcohol, luxury goods and gems26.

Labor27 unions fiercely oppose the measures, and have held several protests since Thursday. Nikos Gioulos is among the demonstrators.

"Everyone knows who needs to pay, but it's the worker who always pays."

The protests in the evening later turned ugly after clashes broke out between stone-throwing protesters and police, who used teargas and stun28 grenades to disperse29 the troublemakers30.

No arrests or injuries have been reported.

The Greek parliament is set to approve a draft legislation on the new austerity plan that looks to save some 4.8 billion euros this year.

Toyota Plans Sales Push in China

Toyota is planning to launch a major new sales campaign in China in an effort to win back customers rattled31 by the company's recall crisis.

The campaign will involve a combination of sales incentives32, including zero-percent loans, free insurance and fuel, and roadside service.

Toyota sales are believed to have hit a serious slowdown in China since late January, after it began announcing recalls of vehicles to fix faulty accelerator pedals and other problems.

However, the company says that its sales in China grew 30 percent in February from a year earlier to 45,400 vehicles, despite the crisis.

A Beijing-based sales and marketing33 executive with Toyota says those figures include deliveries of cars ordered earlier and is largely an "echo" of strong sales made before February.

The company has recalled more than 8 million vehicles worldwide. In China, it has recalled more than 75 thousand RAV4 vehicles because of gas-pedal problems.

Meanwhile, two thousand workers gathered at Toyota's headquarters in Japan to listen to a morale-boosting speech given by its top executive Akio Toyoda.

"There was a language barrier, and I'm not sure how much I was able to get across. However, more than just words, what I wanted to convey to customers was that thanks to everyone's efforts to solve this problem, Toyota has changed."

More than 7-thousand others watched at factories via live video feed.

Media Digest

From Reuters out of Santa Barbara California: A leading venture capitalist in Silicon34 Valley says China is leapfrogging ahead in the development of green technology, and the United States is "barely in the race."

John Doerr (pr: do-'er) says as an example China grew its market share in the solar industry to nearly 50 percent in the fourth quarter of last year from just 2 percent three years earlier.

The United States, on the other hand, went from 43 percent to 16 percent in the same period.

China has also pushed ahead fast in developing wind power. It overtook the United States in new installations and in manufacturing of wind turbines last year, nearly doubling its wind generation capacity from 12,100 megawatts in 2008 to 25,100 megawatts at the end of 2009.

Doerr is a partner with Kleiner-Perkins, which is well known for investing in early start-up companies which include Amazon, Google and Netscape.


From Bloomberg's Business Week: The Chief Investment officer for Blackrock, a global equities35 company, says China's stocks aren't a bubble and will gain by the end of the year as the government takes measures to prevent the economy from overheating.

Bob Doll says there will be gains predicated on a slowdown in growth being successful, and this will be completed before not too long.

Last year's rally in Chinese stocks and property prices have prompted analysts36 including former Morgan Stanley economist37 Andy Xie to call the nation's asset markets "a bubble that will burst once the government curbs38 credit." The government has raised lenders' reserve requirements twice this year to cool an economy that grew 10.7 percent in the fourth quarter, the fastest pace since 2007, partly because of record bank lending.


From the Wall Street Journal: Threatened by Apple's growing stable of portable devices, Sony is reportedly developing a new lineup of handheld products, including a smart phone capable of downloading and playing videogames.

According to insiders, the Japanese electronics giant also is developing a portable device that shares characteristics of netbooks, electronic-book readers and handheld-game machines. The device is designed to compete against multifunction products such as Apple's coming iPad tablet.


From the Associated Press out of Mexico: A mayor in central Mexico says he has fired one of his town officials for spray-painting the buttocks of a teenage boy as punishment for graffiti tagging.

The mayor of San Juan del Rio says police caught the 13-year-old tagging a wall last week and turned him over to the official. The official's job is to impose penalties for petty crime.

The Mayor says that he fired the official because he should have notified the boy's parents so they could pay for the damage, and not punish the teen personally. He did not identify the employee.


Market update

U.S. stocks rose on Friday as data showed U.S. employers cut fewer jobs than expected last month, offering relief to investors39 braced40 for bad labor market news.

The Dow Jones industrial average gained 122 points, or 1.17 percent, to 10,566. The Standard & Poor's 500 Index gained 15.7 points, or 1.4 percent, to 1,139. The Nasdaq Composite Index gained 34 points, or 1.5 percent, to 2,326.

Across Europe, Britain's FTSE 100, went up 1.3 percent to 5600, France's CAC40 gained 2.14 percent to 3910. Germany's DAX added 1.4 percent to 5877.

0306 weather for 07am

Before we go, a quick look at the weather,

Beijing is Cloudy day with a high of 2, clear tonight and low of -5

Shanghai is moderate rain and high of 8, falling to 3

Elsewhere around the world

Bangkok Sunny of 34

Tokyo Sunny 18

Vientiane Sunny 36

New York Cloudy 5

Toronto Sunny at 1

Sydney shower at 28

Wellington Cloudy at 18

Perth Sunny 24

Cairo Sunny at 28

Morovia Sunny at 33

And finally Nairobi will be Sunny at high of 27 degrees
 


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 premier R19z3     
adj.首要的;n.总理,首相
参考例句:
  • The Irish Premier is paying an official visit to Britain.爱尔兰总理正在对英国进行正式访问。
  • He requested that the premier grant him an internview.他要求那位总理接见他一次。
2 registration ASKzO     
n.登记,注册,挂号
参考例句:
  • Marriage without registration is not recognized by law.法律不承认未登记的婚姻。
  • What's your registration number?你挂的是几号?
3 vice NU0zQ     
n.坏事;恶习;[pl.]台钳,老虎钳;adj.副的
参考例句:
  • He guarded himself against vice.他避免染上坏习惯。
  • They are sunk in the depth of vice.他们堕入了罪恶的深渊。
4 killing kpBziQ     
n.巨额利润;突然赚大钱,发大财
参考例句:
  • Investors are set to make a killing from the sell-off.投资者准备清仓以便大赚一笔。
  • Last week my brother made a killing on Wall Street.上个周我兄弟在华尔街赚了一大笔。
5 transformation SnFwO     
n.变化;改造;转变
参考例句:
  • Going to college brought about a dramatic transformation in her outlook.上大学使她的观念发生了巨大的变化。
  • He was struggling to make the transformation from single man to responsible husband.他正在努力使自己由单身汉变为可靠的丈夫。
6 advisory lKvyj     
adj.劝告的,忠告的,顾问的,提供咨询
参考例句:
  • I have worked in an advisory capacity with many hospitals.我曾在多家医院做过顾问工作。
  • He was appointed to the advisory committee last month.他上个月获任命为顾问委员会委员。
7 ministry kD5x2     
n.(政府的)部;牧师
参考例句:
  • They sent a deputation to the ministry to complain.他们派了一个代表团到部里投诉。
  • We probed the Air Ministry statements.我们调查了空军部的记录。
8 remains 1kMzTy     
n.剩余物,残留物;遗体,遗迹
参考例句:
  • He ate the remains of food hungrily.他狼吞虎咽地吃剩余的食物。
  • The remains of the meal were fed to the dog.残羹剩饭喂狗了。
9 tainted qgDzqS     
adj.腐坏的;污染的;沾污的;感染的v.使变质( taint的过去式和过去分词 );使污染;败坏;被污染,腐坏,败坏
参考例句:
  • The administration was tainted with scandal. 丑闻使得政府声名狼藉。
  • He was considered tainted by association with the corrupt regime. 他因与腐败政府有牵连而名誉受损。 来自《简明英汉词典》
10 immediate aapxh     
adj.立即的;直接的,最接近的;紧靠的
参考例句:
  • His immediate neighbours felt it their duty to call.他的近邻认为他们有责任去拜访。
  • We declared ourselves for the immediate convocation of the meeting.我们主张立即召开这个会议。
11 fortified fortified     
adj. 加强的
参考例句:
  • He fortified himself against the cold with a hot drink. 他喝了一杯热饮御寒。
  • The enemy drew back into a few fortified points. 敌人收缩到几个据点里。
12 defense AxbxB     
n.防御,保卫;[pl.]防务工事;辩护,答辩
参考例句:
  • The accused has the right to defense.被告人有权获得辩护。
  • The war has impacted the area with military and defense workers.战争使那个地区挤满了军队和防御工程人员。
13 investigators e970f9140785518a87fc81641b7c89f7     
n.调查者,审查者( investigator的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • This memo could be the smoking gun that investigators have been looking for. 这份备忘录可能是调查人员一直在寻找的证据。
  • The team consisted of six investigators and two secretaries. 这个团队由六个调查人员和两个秘书组成。 来自《简明英汉词典》
14 motives 6c25d038886898b20441190abe240957     
n.动机,目的( motive的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • to impeach sb's motives 怀疑某人的动机
  • His motives are unclear. 他的用意不明。
15 justifies a94dbe8858a25f287b5ae1b8ef4bf2d2     
证明…有理( justify的第三人称单数 ); 为…辩护; 对…作出解释; 为…辩解(或辩护)
参考例句:
  • Their frequency of use both justifies and requires the memorization. 频繁的使用需要记忆,也促进了记忆。 来自About Face 3交互设计精髓
  • In my judgement the present end justifies the means. 照我的意见,只要目的正当,手段是可以不计较的。
16 essentially nntxw     
adv.本质上,实质上,基本上
参考例句:
  • Really great men are essentially modest.真正的伟人大都很谦虚。
  • She is an essentially selfish person.她本质上是个自私自利的人。
17 endorsed a604e73131bb1a34283a5ebcd349def4     
vt.& vi.endorse的过去式或过去分词形式v.赞同( endorse的过去式和过去分词 );在(尤指支票的)背面签字;在(文件的)背面写评论;在广告上说本人使用并赞同某产品
参考例句:
  • The committee endorsed an initiative by the chairman to enter discussion about a possible merger. 委员会通过了主席提出的新方案,开始就可能进行的并购进行讨论。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The government has broadly endorsed a research paper proposing new educational targets for 14-year-olds. 政府基本上支持建议对14 岁少年实行新教育目标的研究报告。 来自《简明英汉词典》
18 ratify uATzc     
v.批准,认可,追认
参考例句:
  • The heads of two governments met to ratify the peace treaty.两国政府首脑会晤批准和平条约。
  • The agreement have to be ratify by the board.该协议必须由董事会批准。
19 toll LJpzo     
n.过路(桥)费;损失,伤亡人数;v.敲(钟)
参考例句:
  • The hailstone took a heavy toll of the crops in our village last night.昨晚那场冰雹损坏了我们村的庄稼。
  • The war took a heavy toll of human life.这次战争夺去了许多人的生命。
20 inflated Mqwz2K     
adj.(价格)飞涨的;(通货)膨胀的;言过其实的;充了气的v.使充气(于轮胎、气球等)( inflate的过去式和过去分词 );(使)膨胀;(使)通货膨胀;物价上涨
参考例句:
  • He has an inflated sense of his own importance. 他自视过高。
  • They all seem to take an inflated view of their collective identity. 他们对自己的集体身份似乎都持有一种夸大的看法。 来自《简明英汉词典》
21 tsunami bpAyo     
n.海啸
参考例句:
  • Powerful quake sparks tsunami warning in Japan.大地震触发了日本的海啸预警。
  • Coastlines all around the Indian Ocean inundated by a huge tsunami.大海啸把印度洋沿岸地区都淹没了。
22 tsunamis a759fe8c9bbe15580d54b753ecec1e73     
n.海啸( tsunami的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Our oceans are alive with earthquakes, volcanoes, and more recently, tsunamis. 海中充满着地震、火山,包括最近发生的海啸。 来自常春藤生活英语杂志-2006年2月号
  • Please tell me something more about tsunamis! 请您给我讲讲海啸吧! 来自辞典例句
23 demonstrations 0922be6a2a3be4bdbebd28c620ab8f2d     
证明( demonstration的名词复数 ); 表明; 表达; 游行示威
参考例句:
  • Lectures will be interspersed with practical demonstrations. 讲课中将不时插入实际示范。
  • The new military government has banned strikes and demonstrations. 新的军人政府禁止罢工和示威活动。
24 stringent gq4yz     
adj.严厉的;令人信服的;银根紧的
参考例句:
  • Financiers are calling for a relaxation of these stringent measures.金融家呼吁对这些严厉的措施予以放宽。
  • Some of the conditions in the contract are too stringent.合同中有几项条件太苛刻。
25 detailed xuNzms     
adj.详细的,详尽的,极注意细节的,完全的
参考例句:
  • He had made a detailed study of the terrain.他对地形作了缜密的研究。
  • A detailed list of our publications is available on request.我们的出版物有一份详细的目录备索。
26 gems 74ab5c34f71372016f1770a5a0bf4419     
growth; economy; management; and customer satisfaction 增长
参考例句:
  • a crown studded with gems 镶有宝石的皇冠
  • The apt citations and poetic gems have adorned his speeches. 贴切的引语和珠玑般的诗句为他的演说词增添文采。
27 labor P9Tzs     
n.劳动,努力,工作,劳工;分娩;vi.劳动,努力,苦干;vt.详细分析;麻烦
参考例句:
  • We are never late in satisfying him for his labor.我们从不延误付给他劳动报酬。
  • He was completely spent after two weeks of hard labor.艰苦劳动两周后,他已经疲惫不堪了。
28 stun FhMyT     
vt.打昏,使昏迷,使震惊,使惊叹
参考例句:
  • When they told me she had gone missing I was totally stunned.他们告诉我她不见了时,我当时完全惊呆了。
  • Sam stood his ground and got a blow that stunned him.萨姆站在原地,被一下打昏了。
29 disperse ulxzL     
vi.使分散;使消失;vt.分散;驱散
参考例句:
  • The cattle were swinging their tails to disperse the flies.那些牛甩动着尾巴驱赶苍蝇。
  • The children disperse for the holidays.孩子们放假了。
30 troublemakers 2d09f1f3c2345e9bf267eb0820a3b2ec     
n.惹是生非者,捣乱者( troublemaker的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • He was employed to chuck out any troublemakers. 他受雇把捣乱者赶走。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • She had automatically labelled the boys as troublemakers. 她不假思索地认定这些男孩子是捣蛋鬼。 来自《简明英汉词典》
31 rattled b4606e4247aadf3467575ffedf66305b     
慌乱的,恼火的
参考例句:
  • The truck jolted and rattled over the rough ground. 卡车嘎吱嘎吱地在凹凸不平的地面上颠簸而行。
  • Every time a bus went past, the windows rattled. 每逢公共汽车经过这里,窗户都格格作响。
32 incentives 884481806a10ef3017726acf079e8fa7     
激励某人做某事的事物( incentive的名词复数 ); 刺激; 诱因; 动机
参考例句:
  • tax incentives to encourage savings 鼓励储蓄的税收措施
  • Furthermore, subsidies provide incentives only for investments in equipment. 更有甚者,提供津贴仅是为鼓励增添设备的投资。 来自英汉非文学 - 环境法 - 环境法
33 marketing Boez7e     
n.行销,在市场的买卖,买东西
参考例句:
  • They are developing marketing network.他们正在发展销售网络。
  • He often goes marketing.他经常去市场做生意。
34 silicon dykwJ     
n.硅(旧名矽)
参考例句:
  • This company pioneered the use of silicon chip.这家公司开创了使用硅片的方法。
  • A chip is a piece of silicon about the size of a postage stamp.芯片就是一枚邮票大小的硅片。
35 equities 501c457a1f918a4b41824052f5a3f5eb     
普通股,股票
参考例句:
  • These are invested mainly in the OECD bonds and equities. 这些资产主要投资于经济合作及发展组织的债券与股票市场。
  • They are also advantage of the global rebound in equities. 它们还在利用全球股市反弹的机会。
36 analysts 167ff30c5034ca70abe2d60a6e760448     
分析家,化验员( analyst的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • City analysts forecast huge profits this year. 伦敦金融分析家预测今年的利润非常丰厚。
  • I was impressed by the high calibre of the researchers and analysts. 研究人员和分析人员的高素质给我留下了深刻印象。
37 economist AuhzVs     
n.经济学家,经济专家,节俭的人
参考例句:
  • He cast a professional economist's eyes on the problem.他以经济学行家的眼光审视这个问题。
  • He's an economist who thinks he knows all the answers.他是个经济学家,自以为什么都懂。
38 curbs 33e58ba55cb8445083b74c118601eb9a     
v.限制,克制,抑制( curb的第三人称单数 )
参考例句:
  • In executing his functions he is not bound by any legal curbs on his power. 在他履行职务时,他的权力是不受任何法律约束的。 来自辞典例句
  • Curbs on air travel were being worked out and would shortly be announced. 限制航空旅行的有关规定正在拟定中,不久即将公布。 来自辞典例句
39 investors dffc64354445b947454450e472276b99     
n.投资者,出资者( investor的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • a con man who bilked investors out of millions of dollars 诈取投资者几百万元的骗子
  • a cash bonanza for investors 投资者的赚钱机会
40 braced 4e05e688cf12c64dbb7ab31b49f741c5     
adj.拉牢的v.支住( brace的过去式和过去分词 );撑牢;使自己站稳;振作起来
参考例句:
  • They braced up the old house with balks of timber. 他们用梁木加固旧房子。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The house has a wooden frame which is braced with brick. 这幢房子是木结构的砖瓦房。 来自《简明英汉词典》
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