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CRI 中国国际广播电台 2010-03-14

时间:2010-07-13 06:00来源:互联网 提供网友:df5553   字体: [ ]
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Broadcasting Time: 07:00-08:00, GMT+08:00, 2010-03-14

Hello and Welcome to News and Reports on China Radio International.

In This Edition

Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, the country's top political advisory1 group, concludes its annual meeting in Beijing with thousands of proposals offered on major political and social issues.

Russia and India ink a raft of agreements on defense2, space and civil nuclear energy cooperation, including a project to build the next-generation fighter jet.

Initial results show that Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki's political coalition3 seizes an early lead in the country's parliamentary election.

And French President Nicolas Sarkozy and British Prime Minister Gordon Brown have accused the United States of protectionism over a contract to build a new U.S. Air Force refueling tanker4.


Hot Issue Reports

CPPCC Proposals Contributing to Social Development

After days of consultation5, the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, the country's top political advisory group, has concluded its annual meeting in Beijing with thousands of proposals offered on major political and social issues.


Innovations Encouraged in College Entrance Exam and Enrollment7 Reform

The latest draft of China's education reform outline proposes the introduction of diversified8 channels for colleges and universities to enroll6 students rather than using the National College Entrance Examination results exclusively.

Deputies attending the ongoing9 session of China's top legislature, the National People's Congress, have expressed their opinions.


11 Siberian Tigers Dead in Northeast China

Eleven Siberian tigers have died over the past three months in a zoo in northeast China's Liaoning Province. All the tigers were from the Shenyang Forest Wild Animal Zoo in the provincial10 capital.

Liu Xiaoqiang from the Shenyang Wild Animal Protection Station says the tigers might have died of malnutrition11.

"From January and February 2010, the situation for Siberian tigers was very serious. Eleven Siberian tigers died. They died because of an extreme lack of nutrition."

According to Liu, the zoo only fed the tigers on cheap chicken bones since the zoo was not doing very well financially.

The zoo has over 20 Siberian tigers left.

The Shenyang Forest Wild Animal Zoo is mainly privately12 owned with the Shenyang Municipal Government having 15 percent of the share.

Local government officials are still investigating the incident to prevent any further deaths among the remaining 30 Siberian tigers at the zoo.

The Siberian tiger, an engendered13 species, is a subspecies of tiger which once ranged throughout western, central Asia and eastern Russia. It is estimated that the number of wide Siberian tigers is now between 350 and 450 worldwide.

Light News

Russia and India Join Hands on Space Cooperation

Russia and India have signed a raft of agreements on defense, space and civil nuclear energy cooperation, including a project to build the next-generation fighter jet.

Vladimir Putin, Russian Prime Minister.

"We've advanced considerably14, and we've launched the fifth-generation fighter jet. We are convinced our joint15 efforts will yield considerable results. We sincerely hope that our joint efforts to counter terrorism will yield positive, substantive16 results for the benefit of the two countries and global community in general."

During his visit to New Delhi on Friday, Putin and Indian leaders also discussed strengthening their decades-old bilateral17 ties and intensifying18 their consultations19 on Afghanistan.


Al-Maliki's Coalition Seizes Early Lead in Iraq Election

Iraq Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki's political coalition seizes an early lead in the country's parliamentary election.

The result is revealed in a partial tally20 on Saturday of Baghdad votes. The coalition is leading by about 50,000 ballots21 over the hardline Shiite Iraqi National Alliance and the moderate Iraqiya group led by former premier22 Ayad Allawi.

Residents of Baghdad gave their predictions.

"I consider the announcement of the first election results today as a victory for all the lists of candidates who took part in the election, and in my opinion, the main three lists which are leading in the election will have the biggest share in forming the next government."

"I think the violet fingers will put aside sectarianism, hoping that candidates from all the lists who want the best for Iraq will cooperate to form a national government without sectarianism. "

The prime minister's political coalition began reaching out to rivals on Friday as partial results signaled a tight race that was unlikely to produce a clear-cut winner.

Around 19 million voters, including 1.4 million abroad, were set to elect a 325-seat Council of Representatives out of some 6, 300 candidates, representing 12 major parties and dozens of other political entities23.

This is the second national poll since the U.S.-led invasion toppled Saddam Hussein's regime in 2003. It is a crucial election as the country is struggling to restore peace after years of violence, as well as itself for a full withdrawal24 of U.S. troops at the end of next year.


UK and France Accuse U.S. of Protectionism

French President Nicolas Sarkozy and British Prime Minister Gordon Brown have accused the United States of protectionism over a contract to build a new U.S. Air Force refuelling tanker.

Earlier this week, a European-led consortium pulled out of the bidding for the 35 billion U.S. dollar contract, saying the Pentagon was favoring its rival American bidder25 Boeing.

The withdrawal of a bid by EADS, the parent company of Airbus, and Northrop Grumman, leaves Chicago-based Boeing as the only bidder for the 179-tanker order.

Gordon Brown expressed his disappoinment.

"We believe in free trade. We believe in open markets. We believe in open competition. And clearly it is a disappointment to us that the market, or the offer, that has come from Europe has not found the favor that we believed it deserved in the United States of America."

The EADS-led consortium was awarded a contract for the tanker fleet in 2008, but Boeing protested, and the deal was annulled26 later that year.


Safe Housing Still Elusive27 for Haitian Quake Survivors28

With the rainy season expected any day, time is running out for 600-thousand earthquake survivors in Haiti who are still living under tarps, tents or simply bed sheets.

Marie Nicole Francisse says her makeshift home is no place to raise children.

"We can't live here because it's too hot. It's this hot because it's a tent. I have a lot of kids with me, so this is not good at all for me."

Aid organizations have plans to build shelters but so far have been unable to do so.

Alex Wynter from the International Federation29 of Red Cross in Haiti explains.

"The problem that we face at the moment is that we still don't have clarity on the land issue. In simple terms, we don't have a place where to put them yet."

Large tracts30 of land in Haiti are in the hands of a few elite31 families. The government has conducted closed-door negotiations32 with private landowners and claims that a total of 126 million U.S. dollars will be needed to make relocations possible.

But Haiti says it doesn't have the money and will have to get it from the international community.


Bao Chunlai Beats Super Dan to Reach Semifinals

World No. 6 badminton player Bao Chunlai of China has defeated his compatriot, world No. 2 Lin Dan, to reach the semifinals of the men's singles at the All-England Open. It ends Super Dan's attempt to advance to the finals of the Open for the seventh consecutive33 year.

Media Digest

Beijing News: University Bureaucracies Should Be Eliminated

Eliminating bureaucratic34 forms of management in China's higher learning institutions was one of the heated topics of discussion during this year's "Two sessions" of China's top legislature and political advisory body.

China's universities have long been operated like government bodies with their presidents directly appointed by the government. Faculty35 members are often like government officials given administrative36 grades that have a great impact on their compensation.

A commentary in Beijing News says on the one hand, such bureaucratic way of management should be removed, educators not to be graded and compensated37 in the way government officials are. This is a prerequisite38 for professors to be able to dedicate more on academic development.

The article argues that, after all, universities are supposed to disseminate39 knowledge and wisdom not a hierarchical organization.

On the other hand, the commentary says professors should be encouraged to do in-depth research and challenge existing theories rather than being distracted by any other pursuit outside academic advancement40. That's the only way their reputation be determined41.

The article quotes Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao as recently saying that great respect is due to educators in a real sense, even for elementary school teachers. University presidents and professors should endeavor to provide students with the best education possible.

The article believes that educators who have their eyes fixed42 on ranks and material gains from their professional positions will not be admired and respected.


China Daily: Govt is Lagging on Home Prices

Homes bear a double nature of consumption and investment. In a consumption-dominated market, housing prices are largely decided43 by supply-demand relations. But home prices remain particularly sensitive to a country's currency, capital and land policies if they become an investment tool.

An editorial in China Daily argues that the government's wayward policy on the real estate market has directly dimmed the boundary between individual home buying and investment, and speculative44 purchases.

In that case, the supply and demand laws would fail to work in deciding housing prices. In an investment-rife housing market, an excessive fund inflow and expectations for a considerable return would incite45 extreme investment demands and push prices up.

The editorial believes the real estate sector46 in China has been considered a component47 of the national economy but not as its social responsibility. As a result, the sector's contribution to the country's GDP has long been overemphasized and its social responsibility excessively underestimated or ignored. The sector's status as a pillar industry of the country's economy has stimulated48 investment demands and thus led to a serious distortion in government policy over the industry.

The editorial says that the lack of effective public housing policies has also contributed much to the rapid rise in housing prices.

The editorial suggests that China set up a diversified and multilevel housing supply system. A government-subsidized, housing-guarantee system should be built for lower-income residents. A public housing supply system should also be adopted to help the middle class overburdened by the current high housing prices. Housing prices have not only resulted in serious distortions in the real estate market but have also loomed49 large as a major problem to hinder the country's sustainable development and economic security if not resolved.
 


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 advisory lKvyj     
adj.劝告的,忠告的,顾问的,提供咨询
参考例句:
  • I have worked in an advisory capacity with many hospitals.我曾在多家医院做过顾问工作。
  • He was appointed to the advisory committee last month.他上个月获任命为顾问委员会委员。
2 defense AxbxB     
n.防御,保卫;[pl.]防务工事;辩护,答辩
参考例句:
  • The accused has the right to defense.被告人有权获得辩护。
  • The war has impacted the area with military and defense workers.战争使那个地区挤满了军队和防御工程人员。
3 coalition pWlyi     
n.结合体,同盟,结合,联合
参考例句:
  • The several parties formed a coalition.这几个政党组成了政治联盟。
  • Coalition forces take great care to avoid civilian casualties.联盟军队竭尽全力避免造成平民伤亡。
4 tanker xqawA     
n.油轮
参考例句:
  • The tanker took on 200,000 barrels of crude oil.油轮装载了二十万桶原油。
  • Heavy seas had pounded the tanker into three parts.汹涌的巨浪把油轮撞成三载。
5 consultation VZAyq     
n.咨询;商量;商议;会议
参考例句:
  • The company has promised wide consultation on its expansion plans.该公司允诺就其扩展计划广泛征求意见。
  • The scheme was developed in close consultation with the local community.该计划是在同当地社区密切磋商中逐渐形成的。
6 enroll Pogxx     
v.招收;登记;入学;参军;成为会员(英)enrol
参考例句:
  • I should like to enroll all my children in the swimming class.我愿意让我的孩子们都参加游泳班。
  • They enroll him as a member of the club.他们吸收他为俱乐部会员。
7 enrollment itozli     
n.注册或登记的人数;登记
参考例句:
  • You will be given a reading list at enrollment.注册时你会收到一份阅读书目。
  • I just got the enrollment notice from Fudan University.我刚刚接到复旦大学的入学通知书。
8 diversified eumz2W     
adj.多样化的,多种经营的v.使多样化,多样化( diversify的过去式和过去分词 );进入新的商业领域
参考例句:
  • The college biology department has diversified by adding new courses in biotechnology. 该学院生物系通过增加生物技术方面的新课程而变得多样化。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Take grain as the key link, develop a diversified economy and ensure an all-round development. 以粮为纲,多种经营,全面发展。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
9 ongoing 6RvzT     
adj.进行中的,前进的
参考例句:
  • The problem is ongoing.这个问题尚未解决。
  • The issues raised in the report relate directly to Age Concern's ongoing work in this area.报告中提出的问题与“关心老人”组织在这方面正在做的工作有直接的关系。
10 provincial Nt8ye     
adj.省的,地方的;n.外省人,乡下人
参考例句:
  • City dwellers think country folk have provincial attitudes.城里人以为乡下人思想迂腐。
  • Two leading cadres came down from the provincial capital yesterday.昨天从省里下来了两位领导干部。
11 malnutrition kAhxX     
n.营养不良
参考例句:
  • In Africa, there are a lot of children suffering from severe malnutrition.在非洲有大批严重营养不良的孩子。
  • It is a classic case of malnutrition. 这是营养不良的典型病例。
12 privately IkpzwT     
adv.以私人的身份,悄悄地,私下地
参考例句:
  • Some ministers admit privately that unemployment could continue to rise.一些部长私下承认失业率可能继续升高。
  • The man privately admits that his motive is profits.那人私下承认他的动机是为了牟利。
13 engendered 9ea62fba28ee7e2bac621ac2c571239e     
v.产生(某形势或状况),造成,引起( engender的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • The issue engendered controversy. 这个问题引起了争论。
  • The meeting engendered several quarrels. 这次会议发生了几次争吵。 来自《简明英汉词典》
14 considerably 0YWyQ     
adv.极大地;相当大地;在很大程度上
参考例句:
  • The economic situation has changed considerably.经济形势已发生了相当大的变化。
  • The gap has narrowed considerably.分歧大大缩小了。
15 joint m3lx4     
adj.联合的,共同的;n.关节,接合处;v.连接,贴合
参考例句:
  • I had a bad fall,which put my shoulder out of joint.我重重地摔了一跤,肩膀脫臼了。
  • We wrote a letter in joint names.我们联名写了封信。
16 substantive qszws     
adj.表示实在的;本质的、实质性的;独立的;n.实词,实名词;独立存在的实体
参考例句:
  • They plan to meet again in Rome very soon to begin substantive negotiations.他们计划不久在罗马再次会晤以开始实质性的谈判。
  • A president needs substantive advice,but he also requires emotional succor. 一个总统需要实质性的建议,但也需要感情上的支持。
17 bilateral dQGyW     
adj.双方的,两边的,两侧的
参考例句:
  • They have been negotiating a bilateral trade deal.他们一直在商谈一项双边贸易协定。
  • There was a wide gap between the views of the two statesmen on the bilateral cooperation.对双方合作的问题,两位政治家各自所持的看法差距甚大。
18 intensifying 6af105724a108def30288b810d78b276     
v.(使)增强, (使)加剧( intensify的现在分词 );增辉
参考例句:
  • The allies are intensifying their air campaign. 联军部队正加大他们的空战强度。 来自辞典例句
  • The rest of the European powers were in a state of intensifying congestion. 其余的欧洲强国则处于越来越拥挤的状态。 来自英汉非文学 - 历史
19 consultations bc61566a804b15898d05aff1e97f0341     
n.磋商(会议)( consultation的名词复数 );商讨会;协商会;查找
参考例句:
  • Consultations can be arranged at other times by appointment. 磋商可以通过预约安排在其他时间。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
  • Consultations are under way. 正在进行磋商。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
20 tally Gg1yq     
n.计数器,记分,一致,测量;vt.计算,记录,使一致;vi.计算,记分,一致
参考例句:
  • Don't forget to keep a careful tally of what you spend.别忘了仔细记下你的开支账目。
  • The facts mentioned in the report tally to every detail.报告中所提到的事实都丝毫不差。
21 ballots 06ecb554beff6a03babca6234edefde4     
n.投票表决( ballot的名词复数 );选举;选票;投票总数v.(使)投票表决( ballot的第三人称单数 )
参考例句:
  • They're counting the ballots. 他们正在计算选票。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The news of rigged ballots has rubbed off much of the shine of their election victory. 他们操纵选票的消息使他们在选举中获得的胜利大为减色。 来自《简明英汉词典》
22 premier R19z3     
adj.首要的;n.总理,首相
参考例句:
  • The Irish Premier is paying an official visit to Britain.爱尔兰总理正在对英国进行正式访问。
  • He requested that the premier grant him an internview.他要求那位总理接见他一次。
23 entities 07214c6750d983a32e0a33da225c4efd     
实体对像; 实体,独立存在体,实际存在物( entity的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Our newspaper and our printing business form separate corporate entities. 我们的报纸和印刷业形成相对独立的企业实体。
  • The North American continent is made up of three great structural entities. 北美大陆是由三个构造单元组成的。
24 withdrawal Cfhwq     
n.取回,提款;撤退,撤军;收回,撤销
参考例句:
  • The police were forced to make a tactical withdrawal.警方被迫进行战术撤退。
  • They insisted upon a withdrawal of the statement and a public apology.他们坚持要收回那些话并公开道歉。
25 bidder oyrzTm     
n.(拍卖时的)出价人,报价人,投标人
参考例句:
  • TV franchises will be auctioned to the highest bidder.电视特许经营权将拍卖给出价最高的投标人。
  • The bidder withdrew his bid after submission of his bid.投标者在投标之后撤销了投标书。
26 annulled 6487853b1acaba95e5982ede7b1d3227     
v.宣告无效( annul的过去式和过去分词 );取消;使消失;抹去
参考例句:
  • Their marriage was annulled after just six months. 他们的婚姻仅过半年就宣告取消。
  • Many laws made by the former regime have been annulled. 前政权制定的许多法律被宣布无效。 来自《简明英汉词典》
27 elusive d8vyH     
adj.难以表达(捉摸)的;令人困惑的;逃避的
参考例句:
  • Try to catch the elusive charm of the original in translation.翻译时设法把握住原文中难以捉摸的风韵。
  • Interpol have searched all the corners of the earth for the elusive hijackers.国际刑警组织已在世界各地搜查在逃的飞机劫持者。
28 survivors 02ddbdca4c6dba0b46d9d823ed2b4b62     
幸存者,残存者,生还者( survivor的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The survivors were adrift in a lifeboat for six days. 幸存者在救生艇上漂流了六天。
  • survivors clinging to a raft 紧紧抓住救生筏的幸存者
29 federation htCzMS     
n.同盟,联邦,联合,联盟,联合会
参考例句:
  • It is a federation of 10 regional unions.它是由十个地方工会结合成的联合会。
  • Mr.Putin was inaugurated as the President of the Russian Federation.普京正式就任俄罗斯联邦总统。
30 tracts fcea36d422dccf9d9420a7dd83bea091     
大片土地( tract的名词复数 ); 地带; (体内的)道; (尤指宣扬宗教、伦理或政治的)短文
参考例句:
  • vast tracts of forest 大片大片的森林
  • There are tracts of desert in Australia. 澳大利亚有大片沙漠。
31 elite CqzxN     
n.精英阶层;实力集团;adj.杰出的,卓越的
参考例句:
  • The power elite inside the government is controlling foreign policy.政府内部的一群握有实权的精英控制着对外政策。
  • We have a political elite in this country.我们国家有一群政治精英。
32 negotiations af4b5f3e98e178dd3c4bac64b625ecd0     
协商( negotiation的名词复数 ); 谈判; 完成(难事); 通过
参考例句:
  • negotiations for a durable peace 为持久和平而进行的谈判
  • Negotiations have failed to establish any middle ground. 谈判未能达成任何妥协。
33 consecutive DpPz0     
adj.连续的,联贯的,始终一贯的
参考例句:
  • It has rained for four consecutive days.已连续下了四天雨。
  • The policy of our Party is consecutive.我党的政策始终如一。
34 bureaucratic OSFyE     
adj.官僚的,繁文缛节的
参考例句:
  • The sweat of labour washed away his bureaucratic airs.劳动的汗水冲掉了他身上的官气。
  • In this company you have to go through complex bureaucratic procedures just to get a new pencil.在这个公司里即使是领一支新铅笔,也必须通过繁琐的手续。
35 faculty HhkzK     
n.才能;学院,系;(学院或系的)全体教学人员
参考例句:
  • He has a great faculty for learning foreign languages.他有学习外语的天赋。
  • He has the faculty of saying the right thing at the right time.他有在恰当的时候说恰当的话的才智。
36 administrative fzDzkc     
adj.行政的,管理的
参考例句:
  • The administrative burden must be lifted from local government.必须解除地方政府的行政负担。
  • He regarded all these administrative details as beneath his notice.他认为行政管理上的这些琐事都不值一顾。
37 compensated 0b0382816fac7dbf94df37906582be8f     
补偿,报酬( compensate的过去式和过去分词 ); 给(某人)赔偿(或赔款)
参考例句:
  • The marvelous acting compensated for the play's weak script. 本剧的精彩表演弥补了剧本的不足。
  • I compensated his loss with money. 我赔偿他经济损失。
38 prerequisite yQCxu     
n.先决条件;adj.作为前提的,必备的
参考例句:
  • Stability and unity are a prerequisite to the four modernizations.安定团结是实现四个现代化的前提。
  • It is a prerequisite of entry to the profession that you pass the exams.做这一行的先决条件是要通过了有关的考试。
39 disseminate VtKxS     
v.散布;传播
参考例句:
  • We should disseminate science and promote the scientific spirit.普及科学知识,弘扬科学精神。
  • We sincerely welcome all countries to disseminate their languages in China.我们真诚地欢迎世界各国来华推广本国语言。
40 advancement tzgziL     
n.前进,促进,提升
参考例句:
  • His new contribution to the advancement of physiology was well appreciated.他对生理学发展的新贡献获得高度赞赏。
  • The aim of a university should be the advancement of learning.大学的目标应是促进学术。
41 determined duszmP     
adj.坚定的;有决心的
参考例句:
  • I have determined on going to Tibet after graduation.我已决定毕业后去西藏。
  • He determined to view the rooms behind the office.他决定查看一下办公室后面的房间。
42 fixed JsKzzj     
adj.固定的,不变的,准备好的;(计算机)固定的
参考例句:
  • Have you two fixed on a date for the wedding yet?你们俩选定婚期了吗?
  • Once the aim is fixed,we should not change it arbitrarily.目标一旦确定,我们就不应该随意改变。
43 decided lvqzZd     
adj.决定了的,坚决的;明显的,明确的
参考例句:
  • This gave them a decided advantage over their opponents.这使他们比对手具有明显的优势。
  • There is a decided difference between British and Chinese way of greeting.英国人和中国人打招呼的方式有很明显的区别。
44 speculative uvjwd     
adj.思索性的,暝想性的,推理的
参考例句:
  • Much of our information is speculative.我们的许多信息是带推测性的。
  • The report is highly speculative and should be ignored.那个报道推测的成分很大,不应理会。
45 incite kx4yv     
v.引起,激动,煽动
参考例句:
  • I wanted to point out he was a very good speaker, and could incite a crowd.我想说明他曾是一个非常出色的演讲家,非常会调动群众的情绪。
  • Just a few words will incite him into action.他只需几句话一将,就会干。
46 sector yjczYn     
n.部门,部分;防御地段,防区;扇形
参考例句:
  • The export sector will aid the economic recovery. 出口产业将促进经济复苏。
  • The enemy have attacked the British sector.敌人已进攻英国防区。
47 component epSzv     
n.组成部分,成分,元件;adj.组成的,合成的
参考例句:
  • Each component is carefully checked before assembly.每个零件在装配前都经过仔细检查。
  • Blade and handle are the component parts of a knife.刀身和刀柄是一把刀的组成部分。
48 stimulated Rhrz78     
a.刺激的
参考例句:
  • The exhibition has stimulated interest in her work. 展览增进了人们对她作品的兴趣。
  • The award has stimulated her into working still harder. 奖金促使她更加努力地工作。
49 loomed 9423e616fe6b658c9a341ebc71833279     
v.隐约出现,阴森地逼近( loom的过去式和过去分词 );隐约出现,阴森地逼近
参考例句:
  • A dark shape loomed up ahead of us. 一个黑糊糊的影子隐隐出现在我们的前面。
  • The prospect of war loomed large in everyone's mind. 战事将起的庞大阴影占据每个人的心。 来自《简明英汉词典》
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