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CRI 中国国际广播电台 2010-06-06

时间:2010-07-13 06:59来源:互联网 提供网友:df5553   字体: [ ]
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Hello and Welcome to News and Reports on China Radio International.

In This Edition

Finance ministers and central bankers from the world's leading economies agree on the need to cooperate in fending1 off financial market turmoil2 and keeping the world recovery on track.

China and Russia have urged relevant sides to exercise restraint and maintain their calm on the Korean peninsula situation.

Israeli forces seize a Gaza-bound aid vessel3 without meeting resistance, preventing it from breaking a naval4 blockade of the Hamas-ruled territory days after a similar effort turned bloody5.

And marking the World Environment Day, Environment Minister says China will make continued effort to raise energy efficiency and cut pollution.


Hot Issue Reports

G20 Finance Ministers: Governments Must Put Their Public Finances in Order

Finance ministers and central bankers from the world's leading economies have agreed on the need to cooperate in fending off financial market turmoil and keeping the world economic recovery on track.

In a statement, the Group of 20 endorsed6 rescue policies for Europe and the need to rebalance growth by supporting more domestic demand and greater trade by developing countries.

Yoon Jeung-hyun, South Korea's minister of strategy and finance and host of the meetings, read out the statement after the meeting.

"The recent events in Southern Europe highlight the importance of sustainable public finances and the need for our countries to put in place credible8 and growth-friendly measures to deliver fiscal9 sustainability. Those countries with serious fiscal challenges need to accelerate the pace of consolidation10."

The euro plunged11 to a four-year low on Friday, partly on concerns that Hungary could be facing a debt crisis similar to that of Greece.

The G20 agreed to speed up work on global banking12 reforms so leaders can consider proposals at a summit in Seoul in November.

The aim is to agree rules to beef up banks' capital buffers13 and to discourage the sort of excessive leverage14 and risk-taking that sowed the seeds of the last financial crisis.

The G20 abandoned a proposal for a global bank levy15, but agreed that the financial sector16 should make a "fair and substantial contribution" towards any future government bailouts.


South Korean President Urges UN to Take Action Against North Korea

South Korea officially referred the Democratic People's Republic of Korea to the UN Security Council on Friday over the sinking of a navy ship that killed 46 sailors and urged the UN's most powerful body to take action.

The letter was delivered hours after South Korean President Lee Myung-bak made a hard-hitting speech in Singapore, calling North Korea a liar17 and a threat to Northeast Asia.

Lee demanded that North Korea "admit its wrongdoing" and promise never to take such action again.

U.S. Secretary of Defense18 Robert Gates pledged American support for South Korea.

"(We) very strongly support the international approach that you took to the investigation19, and we want to reassure20 you and the people of the Republic of Korea that you have the full support and backing of the United States."

Frosty relations between the Koreas have deteriorated21 further since the sinking of the warship22, and tensions have increased in northeast Asia.

An international investigation found the South Korean ship was torpedoed23 by a North Korean submarine.

The Security Council now has several choices, including a resolution with or without new sanctions against North Korea, a weaker presidential statement calling for specific actions, or a press statement.


China, Russia Urge Restraint on Korean Peninsula Situation

Meanwhile, China and Russia have urged relevant sides to exercise restraint and maintain their calm on the Korean peninsula situation.

Chinese Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi emphasized the importance of maintaining peace and stability during his talks with Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov.

"We condemn24 and are opposed to any action that damages peace and stability on the Korean peninsula. We believe that the six-party talks provide an effective means to achieve the goal of non-nuclearization on the peninsula as well as long-term peace and prosperity in northeast Asia. It is in the interest of all relevant parties that the talks be resumed as soon as possible."

Lavrov said extreme action should be avoided, and the issue should be resolved through political and diplomatic channels.

"Both Russia and China are deeply concerned about what is happening on the Korean peninsula. We hope that relevant parties seek whatever political and diplomatic means acceptable by all to settle the issue, so as to maintain peace and stability in northeast Asia. Russia and China will do all they can in this respect."


BP Makes New Attempt to Collect Crude Oil in Gulf25 of Mexico

BP engineers have adjusted a new cap placed over a broken oil well in the Gulf of Mexico, trying to collect the crude oil gushing26 into the sea and now polluting four US states.

The inverted27 funnel-like device was set over the leak late on Thursday. It started pumping oil and gas to a tanker29 on the surface overnight, but it wasn't clear how much. Engineers hoped to close several open vents7 on the cap throughout the day in the latest attempt to contain the oil.

On his third trip to the oil-stained Louisiana Gulf Coast in a month, U.S. President Barack Obama said he sees some progress in fighting the enormous oil spill but it's "way too early to be optimistic" about BP's latest control effort.

"We've just got to make sure that we find out what happened and that those who are responsible are held responsible, that we fix whatever is wrong. We're still going to need oil production, but we've got to make sure that we do it in the right way."

He also sharply criticized BP over plans to pay 10.5 billion US dollars to shareholders30 while Gulf Coast residents faced economic hardship.

Earlier on Friday, BP put off a decision on whether to suspend paying its next quarterly dividend31 as some U.S. lawmakers had demanded.


Afghan Delegates Hash out Peace Statement on Final Day of Jirga

An Afghan national peace conference has urged the government to take formal steps toward negotiating with insurgents32, boosting President Hamid Karzai's plans to open talks with the Taliban.

The conference, or jirga, said militants34 who joined the peace process should be removed from a UN blacklist that currently imposes travel and financial restrictions35 on some 137 people associated with the Taliban.

The conference also said that insurgents who want to take part must cut their ties with "foreign terrorist groups," a clear reference to al-Qaida.

The recommendations followed three days of deliberations among some 1,500 delegates aimed at ending nine years of fighting.

In closing remarks to delegates, Karzai called on insurgents to take advantage of the opportunity to forge a lasting36 peace.

"Use this opportunity. This is the voice of the Afghan people, and this is the voice of peace. Embrace it, come and join us so that we can rebuild our country with our own hands, and make it peaceful and stable."

But any reconciliation37 talks were likely to remain a long way off.

No active members of the Taliban and other militant33 groups took part in the conference in Kabul. Taliban suicide attackers attempted to disrupt the opening of the conference on Wednesday.


Seized Aid Ship Rachel Corrie Arrives in Port

Israeli forces seized a Gaza-bound aid vessel swiftly and without meeting resistance on Saturday, preventing it from breaking a naval blockade of the Hamas-ruled territory days after a similar effort turned bloody.

The 1,200-ton Rachel Corrie, which was carrying 11 pro-Palestinian activists38, nine crew and hundreds of tons of aid, was intercepted39 in international waters, about 20 miles from Gaza's shore and was escorted to the nearby Israeli port of Ashdod.

The Rachel Corrie, whose passenger list included Nobel peace laureate Mairead Corrigan, had hoped to breach40 a 3-year blockade that has plunged Gaza's 1.5 million residents deeper into poverty.

Israel has faced mounting international pressure to lift the blockade since Monday's deadly confrontation41 aboard a Turkish aid vessel headed for Gaza.

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu defended the blockade in remarks following the takeover, saying it was meant to keep weapons out of the hands of the Iranian-backed Hamas.

But Hamas official Ahmed Yousef accused Israel of "piracy42."

The Palestinian Authority's economics minister, Hassan Abu Libdeh, echoed his words.

"This is another assertion that Israel behaves as a country above the law. They don't feel that they are accountable to anything, therefore they can do anything they want."

Turkey, one of the most outspoken43 critics of the Gaza blockade, said on Saturday that it is seeking condemnation44 of the previous Israeli raid at a June 7-8 summit of a 20-member security group for the Asian region.

China Marks World Environment Day

Saturday, June 5th is World Environment Day. China's Ministry45 of Environmental Protection organized a meeting on Friday to mark the day. Participants agreed that China has made remarkable46 improvements in many areas of environmental protection.


Sixth China-Russia Women's Culture Week Opens in Moscow

The sixth Women's Culture Week as well as the fourth Women's Forum47 between China and Russia began on Friday in Moscow.

Sergei Mironov, Speaker of the Russian Federal Council, or the upper house of the parliament, extended a warm welcome to the inauguration48 of the event themed "Women and the Economy."

Calling the strategic partnership49 of cooperation with China one of the top priorities for Russian foreign affairs, Mironov said the long-time collaboration50 between Russian and Chinese women has made great contributions to the deepening of mutual51 friendship and understanding.

Chen Zhili, Vice28 Chairwoman of the Standing52 Committee of China's National People's Congress, said China and Russia have conducted multilayer, multisector and multifaceted cooperation, as bilateral53 relations are on a fast track of comprehensive and profound development.

"The friendly exchanges and pragmatic cooperation between Chinese and Russian women have continued to expand, deepen and grow stronger."

The China-Russia Women's Culture Week, as a regular mechanism54 for bilateral interactions, has become a pivotal platform for Sino-Russian cultural exchanges, in particular the exchanges between women that show the friendship between the two countries.


Is South Africa Ready to Host World Cup?

With the start of the World Cup fast approaching, construction in and around Soccer City continues.

Heavy digging equipment and traffic barriers line many of the approach roads to the stadium, with vehicles often backed up by ongoing55 roadworks.

However, FIFA's Secretary General Jerome Valcke is still confident that South Africa is ready to host the World Cup.

"I think that not only we are ready, that's not anymore the question, now we have to deliver this World Cup that's the main goal we have. It's to ensure that you can have the best, but you have to make sure this beautiful machine will work from the 11th of June to the 11th of July and that's where we are spending all of our time, days and nights to deliver a perfect World Cup, for South Africa to show to the world that it was the best place to organise56 this World Cup."

As the main venue57 for the World Cup tournament, Soccer City has already hosted two big games, but did not start testing facilities for capacity crowds until just a few weeks before the opening match.

Meanwhile, soccer fans have been buying their World Cup tickets despite technical difficulties preventing many from getting their admissions.

Six weeks ago, ticketing problems meant a massive 500,000 seats were still unsold.

FIFA has meanwhile also faced criticism that tickets are over-priced for African soccer fans.

While ticket costs have been reduced for South African customers, the prices for fans in the rest of Africa are the same as for fans in Europe, North America or Asia.


More People Seeking Psychological Counseling in China

The recent spate58 of extremely violent cases and suicides across the country has called public attention to mental health issues. More people are now resorting to psychological counseling as an outlet59 for their negative emotions.

China Daily: Campaign Against False Gov't Data May Not Achieve Desired Effects

The National Bureau of Statistics and the ministries60 of supervision61 and justice, have embarked62 on a high-profile campaign to combat the production and use of incorrect government statistics and false data.

The campaign specifically targets data for industrial and grain output, investments in fixed63 assets, residents' income, energy consumption and GDP-related information.

An editorial in "China Daily" says the joint64 effort to restore credibility to the country's statistics is in many ways an urgent response to stem the loss of public trust in government data collection.

It says public skepticism has been directed chiefly at the statistical65 arm of the government, which has been ridiculed66 for releasing data contradicting basic commonsense67 assumptions. Local officials also have been castigated68 for concocting69 statistics that win approbation70 from superiors bent71 on boosting GDP figures.

The intense scrutiny72 will reportedly cover data collection, compilation73, reporting and publication. Inspectors74 have been tasked with completing a four-stage process that aspires75 to clear up major problems between May and September.

But the editorial questions whether the five-month campaign will achieve the desired effect and warns that we should not count on it to solve the problems with government statistics once and for all.


Media Reports: Subsidies76 for New Energy Cars May Lead to More Emissions77

The Chinese government is set to introduce a pilot program to subsidize the purchase of electric and hybrid78 cars in select cities.

Residents of Shanghai, Shenzhen, Hangzhou, Hefei and Changchun who purchase plug-in hybrid cars will be entitled to receive a subsidy79 of 50,000 yuan, or about 7,300 U.S. dollars. The maximum subsidy for a full electric car will be 60,000 yuan.

While many say the new policy is in line with China's plans to cut emissions in what is now the world's largest car market, others have voiced concerns that the so-called green cars may create more emissions.

An opinion piece in the "Shanghai Evening Post" points out that the electricity that powers electric cars is mainly generated by coal in China. It quotes an expert who said we should be on guard against the pollution produced in the process of new energy generation. It also notes an energy source cannot be described as "clean" if it produces pollutants80 in the process of generating power.

Echoing this sentiment, a commentary on SZ news.com argues that the rising demand for electric cars generated by the subsidies will lead to high power consumption and the creation of more carbon emissions. It notes the new emissions will not be found in big cities where more electric cars will be seen on roads as a result of the subsidies, but will be generated in the provinces of Shann'xi, Shanxi, Hebei and Henan, which have a large number of fossil-fuel power plants.

In conclusion, the commentary says it is ridiculous for the government to push for low-carbon lifestyles in big cities at the cost of environmental degradation81 in provinces that are rich in resources.
 


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 fending 18e37ede5689f2fb4bd69184c75f11f5     
v.独立生活,照料自己( fend的现在分词 );挡开,避开
参考例句:
  • He is always spending his time fending with the neighbors. 他总是与邻里们吵架。 来自互联网
  • Fifth, it is to build safeguarding system and enhance the competence in fending off the risk. 五是建立政策保障体系,提高防范和抵御风险的能力。 来自互联网
2 turmoil CKJzj     
n.骚乱,混乱,动乱
参考例句:
  • His mind was in such a turmoil that he couldn't get to sleep.内心的纷扰使他无法入睡。
  • The robbery put the village in a turmoil.抢劫使全村陷入混乱。
3 vessel 4L1zi     
n.船舶;容器,器皿;管,导管,血管
参考例句:
  • The vessel is fully loaded with cargo for Shanghai.这艘船满载货物驶往上海。
  • You should put the water into a vessel.你应该把水装入容器中。
4 naval h1lyU     
adj.海军的,军舰的,船的
参考例句:
  • He took part in a great naval battle.他参加了一次大海战。
  • The harbour is an important naval base.该港是一个重要的海军基地。
5 bloody kWHza     
adj.非常的的;流血的;残忍的;adv.很;vt.血染
参考例句:
  • He got a bloody nose in the fight.他在打斗中被打得鼻子流血。
  • He is a bloody fool.他是一个十足的笨蛋。
6 endorsed a604e73131bb1a34283a5ebcd349def4     
vt.& vi.endorse的过去式或过去分词形式v.赞同( endorse的过去式和过去分词 );在(尤指支票的)背面签字;在(文件的)背面写评论;在广告上说本人使用并赞同某产品
参考例句:
  • The committee endorsed an initiative by the chairman to enter discussion about a possible merger. 委员会通过了主席提出的新方案,开始就可能进行的并购进行讨论。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The government has broadly endorsed a research paper proposing new educational targets for 14-year-olds. 政府基本上支持建议对14 岁少年实行新教育目标的研究报告。 来自《简明英汉词典》
7 vents 3fd48768f3da3e458d6b73926735d618     
(气体、液体等进出的)孔、口( vent的名词复数 ); (鸟、鱼、爬行动物或小哺乳动物的)肛门; 大衣等的)衩口; 开衩
参考例句:
  • He always vents his anger on the dog. 他总是拿狗出气。
  • The Dandelion Patch is the least developed of the four active vents. “蒲公英区”在这四个活裂口中是发育最差的一个。
8 credible JOAzG     
adj.可信任的,可靠的
参考例句:
  • The news report is hardly credible.这则新闻报道令人难以置信。
  • Is there a credible alternative to the nuclear deterrent?是否有可以取代核威慑力量的可靠办法?
9 fiscal agbzf     
adj.财政的,会计的,国库的,国库岁入的
参考例句:
  • The increase of taxation is an important fiscal policy.增税是一项重要的财政政策。
  • The government has two basic strategies of fiscal policy available.政府有两个可行的财政政策基本战略。
10 consolidation 4YuyW     
n.合并,巩固
参考例句:
  • The denser population necessitates closer consolidation both for internal and external action. 住得日益稠密的居民,对内和对外都不得不更紧密地团结起来。 来自英汉非文学 - 家庭、私有制和国家的起源
  • The state ensures the consolidation and growth of the state economy. 国家保障国营经济的巩固和发展。 来自汉英非文学 - 中国宪法
11 plunged 06a599a54b33c9d941718dccc7739582     
v.颠簸( plunge的过去式和过去分词 );暴跌;骤降;突降
参考例句:
  • The train derailed and plunged into the river. 火车脱轨栽进了河里。
  • She lost her balance and plunged 100 feet to her death. 她没有站稳,从100英尺的高处跌下摔死了。
12 banking aySz20     
n.银行业,银行学,金融业
参考例句:
  • John is launching his son on a career in banking.约翰打算让儿子在银行界谋一个新职位。
  • He possesses an extensive knowledge of banking.他具有广博的银行业务知识。
13 buffers 4d293ef273d93a5411725a8223efc83e     
起缓冲作用的人(或物)( buffer的名词复数 ); 缓冲器; 减震器; 愚蠢老头
参考例句:
  • To allocate and schedule the use of buffers. 分配和计划缓冲器的使用。
  • Number of times the stream has paused due to insufficient stream buffers. 由于流缓冲区不足导致流程暂停的次数。
14 leverage 03gyC     
n.力量,影响;杠杆作用,杠杆的力量
参考例句:
  • We'll have to use leverage to move this huge rock.我们不得不借助杠杆之力来移动这块巨石。
  • He failed in the project because he could gain no leverage. 因为他没有影响力,他的计划失败了。
15 levy Z9fzR     
n.征收税或其他款项,征收额
参考例句:
  • They levy a tax on him.他们向他征税。
  • A direct food levy was imposed by the local government.地方政府征收了食品税。
16 sector yjczYn     
n.部门,部分;防御地段,防区;扇形
参考例句:
  • The export sector will aid the economic recovery. 出口产业将促进经济复苏。
  • The enemy have attacked the British sector.敌人已进攻英国防区。
17 liar V1ixD     
n.说谎的人
参考例句:
  • I know you for a thief and a liar!我算认识你了,一个又偷又骗的家伙!
  • She was wrongly labelled a liar.她被错误地扣上说谎者的帽子。
18 defense AxbxB     
n.防御,保卫;[pl.]防务工事;辩护,答辩
参考例句:
  • The accused has the right to defense.被告人有权获得辩护。
  • The war has impacted the area with military and defense workers.战争使那个地区挤满了军队和防御工程人员。
19 investigation MRKzq     
n.调查,调查研究
参考例句:
  • In an investigation,a new fact became known, which told against him.在调查中新发现了一件对他不利的事实。
  • He drew the conclusion by building on his own investigation.他根据自己的调查研究作出结论。
20 reassure 9TgxW     
v.使放心,使消除疑虑
参考例句:
  • This seemed to reassure him and he continued more confidently.这似乎使他放心一点,于是他更有信心地继续说了下去。
  • The airline tried to reassure the customers that the planes were safe.航空公司尽力让乘客相信飞机是安全的。
21 deteriorated a4fe98b02a18d2ca4fe500863af93815     
恶化,变坏( deteriorate的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • Her health deteriorated rapidly, and she died shortly afterwards. 她的健康状况急剧恶化,不久便去世了。
  • His condition steadily deteriorated. 他的病情恶化,日甚一日。
22 warship OMtzl     
n.军舰,战舰
参考例句:
  • He is serving on a warship in the Pacific.他在太平洋海域的一艘军舰上服役。
  • The warship was making towards the pier.军舰正驶向码头。
23 torpedoed d479f6a26c6f383df7093841f7bfff3e     
用鱼雷袭击(torpedo的过去式与过去分词形式)
参考例句:
  • Her comments had torpedoed the deal. 她的一番话使得那笔交易彻底告吹。
  • The battle ship was torpedoed. 该战列舰遭到了鱼雷的袭击。
24 condemn zpxzp     
vt.谴责,指责;宣判(罪犯),判刑
参考例句:
  • Some praise him,whereas others condemn him.有些人赞扬他,而有些人谴责他。
  • We mustn't condemn him on mere suppositions.我们不可全凭臆测来指责他。
25 gulf 1e0xp     
n.海湾;深渊,鸿沟;分歧,隔阂
参考例句:
  • The gulf between the two leaders cannot be bridged.两位领导人之间的鸿沟难以跨越。
  • There is a gulf between the two cities.这两座城市间有个海湾。
26 gushing 313eef130292e797ea104703d9458f2d     
adj.迸出的;涌出的;喷出的;过分热情的v.喷,涌( gush的现在分词 );滔滔不绝地说话
参考例句:
  • blood gushing from a wound 从伤口冒出的血
  • The young mother was gushing over a baby. 那位年轻的母亲正喋喋不休地和婴儿说话。 来自《简明英汉词典》
27 inverted 184401f335d6b8661e04dfea47b9dcd5     
adj.反向的,倒转的v.使倒置,使反转( invert的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • Only direct speech should go inside inverted commas. 只有直接引语应放在引号内。
  • Inverted flight is an acrobatic manoeuvre of the plane. 倒飞是飞机的一种特技动作。 来自《简明英汉词典》
28 vice NU0zQ     
n.坏事;恶习;[pl.]台钳,老虎钳;adj.副的
参考例句:
  • He guarded himself against vice.他避免染上坏习惯。
  • They are sunk in the depth of vice.他们堕入了罪恶的深渊。
29 tanker xqawA     
n.油轮
参考例句:
  • The tanker took on 200,000 barrels of crude oil.油轮装载了二十万桶原油。
  • Heavy seas had pounded the tanker into three parts.汹涌的巨浪把油轮撞成三载。
30 shareholders 7d3b0484233cf39bc3f4e3ebf97e69fe     
n.股东( shareholder的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The meeting was attended by 90% of shareholders. 90%的股东出席了会议。
  • the company's fiduciary duty to its shareholders 公司对股东负有的受托责任
31 dividend Fk7zv     
n.红利,股息;回报,效益
参考例句:
  • The company was forced to pass its dividend.该公司被迫到期不分红。
  • The first quarter dividend has been increased by nearly 4 per cent.第一季度的股息增长了近 4%。
32 insurgents c68be457307815b039a352428718de59     
n.起义,暴动,造反( insurgent的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The regular troops of Baden joined the insurgents. 巴登的正规军参加到起义军方面来了。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Against the Taliban and Iraqi insurgents, these problems are manageable. 要对付塔利班与伊拉克叛乱分子,这些问题还是可以把握住的。 来自互联网
33 militant 8DZxh     
adj.激进的,好斗的;n.激进分子,斗士
参考例句:
  • Some militant leaders want to merge with white radicals.一些好斗的领导人要和白人中的激进派联合。
  • He is a militant in the movement.他在那次运动中是个激进人物。
34 militants 3fa50c1e4338320d8495907fdc5bdbaf     
激进分子,好斗分子( militant的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The militants have been sporadically fighting the government for years. 几年来,反叛分子一直对政府实施零星的战斗。
  • Despite the onslaught, Palestinian militants managed to fire off rockets. 尽管如此,巴勒斯坦的激进分子仍然发射导弹。
35 restrictions 81e12dac658cfd4c590486dd6f7523cf     
约束( restriction的名词复数 ); 管制; 制约因素; 带限制性的条件(或规则)
参考例句:
  • I found the restrictions irksome. 我对那些限制感到很烦。
  • a snaggle of restrictions 杂乱无章的种种限制
36 lasting IpCz02     
adj.永久的,永恒的;vbl.持续,维持
参考例句:
  • The lasting war debased the value of the dollar.持久的战争使美元贬值。
  • We hope for a lasting settlement of all these troubles.我们希望这些纠纷能获得永久的解决。
37 reconciliation DUhxh     
n.和解,和谐,一致
参考例句:
  • He was taken up with the reconciliation of husband and wife.他忙于做夫妻间的调解工作。
  • Their handshake appeared to be a gesture of reconciliation.他们的握手似乎是和解的表示。
38 activists 90fd83cc3f53a40df93866d9c91bcca4     
n.(政治活动的)积极分子,活动家( activist的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • His research work was attacked by animal rights activists . 他的研究受到了动物权益维护者的抨击。
  • Party activists with lower middle class pedigrees are numerous. 党的激进分子中有很多出身于中产阶级下层。 来自《简明英汉词典》
39 intercepted 970326ac9f606b6dc4c2550a417e081e     
拦截( intercept的过去式和过去分词 ); 截住; 截击; 拦阻
参考例句:
  • Reporters intercepted him as he tried to leave the hotel. 他正要离开旅馆,记者们把他拦截住了。
  • Reporters intercepted him as he tried to leave by the rear entrance. 他想从后门溜走,记者把他截住了。
40 breach 2sgzw     
n.违反,不履行;破裂;vt.冲破,攻破
参考例句:
  • We won't have any breach of discipline.我们不允许任何破坏纪律的现象。
  • He was sued for breach of contract.他因不履行合同而被起诉。
41 confrontation xYHy7     
n.对抗,对峙,冲突
参考例句:
  • We can't risk another confrontation with the union.我们不能冒再次同工会对抗的危险。
  • After years of confrontation,they finally have achieved a modus vivendi.在对抗很长时间后,他们最后达成安宁生存的非正式协议。
42 piracy 9N3xO     
n.海盗行为,剽窃,著作权侵害
参考例句:
  • The government has already adopted effective measures against piracy.政府已采取有效措施惩治盗版行为。
  • They made the place a notorious centre of piracy.他们把这地方变成了臭名昭著的海盗中心。
43 outspoken 3mIz7v     
adj.直言无讳的,坦率的,坦白无隐的
参考例句:
  • He was outspoken in his criticism.他在批评中直言不讳。
  • She is an outspoken critic of the school system in this city.她是这座城市里学校制度的坦率的批评者。
44 condemnation 2pSzp     
n.谴责; 定罪
参考例句:
  • There was widespread condemnation of the invasion. 那次侵略遭到了人们普遍的谴责。
  • The jury's condemnation was a shock to the suspect. 陪审团宣告有罪使嫌疑犯大为震惊。
45 ministry kD5x2     
n.(政府的)部;牧师
参考例句:
  • They sent a deputation to the ministry to complain.他们派了一个代表团到部里投诉。
  • We probed the Air Ministry statements.我们调查了空军部的记录。
46 remarkable 8Vbx6     
adj.显著的,异常的,非凡的,值得注意的
参考例句:
  • She has made remarkable headway in her writing skills.她在写作技巧方面有了长足进步。
  • These cars are remarkable for the quietness of their engines.这些汽车因发动机没有噪音而不同凡响。
47 forum cilx0     
n.论坛,讨论会
参考例句:
  • They're holding a forum on new ways of teaching history.他们正在举行历史教学讨论会。
  • The organisation would provide a forum where problems could be discussed.这个组织将提供一个可以讨论问题的平台。
48 inauguration 3cQzR     
n.开幕、就职典礼
参考例句:
  • The inauguration of a President of the United States takes place on January 20.美国总统的就职典礼于一月二十日举行。
  • Three celebrated tenors sang at the president's inauguration.3位著名的男高音歌手在总统就职仪式上演唱。
49 partnership NmfzPy     
n.合作关系,伙伴关系
参考例句:
  • The company has gone into partnership with Swiss Bank Corporation.这家公司已经和瑞士银行公司建立合作关系。
  • Martin has taken him into general partnership in his company.马丁已让他成为公司的普通合伙人。
50 collaboration bW7yD     
n.合作,协作;勾结
参考例句:
  • The two companies are working in close collaboration each other.这两家公司密切合作。
  • He was shot for collaboration with the enemy.他因通敌而被枪毙了。
51 mutual eFOxC     
adj.相互的,彼此的;共同的,共有的
参考例句:
  • We must pull together for mutual interest.我们必须为相互的利益而通力合作。
  • Mutual interests tied us together.相互的利害关系把我们联系在一起。
52 standing 2hCzgo     
n.持续,地位;adj.永久的,不动的,直立的,不流动的
参考例句:
  • After the earthquake only a few houses were left standing.地震过后只有几幢房屋还立着。
  • They're standing out against any change in the law.他们坚决反对对法律做任何修改。
53 bilateral dQGyW     
adj.双方的,两边的,两侧的
参考例句:
  • They have been negotiating a bilateral trade deal.他们一直在商谈一项双边贸易协定。
  • There was a wide gap between the views of the two statesmen on the bilateral cooperation.对双方合作的问题,两位政治家各自所持的看法差距甚大。
54 mechanism zCWxr     
n.机械装置;机构,结构
参考例句:
  • The bones and muscles are parts of the mechanism of the body.骨骼和肌肉是人体的组成部件。
  • The mechanism of the machine is very complicated.这台机器的结构是非常复杂的。
55 ongoing 6RvzT     
adj.进行中的,前进的
参考例句:
  • The problem is ongoing.这个问题尚未解决。
  • The issues raised in the report relate directly to Age Concern's ongoing work in this area.报告中提出的问题与“关心老人”组织在这方面正在做的工作有直接的关系。
56 organise organise     
vt.组织,安排,筹办
参考例句:
  • He has the ability to organise.他很有组织才能。
  • It's my job to organise all the ceremonial events.由我来组织所有的仪式。
57 venue ALkzr     
n.犯罪地点,审判地,管辖地,发生地点,集合地点
参考例句:
  • The hall provided a venue for weddings and other functions.大厅给婚礼和其他社会活动提供了场所。
  • The chosen venue caused great controversy among the people.人们就审判地点的问题产生了极大的争议。
58 spate BF7zJ     
n.泛滥,洪水,突然的一阵
参考例句:
  • Police are investigating a spate of burglaries in the area.警察正在调查这一地区发生的大量盗窃案。
  • Refugees crossed the border in full spate.难民大量地越过了边境。
59 outlet ZJFxG     
n.出口/路;销路;批发商店;通风口;发泄
参考例句:
  • The outlet of a water pipe was blocked.水管的出水口堵住了。
  • Running is a good outlet for his energy.跑步是他发泄过剩精力的好方法。
60 ministries 80c65392682fb821af91521513be1259     
(政府的)部( ministry的名词复数 ); 神职; 牧师职位; 神职任期
参考例句:
  • Local authorities must refer everything to the central ministries. 地方管理机构应请示中央主管部门。
  • The number of Ministries has been pared down by a third. 部委的数量已经减少了1/3。
61 supervision hr6wv     
n.监督,管理
参考例句:
  • The work was done under my supervision.这项工作是在我的监督之下完成的。
  • The old man's will was executed under the personal supervision of the lawyer.老人的遗嘱是在律师的亲自监督下执行的。
62 embarked e63154942be4f2a5c3c51f6b865db3de     
乘船( embark的过去式和过去分词 ); 装载; 从事
参考例句:
  • We stood on the pier and watched as they embarked. 我们站在突码头上目送他们登船。
  • She embarked on a discourse about the town's origins. 她开始讲本市的起源。
63 fixed JsKzzj     
adj.固定的,不变的,准备好的;(计算机)固定的
参考例句:
  • Have you two fixed on a date for the wedding yet?你们俩选定婚期了吗?
  • Once the aim is fixed,we should not change it arbitrarily.目标一旦确定,我们就不应该随意改变。
64 joint m3lx4     
adj.联合的,共同的;n.关节,接合处;v.连接,贴合
参考例句:
  • I had a bad fall,which put my shoulder out of joint.我重重地摔了一跤,肩膀脫臼了。
  • We wrote a letter in joint names.我们联名写了封信。
65 statistical bu3wa     
adj.统计的,统计学的
参考例句:
  • He showed the price fluctuations in a statistical table.他用统计表显示价格的波动。
  • They're making detailed statistical analysis.他们正在做具体的统计分析。
66 ridiculed 81e89e8e17fcf40595c6663a61115a91     
v.嘲笑,嘲弄,奚落( ridicule的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • Biosphere 2 was ultimately ridiculed as a research debade, as exfravagant pseudoscience. 生物圈2号最终被讥讽为科研上的大失败,代价是昂贵的伪科学。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • She ridiculed his insatiable greed. 她嘲笑他的贪得无厌。 来自《简明英汉词典》
67 commonsense aXpyp     
adj.有常识的;明白事理的;注重实际的
参考例句:
  • It is commonsense to carry an umbrella in this weather.这种天气带把伞是很自然的。
  • These results are no more than a vindication of commonsense analysis.这些结果只不过是按常理分析得出的事实。
68 castigated ae09afb6d7a53590ab59640e5f9ddad4     
v.严厉责骂、批评或惩罚(某人)( castigate的过去式 )
参考例句:
  • He castigated himself for being so stupid. 他责怪自己太笨。
  • He castigated the secretaries for their sloppy job of filing. 由于秘书们档案工作搞得马虎草率,他严厉地斥责了他们。 来自《简明英汉词典》
69 concocting 2ec6626d522bdaa0922d36325bd9d33b     
v.将(尤指通常不相配合的)成分混合成某物( concoct的现在分词 );调制;编造;捏造
参考例句:
  • I judged that he was concocting a particularly knotty editorial. 我估计他是在拼凑一篇特别伤脑筋的社论。 来自辞典例句
  • 'And you,' returned Sydney, busy concocting the punch, 'are such a sensitive and poetical spirit.' “可你呢,”西德尼一边忙着调五味酒,一边回答,“你却是这样一个敏感而有诗意的精灵。” 来自英汉文学 - 双城记
70 approbation INMyt     
n.称赞;认可
参考例句:
  • He tasted the wine of audience approbation.他尝到了像酒般令人陶醉的听众赞许滋味。
  • The result has not met universal approbation.该结果尚未获得普遍认同。
71 bent QQ8yD     
n.爱好,癖好;adj.弯的;决心的,一心的
参考例句:
  • He was fully bent upon the project.他一心扑在这项计划上。
  • We bent over backward to help them.我们尽了最大努力帮助他们。
72 scrutiny ZDgz6     
n.详细检查,仔细观察
参考例句:
  • His work looks all right,but it will not bear scrutiny.他的工作似乎很好,但是经不起仔细检查。
  • Few wives in their forties can weather such a scrutiny.很少年过四十的妻子经得起这么仔细的观察。
73 compilation kptzy     
n.编译,编辑
参考例句:
  • One of the first steps taken was the compilation of a report.首先采取的步骤之一是写一份报告。
  • The compilation of such diagrams,is of lasting value for astronomy.绘制这样的图对天文学有永恒的价值。
74 inspectors e7f2779d4a90787cc7432cd5c8b51897     
n.检查员( inspector的名词复数 );(英国公共汽车或火车上的)查票员;(警察)巡官;检阅官
参考例句:
  • They got into the school in the guise of inspectors. 他们假装成视察员进了学校。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Inspectors checked that there was adequate ventilation. 检查员已检查过,通风良好。 来自《简明英汉词典》
75 aspires e0d3cbcde2a88805b7fd83a70eb48df3     
v.渴望,追求( aspire的第三人称单数 )
参考例句:
  • The fame to which he aspires was beyond his reach. 他追求的名誉乃是他所不能及的。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • An old steed in the stable still aspires to gallop a thousand li. 老骥伏枥,志在千里。 来自《简明英汉词典》
76 subsidies 84c7dc8329c19e43d3437248757e572c     
n.补贴,津贴,补助金( subsidy的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • European agriculture ministers failed to break the deadlock over farm subsidies. 欧洲各国农业部长在农业补贴问题上未能打破僵局。
  • Agricultural subsidies absorb about half the EU's income. 农业补贴占去了欧盟收入的大约一半。 来自《简明英汉词典》
77 emissions 1a87f8769eb755734e056efecb5e2da9     
排放物( emission的名词复数 ); 散发物(尤指气体)
参考例句:
  • Most scientists accept that climate change is linked to carbon emissions. 大多数科学家都相信气候变化与排放的含碳气体有关。
  • Dangerous emissions radiate from plutonium. 危险的辐射物从钚放散出来。
78 hybrid pcBzu     
n.(动,植)杂种,混合物
参考例句:
  • That is a hybrid perpetual rose.那是一株杂交的四季开花的蔷薇。
  • The hybrid was tall,handsome,and intelligent.那混血儿高大、英俊、又聪明。
79 subsidy 2U5zo     
n.补助金,津贴
参考例句:
  • The university will receive a subsidy for research in artificial intelligence.那个大学将得到一笔人工智能研究的补助费。
  • The living subsidy for senior expert's family is included in the remuneration.报酬已包含高级专家家人的生活补贴。
80 pollutants 694861490fe64672170a0da250a277c7     
污染物质(尤指工业废物)( pollutant的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Pollutants are constantly being released into the atmosphere. 污染物质正在不断地被排放到大气中去。
  • The 1987 Amendments limit 301(g) discharges to a few well-studied nonconventional pollutants. 1987年的修正案把第301条(g)的普通排放限制施加在一些认真研究过的几种非常规污染物上。 来自英汉非文学 - 环境法 - 环境法
81 degradation QxKxL     
n.降级;低落;退化;陵削;降解;衰变
参考例句:
  • There are serious problems of land degradation in some arid zones.在一些干旱地带存在严重的土地退化问题。
  • Gambling is always coupled with degradation.赌博总是与堕落相联系。
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