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News & Reports 2010-10-31

时间:2011-02-14 06:48来源:互联网 提供网友:hm3842   字体: [ ]
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Hello and Welcome to News and Reports on China Radio International.

In This Edition

ASEAN and partners summit concludes in Hanoi with leaders' commitment to further strengthening strategic ties and comprehensive cooperation.

Yemeni authorities have arrested a woman and searched for other suspects believed to be linked to al-Qaida over a plot to mail bombs powerful enough to down a US bound cargo1 plane.

And Crowds of visitors from across China flock to the Shanghai World Expo to catch a final glimpse of the international extravaganza before it ends Sunday night.


Hot Issue Reports

Chinese Scholar: Shared Interests Outweigh2 Disputes between China and ASEAN

Ten Southeastern Asian nations and other neighboring countries have concluded talks at the annual summit of the regional bloc3 in Hanoi, Vietnam.

During the meeting, leaders of both sides expressed their commitment to further strengthening their strategic partnership4 and comprehensive cooperation, and agreed to adopt the new Plan of Action for the period of 2011-2015.

Addressing the trade partners from the ASEAN, Chinese Premier5, Wen Jiabao, says he hopes trade volume could reach 500 billion dollars before 2015.

He says China is willing to set up a special trade area for ASEAN members.

International relations expert, Su Hao,from the University of Foreign Affairs in China, says ASEAN stands as a huge market with many industries. China can do business with both the industrialized and developing members of ASEAN. China has an advantage that most major economic powers do not have.

"ASEAN has both industrialized and developing members. The development level in different regions in China also differs, which makes it possible that China could find business opportunities with all of them."

Cross-border trade is the most active part of China-ASEAN cooperation, with trade volume topping 200 billion US dollars in the first three quarters of this year, more than 40 percent than the same period in 2009.

China has become the largest trading partner for ASEAN, since a trade pact6 went into effect earlier this year.


ASEAN Head Urges Consolidatation of Regional Group

Meanwhile, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations will formally invite the United States and Russia to join its annual East Asian Summit in the Vietnamese capital.

With more regional and global powers joining the regional meeting, the group's head Surin Pitsuwan has urged the member countries to get their act together especially when it comes to forging common views on global issues.

"The leaders have been very much engaged on the issue of the role of ASEAN in the new global community. They use the word 'ASEAN centrality'; they use the word 'ASEAN as a driving force,' that ASEAN would like to maintain its centrality, its leadership. So we came up with this package of arrangements that will make ASEAN more consolidated8, more connected."

Supported by the ASEAN Charter which came into effect in 2008, the regional group of countries seeks to form common positions on security, economy and culture.

Pitsuwan says the confidence toward a more consolidated international voice lies in the grouping's strong rebound9 from the economic downturn.

"We are confident enough. We are recognized, and we have been given opportunities, for example at the G20. With various international forums11, ASEAN is recognized as a successful story."

The ASEAN countries include Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.

The East Asian grouping comprises the 10 southeast Asian countries along with six others, including China, India, Australia and Japan.


Yemen Arrests Mail Bomb Suspect

Yemeni authorities have arrested a woman and searched for other suspects believed to be linked to al-Qaida over a plot to mail bombs powerful enough to down a cargo plane.

Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh says the United States and the United Arab Emirates have provided him with information.

But he also says Yemen does not want foreign interference in domestic affairs.

"Yemen insists with its allies in the international community to fight terrorism by cooperation in exchange of information. We do not want anyone else to interfere12 in Yemen affairs and to fight al-Qaida in Yemen. We are the ones who will fight al-Qaida with our planes and equipment. We will fight them anywhere in Yemen."

The unnamed young woman, described as a medical student and the daughter of a petroleum13 engineer, has been arrested along with her mother on the outskirts14 of the capital, Sanaa.

Authorities on three continents have scrambled15 to check planes from Philadelphia in the US to central England, recovering two live explosive devices in Chicago.

UK Prime Minister David Cameron says the device found at England's East Midlands Airport was designed to go off on the aircraft.

A second device containing explosives was found on a cargo plane in Dubai.

US Homeland Security Secretary Janet Napolitano says the speed in which US authorities were able to identify and segregate17 the packages is the key to the success of the operation.

"We were able, with the systems we already have in place, to immediately identify the packages, to segregate them, to begin looking at them from a forensic18 standpoint, really analyze19 what's in them, and go further and put in place rules for the enhanced protection of cargo and passengers, particularly coming out of Yemen."

Several US officials including President Barack Obama say they are increasingly confident that al-Qaida's Yemen branch, the group behind the failed Detroit airliner20 bombing last Christmas, is responsible for the plot.


Indonesian Volcano Evacuees21 Sleeping in Tents

Nearly 50-thousand evacuees that fled the slopes of Mount Merapi are sleeping in temporary shelters, while alert levels for Indonesia's most active volcano remain at their highest level.

An elementary school is serving as evacuation barracks for villagers, about 10 kilometers away from Merapi.

"I will stay here in the shelter until the situation returns to normal, or the government lowers the alert level. We are closely watching Merapi's status."

The series of eruptions22 have killed at least 32 people.

The band of volunteers tending to the evacuees includes soldiers, college students and Red Cross workers.

Sukris is working in a kitchen prepared meals for more than 3,000 evacuees.

"We will stay here until the alert level is lowered by the government to standby status. And here, we provide food for 3,260 evacuees."

Meanwhile, Indonesia's Anak Krakatau volcano in East Java, has spewed ash and flaming rocks.

Local residents have been told to stay at least two kilometers away from the volcano.


Biodiversity Talks End with Call for 'Urgent' Action

Nearly 200 nations have agreed on a 10-year plan aimed at preserving nature at a United Nations biodiversity meeting in Nagoya, Japan.

The sweeping23 deal hopes to stem the loss of species by setting new 2020 targets to ensure greater protection of nature and enshrine its benefits for mankind.

Environmental ministers have also agreed on rules for sharing the benefits from genetic24 resources from nature between governments and companies, a trade and intellectual property issue.

Japanese environment minister and the meeting President Ryu Matsumoto hails the accomplishment25 and new targets as a step towards preserving the natural biosphere26.

"We were able to create ambitious yet practical post-2010 goals without undue27 delay. I believe that the setting of the Aichi target will have an extremely large meaning for the future of biodiversity."

Another part of the deal, the Nagoya Protocol28 on genetic resources, has taken members nearly 20 years to agree upon. It sets rules governing how nations manage and share benefits derived29 from forests and seas to create new drugs, crops or cosmetics30.

Karl Falkenberg, head of the European Commission Environment Department, says the protocol could unlock billions for developing countries where much of the world's natural riches remain.

"We will be able to remunerate access to genetic materials that will increase the livelihoods31 of many, many people. So I think it's for everyone a very good result, and I'm very happy that we did it tonight here in Nagoya."

Most developing countries are pleased with the measures aimed at ensuring they get a share in profits from products made from plants and other organisms.

Delegates say the outcome will send a positive signal to troubled UN climate negotiations32 set to resume in Cancun next month. The UN climate change talks have been bogged33 down by a split between rich and poor nations over how to share the burden of curbing34 greenhouse gas emissions35.

China to Close 2010 Shanghai World Expo

Crowds of visitors from across China have flocked to the Shanghai World Expo to catch a final glimpse of the international extravaganza before it ends on Sunday.

According to official figures, 70 million people had visited the Expo as of last Sunday, meeting the authorities' target and putting it well ahead of the previous record of 64 million visitors held by the 1970 Osaka World Expo.

For many like Zhang Shanglei, it is too big an event to miss.

"Usually on the weekends there are lots of people, so today I took a day off especially. Otherwise, I'd miss it. I've asked lots of people, and they all say 'Seeing the Expo is pretty exhausting, but if you don't see it, you'll regret.' It's a rare opportunity."

China says it spent $4.2 billion on preparing for the event—double what it spent at the 2008 Beijing Olympics. It has been the most expensive and largest Expo to date.

China hoped its Expo would be an opportunity to demonstrate the fruits of its economic transformation36.

Shuan Rein37, Managing Director of consultancy firm China Market Research Group, says a more relaxed attitude to hosting the mega-event has paid off.

"What I think that the organizer of the Expo did very well, which I think helped its soft power globally, was that they didn't overreact to some of the security concerns. I think in the run-up to the Olympics, the government made it very difficult for people to get visas, they shut down all outdoor terraces and even banned the sale of a lot of kitchen knives. I think at the World Expo they were able to have a safe, secure event over a six month period without potentially, or perhaps overly, being overly cautious."

China's Guangdong Province has already applied38 to host the World Expo in 2020.

The 2015 Expo will be hosted by Milan, Italy.


Experts Share Views on Sustainable Development at the Expo

The 2010 Shanghai Expo, with a focus of urban innovations and sustainable development, showcased the best of the world's beauty.

It has also drawn39 heated discussions among scholars about the future of China's developments and how to achieve a more sustainable world.

They shared their perspectives on these issues before attending the Summit Forum10, at the Expo.

Chen Zhe reports.

Reporter: As a Nobel Prize winner in economics, Michael Spence shows great interest in how China should sustain its economic growth in a globalized world.

He believes China will succeed, but says the economic transformation won't be easy.

"There're at least three major transitions going on at the same time. One is the mid16 income transition and that's when the income is forced to change in the composition of economy. The second transition is the economy has to be driven by the increasingly wealthy Chinese consumers. That means the income has to be shift structurally41. Third, China by far has reached a point of having huge systemic global effects and a much lower level of income than any predecessor42. So China has to do a balance between the domestic growth and participate in the management of a stable and global financial system."

He says the West is wrong to focus on the Renminbi appreciation43 and assume the situation will change. What the global economy really needs from China is its successful structural40 transformation and high growth rates.

Though economic prosperity is very important, the core of sustainable development should mainly be on energy consumption.

Nobel Laureate in Physics in 1984, Carlo Rubbia, calls for more financial support as inadequate44 investment on new energy development worldwide has hindered the utilization45 of renewable energy.

"Obviously, the problem is both political and economical. The main reason comes from the fact that today we are reinvesting into research and development an extremely small fraction of the value which is represented by the use of fossils, coal. We are not putting in enough money in order to make sure the new forms of energy can be developed successfully. The point is science is ready and technologies are ready to take the positions. But very little money is invested into the actual progress of this. "

To add to Rubbia's opinion, Du Weiming, Chair Professor of Chinese History and Philosophy at Harvard University, says human beings should not depend solely46 upon scientific innovation to achieve sustainability.

"Given the huge consumption of energy, scientific innovation won't solve the problem of sustainable development and the survival of human being. Human beings have to change their attitude, behavior as well as belief of living. This change should start from developed countries U.S. and the West."

The researcher adds that human beings should try to live better by consuming less.

He believes Chinese philosophy should be utilized47 to help create a sustainable world as it highlights the importance of harmony between humanity and nature.

For CRI, I'm Chen Zhe.


Insiders Call for Long Term Plans for "Hope Primary Schools"

China has been dismantling48 and merging49 some charity-funded primary schools in rural areas.

While the public feels bad about the shutdowns, insiders see them as a necessary step for the integration50 of education resources nationwide. He Fei has the details.

Reporter: Professor Fan Xianzuo of Huazhong Normal University researches the allocation of rural primary and middle schools in China.

He says one of the main reasons for the merger51 of charity-funded primary schools in rural areas is the shrinking of the rural population due to the country's one-child policy and the growth of the migrant worker population.

He says many of these schools are short on long-term plans.

"These schools,which are generally known as 'hope primary schools' in China, are funded by private persons or organizations. Therefore, they lack general plans for the big picture. Some local governments set up these schools blindly as long as there are donations."

Fan Xianzuo says the merging and dismantling of charity schools is a part of the country's overall plan to integrate its educational resources.

The number of primary schools in rural areas nationwide has decreased by nearly sixty percent in the last two decades.

Wang Wei, who has been doing charity projects in rural primary schools, points out that some problems must be resolved to make the process better.

"Many schools are short of support facilities such as canteens and dorms to accommodate all students after the mergers52. As the schools in villages are shut down, many students have to walk a long way and live in the new school. The living cost and safety become additional burdens for their families."

Tu Meng, General Secretary of the China Youth Development Foundation, a major power in building charity schools, agrees.

He says his organization will focus more on improving schools' support facilities as there are now enough classroom buildings.

"As the number of schools decreases, the demands on each school to accommodate more students increase. Therefore, building support facilities such as canteens and student dormitories has become our priority."

Besides, Wang Wei, the NGO volunteer, says in the long term teaching quality and the teachers' welfare will become more important for charity schools. He points out that the government should have a clear general picture of charity schools to avoid blind investments.

For CRI, I'm He Fei.

Dongfang Daily: Social Insurance Law Needs Improvements

China's top legislature has adopted the country's first social insurance law after reading it four times and releasing the draft to the general public for feedback.

An editorial in "Dongfang Daily" notes that the law was long in the making because legislators constantly added in administrative53 regulations and policies issued by ministries54 and commissions under the State Council. But the editorial argues that the law still lacks an institutional investment management system for social insurance funds.

The Social Insurance Law, which takes effect on July 1, 2011, seeks to prevent the improper55 use of social security funds, while guaranteeing a new endowment insurance system for rural residents. It specifies56 that all citizens have a common right to access and enjoy five kinds of insurance, including pension, medical, employment injury, unemployment and maternity57 insurance.

The editorial notes that two of the highlights of the new law are that it allows employees to transfer their basic endowment insurance accounts from one location to another should they move, and it promises a new endowment insurance system for rural residents.

The old regulations restricted movement of the country's increasing migrant population by creating obstacles to basic social insurance for people living and working outside their birthplaces.

The new law establishes a medical payment system that will allow medical insurance bills from one place to be repaid in another. Citizens also will be allowed to pay their pension premiums58 in one place and withdraw the funds in another.

But the editorial also says the country's first social insurance law will not please everyone because of some of the flaws it contains based on many historic and realistic limitations. For instance, the law does not thoroughly59 define the responsibilities of the National Council for Social Security Fund.

In conclusion, the editorial says lawmakers must make more efforts to create a safe and sound supervisory and investment system for the country's social insurance funds.


Tobacco Control in China

A smoking ban in public venues60, including restaurants and bars, will be imposed nationwide in about two months. The government pledged to ensure that all public places, workplaces and public transportations will go smoke free by January 2011.

But, an editorial in the China Daily raised doubts about whether the smoking ban will be strictly61 enforced.

According to the Ministry62 of Health, 50 million Chinese teenagers smoke and more than 50 percent of them are exposed to secondhand smoke in public places.

With 350 million smokers63, which accounts for more than a quarter of the world's total, the country is hooked on nicotine64. Fifty-three percent of men, aged7 15 and older, smoke regularly. About 1 million people die of smoking-related deaths each year.

The editorial contends that by January 2011, the tobacco industry will be prohibited from advertising65 and sponsoring events. The government however has failed to take the necessary steps to ensure the ban will be enforced.

China ratified66 the United Nations Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, an international treaty introduced in February 2005.

Beijing must implement67 effective methods to reduce tobacco use.

In reality, the China Daily argues that the reverse seems to be occurring. The rate of smoking has not changed significantly, and tobacco production has risen. The government needs to make good on its pledge to make public places in the nation clear of smoke.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 cargo 6TcyG     
n.(一只船或一架飞机运载的)货物
参考例句:
  • The ship has a cargo of about 200 ton.这条船大约有200吨的货物。
  • A lot of people discharged the cargo from a ship.许多人从船上卸下货物。
2 outweigh gJlxO     
vt.比...更重,...更重要
参考例句:
  • The merits of your plan outweigh the defects.你制定的计划其优点胜过缺点。
  • One's merits outweigh one's short-comings.功大于过。
3 bloc RxFzsg     
n.集团;联盟
参考例句:
  • A solid bloc of union members support the decision.工会会员团结起来支持该决定。
  • There have been growing tensions within the trading bloc.贸易同盟国的关系越来越紧张。
4 partnership NmfzPy     
n.合作关系,伙伴关系
参考例句:
  • The company has gone into partnership with Swiss Bank Corporation.这家公司已经和瑞士银行公司建立合作关系。
  • Martin has taken him into general partnership in his company.马丁已让他成为公司的普通合伙人。
5 premier R19z3     
adj.首要的;n.总理,首相
参考例句:
  • The Irish Premier is paying an official visit to Britain.爱尔兰总理正在对英国进行正式访问。
  • He requested that the premier grant him an internview.他要求那位总理接见他一次。
6 pact ZKUxa     
n.合同,条约,公约,协定
参考例句:
  • The two opposition parties made an electoral pact.那两个反对党订了一个有关选举的协定。
  • The trade pact between those two countries came to an end.那两国的通商协定宣告结束。
7 aged 6zWzdI     
adj.年老的,陈年的
参考例句:
  • He had put on weight and aged a little.他胖了,也老点了。
  • He is aged,but his memory is still good.他已年老,然而记忆力还好。
8 consolidated dv3zqt     
a.联合的
参考例句:
  • With this new movie he has consolidated his position as the country's leading director. 他新执导的影片巩固了他作为全国最佳导演的地位。
  • Those two banks have consolidated and formed a single large bank. 那两家银行已合并成一家大银行。
9 rebound YAtz1     
v.弹回;n.弹回,跳回
参考例句:
  • The vibrations accompanying the rebound are the earth quake.伴随这种回弹的振动就是地震。
  • Our evil example will rebound upon ourselves.我们的坏榜样会回到我们自己头上的。
10 forum cilx0     
n.论坛,讨论会
参考例句:
  • They're holding a forum on new ways of teaching history.他们正在举行历史教学讨论会。
  • The organisation would provide a forum where problems could be discussed.这个组织将提供一个可以讨论问题的平台。
11 forums 68daf8bdc8755fe8f4859024b3054fb8     
讨论会; 座谈会; 广播专题讲话节目; 集会的公共场所( forum的名词复数 ); 论坛,讨论会,专题讨论节目; 法庭
参考例句:
  • A few of the forums were being closely monitored by the administrators. 有些论坛被管理员严密监控。
  • It can cast a dark cloud over these forums. 它将是的论坛上空布满乌云。
12 interfere b5lx0     
v.(in)干涉,干预;(with)妨碍,打扰
参考例句:
  • If we interfere, it may do more harm than good.如果我们干预的话,可能弊多利少。
  • When others interfere in the affair,it always makes troubles. 别人一卷入这一事件,棘手的事情就来了。
13 petroleum WiUyi     
n.原油,石油
参考例句:
  • The Government of Iran advanced the price of petroleum last week.上星期伊朗政府提高了石油价格。
  • The purpose of oil refinery is to refine crude petroleum.炼油厂的主要工作是提炼原油。
14 outskirts gmDz7W     
n.郊外,郊区
参考例句:
  • Our car broke down on the outskirts of the city.我们的汽车在市郊出了故障。
  • They mostly live on the outskirts of a town.他们大多住在近郊。
15 scrambled 2e4a1c533c25a82f8e80e696225a73f2     
v.快速爬行( scramble的过去式和过去分词 );攀登;争夺;(军事飞机)紧急起飞
参考例句:
  • Each scrambled for the football at the football ground. 足球场上你争我夺。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
  • He scrambled awkwardly to his feet. 他笨拙地爬起身来。 来自《简明英汉词典》
16 mid doTzSB     
adj.中央的,中间的
参考例句:
  • Our mid-term exam is pending.我们就要期中考试了。
  • He switched over to teaching in mid-career.他在而立之年转入教学工作。
17 segregate eExys     
adj.分离的,被隔离的;vt.使分离,使隔离
参考例句:
  • We have to segregate for a few day.我们得分离一段日子。
  • Some societies still segregate men and women.有的社会仍然将男女隔离。
18 forensic 96zyv     
adj.法庭的,雄辩的
参考例句:
  • The report included his interpretation of the forensic evidence.该报告包括他对法庭证据的诠释。
  • The judge concluded the proceeding on 10:30 Am after one hour of forensic debate.经过近一个小时的法庭辩论后,法官于10时30分宣布休庭。
19 analyze RwUzm     
vt.分析,解析 (=analyse)
参考例句:
  • We should analyze the cause and effect of this event.我们应该分析这场事变的因果。
  • The teacher tried to analyze the cause of our failure.老师设法分析我们失败的原因。
20 airliner Azxz9v     
n.客机,班机
参考例句:
  • The pilot landed the airliner safely.驾驶员使客机安全着陆。
  • The passengers were shepherded across the tarmac to the airliner.旅客们被引导走过跑道去上飞机。
21 evacuees 68c032ac020acca4ffde7910b32b673f     
n.被疏散者( evacuee的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Moreover, for multi-exits, evacuees select a exit based on game theory. 在有多个出口时,疏散人员根据对策论选择出口。 来自互联网
  • Evacuees wade through flooded area following heavy monsoon rains in Peshawar on Saturday, July 31, 2010. 撤离灾区涉水通过后在白沙瓦沉重的季风降雨在周六,2010年7月31日。 来自互联网
22 eruptions ca60b8eba3620efa5cdd7044f6dd0b66     
n.喷发,爆发( eruption的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • There have been several volcanic eruptions this year. 今年火山爆发了好几次。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Over 200 people have been killed by volcanic eruptions. 火山喷发已导致200多人丧生。 来自辞典例句
23 sweeping ihCzZ4     
adj.范围广大的,一扫无遗的
参考例句:
  • The citizens voted for sweeping reforms.公民投票支持全面的改革。
  • Can you hear the wind sweeping through the branches?你能听到风掠过树枝的声音吗?
24 genetic PgIxp     
adj.遗传的,遗传学的
参考例句:
  • It's very difficult to treat genetic diseases.遗传性疾病治疗起来很困难。
  • Each daughter cell can receive a full complement of the genetic information.每个子细胞可以收到遗传信息的一个完全补偿物。
25 accomplishment 2Jkyo     
n.完成,成就,(pl.)造诣,技能
参考例句:
  • The series of paintings is quite an accomplishment.这一系列的绘画真是了不起的成就。
  • Money will be crucial to the accomplishment of our objectives.要实现我们的目标,钱是至关重要的。
26 biosphere 5Ryyu     
n.生命层,生物圈
参考例句:
  • The entire biosphere was becoming more transparent.整个生物圈越来越透明。
  • The impact of modern technology on the biosphere is evident worldwide.现代技术对生物圈的影响在全世界是明显的。
27 undue Vf8z6V     
adj.过分的;不适当的;未到期的
参考例句:
  • Don't treat the matter with undue haste.不要过急地处理此事。
  • It would be wise not to give undue importance to his criticisms.最好不要过分看重他的批评。
28 protocol nRQxG     
n.议定书,草约,会谈记录,外交礼节
参考例句:
  • We must observe the correct protocol.我们必须遵守应有的礼仪。
  • The statesmen signed a protocol.那些政治家签了议定书。
29 derived 6cddb7353e699051a384686b6b3ff1e2     
vi.起源;由来;衍生;导出v.得到( derive的过去式和过去分词 );(从…中)得到获得;源于;(从…中)提取
参考例句:
  • Many English words are derived from Latin and Greek. 英语很多词源出于拉丁文和希腊文。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • He derived his enthusiasm for literature from his father. 他对文学的爱好是受他父亲的影响。 来自《简明英汉词典》
30 cosmetics 5v8zdX     
n.化妆品
参考例句:
  • We sell a wide range of cosmetics at a very reasonable price. 我们以公道的价格出售各种化妆品。
  • Cosmetics do not always cover up the deficiencies of nature. 化妆品未能掩饰天生的缺陷。
31 livelihoods 53a2f8716b41c07918d6fc5d944b18a5     
生计,谋生之道( livelihood的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • First came the earliest individualistic pioneers who depended on hunting and fishing for their livelihoods. 走在最前面的是早期的个人主义先驱者,他们靠狩猎捕鱼为生。 来自英汉非文学 - 政府文件
  • With little influence over policies, their traditional livelihoods are threatened. 因为马赛族人对政策的影响力太小,他们的传统生计受到了威胁。
32 negotiations af4b5f3e98e178dd3c4bac64b625ecd0     
协商( negotiation的名词复数 ); 谈判; 完成(难事); 通过
参考例句:
  • negotiations for a durable peace 为持久和平而进行的谈判
  • Negotiations have failed to establish any middle ground. 谈判未能达成任何妥协。
33 bogged BxPzmV     
adj.陷于泥沼的v.(使)陷入泥沼, (使)陷入困境( bog的过去式和过去分词 );妨碍,阻碍
参考例句:
  • The professor bogged down in the middle of his speech. 教授的演讲只说了一半便讲不下去了。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
  • The tractor is bogged down in the mud. 拖拉机陷入了泥沼。 来自《简明英汉词典》
34 curbing 8c36e8e7e184a75aca623e404655efad     
n.边石,边石的材料v.限制,克制,抑制( curb的现在分词 )
参考例句:
  • Progress has been made in curbing inflation. 在控制通货膨胀方面已取得了进展。
  • A range of policies have been introduced aimed at curbing inflation. 为了抑制通货膨胀实施了一系列的政策。
35 emissions 1a87f8769eb755734e056efecb5e2da9     
排放物( emission的名词复数 ); 散发物(尤指气体)
参考例句:
  • Most scientists accept that climate change is linked to carbon emissions. 大多数科学家都相信气候变化与排放的含碳气体有关。
  • Dangerous emissions radiate from plutonium. 危险的辐射物从钚放散出来。
36 transformation SnFwO     
n.变化;改造;转变
参考例句:
  • Going to college brought about a dramatic transformation in her outlook.上大学使她的观念发生了巨大的变化。
  • He was struggling to make the transformation from single man to responsible husband.他正在努力使自己由单身汉变为可靠的丈夫。
37 rein xVsxs     
n.疆绳,统治,支配;vt.以僵绳控制,统治
参考例句:
  • The horse answered to the slightest pull on the rein.只要缰绳轻轻一拉,马就作出反应。
  • He never drew rein for a moment till he reached the river.他一刻不停地一直跑到河边。
38 applied Tz2zXA     
adj.应用的;v.应用,适用
参考例句:
  • She plans to take a course in applied linguistics.她打算学习应用语言学课程。
  • This cream is best applied to the face at night.这种乳霜最好晚上擦脸用。
39 drawn MuXzIi     
v.拖,拉,拔出;adj.憔悴的,紧张的
参考例句:
  • All the characters in the story are drawn from life.故事中的所有人物都取材于生活。
  • Her gaze was drawn irresistibly to the scene outside.她的目光禁不住被外面的风景所吸引。
40 structural itXw5     
adj.构造的,组织的,建筑(用)的
参考例句:
  • The storm caused no structural damage.风暴没有造成建筑结构方面的破坏。
  • The North American continent is made up of three great structural entities.北美大陆是由三个构造单元组成的。
41 structurally b9ab462aabf667bfba00ea360ed6c929     
在结构上
参考例句:
  • The house roof was (structurally) unsound. 这屋顶(结构)不牢固。
  • Pinhole on shot-hole damage is never structurally significant. 针孔和蛀洞所造成的危害对结构的影响不大。
42 predecessor qP9x0     
n.前辈,前任
参考例句:
  • It will share the fate of its predecessor.它将遭受与前者同样的命运。
  • The new ambassador is more mature than his predecessor.新大使比他的前任更成熟一些。
43 appreciation Pv9zs     
n.评价;欣赏;感谢;领会,理解;价格上涨
参考例句:
  • I would like to express my appreciation and thanks to you all.我想对你们所有人表达我的感激和谢意。
  • I'll be sending them a donation in appreciation of their help.我将送给他们一笔捐款以感谢他们的帮助。
44 inadequate 2kzyk     
adj.(for,to)不充足的,不适当的
参考例句:
  • The supply is inadequate to meet the demand.供不应求。
  • She was inadequate to the demands that were made on her.她还无力满足对她提出的各项要求。
45 utilization Of0zMC     
n.利用,效用
参考例句:
  • Computer has found an increasingly wide utilization in all fields.电子计算机已越来越广泛地在各个领域得到应用。
  • Modern forms of agricultural utilization,have completely refuted this assumption.现代农业利用形式,完全驳倒了这种想象。
46 solely FwGwe     
adv.仅仅,唯一地
参考例句:
  • Success should not be measured solely by educational achievement.成功与否不应只用学业成绩来衡量。
  • The town depends almost solely on the tourist trade.这座城市几乎完全靠旅游业维持。
47 utilized a24badb66c4d7870fd211f2511461fff     
v.利用,使用( utilize的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • In the19th century waterpower was widely utilized to generate electricity. 在19世纪人们大规模使用水力来发电。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The empty building can be utilized for city storage. 可以利用那栋空建筑物作城市的仓库。 来自《简明英汉词典》
48 dismantling 3d7840646b80ddcdce2dd04e396f7138     
(枪支)分解
参考例句:
  • The new government set about dismantling their predecessors' legislation. 新政府正着手废除其前任所制定的法律。
  • The dismantling of a nuclear reprocessing plant caused a leak of radioactivity yesterday. 昨天拆除核后处理工厂引起了放射物泄漏。
49 merging 65cc30ed55db36c739ab349d7c58dfe8     
合并(分类)
参考例句:
  • Many companies continued to grow by merging with or buying competing firms. 许多公司通过合并或收买竞争对手的公司而不断扩大。 来自英汉非文学 - 政府文件
  • To sequence by repeated splitting and merging. 用反复分开和合并的方法进行的排序。
50 integration G5Pxk     
n.一体化,联合,结合
参考例句:
  • We are working to bring about closer political integration in the EU.我们正在努力实现欧盟內部更加紧密的政治一体化。
  • This was the greatest event in the annals of European integration.这是欧洲统一史上最重大的事件。
51 merger vCJxG     
n.企业合并,并吞
参考例句:
  • Acceptance of the offer is the first step to a merger.对这项提议的赞同是合并的第一步。
  • Shareholders will be voting on the merger of the companies.股东们将投票表决公司合并问题。
52 mergers b4ab62fffa9919cbf1e93fcad6d3150c     
n.(两个公司的)合并( merger的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Mergers fall into three categories: horizontal, vertical, and conglomerate. 合并分为以下三种:横向合并,纵向合并和混合合并。 来自辞典例句
  • Many recent mergers are concentrated within specific industries, particularly in retailing, airlines and communications. 现代许多合并企业集中进行某些特定业务,在零售业、民航和通讯业中更是如此。 来自英汉非文学 - 政府文件
53 administrative fzDzkc     
adj.行政的,管理的
参考例句:
  • The administrative burden must be lifted from local government.必须解除地方政府的行政负担。
  • He regarded all these administrative details as beneath his notice.他认为行政管理上的这些琐事都不值一顾。
54 ministries 80c65392682fb821af91521513be1259     
(政府的)部( ministry的名词复数 ); 神职; 牧师职位; 神职任期
参考例句:
  • Local authorities must refer everything to the central ministries. 地方管理机构应请示中央主管部门。
  • The number of Ministries has been pared down by a third. 部委的数量已经减少了1/3。
55 improper b9txi     
adj.不适当的,不合适的,不正确的,不合礼仪的
参考例句:
  • Short trousers are improper at a dance.舞会上穿短裤不成体统。
  • Laughing and joking are improper at a funeral.葬礼时大笑和开玩笑是不合适的。
56 specifies 65fd0845f2dc2c4c95f87401e025e974     
v.指定( specify的第三人称单数 );详述;提出…的条件;使具有特性
参考例句:
  • The third clause of the contract specifies steel sashes for the windows. 合同的第三款指定使用钢窗。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The contract specifies red tiles, not slates, for the roof. 合同规定屋顶用红瓦,并非石板瓦。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
57 maternity kjbyx     
n.母性,母道,妇产科病房;adj.孕妇的,母性的
参考例句:
  • Women workers are entitled to maternity leave with full pay.女工产假期间工资照发。
  • Trainee nurses have to work for some weeks in maternity.受训的护士必须在产科病房工作数周。
58 premiums efa999cd01994787d84b066d2957eaa7     
n.费用( premium的名词复数 );保险费;额外费用;(商品定价、贷款利息等以外的)加价
参考例句:
  • He paid premiums on his life insurance last year. 他去年付了人寿保险费。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
  • Moves are afoot to increase car insurance premiums. 现正在酝酿提高汽车的保险费。 来自《简明英汉词典》
59 thoroughly sgmz0J     
adv.完全地,彻底地,十足地
参考例句:
  • The soil must be thoroughly turned over before planting.一定要先把土地深翻一遍再下种。
  • The soldiers have been thoroughly instructed in the care of their weapons.士兵们都系统地接受过保护武器的训练。
60 venues c277c9611f0a0f19beb3658245ac305f     
n.聚集地点( venue的名词复数 );会场;(尤指)体育比赛场所;犯罪地点
参考例句:
  • The band will be playing at 20 different venues on their UK tour. 这个乐队在英国巡回演出期间将在20个不同的地点演出。
  • Farmers market corner, 800 meters long, 60 meters wide livestock trading venues. 农牧市场东北角,有长800米,宽60米的牲畜交易场地。 来自互联网
61 strictly GtNwe     
adv.严厉地,严格地;严密地
参考例句:
  • His doctor is dieting him strictly.他的医生严格规定他的饮食。
  • The guests were seated strictly in order of precedence.客人严格按照地位高低就座。
62 ministry kD5x2     
n.(政府的)部;牧师
参考例句:
  • They sent a deputation to the ministry to complain.他们派了一个代表团到部里投诉。
  • We probed the Air Ministry statements.我们调查了空军部的记录。
63 smokers d3e72c6ca3bac844ba5aa381bd66edba     
吸烟者( smoker的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Many smokers who are chemically addicted to nicotine cannot cut down easily. 许多有尼古丁瘾的抽烟人不容易把烟戒掉。
  • Chain smokers don't care about the dangers of smoking. 烟鬼似乎不在乎吸烟带来的种种危害。
64 nicotine QGoxJ     
n.(化)尼古丁,烟碱
参考例句:
  • Many smokers who are chemically addicted to nicotine cannot cut down easily.许多有尼古丁瘾的抽烟人不容易把烟戒掉。
  • Many smokers who are chemically addicted to nicotine cannot cut down easily.许多有尼古丁瘾的抽烟人不容易把烟戒掉。
65 advertising 1zjzi3     
n.广告业;广告活动 a.广告的;广告业务的
参考例句:
  • Can you give me any advice on getting into advertising? 你能指点我如何涉足广告业吗?
  • The advertising campaign is aimed primarily at young people. 这个广告宣传运动主要是针对年轻人的。
66 ratified 307141b60a4e10c8e00fe98bc499667a     
v.批准,签认(合约等)( ratify的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • The treaty was declared invalid because it had not been ratified. 条约没有得到批准,因此被宣布无效。
  • The treaty was ratified by all the member states. 这个条约得到了所有成员国的批准。
67 implement WcdzG     
n.(pl.)工具,器具;vt.实行,实施,执行
参考例句:
  • Don't undertake a project unless you can implement it.不要承担一项计划,除非你能完成这项计划。
  • The best implement for digging a garden is a spade.在花园里挖土的最好工具是铁锹。
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