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News & Reports 2010-11-13

时间:2011-02-14 06:54来源:互联网 提供网友:hm3842   字体: [ ]
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Hello and Welcome to News and Reports on China Radio International.

In This Edition

The 16th Asian Games opens in central Guangzhou in a blaze of pyrotechnics as China staged the biggest sporting gala since the 2008 Beijing Olympics.

Leaders of the G20 group of major economies agree to come up with "indicative guidelines" to tackle the trade imbalances affecting global growth.

Iraq's parliament has approved the key leadership positions, in the first step toward forming a new government.

Chinese medical experts caution the widespread use of antibiotics1 is making more and more of us prone2 to the so-called superbugs.


Hot Issue Reports

Asian Games sets sail on Pearl River

The 16th Asian Games has opened in spectacular fashion on the banks of the Pearl River in the Chinese city of Guangzhou Friday night.

This is the biggest sporting gala since the 2008 Beijing Olympics.

The much-anticipated opening ceremony lived up to the hype, with a four-hour festival of fireworks, aero-acrobatics and pageantry.

Chinese Premier3 Wen Jiabao declared open of the games.

"I declare the sixteenth Asian Games open."

The extravaganza drew on Guangzhou's rich maritime4 history and indigenous5 Ling Nan culture in a purpose-built arena6 nestled on a small island on the Pearl River, decked out with a water stage, giant screens, fountains and the city's skyline behind it.

Chinese Olympic diving champion He Chong ignited a giant firework whose flare7 shot up and lit the cauldron.
Before the lighting8 of the cauldron, the team of Afghanistan headed the athlete parade, which was concluded by host China with Olympic women's rowing champion Jin Ziwei as the flag bearer.

People were amazed by the firework display of the ceremony.

"Today is the opening day of the Guangzhou Asian Games. I heard there would be a grand fireworks display and thousands of fireworks would be set off, so I came here with several friends. It was amazing and so beautiful."

"I came late because I travelled all the way here from Shenzhen just to see the fireworks. It was so beautiful, especially the one with a red frame and a yellow star inside. It is a symbol of our country."

The Asian Games run from Nov. 12-27 with around 10,000 athletes from 45 countries taking part in 42 sports.


G20 reach "indicative" guidelines on currency and recovery

Leaders of the G20 group of major economies have agreed to come up with "indicative guidelines" to tackle the trade imbalances affecting world growth.


Hong Kong Chief Executive Voice objection to US Monetary9 decision

Hong Kong Chief Executive Donald Tsang is joining a number of other world leaders in voicing strong objection to United States' recent decision to buy 600 billion US dollars in US Treasuries10.

Speaking ahead of this weekend's APEC leaders meeting, Tsang says that the possibility of an economic "tsunami11" is a real danger.

"Please don't think that I am overly optimistic about the recovery. On the contrary, I'm pretty much concerned about impact of the US second round of quantitative12 easing on Asian economies."

Tsang also suggests that we could possibly see a repeate of the Asian financial crisis of the late 1990's if things go bad.

"You can see rapidly emerging bubbles in different pockets of Asia. And if any one of these bubbles burst, in whatever countries we have in here, whether it is in the securities market, or whether it is in the property market, it will be highly infectious."

The APEC economic talks are scheduled to start Saturday.


Maliki reappointed Iraqi prime minister

Iraq's parliament has approved the key leadership positions, in the first step toward forming a new government.

This comes after a breakthrough deal ending the eight-month political deadlock13 in Iraq.

Jalal Talabani has now been re-elected as the Kurdish Iraqi president, despite a walk-out by members of Sunni-backed Iraqiya bloc14 led by former Prime Minister Ayad Allawi.

"I swear to abide15 by article 76B of the constitution, to assign the post of prime minister to the candidate of the largest block in the parliament, which is the Alliance Block. Therefore, I shall ask my dear and capable brother, Dr Nouri al-Maliki to form the new cabinet."

Maliki remains16 prime minister, ending an impasse17 that is believed to have been exaserbating sectarian violence in Iraq.

The deal on the top government posts brings together Shi'ites, Sunnis and Kurds in a power-sharing arrangement. But the walkout by Allawi underlines the Sunni minority's reluctance18 about the deal, which ensures continued Shiite domination.
But for average Iraqis, most just are just glad to see the stalemate end.

"Today, the parliament holds the first session. And we hope that the new government will be good and benefit the Iraqi people. And we hope that the new government will be fair with Iraqi citizens."

"The formation of a new government is a great accomplishment19. I hope that it is a good step forward to solve all crises Iraq is passing through, God willing."

The Sunni-backed Iraqiya coalition20 won the most seats in the March parliamentary elections, but not a majority, which is why the situation has remained unsettled.

A new government won't be formally in place for several weeks.


Karachi CID building attack funerals to be held

Funerals were set to be held for the victims of Thursday's attack on the anti-terrorist police headquarters in Karachi, which left 20 dead.

Investigators21 are sifting22 through the debris23 and examining internal video footage at the site.

A truck filled with explosives slammed into the Criminal Investigation24 Department building last night and then blew up.
The building is used to hold and interrogate25 militants26, including those from banned organisations. It's not clear how many were inside at the time.

Many houses in the surrounding area were damaged by the blast.

Naeem Butt's house in front of the CID building was destroyed by the force of the blast.

"We were in the house when this incident took place. All of a sudden, around 8:15 in the evening, I heard sound of a heavy gunfire. There were also small explosions of hand grenades. The firing continued for 8 to 10 minutes. Then suddenly there was this blast. Our house collapsed27 with the explosion. When we got out of the house, we saw everything engulfed28 in a cloud of dust."

The group Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan has claimed responsibility for the attack, saying it was in retaliation29 for U.S. air strikes in the country's northwest tribal30 areas.


EU budget talks stalled over austerity calls

European Union nations and the EU parliament have failed to agree on a new budget for the 27-member bloc, with member countries calling for spending restraint.

The European Parliament is demanding a 6.2 percent increase in the budget, while the maximum that is going to be allowed by Britain and ten other member states is 2.9 percent.

Belgian State Secretary Melchior Wathelet chaired the meeting.

"Discussions on the 2011 budget have been particularly encouraging but as you can understand other political considerations are attached to the budget, and to these we haven't found a solution so no global agreement on all issues."

Britain is now pushing through deep cuts in its own public spending, and all other EU member nations have been curbing31 their spending as well to meet the challenges of the financial crisis.

The EU budget currently hovers32 around 130 billion billion Euros, and is primarily used to fund agriculture and aid programmes to the EU's poorer regions.

Talks between the two sides will continue on Monday, when they will face a midnight deadline.

Food Prices Drive Up CPI

With inflation surging here in China, many are now watching helplessly as their grocery budget errodes before their eyes. CRI"s Liu Min reports what's causing the spike33 in food prices, and what the government is proposing to do about it.


Experts Call for Stop of Antibiotics Abuse

With winter weather now starting to set in, particularly here in northern China, a medical expert says that while China has entered the annual peak period for the flu, the chances of a large-scale outbreak are low.

Despite this, experts are still cautioning that the widespread use of antibiotics is making more and more of us prone to the so-called superbugs.


Chinese vase fetches US$69 million at UK auction34

An 18th century Chinese porcelain35 vase discovered when a house was being cleared out has been sold in a London auction for some 69 million US dollars.

Bainbridges, the auction house, says the final price for the 16-inch vase - an imperially-commissioned piece decorated with a fish motif36 - far exceeded the pre-auction estimate of around 2 million dollars.

The final amount is thought to be the highest ever paid for any Chinese artwork sold at auction.

Luan Grocholski is a valuer with Bainbridge.

"The more I looked at it, the better it became, so that was the point at which I said if this is real we're into millions."

After fierce competition among potential Chinese buyers, the vase was eventually bought by a Chinese bidder37, who turned up to bid on behalf of an undisclosed buyer.

The auction house - a small, independent company in London that runs auctions38 and valuations for people clearing their homes - says the vase is of exceptional quality and that it knew the estimated price was "a bit conservative."
Media Digest

From the Shanghai Daily: The Chinese cyber buzzword "geili" - which describes something as "cool," "awesome39" or "exciting" - has received an "official seal of approval" with an appearance in the official newspaper of the Communist Party of China.

"Geili" was featured in a headline on the front page of People's Daily this week. While the meaning was slightly different, in the newspaper it meant "empower," millions of people online here in China now seem delighted and surprised to see it used by the Party newspaper.

Online jargon40 is usually considered too casual for standard written language, and is thus excluded from language guidelines.

"Geili" is created from two Chinese characters "gei" and "li." Literally41, it means "giving power," but is now widely accepted as an adjective describing something that's "cool."


From Cell Magazine: A group of Austrian and U.S. scientists have now identified a gene42 that could affect human susceptibility to pain.

The gene was uncovered while they conducted genetic43 screens in fruit flies. Of the 600 pain-related genes44, the scientists zeroed in on those with mutations that appeared to be specific to pain. Finally, a gene called alpha 2 delta45 3 was chosen for further study.

Studies of mice lacking alpha 2 delta 3 demonstrated that this gene controls sensitivity to noxious46 heat in mammals as well as flies.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 antibiotics LzgzQT     
n.(用作复数)抗生素;(用作单数)抗生物质的研究;抗生素,抗菌素( antibiotic的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • the discovery of antibiotics in the 20th century 20世纪抗生素的发现
  • The doctor gave me a prescription for antibiotics. 医生给我开了抗生素。
2 prone 50bzu     
adj.(to)易于…的,很可能…的;俯卧的
参考例句:
  • Some people are prone to jump to hasty conclusions.有些人往往作出轻率的结论。
  • He is prone to lose his temper when people disagree with him.人家一不同意他的意见,他就发脾气。
3 premier R19z3     
adj.首要的;n.总理,首相
参考例句:
  • The Irish Premier is paying an official visit to Britain.爱尔兰总理正在对英国进行正式访问。
  • He requested that the premier grant him an internview.他要求那位总理接见他一次。
4 maritime 62yyA     
adj.海的,海事的,航海的,近海的,沿海的
参考例句:
  • Many maritime people are fishermen.许多居于海滨的人是渔夫。
  • The temperature change in winter is less in maritime areas.冬季沿海的温差较小。
5 indigenous YbBzt     
adj.土产的,土生土长的,本地的
参考例句:
  • Each country has its own indigenous cultural tradition.每个国家都有自己本土的文化传统。
  • Indians were the indigenous inhabitants of America.印第安人是美洲的土著居民。
6 arena Yv4zd     
n.竞技场,运动场所;竞争场所,舞台
参考例句:
  • She entered the political arena at the age of 25. 她25岁进入政界。
  • He had not an adequate arena for the exercise of his talents.他没有充分发挥其才能的场所。
7 flare LgQz9     
v.闪耀,闪烁;n.潮红;突发
参考例句:
  • The match gave a flare.火柴发出闪光。
  • You need not flare up merely because I mentioned your work.你大可不必因为我提到你的工作就动怒。
8 lighting CpszPL     
n.照明,光线的明暗,舞台灯光
参考例句:
  • The gas lamp gradually lost ground to electric lighting.煤气灯逐渐为电灯所代替。
  • The lighting in that restaurant is soft and romantic.那个餐馆照明柔和而且浪漫。
9 monetary pEkxb     
adj.货币的,钱的;通货的;金融的;财政的
参考例句:
  • The monetary system of some countries used to be based on gold.过去有些国家的货币制度是金本位制的。
  • Education in the wilderness is not a matter of monetary means.荒凉地区的教育不是钱财问题。
10 treasuries 506f29b3521f9522ba67d6c04ba661f5     
n.(政府的)财政部( treasury的名词复数 );国库,金库
参考例句:
  • Yields on Treasuries, Bunds and gilts can remain at historically low levels. 美国国债、德国国债和英国国债的收益率仍然可以维持在历史低位。 来自互联网
  • Treasuries and gold rose in response but the dollar fell sharply. 接着,国债和黄金的价格上涨,而美元价格则猛跌。 来自互联网
11 tsunami bpAyo     
n.海啸
参考例句:
  • Powerful quake sparks tsunami warning in Japan.大地震触发了日本的海啸预警。
  • Coastlines all around the Indian Ocean inundated by a huge tsunami.大海啸把印度洋沿岸地区都淹没了。
12 quantitative TCpyg     
adj.数量的,定量的
参考例句:
  • He said it was only a quantitative difference.他说这仅仅是数量上的差别。
  • We need to do some quantitative analysis of the drugs.我们对药物要进行定量分析。
13 deadlock mOIzU     
n.僵局,僵持
参考例句:
  • The negotiations reached a deadlock after two hours.两小时后,谈判陷入了僵局。
  • The employers and strikers are at a deadlock over the wage.雇主和罢工者在工资问题上相持不下。
14 bloc RxFzsg     
n.集团;联盟
参考例句:
  • A solid bloc of union members support the decision.工会会员团结起来支持该决定。
  • There have been growing tensions within the trading bloc.贸易同盟国的关系越来越紧张。
15 abide UfVyk     
vi.遵守;坚持;vt.忍受
参考例句:
  • You must abide by the results of your mistakes.你必须承担你的错误所造成的后果。
  • If you join the club,you have to abide by its rules.如果你参加俱乐部,你就得遵守它的规章。
16 remains 1kMzTy     
n.剩余物,残留物;遗体,遗迹
参考例句:
  • He ate the remains of food hungrily.他狼吞虎咽地吃剩余的食物。
  • The remains of the meal were fed to the dog.残羹剩饭喂狗了。
17 impasse xcJz1     
n.僵局;死路
参考例句:
  • The government had reached an impasse.政府陷入绝境。
  • Negotiations seemed to have reached an impasse.谈判似乎已经陷入僵局。
18 reluctance 8VRx8     
n.厌恶,讨厌,勉强,不情愿
参考例句:
  • The police released Andrew with reluctance.警方勉强把安德鲁放走了。
  • He showed the greatest reluctance to make a reply.他表示很不愿意答复。
19 accomplishment 2Jkyo     
n.完成,成就,(pl.)造诣,技能
参考例句:
  • The series of paintings is quite an accomplishment.这一系列的绘画真是了不起的成就。
  • Money will be crucial to the accomplishment of our objectives.要实现我们的目标,钱是至关重要的。
20 coalition pWlyi     
n.结合体,同盟,结合,联合
参考例句:
  • The several parties formed a coalition.这几个政党组成了政治联盟。
  • Coalition forces take great care to avoid civilian casualties.联盟军队竭尽全力避免造成平民伤亡。
21 investigators e970f9140785518a87fc81641b7c89f7     
n.调查者,审查者( investigator的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • This memo could be the smoking gun that investigators have been looking for. 这份备忘录可能是调查人员一直在寻找的证据。
  • The team consisted of six investigators and two secretaries. 这个团队由六个调查人员和两个秘书组成。 来自《简明英汉词典》
22 sifting 6c53b58bc891cb3e1536d7f574e1996f     
n.筛,过滤v.筛( sift的现在分词 );筛滤;细查;详审
参考例句:
  • He lay on the beach, sifting the sand through his fingers. 他躺在沙滩上用手筛砂子玩。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • I was sifting the cinders when she came in. 她进来时,我正在筛煤渣。 来自辞典例句
23 debris debris     
n.瓦砾堆,废墟,碎片
参考例句:
  • After the bombing there was a lot of debris everywhere.轰炸之后到处瓦砾成堆。
  • Bacteria sticks to food debris in the teeth,causing decay.细菌附着在牙缝中的食物残渣上,导致蛀牙。
24 investigation MRKzq     
n.调查,调查研究
参考例句:
  • In an investigation,a new fact became known, which told against him.在调查中新发现了一件对他不利的事实。
  • He drew the conclusion by building on his own investigation.他根据自己的调查研究作出结论。
25 interrogate Tb7zV     
vt.讯问,审问,盘问
参考例句:
  • The lawyer took a long time to interrogate the witness fully.律师花了很长时间仔细询问目击者。
  • We will interrogate the two suspects separately.我们要对这两个嫌疑人单独进行审讯。
26 militants 3fa50c1e4338320d8495907fdc5bdbaf     
激进分子,好斗分子( militant的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The militants have been sporadically fighting the government for years. 几年来,反叛分子一直对政府实施零星的战斗。
  • Despite the onslaught, Palestinian militants managed to fire off rockets. 尽管如此,巴勒斯坦的激进分子仍然发射导弹。
27 collapsed cwWzSG     
adj.倒塌的
参考例句:
  • Jack collapsed in agony on the floor. 杰克十分痛苦地瘫倒在地板上。
  • The roof collapsed under the weight of snow. 房顶在雪的重压下突然坍塌下来。
28 engulfed 52ce6eb2bc4825e9ce4b243448ffecb3     
v.吞没,包住( engulf的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • He was engulfed by a crowd of reporters. 他被一群记者团团围住。
  • The little boat was engulfed by the waves. 小船被波浪吞没了。 来自《简明英汉词典》
29 retaliation PWwxD     
n.报复,反击
参考例句:
  • retaliation against UN workers 对联合国工作人员的报复
  • He never said a single word in retaliation. 他从未说过一句反击的话。 来自《简明英汉词典》
30 tribal ifwzzw     
adj.部族的,种族的
参考例句:
  • He became skilled in several tribal lingoes.他精通几种部族的语言。
  • The country was torn apart by fierce tribal hostilities.那个国家被部落间的激烈冲突弄得四分五裂。
31 curbing 8c36e8e7e184a75aca623e404655efad     
n.边石,边石的材料v.限制,克制,抑制( curb的现在分词 )
参考例句:
  • Progress has been made in curbing inflation. 在控制通货膨胀方面已取得了进展。
  • A range of policies have been introduced aimed at curbing inflation. 为了抑制通货膨胀实施了一系列的政策。
32 hovers a2e4e67c73750d262be7fdd8c8ae6133     
鸟( hover的第三人称单数 ); 靠近(某事物); (人)徘徊; 犹豫
参考例句:
  • A hawk hovers in the sky. 一只老鹰在天空盘旋。
  • A hen hovers her chicks. 一只母鸡在孵小鸡。
33 spike lTNzO     
n.长钉,钉鞋;v.以大钉钉牢,使...失效
参考例句:
  • The spike pierced the receipts and held them in order.那个钉子穿过那些收据并使之按顺序排列。
  • They'll do anything to spike the guns of the opposition.他们会使出各种手段来挫败对手。
34 auction 3uVzy     
n.拍卖;拍卖会;vt.拍卖
参考例句:
  • They've put the contents of their house up for auction.他们把房子里的东西全都拿去拍卖了。
  • They bought a new minibus with the proceeds from the auction.他们用拍卖得来的钱买了一辆新面包车。
35 porcelain USvz9     
n.瓷;adj.瓷的,瓷制的
参考例句:
  • These porcelain plates have rather original designs on them.这些瓷盘的花纹很别致。
  • The porcelain vase is enveloped in cotton.瓷花瓶用棉花裹着。
36 motif mEvxX     
n.(图案的)基本花纹,(衣服的)花边;主题
参考例句:
  • Alienation is a central motif in her novels.疏离感是她小说的一个重要的主题。
  • The jacket has a rose motif on the collar.这件夹克衫领子上有一朵玫瑰花的图案。
37 bidder oyrzTm     
n.(拍卖时的)出价人,报价人,投标人
参考例句:
  • TV franchises will be auctioned to the highest bidder.电视特许经营权将拍卖给出价最高的投标人。
  • The bidder withdrew his bid after submission of his bid.投标者在投标之后撤销了投标书。
38 auctions 1c44b3008dd1a89803d9b2f2bd58e57a     
n.拍卖,拍卖方式( auction的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • They picked up most of the furniture at auctions in country towns. 他们大部分的家具都是在乡村镇上的拍卖处买的。 来自辞典例句
  • Our dealers didn't want these cars, so we had to dump them at auctions. 我们的承销商都不要这些车子,因此我们只好贱价拍卖。 来自辞典例句
39 awesome CyCzdV     
adj.令人惊叹的,难得吓人的,很好的
参考例句:
  • The church in Ireland has always exercised an awesome power.爱尔兰的教堂一直掌握着令人敬畏的权力。
  • That new white convertible is totally awesome.那辆新的白色折篷汽车简直棒极了.
40 jargon I3sxk     
n.术语,行话
参考例句:
  • They will not hear critics with their horrible jargon.他们不愿意听到评论家们那些可怕的行话。
  • It is important not to be overawed by the mathematical jargon.要紧的是不要被数学的术语所吓倒.
41 literally 28Wzv     
adv.照字面意义,逐字地;确实
参考例句:
  • He translated the passage literally.他逐字逐句地翻译这段文字。
  • Sometimes she would not sit down till she was literally faint.有时候,她不走到真正要昏厥了,决不肯坐下来。
42 gene WgKxx     
n.遗传因子,基因
参考例句:
  • A single gene may have many effects.单一基因可能具有很多种效应。
  • The targeting of gene therapy has been paid close attention.其中基因治疗的靶向性是值得密切关注的问题之一。
43 genetic PgIxp     
adj.遗传的,遗传学的
参考例句:
  • It's very difficult to treat genetic diseases.遗传性疾病治疗起来很困难。
  • Each daughter cell can receive a full complement of the genetic information.每个子细胞可以收到遗传信息的一个完全补偿物。
44 genes 01914f8eac35d7e14afa065217edd8c0     
n.基因( gene的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • You have good genes from your parents, so you should live a long time. 你从父母那儿获得优良的基因,所以能够活得很长。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Differences will help to reveal the functions of the genes. 它们间的差异将会帮助我们揭开基因多种功能。 来自英汉非文学 - 生命科学 - 生物技术的世纪
45 delta gxvxZ     
n.(流的)角洲
参考例句:
  • He has been to the delta of the Nile.他曾去过尼罗河三角洲。
  • The Nile divides at its mouth and forms a delta.尼罗河在河口分岔,形成了一个三角洲。
46 noxious zHOxB     
adj.有害的,有毒的;使道德败坏的,讨厌的
参考例句:
  • Heavy industry pollutes our rivers with noxious chemicals.重工业产生的有毒化学品会污染我们的河流。
  • Many household products give off noxious fumes.很多家用产品散发有害气体。
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