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大学英语精读第五册 Unit 10

时间:2006-01-24 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:999999   字体: [ ]
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                 UNIT 10

TEXT

In 1863 President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation1 Proclamation freeing all slaves in the United States. One hundred years after this decree was signed, however, the life of blacks was still "sadly crippled by the manacles of segregation2 and the chains of discrimination." On August 28, 1963, a quarter of a million people of all races came to Washington, D. C. to show their support for freedom and justice for all Americans, and for black people in particular. At that demonstration3 Martin Luther King, Jr. delivered this famous speech, widely regarded as the most eloquent4 statement of the black people's dreams and aspirations5 ever made. Dr. King told the world, "I have a dream" that equality would come "to all of God's children." He said he wanted everyone to be able to "join hands and sing in the words of the old Negro spiritual, 'Free at last! Free at last!…'"

              I Have a Dream
                   by Martin Luther King, Jr.

    Five score years ago, a great American, in whose symbolic6 shadow we stand, signed the Emancipation Proclamation. This momentous7 decree came as a great beacon8 light of hope to millions of Negro salves who had been seared in the flames of withering9 injustice10. It came as a joyous11 daybreak to end the long night of captivity12.
    But one hundred years later, we must face the tragic13 fact that the Negro is still not free. One hundred tears later, the life of the Negro is still sadly crippled by the manacles of segregation and the chains of discrimination. One hundred years later, the Negro lives on a lonely island of poverty in the midst of a vast ocean of material prosperity. One hundred years later, the Negro is still languishing14 in the corners of American society and finds himself an exile in his own land. So we have come here today to dramatize an appalling15 condition.
    In a sense we have come to our nation's capital to cash a check. When the architects of our republic wrote the magnificent words of the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence, they were signing a promissory note to which every American was to fall heir. This note was a promise that all men would be guaranteed the inalienable rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
    It is obvious today that America has defaulted on this promissory note insofar as her citizens of color are concerned. Instead of honoring this sacred obligation, America has given the Negro people a bad check; a check which has come back marked "insufficient16 funds." But we refuse to believe that the bank of justice is bankrupt. We refuse to believe that there are insufficient funds in the great vaults17 of opportunity of this nation. So we have come to cash this check -- a check that will give us upon demand the riches of freedom and the security of justice. We have also come to this hallowed spot to remind America of the fierce urgency of now. This is no time to engage in the luxury of cooling off or to take the tranquilizing drug of gradualism. Now is the time to make real the promises of Democracy. Now is the time to rise from the dark and desolate18 valley of segregation to the sunlit path of racial justice. Now is the time to open the doors of opportunity to all of God's children. Now is the time to lift our nation from the quicksands of racial injustice to the solid rock of brotherhood19.
    It would be fatal for the nation to overlook the urgency of the moment and to underestimate the determination of the Negro. This sweltering summer of the Negro's legitimate20 discontent will not pass until there is an invigorating autumn of freedom and equality. 1963 is not an end, but a beginning. There will be neither rest nor tranquility in America until the Negro is granted his citizenship21 rights. The whirlwind of revolt will continue to shake the foundations of our nation until the bright day of justice emerges.
    But there is something I must say to my people who stand on the warm threshold which leads into the palace of justice. In the process of gaining our rightful place we must not be guilty of wrongful deeds. Let us not seek to satisfy our thirst for freedom by drinking from the cup of bitterness and hatred22. We must forever conduct our struggle on the high plane of dignity and discipline. We must not allow our creative protest to degenerate23 into physical violence. Again and again we must rise to the majestic24 heights of meeting physical force with soul force. The marvelous new militancy25 which people, for many of our white brothers, as evidenced by their presence here presence here today, have come to realize that their destiny is tied up with our destiny and their freedom is inextricably bound to our freedom. We cannot walk alone.
    And as we walk, we must make the pledge that we shall always march ahead. We cannot turn back. There are those who are asking the devotees of civil rights, "When will you be satisfied?" We can never be satisfied as long as the Negro is the victim of the unspeakable horrors of police brutality27. We can never be satisfied as long as our bodies, heavy with the fatigue28 of travel, cannot gain lodging29 in the motels of the highways and the hotels of the cities. We can never be satisfied as long as our children are stripped of their selfhood and robbed of their dignity by signs stating "For Whites Only," We cannot be satisfied as long as the Negro's basic mobility30 is from a smaller ghetto31 to a larger one. We can never be satisfied as long as a Negro in Mississippi cannot vote and a Negro in New York believes he has nothing for which to vote. No, no, we are not satisfied, and we will not be satisfied until justice rolls down like waters and righteousness like a mighty32 stream.
    I say to you today, my friends, that in spite of the difficulties and frustrations33 of the moment I still have a dream. It is a dream deeply rooted in the American dream.
I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed34: "We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal."
 I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slaveowners will be able to sit down together at the table of brotherhood.
I have a dream that even the state of Mississippi, a desert state sweltering with the heat of injustice and oppression, will be transformed into an oasis35 of freedom and justice.
    I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character.
    I have a dream today.
    I have a dream that the state of Alabama will be transformed into a situation where little black boys and black girls will be able to join hands with little white boys and white girls and walk together as sisters and brothers.
    I have a dream today.
    I have a dream that one day every valley shall be exalted36, every hill and mountain shall be made low, the rough place will be made plain, and the crooked37 places will be made straight, and the glory of the Lord shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together.
    This is our hope. This is the faith with which I return to the South. With this faith we will be able to hew38 out of the mountain of despair a stone of hope. With this faith we will be able to transform the jangling discords39 of our nation into a beautiful symphony of brotherhood. With this faith we will be able to work together, to pray together, to struggle together, to go to jail together, to stand up for freedom together, knowing that we will be free one day.
    This will be the day when all of God's children will be able to sing with new meaning:
      My country, tis of thee
      Sweet land of liberty
       Of thee I sing:
     Land where my fathers died,
     Land of the pilgrims' pride,
     From every mountainside
        Let freedom ring.
    And if America is to be a great nation this must become true. So let freedom ring from the prodigious40 hilltops of New Hampshire! Let freedom ring from the heightening Alleghenies of Pennsylvania!
    Let freedom ring from the snowcapped Rockies of Colorado!
    Let freedom ring from the curvaceous slopes of California!
    But not only that; let freedom ring from Stone Mountain of Georgia!
    Let freedom ring from Lookout41 Mountain of Tennessee.
    Let freedom ring from every hill and molehill of Mississippi. From every mountainside, let freedom ring.
    When we let freedom ring, when we let it ring from every village and every hamlet, from every state and every city, we will be able to speed up that day when all of God's children, black men and white men, Jews and Gentiles, Protestants and Catholics, will be able to join hands and sing in the words of the old Negro spiritual, "Free at last! Free at last! Thank God Almighty43, we are free at last!" 

NEW WORDS

    Jr.
abbr. Junior, a term used with name of a son who has the same name as his father
    symbolic
a.  of, having to do with, or using symbols 象征(性)的
    emancipation
n.  the act or process of setting free from slavery
    proclamation
n.  an official public announcement 宣言,声明
    proclaim
vt. announce publicly
    momentous
n.  very important or significant 重大的
    momentum
n.  the force or speed of a moving object 动量
    decree
n.  an official order; law 法令
    beacon
n.  a light used to guide or warn  灯塔;灯标
    Negro
n.  a person belonging to the black race
    sear
vt. burn with a powerful heat 烧焦灼伤
    flame
n.  a glowing mass of light given off by a burning substance  火焰
    wither
v.  (cause to) dry up (使)枯萎
    joyous
a.  full of joy; joyful
    daybreak
n.  the time each morning when light first shows;
    captivity
n.  the state of being in prison or held against one's will 监禁;束缚
    captive
vt. (a person) confined or held against his will
    cripple
vt. injure so as to make useless 使伤残
    manacle
n.  (usu. pl.) either of a pair of iron rings joined by a chain, used for fastening the hands or feet of a prisoner 手铐;脚镣
    segregation
vt. the separate of one racial group from the rest of society 种族隔离
    segregate44
vt. separate or keep apart from others
    discrimination
n.  behavior marked by unfairness or injustice toward others because of color, religion, sex, or age 歧视
    poverty
n.  the condition of being poor
    prosperity
n.  success or good fortune
    languish
vi. experience long suffering 受苦,受折磨
    exile
n.  forced removal from one's country or home; a person who has been forced to leave his country (被)流放(者)
    appalling
a.  shocking; extremely bad 骇人听闻的,极恶劣的
    architect
n.  a person who designs buildings and supervises their construction; a maker45; creator 建筑师;设计师;缔造者;创造者
    independence
n.  the condition or quality of being independent
    promissory
a.  containing or implying a promise
    promissory note
a.  written promise to pay a stated sum of money to a certain person at a certain time 期票
    heir
n.  a person who inherits or has the right to inherit the money or property of another 继承人
    inalienable
a.  cannot be taken away 不可剥夺的
    liberty
n.  freedom from the control or rule of another
    pursuit
n.  the act of pursuing; an occupation
    default
vi. fail to do what is required
    insofar
ad. to such an extent or degree
    sacred
a.  holy 神圣的
    obligation
n.  a duty one must carry out 义务,责任
    insufficient
a.  not enough
    justice
n.  the quality of being just or fair; fair treatment according to law or honor
    bankrupt
a.  unable to pay one's debts 破产的
    vault
n.  a room with strong walls, used for keeping valuables safe 金库,保管库
    riches
n.  great wealth
    hallow
vt. make or treat as holy 使成神圣;把...视为神圣
    urgency
n.  need for immediate46 action or attention
    tranquilize
vt. make or treat as holy
    gradualism
n.  the principle or method of gradual, as opposed to immediate, change
    desolate
a.  without people; lonely and sad 荒凉的;孤寂的
    racial
a.  of or having to do with race
    quicksand
n.  a naturally occurring mixture of sand and water into which anything resting on its surface sinks 流沙
    brotherhood
n.  close feeling or friendship among a group; fellowship
    fatal
a.  causing death; bringing danger or ruin
    underestimate
vt. guess too low a value for; have too low an opinion of
    determination
n.  a strong and firm purpose 决心
    sweltering
n.  unpleasantly hot
    swelter
v.  oppress with, or suffer from, heat
    legitimate
a.  being or acting47 in agreement with the law; reasonable, fair 合法的;合理的
    discontent
n.  lack of satisfaction; restless unhappiness
    invigorate
vt. to give a feeling of freshness and healthy strength to 使精力充沛;使健壮
    equality
n.  the condition of being equal
    tranquility
n.  calmness; peacefulness
    citizenship
n.  the state being a citizen
    whirlwind
n.  a strong wind that turns round and round 旋风
    threshold
n.  a piece of wood, or stone placed beneath a door; the place or point of beginning 门槛;开端
    rightful
a.  in accordance with is just or legally correct
    wrongful
a.  unjust; illegal
    thirst
n.  a desire for drink, knowledge, freedom, etc.
    hatred
n.  extremely strong dislike
    discipline
n.  orderly behavior resulting from training and obedience48 to rules
    degenerate
vi. decline in physical, mental, or moral qualities 蜕化;堕落
    majestic
a.  dignified49 and noble 庄严的,壮丽的
    majesty
n.  a stately, grand appearance; splendor50 威严;壮丽
    militancy
n.  warlike behavior or tendency; militant51 spirit or policy
    militant
a.  aggressive; warlike
    engulf
vt. flow over and swallow up; overwhelm 吞没;席卷
    destiny
n.  the fate or fortune of a person or thing
    inextricably
ad. beyond disentanglement; inseparably 解不开地;不可分(割)地
    devotee
n.  a person who is strongly devoted52 to sth.
    unspeakable
a.  that can not be expressed in words; had or objectionable beyond description
    horror
    a strong feeling of dread53, shock, or fear; sb. or sth. that causes horror (引起)恐怖(的人或物)
    brutality
n.  brutal26 conduct; cruelty 暴行,残忍
    brutal
a.  cruel and harsh; savage54 残暴的,野蛮的
    fatigue
n.  a feeling of being tired
    highway
n.  a main public road
    strip
vt. remove the clothing or a covering of (sb.); take away the title rights, office, or self-respect of (sb.)
    selfhood
n.  personal individuality; one's personality  个性,人格
    mobility
n.  the ability to move or be moved; the movement of people from one social group or status to another
    ghetto
n.  a section of a city, often a slum, in which members of a minority group live 少数民族聚居区;贫民区
    righteousness
n.  upright conduct; justice 正直;正义
    mighty
a.  having or showing great strength or size 强大的;浩大的
    frustration
n.  the act of frustrating55 or the condition of being frustrated56 挫折
    slaveowner
n.  an owner of slaves
    oppression
n.  the act or fact of oppressing; cruel or unjust treatment 压迫
    oppress
vt. control or rule in an unjust or harsh way
    transform
vt. change in form, nature, function, or appearance
    oasis
vt. an area in a desert where there is water and plant life 绿洲
    exalt
vt. raise to a higher level; elevate 提升
    crooked
a.  not straight; bent57 or curved 弯的,扭曲的
    flesh
n.  the human race; mankind
    hew
vt. cut with an ax 砍,劈
    despair
n.  complete loss of hope or confidence 绝望
    jangle
v.  (cause to) sound harshly (使)发出嗓音
    discord
n.  lack of harmony in notes sounded at the same time; harsh, clashing sounds 不(谐)和;嘈杂声
    symphony
n.  a long musical composition written to be played by an orchestra; a large orchestra made up of string, wind, and percussion58 instruments 交响乐(团)
    thee
pron. (old use) (object form of thou) you
    pilgrim
n.  a person who travels to a religious shrine59 or other sacred places; one of the English settlers who founded Plymouth, Massachusetts, in 1962 朝圣者;清教徒前辈移民
    mountainside
n.  the side or slope of a mountain
    prodigious
a.  wonderfully large, powerful, etc. 巨大的;惊人的;奇妙的
    hilltop
n.  the top of hill
    heighten
v.  make or become higher or greater
    snowcapped
a.  covered by snow at the top
    curvaceous
a.  rounded; attractively or well proportioned
    slope
n.  a surface that is not flat; a piece of ground going up or down
    molehill
n.  a small mound60 of earth thrown up by a mole42 digging underground 鼹鼠丘
    hamlet
n.  a small village
    Jew
n.  a person who is descended61 from the Hebrew people or whose religion is Judaism 犹太人
    Gentile
n.  a person who is not a Jew非犹太人;非犹太教徒
    protestant
n.  a Christian62 belonging to a church that broke away from the Roman Catholic Church in the 16th century  新教徒
    Catholic
n.  a member of the Roman Catholic Church  天主教徒
    spiritual
n., a. a religious folk song sung originally by the black people; of the spirit rather than the body 黑人圣歌;精神(上)的
    almighty
a.  able to do everything; omnipotent63全能的

PHEASES & EXPRESSIONS

in a sense
    in some ways but not in all; somewhat
fall heir to
    inherit (money, title, property, etc.)
default on
    fail to pay or do when due
remind of
    cause (sb.) to remember, recall to sb.'s mind
cool off
    make or become less warm, excited, ardent64, or interested
on the threshold (of)
    about to experience
guilty of
    responsible for (violation of law, morally unacceptable behavior, etc.)
tie up with
    connect to; relate to
strip of
    take (sth. of value) away from
live out
    live through; experience; do the things one has thought about
stand up for
    fight for
speed up
    (cause to) go faster

PROPER NAMES
 
    Martin Luther King, Jr.
    小马丁.路德.金
    Mississippi
    密西西比(州)
    Georgia
    佐治亚(州)
    Alabama
    歪拄巴马(州)
    New Hampshire
    新罕布什尔(州)
    Alleghenies, the
    阿勒格尼山脉
    Pennsylvania
    宾夕法尼亚(州)
    Rockies, the
    落矶山脉
    Colorado
    科罗拉多(州)
    Stone Mountain
    斯通山
    Lookout Mountain
    卢考特山
    Tennessee
    田纳西(州)


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 emancipation Sjlzb     
n.(从束缚、支配下)解放
参考例句:
  • We must arouse them to fight for their own emancipation. 我们必须唤起他们为其自身的解放而斗争。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • They rejoiced over their own emancipation. 他们为自己的解放感到欢欣鼓舞。 来自《简明英汉词典》
2 segregation SESys     
n.隔离,种族隔离
参考例句:
  • Many school boards found segregation a hot potato in the early 1960s.在60年代初,许多学校部门都觉得按水平分班是一个棘手的问题。
  • They were tired to death of segregation and of being kicked around.他们十分厌恶种族隔离和总是被人踢来踢去。
3 demonstration 9waxo     
n.表明,示范,论证,示威
参考例句:
  • His new book is a demonstration of his patriotism.他写的新书是他的爱国精神的证明。
  • He gave a demonstration of the new technique then and there.他当场表演了这种新的操作方法。
4 eloquent ymLyN     
adj.雄辩的,口才流利的;明白显示出的
参考例句:
  • He was so eloquent that he cut down the finest orator.他能言善辩,胜过最好的演说家。
  • These ruins are an eloquent reminder of the horrors of war.这些废墟形象地提醒人们不要忘记战争的恐怖。
5 aspirations a60ebedc36cdd304870aeab399069f9e     
强烈的愿望( aspiration的名词复数 ); 志向; 发送气音; 发 h 音
参考例句:
  • I didn't realize you had political aspirations. 我没有意识到你有政治上的抱负。
  • The new treaty embodies the aspirations of most nonaligned countries. 新条约体现了大多数不结盟国家的愿望。
6 symbolic ErgwS     
adj.象征性的,符号的,象征主义的
参考例句:
  • It is symbolic of the fighting spirit of modern womanhood.它象征着现代妇女的战斗精神。
  • The Christian ceremony of baptism is a symbolic act.基督教的洗礼仪式是一种象征性的做法。
7 momentous Zjay9     
adj.重要的,重大的
参考例句:
  • I am deeply honoured to be invited to this momentous occasion.能应邀出席如此重要的场合,我深感荣幸。
  • The momentous news was that war had begun.重大的新闻是战争已经开始。
8 beacon KQays     
n.烽火,(警告用的)闪火灯,灯塔
参考例句:
  • The blink of beacon could be seen for miles.灯塔的光亮在数英里之外都能看见。
  • The only light over the deep black sea was the blink shone from the beacon.黑黢黢的海面上唯一的光明就只有灯塔上闪现的亮光了。
9 withering 8b1e725193ea9294ced015cd87181307     
使人畏缩的,使人害羞的,使人难堪的
参考例句:
  • She gave him a withering look. 她极其蔑视地看了他一眼。
  • The grass is gradually dried-up and withering and pallen leaves. 草渐渐干枯、枯萎并落叶。
10 injustice O45yL     
n.非正义,不公正,不公平,侵犯(别人的)权利
参考例句:
  • They complained of injustice in the way they had been treated.他们抱怨受到不公平的对待。
  • All his life he has been struggling against injustice.他一生都在与不公正现象作斗争。
11 joyous d3sxB     
adj.充满快乐的;令人高兴的
参考例句:
  • The lively dance heightened the joyous atmosphere of the scene.轻快的舞蹈给这场戏渲染了欢乐气氛。
  • They conveyed the joyous news to us soon.他们把这一佳音很快地传递给我们。
12 captivity qrJzv     
n.囚禁;被俘;束缚
参考例句:
  • A zoo is a place where live animals are kept in captivity for the public to see.动物园是圈养动物以供公众观看的场所。
  • He was held in captivity for three years.他被囚禁叁年。
13 tragic inaw2     
adj.悲剧的,悲剧性的,悲惨的
参考例句:
  • The effect of the pollution on the beaches is absolutely tragic.污染海滩后果可悲。
  • Charles was a man doomed to tragic issues.查理是个注定不得善终的人。
14 languishing vpCz2c     
a. 衰弱下去的
参考例句:
  • He is languishing for home. 他苦思家乡。
  • How long will she go on languishing for her red-haired boy? 为想见到她的红头发的儿子,她还将为此烦恼多久呢?
15 appalling iNwz9     
adj.骇人听闻的,令人震惊的,可怕的
参考例句:
  • The search was hampered by appalling weather conditions.恶劣的天气妨碍了搜寻工作。
  • Nothing can extenuate such appalling behaviour.这种骇人听闻的行径罪无可恕。
16 insufficient L5vxu     
adj.(for,of)不足的,不够的
参考例句:
  • There was insufficient evidence to convict him.没有足够证据给他定罪。
  • In their day scientific knowledge was insufficient to settle the matter.在他们的时代,科学知识还不能足以解决这些问题。
17 vaults fe73e05e3f986ae1bbd4c517620ea8e6     
n.拱顶( vault的名词复数 );地下室;撑物跳高;墓穴
参考例句:
  • It was deposited in the vaults of a bank. 它存在一家银行的保险库里。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • They think of viruses that infect an organization from the outside.They envision hackers breaking into their information vaults. 他们考虑来自外部的感染公司的病毒,他们设想黑客侵入到信息宝库中。 来自《简明英汉词典》
18 desolate vmizO     
adj.荒凉的,荒芜的;孤独的,凄凉的;v.使荒芜,使孤寂
参考例句:
  • The city was burned into a desolate waste.那座城市被烧成一片废墟。
  • We all felt absolutely desolate when she left.她走后,我们都觉得万分孤寂。
19 brotherhood 1xfz3o     
n.兄弟般的关系,手中情谊
参考例句:
  • They broke up the brotherhood.他们断绝了兄弟关系。
  • They live and work together in complete equality and brotherhood.他们完全平等和兄弟般地在一起生活和工作。
20 legitimate L9ZzJ     
adj.合法的,合理的,合乎逻辑的;v.使合法
参考例句:
  • Sickness is a legitimate reason for asking for leave.生病是请假的一个正当的理由。
  • That's a perfectly legitimate fear.怀有这种恐惧完全在情理之中。
21 citizenship AV3yA     
n.市民权,公民权,国民的义务(身份)
参考例句:
  • He was born in Sweden,but he doesn't have Swedish citizenship.他在瑞典出生,但没有瑞典公民身分。
  • Ten years later,she chose to take Australian citizenship.十年后,她选择了澳大利亚国籍。
22 hatred T5Gyg     
n.憎恶,憎恨,仇恨
参考例句:
  • He looked at me with hatred in his eyes.他以憎恨的眼光望着我。
  • The old man was seized with burning hatred for the fascists.老人对法西斯主义者充满了仇恨。
23 degenerate 795ym     
v.退步,堕落;adj.退步的,堕落的;n.堕落者
参考例句:
  • He didn't let riches and luxury make him degenerate.他不因财富和奢华而自甘堕落。
  • Will too much freedom make them degenerate?太多的自由会令他们堕落吗?
24 majestic GAZxK     
adj.雄伟的,壮丽的,庄严的,威严的,崇高的
参考例句:
  • In the distance rose the majestic Alps.远处耸立着雄伟的阿尔卑斯山。
  • He looks majestic in uniform.他穿上军装显得很威风。
25 militancy 4f9ee9baeb8090d41694fc1fcf91c63c     
n.warlike behavior or tendency
参考例句:
  • Full of militancy and revolutionary ardour, the people of all nationalities in the country are working hard for the realization of the four modernizations. 全国各族人民意气风发, 斗志昂扬,为实现四个现代化而奋战。
  • The seniority system is another factor that leads to union militancy. 排资论辈制度也是导致工会好斗争的另一因素。
26 brutal bSFyb     
adj.残忍的,野蛮的,不讲理的
参考例句:
  • She has to face the brutal reality.她不得不去面对冷酷的现实。
  • They're brutal people behind their civilised veneer.他们表面上温文有礼,骨子里却是野蛮残忍。
27 brutality MSbyb     
n.野蛮的行为,残忍,野蛮
参考例句:
  • The brutality of the crime has appalled the public. 罪行之残暴使公众大为震惊。
  • a general who was infamous for his brutality 因残忍而恶名昭彰的将军
28 fatigue PhVzV     
n.疲劳,劳累
参考例句:
  • The old lady can't bear the fatigue of a long journey.这位老妇人不能忍受长途旅行的疲劳。
  • I have got over my weakness and fatigue.我已从虚弱和疲劳中恢复过来了。
29 lodging wRgz9     
n.寄宿,住所;(大学生的)校外宿舍
参考例句:
  • The bill is inclusive of the food and lodging. 账单包括吃、住费用。
  • Where can you find lodging for the night? 你今晚在哪里借宿?
30 mobility H6rzu     
n.可动性,变动性,情感不定
参考例句:
  • The difference in regional house prices acts as an obstacle to mobility of labour.不同地区房价的差异阻碍了劳动力的流动。
  • Mobility is very important in guerrilla warfare.机动性在游击战中至关重要。
31 ghetto nzGyV     
n.少数民族聚居区,贫民区
参考例句:
  • Racism and crime still flourish in the ghetto.城市贫民区的种族主义和犯罪仍然十分猖獗。
  • I saw that achievement as a possible pattern for the entire ghetto.我把获得的成就看作整个黑人区可以仿效的榜样。
32 mighty YDWxl     
adj.强有力的;巨大的
参考例句:
  • A mighty force was about to break loose.一股巨大的力量即将迸发而出。
  • The mighty iceberg came into view.巨大的冰山出现在眼前。
33 frustrations 7d9e374b9e145ebadbaa8704f2c615e5     
挫折( frustration的名词复数 ); 失败; 挫败; 失意
参考例句:
  • The temptation would grow to take out our frustrations on Saigon. 由于我们遭到挫折而要同西贡算帐的引诱力会增加。
  • Aspirations will be raised, but so will frustrations. 人们会产生种种憧憬,但是种种挫折也会随之而来。
34 creed uoxzL     
n.信条;信念,纲领
参考例句:
  • They offended against every article of his creed.他们触犯了他的每一条戒律。
  • Our creed has always been that business is business.我们的信条一直是公私分明。
35 oasis p5Kz0     
n.(沙漠中的)绿洲,宜人的地方
参考例句:
  • They stopped for the night at an oasis.他们在沙漠中的绿洲停下来过夜。
  • The town was an oasis of prosperity in a desert of poverty.该镇是贫穷荒漠中的一块繁荣的“绿洲”。
36 exalted ztiz6f     
adj.(地位等)高的,崇高的;尊贵的,高尚的
参考例句:
  • Their loveliness and holiness in accordance with their exalted station.他们的美丽和圣洁也与他们的崇高地位相称。
  • He received respect because he was a person of exalted rank.他因为是个地位崇高的人而受到尊敬。
37 crooked xvazAv     
adj.弯曲的;不诚实的,狡猾的,不正当的
参考例句:
  • He crooked a finger to tell us to go over to him.他弯了弯手指,示意我们到他那儿去。
  • You have to drive slowly on these crooked country roads.在这些弯弯曲曲的乡间小路上你得慢慢开车。
38 hew t56yA     
v.砍;伐;削
参考例句:
  • Hew a path through the underbrush.在灌木丛中砍出一条小路。
  • Plant a sapling as tall as yourself and hew it off when it is two times high of you.种一棵与自己身高一样的树苗,长到比自己高两倍时砍掉它。
39 discords d957da1b1688ede4cb4f1e8f2b1dc0ab     
不和(discord的复数形式)
参考例句:
  • There are many discords in this family. 在这个家庭里有许多争吵。
  • The speaker's opinion discords with the principles of this society. 演讲者的意见与本会的原则不符。
40 prodigious C1ZzO     
adj.惊人的,奇妙的;异常的;巨大的;庞大的
参考例句:
  • This business generates cash in prodigious amounts.这种业务收益丰厚。
  • He impressed all who met him with his prodigious memory.他惊人的记忆力让所有见过他的人都印象深刻。
41 lookout w0sxT     
n.注意,前途,瞭望台
参考例句:
  • You can see everything around from the lookout.从了望台上你可以看清周围的一切。
  • It's a bad lookout for the company if interest rates don't come down.如果利率降不下来,公司的前景可就不妙了。
42 mole 26Nzn     
n.胎块;痣;克分子
参考例句:
  • She had a tiny mole on her cheek.她的面颊上有一颗小黑痣。
  • The young girl felt very self- conscious about the large mole on her chin.那位年轻姑娘对自己下巴上的一颗大痣感到很不自在。
43 almighty dzhz1h     
adj.全能的,万能的;很大的,很强的
参考例句:
  • Those rebels did not really challenge Gods almighty power.这些叛徒没有对上帝的全能力量表示怀疑。
  • It's almighty cold outside.外面冷得要命。
44 segregate eExys     
adj.分离的,被隔离的;vt.使分离,使隔离
参考例句:
  • We have to segregate for a few day.我们得分离一段日子。
  • Some societies still segregate men and women.有的社会仍然将男女隔离。
45 maker DALxN     
n.制造者,制造商
参考例句:
  • He is a trouble maker,You must be distant with him.他是个捣蛋鬼,你不要跟他在一起。
  • A cabinet maker must be a master craftsman.家具木工必须是技艺高超的手艺人。
46 immediate aapxh     
adj.立即的;直接的,最接近的;紧靠的
参考例句:
  • His immediate neighbours felt it their duty to call.他的近邻认为他们有责任去拜访。
  • We declared ourselves for the immediate convocation of the meeting.我们主张立即召开这个会议。
47 acting czRzoc     
n.演戏,行为,假装;adj.代理的,临时的,演出用的
参考例句:
  • Ignore her,she's just acting.别理她,她只是假装的。
  • During the seventies,her acting career was in eclipse.在七十年代,她的表演生涯黯然失色。
48 obedience 8vryb     
n.服从,顺从
参考例句:
  • Society has a right to expect obedience of the law.社会有权要求人人遵守法律。
  • Soldiers act in obedience to the orders of their superior officers.士兵们遵照上级军官的命令行动。
49 dignified NuZzfb     
a.可敬的,高贵的
参考例句:
  • Throughout his trial he maintained a dignified silence. 在整个审讯过程中,他始终沉默以保持尊严。
  • He always strikes such a dignified pose before his girlfriend. 他总是在女友面前摆出这种庄严的姿态。
50 splendor hriy0     
n.光彩;壮丽,华丽;显赫,辉煌
参考例句:
  • Never in his life had he gazed on such splendor.他生平从没有见过如此辉煌壮丽的场面。
  • All the splendor in the world is not worth a good friend.人世间所有的荣华富贵不如一个好朋友。
51 militant 8DZxh     
adj.激进的,好斗的;n.激进分子,斗士
参考例句:
  • Some militant leaders want to merge with white radicals.一些好斗的领导人要和白人中的激进派联合。
  • He is a militant in the movement.他在那次运动中是个激进人物。
52 devoted xu9zka     
adj.忠诚的,忠实的,热心的,献身于...的
参考例句:
  • He devoted his life to the educational cause of the motherland.他为祖国的教育事业贡献了一生。
  • We devoted a lengthy and full discussion to this topic.我们对这个题目进行了长时间的充分讨论。
53 dread Ekpz8     
vt.担忧,忧虑;惧怕,不敢;n.担忧,畏惧
参考例句:
  • We all dread to think what will happen if the company closes.我们都不敢去想一旦公司关门我们该怎么办。
  • Her heart was relieved of its blankest dread.她极度恐惧的心理消除了。
54 savage ECxzR     
adj.野蛮的;凶恶的,残暴的;n.未开化的人
参考例句:
  • The poor man received a savage beating from the thugs.那可怜的人遭到暴徒的痛打。
  • He has a savage temper.他脾气粗暴。
55 frustrating is9z54     
adj.产生挫折的,使人沮丧的,令人泄气的v.使不成功( frustrate的现在分词 );挫败;使受挫折;令人沮丧
参考例句:
  • It's frustrating to have to wait so long. 要等这么长时间,真令人懊恼。
  • It was a demeaning and ultimately frustrating experience. 那是一次有失颜面并且令人沮丧至极的经历。 来自《简明英汉词典》
56 frustrated ksWz5t     
adj.挫败的,失意的,泄气的v.使不成功( frustrate的过去式和过去分词 );挫败;使受挫折;令人沮丧
参考例句:
  • It's very easy to get frustrated in this job. 这个工作很容易令人懊恼。
  • The bad weather frustrated all our hopes of going out. 恶劣的天气破坏了我们出行的愿望。 来自《简明英汉词典》
57 bent QQ8yD     
n.爱好,癖好;adj.弯的;决心的,一心的
参考例句:
  • He was fully bent upon the project.他一心扑在这项计划上。
  • We bent over backward to help them.我们尽了最大努力帮助他们。
58 percussion K3yza     
n.打击乐器;冲突,撞击;震动,音响
参考例句:
  • In an orchestra,people who play percussion instruments sit at the back.在管弦乐队中,演奏打击乐器的人会坐在后面。
  • Percussion of the abdomen is often omitted.腹部叩诊常被省略。
59 shrine 0yfw7     
n.圣地,神龛,庙;v.将...置于神龛内,把...奉为神圣
参考例句:
  • The shrine was an object of pilgrimage.这处圣地是人们朝圣的目的地。
  • They bowed down before the shrine.他们在神龛前鞠躬示敬。
60 mound unCzhy     
n.土墩,堤,小山;v.筑堤,用土堆防卫
参考例句:
  • The explorers climbed a mound to survey the land around them.勘探者爬上土丘去勘测周围的土地。
  • The mound can be used as our screen.这个土丘可做我们的掩蔽物。
61 descended guQzoy     
a.为...后裔的,出身于...的
参考例句:
  • A mood of melancholy descended on us. 一种悲伤的情绪袭上我们的心头。
  • The path descended the hill in a series of zigzags. 小路呈连续的之字形顺着山坡蜿蜒而下。
62 Christian KVByl     
adj.基督教徒的;n.基督教徒
参考例句:
  • They always addressed each other by their Christian name.他们总是以教名互相称呼。
  • His mother is a sincere Christian.他母亲是个虔诚的基督教徒。
63 omnipotent p5ZzZ     
adj.全能的,万能的
参考例句:
  • When we are omnipotent we shall have no more need of science.我们达到万能以后就不需要科学了。
  • Money is not omnipotent,but we can't survive without money.金钱不是万能的,但是没有金钱我们却无法生存。
64 ardent yvjzd     
adj.热情的,热烈的,强烈的,烈性的
参考例句:
  • He's an ardent supporter of the local football team.他是本地足球队的热情支持者。
  • Ardent expectations were held by his parents for his college career.他父母对他的大学学习抱着殷切的期望。
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TAG标签:   大学英语  精读  第五册  unit
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