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历年考研英语阅读理解mp3(94-5)

时间:2008-10-13 06:26来源:互联网 提供网友:流畅   字体: [ ]
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    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)
[00:00.00]在线英语听力室(www.tingroom.com)友情制作
[00:00.77]1994 Passage5
[00:03.29]Discoveries in science and technology
[00:06.22]are thought by "untaught minds"
[00:08.74]to come in blinding flashes
[00:11.06]or as the result of dramatic accidents.
[00:14.29]Sir Alexander Fleming did not,
[00:16.72]as legend would have it,
[00:18.53]look at the mold on a piece of cheese
[00:20.85]and get the idea for penicillin1 there and then.
[00:24.88]He experimented with antibacterial substances
[00:27.91]for nine years before he made his discovery.
[00:31.84]Inventions and innovations almost always come out
[00:35.22]of laborious2 trial and error.
[00:38.05]Innovation is like soccer;
[00:40.36]even the best players miss the goal
[00:42.59]and have their shots blocked much more frequently
[00:45.61]than they score.
[00:47.62]The point is that the players
[00:49.36]who score most are the ones
[00:51.18]who take the most shots at the goal
[00:54.00]--and so it goes with innovation in any field of activity.
[00:58.54]The prime difference between innovators
[01:01.06]and others is one of approach.
[01:03.98]Everybody gets ideas,
[01:05.50]but innovators work consciously on theirs,
[01:08.73]and they follow them through
[01:10.45]until they prove practicable or otherwise.
[01:14.18]What ordinary people see as fanciful abstractions,
[01:17.90]professional innovators see as solid possibilities.
[01:22.54]"Creative thinking may mean simply the realization
[01:25.77]that there's no particular virtue4 in doing things the way
[01:28.80]they have always been done,"
[01:30.71]wrote Rudolph Flesch, a language authority.
[01:34.34]This accounts for our reaction to seemingly simple innovations
[01:37.98]like plastic garbage bags and suitcases on wheels
[01:42.21]that make life more convenient:
[01:44.82]"How come nobody thought of that before?"
[01:48.34]The creative approach begins with the proposition
[01:51.58]that nothing is as it appears.
[01:53.99]Innovators will not accept
[01:55.70]that there is only one way to do anything.
[01:58.83]Faced with getting from A to B,
[02:01.14]the average person will automatically set out
[02:03.87]on the best-known and apparently5 simplest route.
[02:07.71]The innovator3 will search for alternate courses,
[02:10.74]which may prove easier in the long run
[02:13.06]and are bound to be more interesting
[02:14.97]and challenging even if they lead to dead ends.
[02:18.09]在线英语听力室(
www.tingroom.com)友情制作
[02:19.30]Highly creative individuals really do march to
[02:22.52]a different drummer.

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1 penicillin sMXxv     
n.青霉素,盘尼西林
参考例句:
  • I should have asked him for a shot of penicillin.我应当让他给我打一针青霉素的。
  • Penicillin was an extremely significant medical discovery.青霉素是极其重要的医学发现。
2 laborious VxoyD     
adj.吃力的,努力的,不流畅
参考例句:
  • They had the laborious task of cutting down the huge tree.他们接受了伐大树的艰苦工作。
  • Ants and bees are laborious insects.蚂蚁与蜜蜂是勤劳的昆虫。
3 innovator r6bxp     
n.改革者;创新者
参考例句:
  • The young technical innovator didn't lose heart though the new system was not yet brought into a workable condition. 尽管这种新方法尚未达到切实可行的状况,这位青年技术革新者也没有泄气。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Caesar planned vast projects and emerged as a great innovator. 恺撒制定了庞大的革新计划。 来自英汉非文学 - 文明史
4 virtue BpqyH     
n.德行,美德;贞操;优点;功效,效力
参考例句:
  • He was considered to be a paragon of virtue.他被认为是品德尽善尽美的典范。
  • You need to decorate your mind with virtue.你应该用德行美化心灵。
5 apparently tMmyQ     
adv.显然地;表面上,似乎
参考例句:
  • An apparently blind alley leads suddenly into an open space.山穷水尽,豁然开朗。
  • He was apparently much surprised at the news.他对那个消息显然感到十分惊异。
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TAG标签:   考研英语  阅读理解
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