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历年考研英语阅读理解mp3(97-5)

时间:2008-10-13 06:58来源:互联网 提供网友:流畅   字体: [ ]
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[00:00.00]在线英语听力室(www.tingroom.com)友情制作
[00:03.79]1997 Passage5
[00:07.51]Much of the language used to describe monetary1 policy,
[00:11.35]such as "steering2 the economy to a soft landing"
[00:14.87]or "a touch on the brakes",
[00:17.31]makes it sound like a precise science.
[00:20.90]Nothing could be further from the truth.
[00:23.94]The link between interest rates and inflation is uncertain.
[00:28.47]And there are long, variable lags
[00:30.74]before policy changes have any effect on the economy.
[00:35.18]Hence the analogy that likens
[00:37.01]the conduct of monetary policy
[00:39.43]to driving a car with a blackened windscreen,
[00:42.26]a cracked rearview mirror and a faulty steering wheel.
[00:46.90]Given all these disadvantages,
[00:49.22]central bankers seem to have had much to boast about of late.
[00:54.67]Average inflation in the big seven industrial economies
[00:58.50]fell to a mere3 2.3% last year,
[01:01.93]close to its lowest level in 30 years,
[01:05.05]before rising slightly to 2.5% this July.
[01:09.59]This is a long way below the double-digit rates
[01:12.71]which many countries experienced
[01:14.93]in the 1970s and early 1980s.
[01:19.17]It is also less than most forecasters had predicted.
[01:22.59]In late 1994 the panel of economists5
[01:26.63]which The Economist4 polls each month said that
[01:30.36]America's inflation rate would average 3.5% in 1995.
[01:36.62]In fact, it fell to 2.6% in August,
[01:40.86]and is expected to average only about
[01:43.61]3% for the year as a whole.
[01:47.24]In Britain and Japan
[01:48.80]inflation is running half a percentage point
[01:51.42]below the rate predicted at the end of last year.
[01:55.36]This is no flash in the pan;
[01:57.52]over the past couple of years,
[01:59.53]inflation has been consistently lower than expected
[02:02.87]in Britain and America.
[02:05.89]Economists have been particularly surprised
[02:08.81]by favourable6 inflation figures in Britain
[02:11.74]and the United States,
[02:13.45]since conventional measures suggest that both economies,
[02:17.58]and especially America's,
[02:19.97]have little productive slack.
[02:22.29]America's capacity utilisation, for example,
[02:25.71]hit historically high levels earlier this year,
[02:28.85]and its jobless rate (5.6% in August)
[02:32.98]has fallen below most estimates
[02:35.19]of the natural rate of unemployment
[02:37.42]--the rate below which inflation has taken off in the past.
[02:41.36]在线英语听力室(
www.tingroom.com)友情制作
[02:42.66]Why has inflation proved so mild?
[02:45.38]The most thrilling explanation is,
[02:47.70]unfortunately, a little defective7.
[02:50.33]Some economists argue
[02:52.06]that powerful structural8 changes in the world
[02:54.68]have upended the old economic models
[02:57.80]that were based upon the historical link
[03:00.42]between growth and inflation.

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1 monetary pEkxb     
adj.货币的,钱的;通货的;金融的;财政的
参考例句:
  • The monetary system of some countries used to be based on gold.过去有些国家的货币制度是金本位制的。
  • Education in the wilderness is not a matter of monetary means.荒凉地区的教育不是钱财问题。
2 steering 3hRzbi     
n.操舵装置
参考例句:
  • He beat his hands on the steering wheel in frustration. 他沮丧地用手打了几下方向盘。
  • Steering according to the wind, he also framed his words more amicably. 他真会看风使舵,口吻也马上变得温和了。
3 mere rC1xE     
adj.纯粹的;仅仅,只不过
参考例句:
  • That is a mere repetition of what you said before.那不过是重复了你以前讲的话。
  • It's a mere waste of time waiting any longer.再等下去纯粹是浪费时间。
4 economist AuhzVs     
n.经济学家,经济专家,节俭的人
参考例句:
  • He cast a professional economist's eyes on the problem.他以经济学行家的眼光审视这个问题。
  • He's an economist who thinks he knows all the answers.他是个经济学家,自以为什么都懂。
5 economists 2ba0a36f92d9c37ef31cc751bca1a748     
n.经济学家,经济专家( economist的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The sudden rise in share prices has confounded economists. 股价的突然上涨使经济学家大惑不解。
  • Foreign bankers and economists cautiously welcomed the minister's initiative. 外国银行家和经济学家对部长的倡议反应谨慎。 来自《简明英汉词典》
6 favourable favourable     
adj.赞成的,称赞的,有利的,良好的,顺利的
参考例句:
  • The company will lend you money on very favourable terms.这家公司将以非常优惠的条件借钱给你。
  • We found that most people are favourable to the idea.我们发现大多数人同意这个意见。
7 defective qnLzZ     
adj.有毛病的,有问题的,有瑕疵的
参考例句:
  • The firm had received bad publicity over a defective product. 该公司因为一件次品而受到媒体攻击。
  • If the goods prove defective, the customer has the right to compensation. 如果货品证明有缺陷, 顾客有权索赔。
8 structural itXw5     
adj.构造的,组织的,建筑(用)的
参考例句:
  • The storm caused no structural damage.风暴没有造成建筑结构方面的破坏。
  • The North American continent is made up of three great structural entities.北美大陆是由三个构造单元组成的。
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TAG标签:   考研英语  阅读理解
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