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历年考研英语阅读理解mp3(00-1)

时间:2008-10-13 07:34来源:互联网 提供网友:流畅   字体: [ ]
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[00:00.00]在线英语听力室(www.tingroom.com)友情制作
[00:03.48]2000 Passage1
[00:11.14]A history of long and effortless success
[00:14.27]can be a dreadful handicap,
[00:16.59]but, if properly handled, it may become a driving force.
[00:22.35]When the United States entered just such a glowing period
[00:25.77]after the end of the Second World War,
[00:28.80]it had a market eight times larger than any competitor,
[00:33.03]giving its industries unparalleled economies of scale.
[00:37.96]Its scientists were the world's best,
[00:41.43]its workers the most skilled.
[00:44.45]America and Americans were prosperous
[00:47.88]beyond the dreams of the Europeans
[00:49.99]and Asians whose economies the war had destroyed.
[00:55.04]It was inevitable1 that this primacy
[00:57.65]should have narrowed as other countries grew richer.
[01:01.49]Just as inevitably2, the retreat
[01:03.91]from predominance proved painful.
[01:07.15]By the mid-1980s Americans had found themselves
[01:11.08]at a loss over their fading industrial competitiveness.
[01:15.98]Some huge American industries,
[01:18.61]such as consumer electronics,
[01:20.83]had shrunk or vanished
[01:22.64]in the face of foreign competition.
[01:25.67]By 1987 there was only one American television
[01:30.10]maker left, Zenith.
[01:32.73](Now there is none: Zenith was bought by
[01:36.75]South Korea's LG Electronics in July.)
[01:41.20]Foreign-made cars and textiles were sweeping3 into
[01:44.64]the domestic market.
[01:46.56]America's machine-tool industry was on the ropes.
[01:50.76]For a while it looked as though
[01:53.58]the making of semiconductors,
[01:55.29]which America had invented
[01:57.21]and which sat at the heart of the new computer age,
[02:00.34]was going to be the next casualty.
[02:03.77]All of this caused a crisis of confidence.
[02:07.90]Americans stopped taking prosperity for granted.
[02:12.13]They began to believe
[02:13.63]that their way of doing business was failing,
[02:16.85]and that their incomes
[02:18.32]would therefore shortly begin to fall as well.
[02:22.24]The mid-1980s brought one inquiry4 after another into
[02:26.79]the causes of America's industrial decline.
[02:30.73]Their sometimes sensational5 findings
[02:33.45]were filled with warnings
[02:34.87]about the growing competition from overseas.
[02:37.69]在线英语听力室(
www.tingroom.com)友情制作
[02:38.80]How things have changed!
[02:41.32]In 1995 the United States
[02:44.35]can look back on five years of solid growth
[02:47.77]while Japan has been struggling.
[02:50.80]Few Americans attribute this solely6 to such obvious causes
[02:55.23]as a devalued dollar or the turning of the business cycle.
[02:59.77]Self-doubt has yielded to blind pride.
[03:03.43]"American industry has changed its structure,
[03:06.45]has gone on a diet,
[03:08.16]has learnt to be more quick-witted,"
[03:10.48]according to Richard Cavanagh,
[03:12.50]executive dean of Harvard's Kennedy School of Government.
[03:16.53]"It makes me proud to be an American just to see
[03:20.16]how our businesses are improving their productivity,"
[03:23.59]says Stephen Moore of the Cato Institute,
[03:26.21]a think-tank in Washington, DC.
[03:28.93]And William Sahlman of
[03:31.46]the Harvard Business School believes
[03:33.59]that people will look back on this period as
[03:36.61]"a golden age of business management in the United States."

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1 inevitable 5xcyq     
adj.不可避免的,必然发生的
参考例句:
  • Mary was wearing her inevitable large hat.玛丽戴着她总是戴的那顶大帽子。
  • The defeat had inevitable consequences for British policy.战败对英国政策不可避免地产生了影响。
2 inevitably x7axc     
adv.不可避免地;必然发生地
参考例句:
  • In the way you go on,you are inevitably coming apart.照你们这样下去,毫无疑问是会散伙的。
  • Technological changes will inevitably lead to unemployment.技术变革必然会导致失业。
3 sweeping ihCzZ4     
adj.范围广大的,一扫无遗的
参考例句:
  • The citizens voted for sweeping reforms.公民投票支持全面的改革。
  • Can you hear the wind sweeping through the branches?你能听到风掠过树枝的声音吗?
4 inquiry nbgzF     
n.打听,询问,调查,查问
参考例句:
  • Many parents have been pressing for an inquiry into the problem.许多家长迫切要求调查这个问题。
  • The field of inquiry has narrowed down to five persons.调查的范围已经缩小到只剩5个人了。
5 sensational Szrwi     
adj.使人感动的,非常好的,轰动的,耸人听闻的
参考例句:
  • Papers of this kind are full of sensational news reports.这类报纸满是耸人听闻的新闻报道。
  • Their performance was sensational.他们的演出妙极了。
6 solely FwGwe     
adv.仅仅,唯一地
参考例句:
  • Success should not be measured solely by educational achievement.成功与否不应只用学业成绩来衡量。
  • The town depends almost solely on the tourist trade.这座城市几乎完全靠旅游业维持。
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TAG标签:   考研英语  阅读理解
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