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历年考研英语阅读理解mp3(00-4)

时间:2008-10-13 07:38来源:互联网 提供网友:流畅   字体: [ ]
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[00:00.00]在线英语听力室(www.tingroom.com)友情制作
[00:03.34]2000 Passage4
[00:07.54]Aimlessness has hardly been typical of the postwar Japan
[00:11.47]whose productivity and social harmony
[00:14.20]are the envy of the United States and Europe.
[00:17.42]But increasingly the Japanese are seeing a decline
[00:20.54]of the traditional work-moral values.
[00:24.14]Ten years ago young people were hardworking
[00:27.69]and saw their jobs as their primary reason for being,
[00:31.32]but now Japan has largely fulfilled its economic needs,
[00:35.46]and young people don't know where they should go next.
[00:39.50]The coming of age of the postwar baby boom
[00:42.73]and an entry of women
[00:44.33]into the male-dominated job market
[00:46.55]have limited the opportunities of teen-agers
[00:49.29]who are already questioning the heavy personal sacrifices
[00:53.01]involved in climbing Japan's rigid1 social ladder to
[00:56.58]good schools and jobs.
[00:59.00]In a recent survey, it was found
[01:01.42]that only 24.5 percent of Japanese students
[01:05.35]were fully2 satisfied with school life,
[01:07.98]compared with 67.2 percent of students in the United States.
[01:13.57]In addition, far more Japanese workers expressed dissatisfaction
[01:18.21]with their jobs than did their counterparts
[01:21.03]in the 10 other countries surveyed.
[01:23.86]While often praised by foreigners
[01:26.28]for its emphasis on the basics,
[01:28.39]Japanese education tends to stress test taking
[01:32.22]and mechanical learning over creativity and self-expression.
[01:36.66]"Those things that do not show up in the test scores--
[01:39.80]personality, ability, courage
[01:42.13]or humanity --are completely ignored,"
[01:45.65]says Toshiki Kaifu, chairman of the ruling
[01:48.68]Liberal Democratic Party's education committee."
[01:52.65]Frustration against this kind of thing
[01:54.97]leads kids to drop out and run wild."
[01:58.40]Last year Japan experienced 2,125 incidents
[02:03.84]of school violence,
[02:05.66]including 929 assaults on teachers.
[02:09.49]Amid the outcry, many conservative leaders
[02:12.71]are seeking a return to the prewar emphasis
[02:15.23]on moral education.
[02:18.25]Last year Mitsuo Setoyama,
[02:21.18]who was then education minister,
[02:23.71]raised eyebrows3 when he argued
[02:25.48]that liberal reforms introduced
[02:27.69]by the American occupation authorities after World War Ⅱ
[02:31.24]had weakened the
[02:31.94]"Japanese morality of respect for parents."
[02:34.86]在线英语听力室(
www.tingroom.com)友情制作
[02:36.27]But that may have more to do
[02:38.19]with Japanese life-styles.
[02:40.11]"In Japan," says educator Yoko Muro,
[02:43.23]"it's never a question of
[02:44.98]whether you enjoy your job and your life,
[02:47.40]but only how much you can endure."
[02:49.63]With economic growth has come centralization;
[02:53.57]fully 76 percent of Japan's 119 million citizens
[02:58.91]live in cities where community
[03:01.02]and the extended family have been abandoned
[03:03.65]in favor of isolated,
[03:05.04]two-generation households. Urban Japanese
[03:09.17]have long endured lengthy4 commutes
[03:11.69](travels to and from work) and crowded living conditions,
[03:16.66]but as the old group and family values weaken,
[03:19.98]the discomfort5 is beginning to tell.
[03:22.81]In the past decade, the Japanese divorce rate,
[03:26.26]while still well below that of the United States,
[03:29.29]has increased by more than 50 percent,
[03:32.22]and suicides have increased by nearly one-quarter.

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1 rigid jDPyf     
adj.严格的,死板的;刚硬的,僵硬的
参考例句:
  • She became as rigid as adamant.她变得如顽石般的固执。
  • The examination was so rigid that nearly all aspirants were ruled out.考试很严,几乎所有的考生都被淘汰了。
2 fully Gfuzd     
adv.完全地,全部地,彻底地;充分地
参考例句:
  • The doctor asked me to breathe in,then to breathe out fully.医生让我先吸气,然后全部呼出。
  • They soon became fully integrated into the local community.他们很快就完全融入了当地人的圈子。
3 eyebrows a0e6fb1330e9cfecfd1c7a4d00030ed5     
眉毛( eyebrow的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Eyebrows stop sweat from coming down into the eyes. 眉毛挡住汗水使其不能流进眼睛。
  • His eyebrows project noticeably. 他的眉毛特别突出。
4 lengthy f36yA     
adj.漫长的,冗长的
参考例句:
  • We devoted a lengthy and full discussion to this topic.我们对这个题目进行了长时间的充分讨论。
  • The professor wrote a lengthy book on Napoleon.教授写了一部有关拿破仑的巨著。
5 discomfort cuvxN     
n.不舒服,不安,难过,困难,不方便
参考例句:
  • One has to bear a little discomfort while travelling.旅行中总要忍受一点不便。
  • She turned red with discomfort when the teacher spoke.老师讲话时她不好意思地红着脸。
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TAG标签:   考研英语  阅读理解
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