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历年考研英语阅读理解mp3(03-2)

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[00:00.00]在线英语听力室(www.tingroom.com)友情制作
[00:06.14]2003 Text2
[00:08.35]To paraphrase1 18th-century statesman Edmund Burke,
[00:12.20]"all that is needed for the triumph of a misguided cause
[00:16.43]is that good people do nothing."
[00:19.36]One such cause now seeks to end biomedical research
[00:23.29]because of the theory that animals have rights
[00:26.22]ruling out their use in research.
[00:29.25]Scientists need to respond forcefully
[00:31.76]to animal rights advocates,
[00:33.67]whose arguments are confusing the public
[00:36.10]and thereby2 threatening advances
[00:37.91]in health knowledge and care.
[00:40.56]Leaders of the animal rights movement
[00:42.67]target biomedical research
[00:44.49]because it depends on public funding,
[00:47.31]and few people understand
[00:49.13]the process of health care research.
[00:52.46]Hearing allegations of cruelty to animals in research settings,
[00:57.00]many are perplexed3 that anyone
[00:59.22]would deliberately4 harm an animal.
[01:02.14]For example, a grandmotherly woman
[01:05.26]staffing an animal rights booth
[01:06.98]at a recent street fair was distributing a brochure
[01:10.41]that encouraged readers not to use anything
[01:13.35]that comes from or is tested in animals--no meat,
[01:17.75]no fur, no medicines. Asked if she opposed immunizations,
[01:23.50]she wanted to know if vaccines5 come from animal research.
[01:28.34]When assured that they do, she replied,
[01:31.26]"Then I would have to say yes."
[01:34.49]Asked what will happen when epidemics6 return,
[01:37.51]she said, "Don't worry, scientists
[01:40.03]will find some way of using computers."
[01:43.36]Such well-meaning people just don't understand.
[01:47.89]Scientists must communicate their message
[01:50.42]to the public in a compassionate,
[01:52.64]understandable way--in human terms,
[01:55.64]not in the language of molecular7 biology.
[01:58.97]We need to make clear the connection
[02:01.09]between animal research and a grandmother's hip8 replacement,
[02:05.12]a father's bypass operation, a baby's vaccinations,
[02:09.42]and even a pet's shots.
[02:12.74]To those who are unaware9 that animal research
[02:15.67]was needed to produce these treatments,
[02:17.78]as well as new treatments and vaccines,
[02:20.31]animal research seems wasteful10 at best and cruel at worst.
[02:24.46]在线英语听力室(
www.tingroom.com)友情制作
[02:26.27]Much can be done.
[02:27.64]Scientists could "adopt" middle school classes
[02:31.24]and present their own research.
[02:33.67]They should be quick to respond to letters to the editor,
[02:37.41]lest animal rights misinformation go unchallenged
[02:41.14]and acquire a deceptive11 appearance of truth.
[02:45.17]Research institutions could be opened to tours,
[02:48.50]to show that laboratory animals receive humane12 care.
[02:52.85]Finally, because the ultimate stakeholders are patients,
[02:57.28]the health research community should actively13 recruit
[03:00.71]to its cause not only well-known personalities
[03:04.24]such as Stephen Cooper,
[03:06.06]who has made courageous14 statements
[03:07.67]about the value of animal research,
[03:10.09]but all who receive medical treatment.
[03:12.70]If good people do nothing, there is a real possibility
[03:16.15]that an uninformed citizenry will extinguish
[03:19.90]the precious embers of medical progress.

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1 paraphrase SLSxy     
vt.将…释义,改写;n.释义,意义
参考例句:
  • You may read the prose paraphrase of this poem.你可以看一下这首诗的散文释义。
  • Paraphrase the following sentences or parts of sentences using your own words.用你自己的话解释下面的句子或句子的一部分。
2 thereby Sokwv     
adv.因此,从而
参考例句:
  • I have never been to that city,,ereby I don't know much about it.我从未去过那座城市,因此对它不怎么熟悉。
  • He became a British citizen,thereby gaining the right to vote.他成了英国公民,因而得到了投票权。
3 perplexed A3Rz0     
adj.不知所措的
参考例句:
  • The farmer felt the cow,went away,returned,sorely perplexed,always afraid of being cheated.那农民摸摸那头牛,走了又回来,犹豫不决,总怕上当受骗。
  • The child was perplexed by the intricate plot of the story.这孩子被那头绪纷繁的故事弄得迷惑不解。
4 deliberately Gulzvq     
adv.审慎地;蓄意地;故意地
参考例句:
  • The girl gave the show away deliberately.女孩故意泄露秘密。
  • They deliberately shifted off the argument.他们故意回避这个论点。
5 vaccines c9bb57973a82c1e95c7cd0f4988a1ded     
疫苗,痘苗( vaccine的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • His team are at the forefront of scientific research into vaccines. 他的小组处于疫苗科研的最前沿。
  • The vaccines were kept cool in refrigerators. 疫苗放在冰箱中冷藏。
6 epidemics 4taziV     
n.流行病
参考例句:
  • Reliance upon natural epidemics may be both time-consuming and misleading. 依靠天然的流行既浪费时间,又会引入歧途。
  • The antibiotic epidemics usually start stop when the summer rainy season begins. 传染病通常会在夏天的雨季停止传播。
7 molecular mE9xh     
adj.分子的;克分子的
参考例句:
  • The research will provide direct insight into molecular mechanisms.这项研究将使人能够直接地了解分子的机理。
  • For the pressure to become zero, molecular bombardment must cease.当压强趋近于零时,分子的碰撞就停止了。
8 hip 1dOxX     
n.臀部,髋;屋脊
参考例句:
  • The thigh bone is connected to the hip bone.股骨连着髋骨。
  • The new coats blouse gracefully above the hip line.新外套在臀围线上优美地打着褶皱。
9 unaware Pl6w0     
a.不知道的,未意识到的
参考例句:
  • They were unaware that war was near. 他们不知道战争即将爆发。
  • I was unaware of the man's presence. 我没有察觉到那人在场。
10 wasteful ogdwu     
adj.(造成)浪费的,挥霍的
参考例句:
  • It is a shame to be so wasteful.这样浪费太可惜了。
  • Duties have been reassigned to avoid wasteful duplication of work.为避免重复劳动浪费资源,任务已经重新分派。
11 deceptive CnMzO     
adj.骗人的,造成假象的,靠不住的
参考例句:
  • His appearance was deceptive.他的外表带有欺骗性。
  • The storyline is deceptively simple.故事情节看似简单,其实不然。
12 humane Uymy0     
adj.人道的,富有同情心的
参考例句:
  • Is it humane to kill animals for food?宰杀牲畜来吃合乎人道吗?
  • Their aim is for a more just and humane society.他们的目标是建立一个更加公正、博爱的社会。
13 actively lzezni     
adv.积极地,勤奋地
参考例句:
  • During this period all the students were actively participating.在这节课中所有的学生都积极参加。
  • We are actively intervening to settle a quarrel.我们正在积极调解争执。
14 courageous HzSx7     
adj.勇敢的,有胆量的
参考例句:
  • We all honour courageous people.我们都尊重勇敢的人。
  • He was roused to action by courageous words.豪言壮语促使他奋起行动。
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TAG标签:   考研英语  阅读理解
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