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新概念英语第一册Lesson 11 Is this your shirt?

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  Lesson 11   Is this your shirt?
这是你的衬衫吗?
Listen to the tape then answer this question. Whose shirt is white?
听录音,然后回答问题。 谁的衬衣是白色的?
TEACHER:Whose shirt is that?
TEACHER:Is this your shirt, Dave?
DAVE:    No. Sir.
It's not my shirt.
DAVE:    This is my shirt.
My shirt's blue.
TEACHER: Is this shirt Tim's?
DAVE:    Perhaps1 it is, sir.
Tim's shirt's white.
TEACHER:Tim!
TIM:     Yes, sir?
TEACHER:Is this your shirt?
TIM:     Yes, sir.
TEACHER:Here you are.
Catch!
TIM:     Thank you, sir.
New Word and expressions2 生词和短语
whose
pron.谁的
blue
adj. 蓝色的
perhaps
adv. 大概
white
adj. 白色的
catch
v.   抓住
参考译文
老师:那是谁的衬衫?
老师:戴夫, 这是你的衬衫吗?
戴夫:不, 先生。这不是我的衬衫。
戴夫:这是我的衬衫。我的衬衫是蓝色的。
老师:这件衬衫是蒂姆的吗?
戴夫:也许是,先生。蒂姆的衬衫是白色的。
老师:蒂姆!
蒂姆: 什么事,先生。
老师:这是你的衬衫吗?
蒂姆:是的,先生。
老师:给你。接着!
蒂姆:谢谢您,先生。

 

  自学导读


1.Whose shirt is that?那是谁的衬衫?
这是特殊疑问句。读时用降调。
2.Yes,sir?什么事,先生?
请参见 Lessons 1~2课文详注以及 Lessons 3~4课文详注。
3.Here you are.给你。
是给对方东西时的习惯用语。递给对方东西或对方在找某物而你指出该物在什么地方时,往往用这种表达方式。也可以说:Here it is(指单数的物)或 Here they are(指复数的物)。句中的are和is一般应重读。
4.非省略形式和省略形式之间的关系
it is not = it isn't = it's not。
5.数字30的英文写法
30 -thirty
语法 Grammar3 in use
1.以疑问词 whose 引导的特殊疑问句
(1)用来询问所有关系。所有者总是一个人而且期望得到的回答是某人的名字加-'s形式(如 Tim's蒂姆的),或者是一个所有格代词(如 mine我的)。
(2)这时 whose 也可在句子中作表语,如:
(3)当所有关系中指的是某件东西或某种物质时,whose后面的名词可以省略:
2.所有格形容词和所有格代词(1)
(1)所有格形容词与所有格代词都表示所有,即某人或某物属于某一个人,回答以whose引导的问句。所有格形容词my,your等是限定词,必须始终放在名词之前,只能作定语。它们的形式取决于所有者,而不是被拥有的东西。所有格代词mine,yours等不能用在名词前,并且在说话时要加重语气。它们指人或物,单数或复数都一样。请见下表:
如:
This is my car.
这是我的汽车。(定语)
That is her coat.
这是她的上衣。(定语)
Your car is red,mine is blue.
你的车是红色的,我的是蓝色的。(主语)
This book is his,not yours.
这本书是他的,不是你的。(表语)
I have my way, and she has hers.
我有我的处事方式,她有她的。(宾语)
(2)名词所有格是在词尾加-'s构成的,不仅可作定语,还可作表语:
Is this Dave's shirt?
这是戴夫的衬衫吗?(作定语)
Whose is that shirt? Is it your daughter's?
那条裙子是谁的?是你女儿的吗?(作表语)


练习答案  Key to written exercises
Lesson 12
A
1  Stella is here. That is her car.
2  Excuse me, Steven. Is this your umbrella?
3  I am an air hostess4. My name is Britt.
4  Paul is here, too. That is his coat.
B
1  Whose is this handbag5? It's Stella 's. It's her handbag.
2  Whose is this car? It's Paul's. It's his car.
3  Whose is this coat? It's Sophie 's. It's her coat.
4  Whose is this umbrella? It's Steven's. It's his umbrella.
5  Whose is this pen? It's my daughter's. It's her pen.
6  Whose is this dress? It's my son's. It's his dress.
7  Whose is this suit6? It's my father's. It's his suit.
8  Whose is this skirt? It's my mother's. It's her skirt.
9  Whose is this blouse? It's my sister's. It's her blouse.
10  Whose is this tie? It's my brother's. It's his tie.
11  Whose is this pen? It's Sophie's. It's her pen.
12  Whose is this pencil? It's Hans'. It's his pencil.


词汇学习  Word study
1.perhaps  adv.
或许,大概,可能:
Perhaps it is, sir.
也许是,先生。
Perhaps it will rain.
也许要下雨了。
Perhaps it's Sophie's handbag.
也许这是索菲娅的手提包。
2.catch  v.
(1)接住,拦住:
Catch!
接着!
(2)逮住,捕获:
catch a thief7 捉住一个贼
(3)染上(疾病):
catch a cold 伤风
I have caught a bad cold.
我得了重感冒。


课堂笔记


特殊疑问句的变换:
Step8 1. 确定特殊疑问词
Step 2. 把句子变成一般疑问句 Is this whose shirt?
Step 3. 把特殊疑问词提前 Whose shirt is this?
This shirt is whose?
Is this shirt whose?
Whose is this shirt?
另一个语法点:名词所有格
Tim's Jones' boss's
一般情况直接加's
人名字如果是s结尾的,直接加'
单词是s结尾的,加's
名词所有格有两种属性:形容词性、名词性
This is Tim's shirt. This shirt is Tim's.
Whose shirt is this? Whose is this shirt?
如果这个词后面跟了一个名词,那么就是形容词性所有格
如果它是单独使用的,那么就是名词性所有格
This is Lucy's umbrella.
This umbrella is Lucy's.
This is her umbrella.
This umbrella is hers.
Whose umbrella is this? Whose is this umbrella?
blue movie 不健康的电影(黄色电影)
perhaps表示可能但不肯定,可以和maybe互换
white-collar blue-collar pink-collar一般由妇女从事的职业
white book政治或财政方面的书 white lie善意的谎言 True Lie
White House白宫 White Hall
as white as snow


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 perhaps wM0x5     
adv.也许,可能
参考例句:
  • Perhaps it will rain in the afternoon.下午可能有雨。
  • Perhaps I can help you.也许我能帮帮你的忙吧。
2 expressions 1476dfb963d54c697399a79fafa90151     
n.表情( expression的名词复数 );表示;(数学)表达式;词
参考例句:
  • ritualized expressions of grief 以例行的方式表达悲伤
  • The fashionable remarks of today often become the commonplace expressions of tomorrow. 今天的时髦话往往变成明天的陈词滥调。 来自《简明英汉词典》
3 grammar Xfmx7     
n.语法,语法规则
参考例句:
  • I find German grammar very difficult.我发现德语语法很难学。
  • He spent much time correcting my grammar.他花了很多时间来改我的语法错误。
4 hostess Ec2xD     
n.女主人,女房东,女老板
参考例句:
  • The hostess set a lamp on the table.女主人把一盏灯放在桌子上。
  • The hostess pressed fish on her guests.女主人催促客人吃鱼。
5 handbag prNzaA     
n.手提袋,女用提包
参考例句:
  • The girl bought a nice handbag.这女孩买了一个精致的手提包。
  • Why do not you clean out your handbag? 你为何不把你的手提包清理干净呢?
6 suit jUGzl     
n.(一套)衣服;起诉;v.合适,中..的意;相称
参考例句:
  • That suit is so expensive.这套衣服很贵。
  • Which day would suit you?哪一天适合你?
7 thief CoWwk     
n.贼;小偷
参考例句:
  • He saw the thief running away.他看见贼逃走了。
  • The thief broke the window and got into the house.那个窃贼打破窗子,进入屋内。
8 step quPwB     
n.脚步;台阶;梯级
参考例句:
  • She walked on a few steps.她继续走了几步。
  • He was sitting on the bottom step.他坐在最下面的一级台阶上。
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