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新概念英语第一册Lesson 137 A pleasant dream

时间:2005-04-23 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:鱼尾巴   字体: [ ]
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   Lesson 137 A pleasant dream

  听录音,然后回答问题。What would Julie like to do, if she had the money?
如果朱莉有那笔钱,她想做什么呢?


June:              Are you doing the football pools(赌注), Brian?
Brian:             Yes, I’ve nearly finished, June. I’m sure we will win something this week.
June:   You always say that, but we never win anything! What will you do if you win a lot of money?
Brian:             If I win a lot of money , I shall buy you a mink1 coat.
June:              I don’t want  a mink coat! I want to see the world.(见世面)
Brian:   All right. If we win a lot of money, we shall travel around the world and we shall stay at the best hotels. Then we shall return home and buy a big house in the country. We shall have a beautiful garden and…
June:   But if we spend all that money we shall be poor again. What shall we do then?
Brian:             If we spend all the money, we shall try and win the football pools again.
June:   It’s a pleasant dream, but everything depends on “if”!
New Word and expressions 生词和短语
football
n. 足球
pool
n. 赌注
win (won, won)
v. 赢
world
n. 世界
poor
adj. 贫穷的
depend
v. 依靠(on)
参考译文
朱 莉:布赖恩,你正在下足球赛的赌注吗?
布赖恩:是的。我这就做完了。朱莉。
我敢肯定这星期我们会赢一点的。
朱 莉:你老是那样说,但是我们从来没
赢过!要是你赢了许多钱,你打算
做什么呢?
布赖恩:要是我赢了许多钱,我给你买件
貂皮大衣。
朱 莉:我不要貂皮大衣。我要去见风世面。
布赖恩:好吧。要是我们赢了很多钱,我们
就去周游世界,并且住最好的旅馆。
然后我们返回家园,在乡下买幢大
房子。我们将有一个漂亮的花园和
……
朱 莉:但是如果我们把所有钱都花光了,
我们又会变穷的。那时我们怎么
办呢?
布赖恩:如果我们花光了所有钱,我们设法
在足球赛赌注上再赢一次。
朱 莉:这是个美好的梦,但一切都取决于
“如果”!

 

  自学导读
1.do the football pools,下足球赛的赌注。
football pools 是英国流行的一种赌博方式,靠在足球比赛结果上的赌注来决定输赢。
2.What will you do if you win a lot of money?如果你赢了许多钱,你打算做什么呢?
if you win a lot of money是一个表示条件的状语从句。在英文中,条件是指某一事情(状语从句中的动作)实现之后其他事情(主句中的动作)才能发生,通常译为“假如”。如果条件状语从句用于询问或谈论十分可能发生的事情,那么条件状语从句中常用一般现在时,而主句中则用一般将来时。 a lot of既可与可数名词也可与不可数名词连用。(请参见本课语法部分。)
3.buy  sb. sth.= buy  sth.sb.。
4.see the world,看世界。
travel round the world,周游世界。
二者有异曲同工之处。
5. What'll we do then?那时我们怎么办呢?
句中then意为“到那时”(指将来)。
6.a pleasant dream,一个美好的梦。
7.depend on,取决于,依靠。


 语法  Grammar in use
第1类条件句
如果我们认为将来的事件是可能发生的,就可用第1类条件句去描述将会发生什么事或不会发生什么事。其基本结构是:If +一般现在时+将来时(或情态助动词),如:
If it rains tomorrow, we won't go to the seaside.
如果明天下雨,我们就不去海边。
if从句中的现在时表示需具备的条件,主句中的shall/will将来时表示可能的结果。具备的条件是真实的,可能真的下雨。
如果是这样,它就会有真实的结果。这就是为什么这样的陈述句常被称为“开放”条件句或“真实”条件句的原因。事实上,在第1类条件句中,一切现在时态都能用在if之后,而不仅仅是一般现在时。请看例句:
If he falls ,he'll hurt himself.
如果他摔倒了,他会伤着自己的。
If you don't hurry ,we'll miss the train.
你要是不赶紧点儿,我们就会误了火车。
If you feel better, you can get up.
你要是感觉好些了的话,你就能起床了。
If I am better tomorrow, I will get up.
如果我明天感觉好些了,我就起床下地。
If I have a headache, I will take an aspirin2.
我要是头疼的话就会服用一片阿司匹林。
If I can afford it, I will buy it.
要是我买得起的话我就会买它。


词汇学习  Word study
1.depend  v.(on)
(1)视……而定;取决于:
It depends on whether they win or not.
这取决于他们是否能赢。
(2)依靠;依赖:
The country depends heavily on its export of farming3 products.
这个国家在很大程度上依赖于其农产品的出口。
They depended on us for help.
他们依靠的是我们的帮助。
(3)信赖;相信:
We can depend on the accuracy4 of the test.
我们可以相信测试的准确性。
You can depend on John----he is an honest man.
你可以信赖约翰——他是一个诚实的人。
2.win  v.
(1)赢(如比赛或奖项);获胜:
Which team won?
哪一队获胜了?
He felt very excited to have won the gold medal.
赢得了金牌,他感到非常兴奋。
(2)(经过努力等)赢得;取得;成功:
Do you think he will win the election5?
你认为他竞选会成功吗?
He had been applying for a scholarship6 and he won at last.
他一直在申请奖学金并终于获得了。


练习答案  Key to written exercises
Lesson 138
A
1  He is doing the football pools.
2  No, he has never won anything on the football pools.
3  He will buy his wife a mink coat if he wins a lot of money.
4  No, she doesn't.
5  She wants to see the world.
6  He will try and win the football pools again.
7  Yes, it's only a dream.
8  It all depends on‘if’.
B
1  If he misses the bus, he'll take a taxi.
2  If he doesn't sell his old car, he won't buy a new one.
3  If they offer me more money, I'll work less.
4  If she doesn't type the letter,  he'll type it himself.
5  If they come home early, the children will play in the garden.
6  If I am ill tomorrow, I won't go to work.
7  If I go to the party, I'll enjoy myself.
8  If he asks me,  I'll tell him the truth.
9  If it rains tomorrow, they'll stay at home.
C
1  She can live abroad if she is rich.
2  He can travel round the world if he is rich.
3  He can buy a new house if he is rich.
4  They can have a long holiday if they are rich.
5  I can enjoy myself if I am rich.
6  You can offer your boss a job if you are rich.
7  He can fly to Tokyo if he is rich.
8  She can work less if she is rich.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 mink ZoXzYR     
n.貂,貂皮
参考例句:
  • She was wearing a blue dress and a mink coat.她穿着一身蓝色的套装和一件貂皮大衣。
  • He started a mink ranch and made a fortune in five years. 他开了个水貂养殖场,五年之内就赚了不少钱。
2 aspirin 4yszpM     
n.阿司匹林
参考例句:
  • The aspirin seems to quiet the headache.阿司匹林似乎使头痛减轻了。
  • She went into a chemist's and bought some aspirin.她进了一家药店,买了些阿司匹林。
3 farming ituzIo     
n.农事;耕作
参考例句:
  • He lives by farming.他靠务农过活。
  • He is farming in Africa.他在非洲经营农场。
4 accuracy KN7zp     
n.准确(性);精确(性)
参考例句:
  • There is need to check the accuracy of these figures.有必要核对一下这些数字的精确性。
  • I doubt the accuracy of your statement.我怀疑你的话的正确性。
5 election ujezm     
n.选举,选择权;当选
参考例句:
  • There is no doubt but that he will win the election.毫无疑问,他将在竞选中获胜。
  • The government will probably fall at the coming election.在即将到来的大选中,该政府很可能要垮台。
6 scholarship YDVzt     
n.学问,学术成就,奖学金
参考例句:
  • The girl who won the scholarship was quite outstanding.得奖学金的女孩是相当杰出的。
  • I made up my mind to apply for a scholarship.我决定申请奖学金。
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