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新概念英语第一册Lesson 139 Is that you, John?

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  Lesson 139 Is that you, John?

  听录音,然后回答问题。Which John Smith does Graham Turner think he is talking to?
格雷厄姆.特纳以为他在和哪一个约翰.史密斯通话?


Mr Grimes:     Is that you, John?
John Smith:   Yes, speaking.
Mr Grimes:   Tell Mary we shall be late for dinner this evening.
John Smith:   I’m afraid I don’t understand.
Mr Grimes:   Hasn’t Mary told you? She invited betty and me to dinner this evening. I said I would be at your house at six o’clock, but the boss wants me to do some extra work. I’ll have to stay at the office. I don’t know when I shall finish. Oh, and by the way, my wife wants to know if Mary needs any help.
John Smith:    I don’t know what you’re talking about.
Mr Grimes:        That is John Smith, isn’t it?
John Smith:       Yes, I’m John Smith.
Mr Grimes:       You are John Smith, the engineer, aren’t you?
John Smith:       That’s right.
Mr Grimes:       You work for the Overseas1 Engineering2 Company, don’t you?
John Smith:    No, I don’t. I’m John Smith the telephone engineer and I’m repairing your telephone line.
New Word and expressions 生词和短语
extra
adj. 额外的
overseas
adj. 海外的,国外的
engineering
n. 工程
company
n. 公司
line
n. 线路
参考译文
格雷厄姆.特纳:是你吗,约翰?
约 翰.史 密斯:是我,请讲。
格雷厄姆.特纳:你告诉玛丽,今晚吃饭将晚到一会儿。
约 翰.史 密斯:恐怕我还不明白您的意思。
格雷厄姆.特纳:玛丽没有告诉你吗?
她邀请我和夏洛特今晚去
吃饭。我说过我6点到你家,
但老板要我加班。我不得
不留在办公室,不知道什
么时候才能结束。喔,
顺便问一问,我妻子想知
道玛丽是否需要帮忙。
约 翰.史 密斯:我不知道您在说些什么。
格雷厄姆.特纳:你是约翰.史密斯,对吗?
约 翰.史密 斯: 是的,我是约翰.史密斯。
格雷厄姆.特纳:你是工程师约翰.史密斯,
对吗?
约 翰.史 密斯:对。
格雷厄姆.特纳:你在海外工程公司上班,
是吗?
约 翰.史 密斯:不,不是。我是电话工程
师约翰.史密斯,我正在
修理您的电话线。

 

  自学导读
1.Tell Mary we'll be late for dinner this evening. 你告诉玛丽,今晚吃饭我们将晚到一会儿。
句中 we will be late…是一个宾语从句,作动词 tell的宾语。
这个宾语从句省略了引导词that。late表示“迟到”的意思时通常作表语,与for连用。
2.by the way, 顺便(问、说一下)。
说话者忽然想到另一件事的时候用此来表示改变话题。


语法  Grammar in use
宾语从句(2)
在以前已介绍过宾语从句一般由that, which和whom引导,它们有时在口语中可以省略。除此之外,宾语从句还可以由when, where, what, why, how以及 if和 whether这些疑问词来引导,而它们在句中往往不能加以省略。无论是that, if还是wh-疑问词引导的宾语从句通常都应以陈述句的形式出现。
请看例句:
She wants to know when you'll have a bath.
她想知道你何时洗澡。
I don't know where she lives.
我不知道她住在哪儿。
He wants to know what you are cooking.
他想知道你在做什么饭。
She wants to know why Mary is late.
她想知道玛丽为何迟到。
He wants to know if you are tired.
他想知道你是否累了。


 词汇学习  Word study
1.extra
(1)adj. 额外的;外加的;另外收费的:
Could you get an extra bottle of milk?
请你再拿一瓶牛奶好吗?
On Sundays, she always gets some extra sleep.
星期天她总是比平时多睡一会儿。
Guests at this hotel can use the gym at no extra cost.
这家饭店的客人们可以使用健身房,不再额外收费。
(2)adv. 额外地;另外:
He usually works3 extra on weekends.
他通常在周末加班。
They'll charge you extra for room service.
饭菜送到房间是要另外收费的。
She is extra nice to her colleagues4 these days.
这些日子她对她的同事们特别好。
2.overseas
(1)adj. 海外的;国外的:
The university recruits5 a large number of overseas
students each year.
这所大学每年招收大量的外国留学生。
This small country depends heavily on its overseas trade.
这个小国在很大程度上依赖于其海外贸易。
(2)adv. 在(或向)海外;在(或向)国外:
John is going to work overseas soon.
约翰不久就要出国工作了。
He has never been overseas.
他还从未出过国。


练习答案  Key to written exercises
Lesson 140
A
1  Yes, Graham Turner is speaking to John Smith.
2  Mary invited Mr. and Mrs. Turner to dinner.
3  Graham Turner said he would be there at six o'clock.
4  Because his boss wanted him to do some extra work.
5  No, he doesn't.
6  Mr. Turner's wife wants to know if Mary needs any help.
B
1  I want to know if you are late. Tell me if you are late.
I want to know why you are late. Tell me why you are late.
2  I want to know if you are dirty. Tell my if you are dirty.
I want to know why you are dirty. Tell me why you are dirty.
3  I want to know if you are lazy. Tell me if you are lazy.
I want to know why you are lazy. Tell me why you are lazy.
4  I want to know if you are busy. Tell me if you are busy.
I want to know why you are busy. Tell me why you are busy.
C
1  I want to know if you are writing. Tell me if you are writing.
I want to know what you are writing. Tell me what you are writing.
2  I want to know if you are cooking. Tell me if you are cooking.
I want to know what you are cooking. Tell me what you are cooking.
3  I want to know if you are painting. Tell me if you are painting.
I want to know what you are painting. Tell me what you are painting.
4  I want to know if you are playing. Tell me if you are playing.
I want to know what you are playing. Tell me what you are playing.
D
1  I want to know if Tom got up early. Tell me if Tom got up early.
I want to know when Tom got up. Tell me when Tom got up.
2  I want to know if Tom arrived late. Tell me if Tom arrived late.
I want to know when Tom arrived. Tell me when Tom arrived.
3  I want to know if Tom did his homework yesterday. Tell me if Tom did his homework yesterday.
I want to know when Tom did his homework yesterday. Tell me when Tom did his homework yesterday.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 overseas cKTxs     
adj.海外的;adv.在海外
参考例句:
  • Her man has been sent overseas by his employers.她的丈夫已被雇主派往海外。
  • Many firms are focusing on increasing their markets overseas.许多商行都专注于扩大国外市场。
2 engineering vtyzmS     
n.工程,工程学,管理,操纵
参考例句:
  • The science of engineering began as soon as man learned to use tools. 人类一学会使用工具,工程科学就开始了。
  • It was the first great engineering works in the world. 这是世界上第一家大型的工程工厂。
3 works ieuzIh     
n.作品,著作;工厂,活动部件,机件
参考例句:
  • We expect writers to produce more and better works.我们期望作家们写出更多更好的作品。
  • The novel is regarded as one of the classic works.这篇小说被公认为是最优秀的作品之一。
4 colleagues 7801ef7e930d2e49cf6e071f5fc43c63     
n.同事,同僚( colleague的名词复数 );同人
参考例句:
  • He wanted to confer with his colleagues before reaching a decision. 他想与他的同事先商议一下再作出决定。
  • She is held in high esteem by her colleagues. 她深受同事的敬重。
5 recruits 491ee3a469c87c15970c2573bf9cc11a     
新兵( recruit的名词复数 ); (机构中的)新成员; 就业; 人才开发
参考例句:
  • A corps of doctors arrived to inoculate the recruits. 一队医生来给新兵打防疫针。
  • The recruits are exercised every day in the art of self-defence. 新兵每天训练自卫技能。
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