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新概念英语第一册Lesson 129 70 miles an hour

时间:2005-04-23 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:鱼尾巴   字体: [ ]
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  Lesson 129  70 miles an hour

  听录音,然后回答问题。What does Ann advise her husband to do next time?
安建议她的丈夫下次做什么?


Ann:        Look, Harry1! That policeman’s waving to you. He wants you to stop.
Policeman:       Where do you think you are? On a race track2?
You must have been driving at seventy miles an hour.
Harry:            I can’t have been.
Policeman:      I was doing eighty when I overtook3 you.
Policeman:       Didn’t you see the speed limit?
Harry:            I’m afraid I didn’t, officer. I must have been dreaming .
Ann:        He wasn’t dreaming, officer. I was telling him to drive slowly.
Harry:            That’s why I didn’t see the sign.
Policeman:       Let me see your driving-license and your insurance certificate4.
Policeman:      I won’t charge you this time. But you’d better not do it again!
Harry:            Thank you. I’ll certainly be more careful.
Ann:        I told you to drive slowly, Harry.
Harry:            You always tell me to drive slowly, darling.
Ann:        Well, next time you’d better take my advice!
New Word and expressions 生词和短语
wave
v. 招手
track
n. 跑道
mile
n. 英里
overtake5 (overtook, overtaken)
v. 从后面超越,超车
speed limit
限速
dream
v. 做梦,思想不集中
sign
n. 标记,牌子
driving licence6
驾驶执照
charge
v. 罚款
darling
n. 亲爱的(用作表示称呼)
参考译文
安:瞧,加里!那个警察正朝你挥手呢。
他要你停下来。
警察:你认为你现在是在哪儿?
在赛车道上吗?你刚才一定是以每小时
70英里的速度开车。
加里:我不会开得那么快的。
警察:我是以每小时80英里的速度赶上你的。
警察:难道你没看见限速牌吗?
加里:恐怕我没有看见,警官。
我一定思想开小差了。
安:警官,他思想没有开小差。
我刚才正告诉他开慢点。
安里:所以我才没看见那牌子。
警察:让我看一看你的驾驶执照。
警察:这次我就不罚你款了。但你最好不要再
开得这样快。
加里:谢谢您。我以后一定会多加注意。
安:加里,我刚才叫你开慢点吧。
加里:你总是叫我开慢点,亲爱的。
安:好啦,下次你最好还是听从我的劝告!

 

  自学导读
课文详注  Further notes on the text
1.Where do you think you are?你认为你现在是在哪儿?
do you think 是用在特殊疑问句中的插入语,用来征询见解或表达看法。因为句中插入语已经是疑问式,主谓倒装了,所以you are的位置不能再对调了。插入语一般是对句子加一些附加的解释,在句子中作独立成分。常用来作插入语的结构有I hope, I think, I'm afraid, you know等。插入语可以位于句尾或句中,有时也可出现在疑问句中。
2.must have been doing sth.,一定/准是在做某事。
这种结构用来表示对过去正进行的事情的推测。下文中的can't have been是 can't have been driving的省略式,在意思上与must have been driving正相反。
3.That's why I didn't see the sign.所以我才没看见那牌子。
why I didn't see the sign作is的表语从句,以why引导的从句用来解释事情的原因。
4.…you'd better take my advice!……你最好还是听从我的劝告吧!
take one's advice是“听从劝告”的意思。


  语法  Grammar in use
表示猜测和推断的情态助动词must和can't(2)
must与can't不仅能表达对现在和将来的猜测和推断,而且能表达对过去的猜测和推断——这时可用 must have been表示肯定的推断,用can't have been(而不是mustn't have been)来表示否定的推断,如后面跟进行时则表示对过去正在进行的动作的猜测。请看例句:
You must have been driving at seventy miles an hour.
你当时肯定正以每小时70英里的速度行驶。
I didn't see it. I must have been dreaming.
我没看见。我当时一定是在胡思乱想吧。
She can't have been 29.She must have been 36.
她那时肯定不会是29岁,她一定36岁了。
He can't have been reading. He must have been sleeping.
他那时肯定不是在看书,他准是在睡觉。


  词汇学习  Word study
1.charge  v.
(1)罚款;使承受经济负担:
He was charged by the policeman for speeding.
他因开车超速而被警察罚款。
(2)要(价);收(费):
The hotel charged them £ 900 for one night.
饭店向他们索要900英镑作为住一晚的费用。
(3)指控;指责:
They charged him with murder.
他们指控他犯了谋杀罪。
2.dream  v.
(1)做梦;梦见:
He dreamt about his grandmother last night.
他昨天夜里梦见他的祖母了。
Do you often dream at night?
你晚上经常做梦吗?
(2)梦想;幻想:
She dreamed that one day she would be as free as a bird
她幻想着有一天自己能像鸟儿那般自由。
I once dreamed of becoming a famous doctor.
我曾一度梦想着成为一位著名的医生。
(3)出神;心不在焉;空想:
Don't dream away your life!
不要在想入非非中虚度你的人生。
Sorry, I didn't see the sign. I must have been dream ing.
对不起,我没看见那牌子。我一定是思想开小差了。
3.wave  v.
(1)招手;挥手示意:
He waved us quiet.
他挥手要我们别出声。
She waved me goodbye.
她向我挥手告别。
(2)起伏;飘动:
The flag is waving in the wind.
旗帜正在风中飘扬。
She was attracted by the waving sea.
她被那汹涌起伏的大海吸引。


  练习答案  Key to written exercises
Lesson 130
A
1  He didn't come to work yesterday. He must have been ill.
2  He didn't come to the office this morning. He had to stay a home.
3  I don't think she was Austrian7. She must have been German.
4  I lost my pen so I had to buy a new one.
5  He forgot his case so he had to return home.
6  She didn't hear the phone. She must have been sleeping.
B
1  I don't think they were. They can't have been Canadian.
They must have been Australian.
2  I don't think she was. She can't have been Finnish.
She must have been Russian.
3  I don't think they were. They can't have been Japanese.
They must have been Chinese.
4  I don't think they were. They can't have been butchers8.
They must have been bakers9.
5  I don't think she was. She can't have been a dentist.
She must have been a doctor.
6  I don't think he was. He can't have been a sales rep.
He must have been the boss.
7  I don't think she was. She can't have been seventeen.
She must have been twenty-one.
8  I don't think they were. They can't have been five.
They must have been seven.
9  I don't think he was. He can't have been seventy-six.
He must have been over eighty.
10  I don't think she was. She can't have been fifty-five.
She must have been under fifty.
11  I don't think it was. It can't have been the 17th yesterday.
It must have been the 16th yesterday.
12  I don't think it was. It can't have been Tuesday yesterday.
It must have been Wednesday yesterday.
13  I don't think it was. It can't have been the 19th yesterday.
It must have been the 20th yesterday.
14  I don't think it was. It can't have been cheap.
It must have been expensive.
15  I don't think it was. It can't have been easy.
It must have been difficult.
16  I don't think she was. She can't have been old.
She must have been young.
17  I don't think he was. He can't have been ill.
He must have been tired.
18  I don't think they were. They can't have been listening to the radio.
They must have been watching television.
19  I don't think she was. She can't have been retiring.
She must have been looking for a new job.
20  I don't think they were. They can't have been sitting.
They must have been standing10.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 harry heBxS     
vt.掠夺,蹂躏,使苦恼
参考例句:
  • Today,people feel more hurried and harried.今天,人们感到更加忙碌和苦恼。
  • Obama harried business by Healthcare Reform plan.奥巴马用医改掠夺了商界。
2 track vn1w9     
n.轨道;足迹;痕迹;磁轨;途径;vt.循路而行;追踪;通过;用纤拉;vi.追踪
参考例句:
  • The new race track is nearly six miles in extent.这条新跑道将近六英里长。
  • The police are on his track.警察在跟踪他。
3 overtook d4868bda3eafbf172851b68d85ee5547     
v.追上,赶上,超过( overtake的过去式 );(不愉快的事情)突然发生;突然降临;(在数量或重要性方面)大于
参考例句:
  • The blue car overtook ours. 那辆蓝色的汽车超过我们的车子。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • A storm overtook the little boat. 小船突然遇到了暴风雨的袭击。 来自《简明英汉词典》
4 certificate JOEzr     
n.证书,证明书;vt.发给证明书,认可,鉴定
参考例句:
  • She proudly displayed her degree certificate to her parents.她自豪地向父母展示了学位证书。
  • No one had seen her marriage certificate.没人看到过她的结婚证书。
5 overtake IKixp     
v.追上,赶过,超过;袭击,压倒
参考例句:
  • I had to walk very fast to overtake you.我不得不快走才能赶过你。
  • No one could overtake him.没有人能超过他。
6 licence O1hxO     
n.证书;许可证,执照;v.许可;批准
参考例句:
  • The restaurant applied for a licence to sell wine.那家餐厅申请售酒许可证。
  • He hadn't paid his television licence fee.他尚未缴纳电视机使用许可费。
7 Austrian WyvzhN     
n.奥地利人
参考例句:
  • Napoleon divorced his French wife in order to marry an Austrian princess. 为了娶一位奥地利公主,拿破仑和他的法国妻子离了婚。 来自英汉非文学 - 历史
  • Lanny recollected the beautiful Austrian country through which he had passed. 兰尼回想起他经过的美丽的奥地利国家。 来自辞典例句
8 butchers 70f589da0a88b418addbda7f688392f0     
n.屠夫( butcher的名词复数 );肉商;杀人狂;刽子手
参考例句:
  • It's the lunatic fringe of the Animal Liberation Front which smashes the windows of butchers' shops, not ordinary members like us. 是“动物解放阵线”的极端分子打碎了肉店的玻璃窗,可不是我们这样的普通成员。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • These two icy butchers thoroughly understood each other. 这两个心肠冷酷的屠夫彼此十分了解。 来自辞典例句
9 bakers 1c4217f2cc6c8afa6532f13475e17ed2     
n.面包师( baker的名词复数 );面包店;面包店店主;十三
参考例句:
  • The Bakers have invited us out for a meal tonight. 贝克一家今晚请我们到外面去吃饭。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The bakers specialize in catering for large parties. 那些面包师专门负责为大型宴会提供食品。 来自《简明英汉词典》
10 standing 2hCzgo     
n.持续,地位;adj.永久的,不动的,直立的,不流动的
参考例句:
  • After the earthquake only a few houses were left standing.地震过后只有几幢房屋还立着。
  • They're standing out against any change in the law.他们坚决反对对法律做任何修改。
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