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新概念英语第一册Lesson 17 How do you do

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  17 How do you do?

  听录音,然后回答问题。What are Michael Baker1 and Jeremy Short's jobs?
迈克尔.贝克和杰里米.肖特是做什么工作的?

  Come and meet our employees, Mr. Richards.
Thank you, Mr. Jackson.
This is Nicola Grey, and this is Claire Taylor.
How do you do?
Those women are very hard-working.
What are their jobs?
They’re keyboard operators2.
This is Michael Baker, and this is Jeremy Short.
How do you do?
They aren’t very busy!
What are their jobs?
They’re sales reps.
They are very lazy.
Who is this young man?
This is Jim.
He is our office assistant.
New Word and expressions 生词和短语
employee
n. 雇员
hard-working
adj. 勤奋的
sales reps
推销员
man
n. 男人
office
n. 办公室
assistant
n. 助手
参考译文
杰克逊先生:来见见我们的雇员,
理查兹先生。
理查兹先生:谢谢,杰克逊先生。
杰克逊先生:这位是尼克拉.格雷,
这位是克莱尔.泰勒。
理查兹先生:你们好!
理查兹先生:那些姑娘很勤快。
她们是做什么工作的?
杰克逊先生:她们是电脑录入员。
杰克逊先生:这位是迈克尔.贝克,
这位是杰里米.肖特。
理查兹先生:你们好!
理查兹先生:他们不很忙吧!
他们是做什么工作的?
杰克逊先生:他们是推销员,他们非常懒。
理查兹先生:这个年轻人是谁?
杰克逊先生:他是吉姆,
是我们办公室的勤杂人员。

 

  自学导读


1.How do you do?您好。
这是用于第一次见面时的较正式用语。一般用同样的话来回答。请参见 Lessons 5~6课文详注。
2.Come and meet our employees…来见见我们的雇员……
这里的and表示目的。请参见 Lessons 13~14中语法部分的解释。
3.This is Nicola Grey,and this is Claire Taylor.这位是尼古拉·格雷,这位是克莱尔·泰勒。
这是介绍人们彼此认识时的常用句型。请参见 Lessons 5~6课文详注。
4.名词的复数形式(2)
如果名词单数词尾为-f或-fe(读作/f/),则其复数一律变为-ves (读作/vz/),即将-f或-fe变成-v,再加-es而成,如 housewife----housewives。
英语中有一些名词的复数形式是不规则的,如man与woman其复数形式分别为men与women。此外还可用man,woman等来区别阳性与阴性:以-man结尾的一些复合名词指男性,如milkman---- milkmen,policeman ---- policemen;一些以-woman结尾的名词指女性,如postwoman---- postwomen,policewoman ---- policewomen。
5.数字200,1,000,1,001的英文写法
200 ---- two hundred
1,000 ---- a(或 one) thousand
1,001 ---- a thousand and one
语法  Grammar in use
1.who 引导的特殊疑问句
Who is…?或 Who are…?这类以疑问词 who引导的疑问句通常用来询问人的姓名和身份。Who…?仅指人,可以用来询问男性、女性、单数或复数的人。如:
注意这种句型与 What is…?或 What are…?这类句型的区别:What…?句型主要用来询问人的类别或职业,如:
请参见 Lessons 5~6与 Lessons 7~8语法部分的解释。
2.所有格形容词与人称代词
(请参见Lessons 11~12语法部分。)
所有格形容词their 意为"他们的",其对应的人称代词是they。下面是人称代词及其对应的所有格形容词形式:
练习答案  Key to written exercises
Lesson 18
A
1  That man is tall. He is a policeman.
2  Those girls are busy. They are keyboard operators.
3  Our names are Britt and Inge. We are Swedish.
4  Look at our office assistant. He is very hard-working.
5  Look at Nicola. She is very pretty.
6  Michael Baker and Jeremy Short are employees. They are sales reps.
B
1  Are they keyboard operators or air hostesses?
They aren't keyboard operators. They're air hostesses.
2  Are they postmen or policemen?
They aren't postmen. They're policemen.
3  Are they policewomen or nurses?
They aren't policewomen. They're nurses.
4  Are they customs officers or hairdressers?
They aren't customs officers. They're hairdressers.
5  Are they hairdressers or teachers?
They aren't hairdressers. They're teachers.
6  Are they engineers or taxi drivers?
They aren't engineers. They're taxi drivers.
7  Are they policewomen or keyboard operators?
They aren't policewomen. They're keyboard operators.
8  Are they milkmen or engineers?
They aren't milkmen. They're engineers.
9  Are they policemen or milkmen?
They aren't policemen. They're milkmen.
10  Are they nurses or housewives?
They aren't nurses. They're housewives.


词汇学习 Word study


1.custom  n.
风俗;习惯;
When visiting a foreign country, we might find the country's customs strange to us.
当我们去外国访问时,我们也许会发现该国的某些风俗习
惯有些奇怪。
It is his custom to go for a walk in the evenings.
他惯常在晚上出去散步。
2.customs, Customs  n.
[复]海关;征收关税的程序:
The spy was stopped at the Customs and questioned.
那个间谍在海关被截住并被加以盘问。
How long will it usually take to pass the Customs?
通过海关检查通常要花费多少时间?


课堂笔记


employ/employment3 雇用
I need to employ some people to help me do this work.
employer4 雇主
employment 工作
一个动词后有 -ee,是被这个动作影响的人;一个动词后有 -er,是做出这个动作的人。
-ment名词后缀
hard-working/hard-work/work hard
hard-working adj. 勤奋的 Sophie is a hard-working girl.
hard-work 艰苦的工作 This is a hard-work.
work hard 努力地工作
diligent5 adj. 勤勉的
man也可以表示"人类"的意思。
Old man!
man-to-man defence 人盯人防守
face-to-face
office building/office clerk/office hours/office worker/office assistant
办公大楼/办公室职员/上班时间/上班族/办公室的助手
assistant 助手
assist 援助
P36 Written exercise A
1 He
2 They
3 We
4 She / He
5 She / He
6 They


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 baker wyTz62     
n.面包师
参考例句:
  • The baker bakes his bread in the bakery.面包师在面包房内烤面包。
  • The baker frosted the cake with a mixture of sugar and whites of eggs.面包师在蛋糕上撒了一层白糖和蛋清的混合料。
2 operators 0997fb356c249146ffe97cce96f88459     
n.(某企业的)经营者( operator的名词复数 );(机器、设备等的)操作员;电话接线员;投机取巧者
参考例句:
  • A plethora of new operators will be allowed to enter the market. 大批新的运营商将获准进入该市场。 来自辞典例句
  • Green house operators have considerable opportunity for precise manipulation of nutrients. 温室管理员有很多机会来准确控制养分。 来自辞典例句
3 employment HpGxe     
n.雇用;使用;工作,职业
参考例句:
  • A large office requires the employment of many people.一个大办事处需要雇用好多人员。
  • The state of employment in this city is improving.这个城市就业状况正在改善。
4 employer ItNzrt     
n.雇用方,雇主
参考例句:
  • My employer deducted ten pounds from my wages this week.我的雇主从我本周的工钱中扣除了十英镑。
  • His monthly salary is paid into the bank by his employer.他的月薪由雇主替他存入银行。
5 diligent al6ze     
adj.勤勉的,勤奋的
参考例句:
  • He is the more diligent of the two boys.他是这两个男孩中较用功的一个。
  • She is diligent and keeps herself busy all the time.她真勤快,一会儿也不闲着。
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