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新概念英语第一册Lesson 21 Which book?

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  Lesson 21 Which book?

  听录音,然后回答问题。Which book does the man want?
这位男士要哪本书?

  Give me a book please, Jane.
Which book?
This one?
No, not that one. The red one.
This one?
Yes, please.
Here you are.
Thank you.
New Word and expressions 生词和短语
give
v. 给
one
pron.一个
which
question word 哪一个
参考译文
丈夫:请拿本书给我,简。
妻子:哪一本?
妻子:是这本吗?
丈夫:不,不是那本。是那本红皮的。
妻子:这本吗?
丈夫:是的,请给我。
妻子:给你。
丈夫:谢谢。

  自学导读


1.Give me a book please, Jane.请拿本书给我,简。
这是一个祈使句。祈使句表示请求或命令。(请参见Lessons 13~14语法部分的说明。)表示客气的请求时,通常加please。
2.Which book? 哪一本?
是Which book do you want?的省略形式。下文中的This one? 是Do you want this one?的省略形式。No, not that one是No, I do not want that one的省略形式。口语中常用这样的省略句。
3.This  one?是这本吗?
相当于:Do you want this one? one是不定代词,代替 a book,以避免重复。one的复数形式是ones。one和ones前面都可用定冠词,也可有自己的定语。如:
4.数字1,010,1,011,1,016的英文写法
1,010----a thousand and ten
1,011----a thousand and eleven
1,016----a thousand and sixteen
语法  Grammar in use
1.人称代词
代词,顾名思义,就是用来代替名词或名词短语的词,在已经知道所指的是谁或什么的情况下使用,以免行文重复。人称代词有主格和宾格之分。在陈述句中,主格代词差不多总是位于动词之前。宾格代词可代替处于宾语位置上的名词,它们可以作直接宾语和间接宾语。
Give me/him/her/us/them a book.
给我/他/她/我们/他(她)们一本书。(宾格代词)
2.which引导的特殊疑问句
(请参见Lessons 5~6中语法部分的说明。)
用which +名词可询问物体(单数或复数)或物质。which总是说明一种限定的、特指的选择。如:
Which book/books do you prefer?
你喜欢哪本/哪些书?
Which car do you like best?
你最喜欢哪种汽车?


词汇学习  Word study


1.large与big
(1)large仅指物理量值的大,是small的反义词。
large主要指体积、面积、形状、数量方面的大,修饰人时指个子大。如:
China is a large country.
中国是一个幅员辽阔的国家。
Look at that large woman in white.
瞧那个身穿白色衣服、个子高大的女人。
(2)big所表示的大,主要指不仅体积大而且很重。所以a large box未必big。big在修饰人时,主要指大人物,但个子未必高大。如:
It is a big house.
这是一所大房子。(此句指不仅体积大,而且给人深刻的或结实的印象。)
She's very big in the filmdom.
她在电影界中是个响当当的人物。(此句指不仅成功,且具有很大的影响力。)
2.small与little
(1)small指物理量值的小或少,是large的反义词,不带什么感情色彩。如:
It is a small factory.
这是一个小新概念。
I want the small one with the yellow handle.
我想要带新概念把手的那个小的。
(2)little也表示小或少,但有小而可爱的感情色彩,是big的反义词。如:
There is a little garden behind our house.
我们的屋后有个小花园。(此句表示花园虽小,但很可爱。)
She has the sweetest little smiles.
她的微笑十分甜蜜可爱。


练习答案  Key to written exercises
Lesson 22
A
1  Is this Nicola's coat? No, it's not. Her coat  is grey.
2  Are these your pens? No, they're not. My pens are blue.
3  Is this Mr. Jackson's hat? No, it's not. His hat is black.
4  Are these the  children's books? No, they're not. Their books are red.
5  Is this Helen's dog? No, it's  not. Her dog is brown and white.
6  Is this your father's tie? No, it's not. His tie is orange.
B
1  Give me a cup please.
Which one? This dirty one?
No, not this dirty one. That clean one.
Here you are.
Thank you.
2  Give me a glass please.
Which one? This empty one?
No, not this empty one. That full one.
Here you are.
Thank you.
3  Give me a bottle please.
Which one? This large one?
No, not this large one. That small one.
Here you are.
Thank you.
4  Give me a box please.
Which one? This big one?
No, not this big one. That little one.
Here you are.
Thank you.
5  Give me a tin please.
Which one? This new one?
No, not this new one. That old one.
Here you are.
Thank you.
6  Give me a knife please.
Which one? This sharp one?
No, not this sharp one. That blunt1 one.
Here you are.
Thank you.
7  Give me a spoon please.
Which one? This new one?
No, not this new one. That old one.
Here you are.
Thank you.
8  Give me a fork please.
Which one? This large one?
No, not this large one. That small one.
Here you are.
Thank you.


课堂笔记


give v. 给 one pron. 一个 which question word 哪一个
empty adj. 空的 full adj. 满的 large adj. 大的
little adj. 小的 sharp adj. 尖的,锋利的 small adj. 小的
big adj. 大的 blunt adj. 钝的 box n. 盒子
glass n. 杯子 cup n. 茶杯 bottle n. 瓶子
tin n. 罐头 knife n. 刀子 fork n. 叉子
spoon n. 勺子
give 给,它的主语可以是人,也可以是物:Teaching2 gives me a lot of pleasure.
give sb. sth.
give sth. to sb.
Give me a pen please. 请给我一支钢笔。
Give a pen to me please.
offer 提供,只能是人做主语
provide 免费提供
supply 供应
donate3 捐献
contribute4 贡献:I have contributed5 all my life to teaching career.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 blunt jt2zC     
adj.(刀子)钝的,不锋利的,迟钝的,直率的
参考例句:
  • The axe is too blunt to cut down the tree.斧头太钝,砍不倒树。
  • She is rather blunt in speech.她说话很直率。
2 teaching ngEziT     
n.教学,执教,任教,讲授;(复数)教诲
参考例句:
  • We all agree in adopting the new teaching method. 我们一致同意采取新的教学方法。
  • He created a new system of teaching foreign languages.他创造了一种新的外语教学体系。
3 donate 7slxH     
v.捐赠,赠予
参考例句:
  • They used to donate to the Red Cross every year.他们每年捐钱给红十字会。
  • She is willing to donate money to a worthy cause.她愿为高尚的事业捐款。
4 contribute xZLy5     
vt.有助于,捐助,投稿;vi.出力,捐献,投稿
参考例句:
  • The rich will be asked to contribute money;the strong to contribute labour.有钱出钱,有力出力。
  • The three sons also contribute to the family business.这3个儿子也为家族事业做出了贡献。
5 contributed 2b4573630dade54ab7b18116b080c446     
捐献( contribute的过去式和过去分词 ); 捐助; 撰稿; 投稿
参考例句:
  • Before closing I want to mention all those who contributed so generously. 在我结束讲话的时候,我想提一下所有慷慨捐赠的人。
  • His research has contributed enormously to our understanding of this disease. 他的研究对我们认识这一疾病贡献很大。
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