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新概念英语第一册lesson 55 The Sawyer family

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  lesson 55 The Sawyer family

 

  听录音,然后回答问题。When do the children do their homework?
孩子们什么时候做功课?


The Sawyers live at 87 King Street.
In the morning, Mr Sawyer goes to work and the children go to school. Their father takes them to school every day.
Mrs Sawyer stays at home every day. She does the housework. She always eats her lunch at noon.
In the afternoon, she usually sees her friends. They often drink tea together.
In the evening, the children come home from school. They arrive home early.
Mr Sawyer comes home from work. He arrives home late.
At night, the children always do their homework. Then they go to bed. Mr Sawyer usually reads his newspaper, but sometimes he and his wife watch television.
New Word and expressions 生词和短语
live
v. 住,生活
stay
v. 呆在,停留
home
n. 家;
adv. 到家
housework
n. 家务
lunch
n. 午饭
afternoon
n. 下午
usually
adv. 通常
together
adv. 一起
evening
n. 晚上
arrive
v. 到达
night
n. 夜间
参考译文
索耶一家住在国王街87号。
早上,索耶先生去上班,孩子们去上学。父亲每天送孩子们去上学。
索耶夫人每天呆在家里。她料理家务。
她总是在正午吃午饭。
下午,她总是会见她的朋友。她们经常在一起喝茶。
傍晚,孩子们放学回家。他们到家很早。
索耶先生下班回家。他到家很晚。
晚上,孩子们总是做作业,然后去睡觉。索耶先生总是读报纸,但有时和他的妻子一起看电视。

 

  自学导读
1.go to work, 上班。
由动词 go引导的短语课文中还有:go to school(上学), go to bed(上床睡觉)。请注意 work, school以及 bed之前不带任何冠词。
2.stay at home, 呆在家里。
与 stay home在意思上相差无几。前者中的 home是名词,后者中的home是副词。
3.do the housework, 料理家务。
housework是不可数名词。请比较:do the homework(做作业)。
4.at night, 在夜里。
如果说某日夜里,则用介词 on:
on the night of June 2 在6月2日的夜里


语法  Grammar in use
一般现在时(2)
(请参见 Lessons 47~48语法部分。)
一般现在时用于表示一个习惯动作、有规律的行为以及永恒的现象。一般与时间频度副词和时间短语连用。这些时间短语有:
every day/week/month/year 每日/周/月/年
in the morning/afternoon/evening 在上午/下午/晚上
at noon/night 在正午/夜里
第3人称单数的谓语动词需加以变位,这可分为几种情况:
(1)直接加 -s,如:
come----comes
arrive----arrives
(2)以 -sh, -ch, -o 以及 -s结尾的动词加 -es,如:
wash----washes
go----goes
watch----watches
do----does
(3)以辅音加 -y结尾的动词,把 -y改成 -i,再加 -es;而元音加 -y结尾的动词,只加 -s即可:
hurry----hurries
carry----carries
play----plays
stay----stays


 词汇学习  Word study
1.arrive  v.
(1)到达;到来:
We arrived home early.
我们很早就到家了。
The train is expected to arrive in London at 8. 20 p. m.
火车预计在晚上8点20分抵达伦敦。
(2)(时间等)来临;(婴儿)出生:
At last the day of graduation arrived.
毕业的那一天终于来临。
Elizabeth's baby arrived at midnight.
伊丽莎白的婴儿是在午夜时分降生的。
2.live  v.
(1)居住;生活:
Frank1 lives in Paris.
弗兰克居住在巴黎。
Where do you live?
你住在哪儿?
(2)活;生存:
Fish can't live long out of water.
鱼离开水活不了多久。
My grandmother lived until she was 94.
我祖母活到了94岁。
(3)过生活;享受生活乐趣:
At 40 he was just beginning to live.
他到40岁才刚刚开始过上富有意义的生活。
You haven't lived till you've been to Paris.
你没到过巴黎就算不上享受过生活。
(4)靠……生活(by/on):
He lives by playing the violin.
他靠拉小提琴为生。
He lives on the fortune left to him by his father.
他靠他父亲给他留下的财产生活。
3.stay  v.
(1)呆在,停留:
Mrs. White stays at home every day.
怀特太太每天都呆在家中。
(2)逗留;暂住:
We were staying at the same hotel.
我们住在同一家饭店。
(3)持续;保留:
The house has to stay exactly as it was.
这所房子必须完全保持原来的样子。


练习答案  Key to written exercises
Lesson 56
A
1  The children go to school in the morning.
2  Their father takes them to school.
3  Mrs. Sawyer stays at home.
4  She does the housework.
5  She always eats her lunch at noon.
B
1  What does she do in the morning?
She always makes the bed in the morning.
2  What does he do in the morning?
He always shaves in the morning.
3  What do they do in the evening?
They sometimes listen to the stereo2 in the evening.
4  What does he do every day?
He always cleans the blackboard every day.
5  What do they do at night?
They always go to bed early at night.
6  What does she do every day?
She usually washes the dishes every day.
7  What do they do in the afternoon?
They usually type some letters in the afternoon.
8  What does it do every day?
It usually drinks some milk every day.
9  What do they do in the evening?
They sometimes watch television in the evening.
10  What does she do at noon?
She always eats her lunch at noon.
11  What does he do in the evening?
He often reads his newspaper in the evening.


课堂笔记
Lesson 55 The Sawyer family
新单词:live、stay、home、housework、lunch、afternoon、usually、together、evening、arrive、night
live:长期居住在…;短期住
dwell3:合法居住
inhabit:世世代代居住在…
reside:(正式用语)居住在…
live in/live at
My uncle lives in Paris.
The Sawyers live at 87 King Street.
Where do they live?/ Where does she(he) live?
Live (a.) live show:现场演出
make a live:谋生
live for:为……而活者
homeless:无家可归
homesick4:思乡的
hometown:家乡
homely5:家常的
homeland:祖国
homemade:自制的
home alone:独自在家(小鬼当家)
地点副词:here,there,home,upstairs,downstairs,downtown,abroad
这些地点副词前面不能加介词
do one's housework
do the housework
breakfast:早餐
lunch:午餐
supper:晚餐
dinner:正餐,宴会
meal:一顿饭 three meals a day
in the afternoon
in the evening
at night
arrive in/at
go to work:去上班
go to school:去上学
take sb. to somewhere:带某人去……
see one's friends:拜访……的朋友
drink tea together:一起喝茶
come home from school:从学校回家
come home from work:下班回家
arrive home:到家
live at, go to work, go to school, take to, stay at home, do the housework, eat one's lunch, see one's friends, drink tea togher, come home from school, arrive home, come home from work, do one's homework, go to bed, read one's paper, wathe TV
The Sawyers live at 87 King Street.
In the morning, Mr. Sawyer goes to work and the children go to school.
Their father takes them to school every day.
Mrs. Sawyer stays at home every day.
She does the housework.
She always eats her lunch at noon.
In the afternoon, she always sees her friends.
They often drink tea together.
In the evening, the children come home from school.
They arrive home early.
Mrs. Sawyer comes home from work.
He arrives home late.
At night, the children always do their homework.
Then go to bed.
Mr. Sawyer usually reads his newspaper, but sometimes he and his wife watch television.
by――表示某种方式
by car/bus/train
They go to school by car every day.
They are going to school by bus today.
on foot
The children are going to school on foot.
at+时间
The children come home from school at 5 every day.

 


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 frank JibxK     
adj.坦白的,直率的,真诚的
参考例句:
  • A frank discussion can help to clear the air.坦率的谈论有助于消除隔阂。
  • She is frank and outgoing.她很爽朗。
2 stereo ruKwC     
adj.有立体视觉的,立体声的;n.固定形象,立体声
参考例句:
  • She had the stereo on at full blast.她把立体声音响开到了最大音量。
  • This program is being broadcast in stereo.这个节目正用立体声播放。
3 dwell qrix0     
vi.老是想着,详细讲述
参考例句:
  • Sometimes his mind would dwell on the horrors he had been through.有时他会老是想着他所经历过的种种恐怖。
  • A great number of water fowls dwell on the island.许多水鸟在岛上栖息。
4 homesick xr8zVc     
adj.想家的;患思乡病的
参考例句:
  • She's feeling a little homesick.她有点想家。
  • He left his job largely because he was homesick.他辞职不干主要是因为他想家。
5 homely Ecdxo     
adj.家常的,简朴的;不漂亮的
参考例句:
  • We had a homely meal of bread and cheese.我们吃了一顿面包加乳酪的家常便餐。
  • Come and have a homely meal with us,will you?来和我们一起吃顿家常便饭,好吗?
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