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新概念英语第一册Lesson 73 The way to King Street

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  Lesson 73 The way to King Street

  听录音,然后回答问题。Why did the man need a phrasebook?
为什么这位男士需要一本常用语手册?
Last week Mrs Mills1 went to London. She does not know London very well, and she lost her way.
Suddenly, she saw a man near a bus-stop. “ I can ask him the way.” She said to herself.
“Excuse me,” she said.
“Can you tell me the way to King Street please?”
The man smiled pleasantly. He did not understand English!  He spoke2 German. He was a tourist.
Then he put his hand into his pocket, and took out a phrase-book.
He opened the book and found a phrase. He read the phrase slowly.
“I am sorry,” he said. “ I do not speak English.”
New Word and expressions 生词和短语
week
n. 周
London
n. 伦敦
suddenly
adv. 突然地
bus stop
公共汽车站
smile
v. 微笑
pleasantly
adv. 愉快地
understand (understood)
v. 懂,明白
speak (spoke)
v. 讲,说
hand
n. 手
pocket
n. 衣袋
phrasebook
n. 短语手册,常用语手册
phrase
n. 短语
slowly
adv. 缓慢地
参考译文
上星期米尔斯夫人去了伦敦。她对伦敦不很熟悉,因此迷了路。
突然,她在公共汽车站附近看到一个男人。“我可以向他问路,”她想。
“对不起,您能告诉我到国王街怎么走吗?”她说。
这人友好地笑了笑。他不懂英语!他讲德语。他是个旅游者。
然后他把手伸进了衣袋,掏出了一本常用语手册。
他翻开书找到了一条短语。他缓慢地读着短语。
”很抱歉,“他说,”我不会讲英语。”

 

  自学导读
1.She does not know London very well. 她对伦敦不很熟悉。
know…well这一短语意为"对……了解"。又如:
I don't know him very well.
我不太了解他。
2.…,  and she lost her way. ……因此她迷路了。
句中的 and当"所以"讲,表示结果。 lose one's way, 迷路。
3.ask(sb.) the way, (向某人)问路。
4.say to oneself, 心中暗想。
注意:talk to oneself意为"自言自语地说"。
5.Can you tell me the way to King Street, please? 您能告诉我到国王街怎么走吗?
tell sb. the way(to), 告诉某人(去……的)路。
6.cut himself= cut his face。
以整体代替部分是英语中的一种修辞格,叫提喻(merism /'merim/)。
语法  Grammar in use
1.副词
副词(adverb)这个词的本意是补充动词的意义。这就是许多副词的作用。它们可以通过修饰动词告诉我们有关句中某个动作的情况,也就是告诉我们某事是如何、何时、何地等发生或进行的。
副词可以是单个的词(如 slowly)或词组(如 very well)。单一副词既有以-ly结尾的也有不以-ly结尾的(如 quickly,  fast)。
形容词向副词的转换一般遵循3个规则:
(1)在形容词后面直接加-ly,如:
quick----quickly
hurried----hurriedly
pleasant----pleasantly
warm----warmly
(2)以-y结尾的形容词,则把-y改成-i,再加-ly,如:
thirsty----thirstily
happy----happily
(3)形容词与副词形式相同:
late----late
fast----fast
hard----hard
well----well
2.部分不规则动词的过去式形式
go----went
see----saw
understand----understood
take----took
read----read /red/
drink----drank
run----ran
know----knew
say----said
put----put
cut----cut
eat----ate
meet----met
come----came
lose----lost
tell----told
speak----spoke
find----found
give----gave
swim----swam
have----had


 词汇学习  Word study
1.lose  v.
(1)迷失;(使)迷路:
She did not know London very well, and she lost her way.
她对伦敦不很熟悉,因此迷了路。
It's very easy to lose your way in a strange city.
在一个陌生的城市里,你很容易迷路。
(2)失去;丧失:
He lost his sight in a car accident.
他在一起汽车交通事故中失明了。
She has just lost her job because of carelessness.
她刚刚因疏忽大意而丢了工作。
(3)遗失;丢失:
I can't enter my house because I've lost my key on my way home.
我进不了自己的房子,因为在回家的路上我把钥匙丢了。
We lost her in the crowd.
我们在人群中找不见她了。
2.understand  v.
(1)理解;懂:
He doesn't understand English and you can try French.
他不懂英语,你可以试试法语。
I don't understand what you mean.
我不明白你的意思。
(2)明了;了解;得知:
How the machine works3 is still not fully4 understood.
这台机器到底是如何运转的仍未被完全弄清楚。
Only today have I begun to understand the political
situation in Northern Ireland.
直到今天我才了解了北爱尔兰的政治局势。


  练习答案  Key to written exercises
Lesson 74
A
1  He read the phrase slowly.
2  He worked lazily.
3  He cut himself badly.
4  He worked carefully.
5  The door opened suddenly.
B
(sample sentences)
1  He does not know me very well.
2  She worked very hard.
3  She smiled pleasantly.
4  The bus went hurriedly.
5  He shaved slowly.
6  She drank a glass of water thirstily.
7  He greeted me warmly.
8  We enjoyed ourselves very much.

新概念英语默写本点击购买


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 mills 61107e013570942d4f5a395a03ef74d9     
n.磨坊( mill的名词复数 );磨粉机;作坊;工厂
参考例句:
  • He was tall, dark and handsome, like a Mills and Boon hero. 他个头高大、皮肤黝黑、相貌堂堂,像通俗爱情小说的男主角。
  • The captain wants to play Mills as defence in our next game. 队长想让密尔斯在下次比赛中打后卫。 来自《简明英汉词典》
2 spoke XryyC     
n.(车轮的)辐条;轮辐;破坏某人的计划;阻挠某人的行动 v.讲,谈(speak的过去式);说;演说;从某种观点来说
参考例句:
  • They sourced the spoke nuts from our company.他们的轮辐螺帽是从我们公司获得的。
  • The spokes of a wheel are the bars that connect the outer ring to the centre.辐条是轮子上连接外圈与中心的条棒。
3 works ieuzIh     
n.作品,著作;工厂,活动部件,机件
参考例句:
  • We expect writers to produce more and better works.我们期望作家们写出更多更好的作品。
  • The novel is regarded as one of the classic works.这篇小说被公认为是最优秀的作品之一。
4 fully Gfuzd     
adv.完全地,全部地,彻底地;充分地
参考例句:
  • The doctor asked me to breathe in,then to breathe out fully.医生让我先吸气,然后全部呼出。
  • They soon became fully integrated into the local community.他们很快就完全融入了当地人的圈子。
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