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听电影学英语-食品公司 04

时间:2011-03-29 06:22来源:互联网 提供网友:xy1584   字体: [ ]

  [00:03.10]and they’re just not gonna complain. 所以他们也没什么好抱怨的
[00:04.10]The companies like these kind of workers. 公司喜欢这种工人
[00:09.10]It doesn’t matter if the chickens get sick. 鸡生病了也不要紧
[00:13.46]All of the chickens will go to the plant 所有鸡(包括病鸡哦)都会送到工厂里
[00:15.46]for processing. 做加工处理 病鸡加工后也和其他鸡只一同卖给人吃
[00:35.06]The companies keep the farmers under their thumb 公司之所以能够控制这些鸡农
[00:39.58]because of the debt that the farmers have. 是因为他们都欠了债
[00:42.90]To build one poultry1 house 建一座鸡舍的费用
[00:44.94]is anywhere from $280,000 to $300,000 per house. 大概是28万到30万美元之间
[00:48.94]And once you make your initial investment, 当你做了初始投资
[00:53.62]the companies constantly come back 公司就会定期要求
[00:55.62]with demands of upgrades 进行技术改造
[00:56.46]for new equipment, 添置设备
[00:58.46]and the grower has no choice. 鸡农没有选择
[01:00.50]They have to do it 他们只能按公司要求做
[01:01.14]or you’re threatened with loss of a contract. 否则就会被威胁解除协议
[01:08.34]This is how they keep the farmers under control. 这就是他们控制鸡农的手段
[01:09.86]It’s how they keep them spending money, 这就是他们胁迫鸡农加大投入的手段
[01:13.70]going to the bank and borrowing more money. 不断去银行贷款
[01:15.70]The debt just keeps building. 直到债台高筑
[01:20.06]To have no say in your business, 对自己的生意没有发言权
[01:23.22]it’s degrading. 这很屈辱
[01:25.26]It’s like being a slave to the company. 就像成为了公司的奴隶
[01:29.50]裴顿世家公司(Perdue)拒绝本片采访 裴顿世家公司:美国东海岸最大的家禽企业
[01:36.50]当Carole拒绝将鸡舍升级成 “管道通风式的无光鸡舍”后,她的合约被终止了
[01:48.90]一个典型的拥有两个养鸡场的鸡农 已经向银行借了50万美元 却一年只挣1万8千美元 (如何能还清贷款啊)
[02:16.46]Pollan: The idea that you would need to write a book 需要通过写一本书
[02:19.30]telling people where their food came from 来告诉人们食物的来源
[02:21.30]is just a sign of how far removed we’ve become. 这就标志着生产者已经和消费者隔绝了
[02:23.14]It seems to me that we’re entitled to know about our food-- 在我看来,我们理应知道更多关于我们的食物的事情
[02:27.98]"Who owns it? How are they making it? "谁在生产食物?是怎么生产的?"
[02:31.18]Can I have a look in the kitchen?" "我可以看一下厨房吗?"
[02:34.54]When I wanted to understand the industrial food system, 当我打算了解食品工业的时候
[02:39.06]what I set about doing was very simple. 我的初衷是很简单的
[02:41.54]I wanted to trace the source of my food. 我想跟踪食物的来源
[02:45.22]When you go through the supermarket, 当你在超级市场中穿行
[02:47.42]what looks like this cornucopia2 of variety and choice is not. 眼前这些琳琅满目的选择其实都不存在

  [02:52.10]There is an illusion of diversity. 食品的多样性只是假象
[02:52.78]There are only a few companies involved 参与生产的只有几家公司
[02:55.10]and there’re only a few crops involved. 也只有几种农作物
[02:59.46]What really surprised me most 最让我惊奇的是
[02:59.82]as I followed that food back to its source, 我追踪食物来源的轨迹
[03:04.66]I kept ending up in the same place, 总是把我带到同一个地方
[03:07.30]and that was a cornfield in Iowa. 爱荷华州的一块玉米地
[03:07.82]So much of our industrial food 有如此多以工业化方式生产的食物
[03:11.86]turns out to be clever rearrangements of corn. 原来只是改头换面之后的玉米而已
[03:22.38]Corn has conquered the world in a lot of ways. 玉米以多种方式征服了世界
[03:26.38]It is a remarkable3 plant. 它是一种不同寻常的植物
[03:27.42]100 years ago, a farmer in America 100年前,一个美国农民
[03:29.94]could grow maybe 20 bushels of corn on an acre. 可以在1亩地里种20蒲式耳的玉米(1蒲式耳约为35.24升)
[03:33.78]Today, 200 bushels is no problem. 现在,200蒲式耳也不在话下
[03:38.94]That’s an astonishing achievement 这是了不起的成就
[03:40.14]for which breeders deserve credit, 里面有育种者的功劳
[03:42.14]for which fertilizer makers4 deserve credit, 有化肥生产者的功劳
[03:46.14]for which pesticide5 makers all deserve credit. 也有杀虫剂生产者的功劳
[03:54.86]Roush: In the United States today, 在今天的美国
[03:56.18]30% of our land base is being planted to corn. 30%的耕地被用来种玉米
[04:02.38]That’s largely driven by government policy, 政府政策的推动是主要原因
[04:04.70]government policy that, in effect, 现行的政府政策,实际上
[04:06.74]allows us to produce corn below the cost of production. 让我们能够以低于种植成本的价格销售玉米
[04:08.74]The truth of the matter is we’re paid to overproduce, 事实上,我们即使过量生产还是能拿到补贴
[04:13.58]and it was caused by 这其实是由于 TROY ROUSH:美国谷物种植协会副主席
[04:20.46]The reason our government’s promoting corn 我们的政府推广种玉米的原因就是
[04:22.46]the Cargills, the ADMs, Tyson, Smithfield 卡吉尔公司,ADM公司,泰森公司,史密斯菲尔德公司
[04:23.62]they have an interest in purchasing corn below the cost of production. 能通过使用廉价玉米制作食品而获利
[04:30.34]They use that interest and that extensive amount of money they have 他们用这些利益和本身拥有的庞大资本
[04:34.82]to lobby Congress to give us the kind of farm bills we now have. 游说国会,发行我们现在所知的"农业票据"
[04:37.86]Pollan: A "farm bill," 所谓"农业票据"
[04:40.70]which should really be called a "food bill," 应该称为"食物票据"
[04:42.38]codifies the rules of the entire food economy. 为食品经济的运行定下规则
[04:45.70]Farm policy is always focused on these commodity crops 农业政策的重点一直都是经济作物
[04:49.58]because you can store them. 因为它们便于储存

  [04:55.10]We encourage farmers to grow as much corn as they can grow, 我们一直鼓励农民尽其所能种植玉米
[04:57.94]to get big, to consolidate6. 发展壮大,互相兼并
[04:59.46]We subsidize farmers by the bushel. 我们按产量发放补贴


1 poultry GPQxh     
  • There is not much poultry in the shops. 商店里禽肉不太多。
  • What do you feed the poultry on? 你们用什么饲料喂养家禽?
2 cornucopia SoIzm     
  • The book is a cornucopia of information.书是知识的宝库。
  • Our cornucopia is the human mind and heart.我们富足是由于人类的智慧和热情。
3 remarkable 8Vbx6     
  • She has made remarkable headway in her writing skills.她在写作技巧方面有了长足进步。
  • These cars are remarkable for the quietness of their engines.这些汽车因发动机没有噪音而不同凡响。
4 makers 22a4efff03ac42c1785d09a48313d352     
  • The makers of the product assured us that there had been no sacrifice of quality. 这一产品的制造商向我们保证说他们没有牺牲质量。
  • The makers are about to launch out a new product. 制造商们马上要生产一种新产品。 来自《简明英汉词典》
5 pesticide OMlxV     
  • The pesticide was spread over the vegetable plot.菜田里撒上了农药。
  • This pesticide is diluted with water and applied directly to the fields.这种杀虫剂用水稀释后直接施用在田里。
6 consolidate XYkyV     
  • The two banks will consolidate in July next year. 这两家银行明年7月将合并。
  • The government hoped to consolidate ten states to form three new ones.政府希望把十个州合并成三个新的州。
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