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VOA双语新闻:美中关系缓和 挑战依然巨大

时间:2011-05-16 05:49来源:互联网 提供网友:hc721067   字体: [ ]

  Two senior U.S. advisers2 have wrapped up talks in Beijing with top officials that included a rare meeting with Chinese President Hu Jintao. While both sides stressed the importance of expanding cooperation and promoting healthy U.S.-China relations, analysts4 note that a wide range of challenges will continue to test ties - with the value of the Chinese currency and trade relations chief among them.
Chinese President Hu Jintao rarely meets with lower ranking visitors. Some analysts believe it is significant that Jintao sat down Wednesday with President Barack Obama's economic adviser1 Larry Summers and national security adviser Thomas Donilon.
China Center Director Kenneth Liberthal is with Washington, D.C.'s Brookings Institution - a government policy research group. He said, "That suggests that the discussion that had occurred during the previous several days in Beijing had gone very well.
华盛顿智囊团布鲁金斯学会中国研究中心主任李侃如 (Kenneth Lieberthal)说:“这说明过去几天来他们在北京展开的讨论进展良好。”
"So that President Hu is now prepared to associate himself with a line of argument that says this is an extremely important relationship we should not overstress our differences, we should be able to work out things, tensions should be reduced and so forth," said Liberthal.
The White House said the talks touched on a wide range of topics, including North Korea, and Iran, as well as economic and security issues.
The meeting comes after months of discord5 and as the two countries continue to grapple with trade disputes. The lagging global economy also is translating into political pressure.
Liberthal noted6 that with some U.S. lawmakers running for re-election this November, and China already into its succession politics, the leaders of both countries are going to face increasing challenges.
"Given the combination of politics and economic concerns, both political leaders are going to have to be prepared to spend a fair amount of political capital to keep the trade relationship from slipping into a more contentious7 posture," said Liberthal.
In November, American voters will elect new legislators in both the House of Representatives and the Senate. Chinese President Hu Jintao is slated8 to step down from office in 2012.
Professor Patrick Chovanec of Beijing's Tsinghua University says trade relations are very tense. "People have been wondering for some time now whether there is going to be a trade war break out between the United States and China; well in many ways for the past several months there has been a low-level trade war."
北京清华大学客座教授帕特里克·切瓦尼(Patrick Chovanec)说,美中贸易关系现在已经十分紧张了。他说:“美中之间是否会爆发贸易战,人们过去一段时间以来已经做了诸多揣测。从很多方面来说,双方过去几个月来就一直处于低水平的贸易战当中。”
Chovanec noted that every week or so there is another anti-dumping finding from one side or the other and sanctions being imposed.
Just this week, the U.S. Department of Commerce approved a preliminary anti-subsidy ruling against Chinese aluminum9 exporters, a move that could force Chinese firms in the field to withdraw from the US market.
Next week, U.S. lawmakers will meet to consider what government action is needed to address China's exchange-rate policy.
Asia analyst3 Gordon Chang is a columnist10 for Forbes magazine, who says there are bills in the U.S. House of Representatives and Senate that have a good chance of being approved. "I think it is not so much the pressure of the upcoming elections. I think it is going to have a lot to do with whether we see any substantial change in the Chinese exchange rate.
亚洲问题分析人士、福布斯杂志专栏作家章家敦(Gordon Chang)说:“我认为即将到来的选举的压力没有那么大。我认为这在很大程度上取决于中国人民币的汇率是否会有任何实质性的调整。”
"It looks fairly likely that if there is no change in the value of the RMB (Yuan), there is going to be some legislation that will come out of Congress. I do not know if President Obama will veto it or not, but this going to be a very high stakes game," said Chang.
Patrick Chovanec of Beijing's Tsinghua University said that while it is unclear whether U.S. and Chinese officials reached any new agreements during their meetings, both sides agree on the importance of the issue.
"I am not so sure that there is a substantive11 agreement on this, but I think at least there is a recognition that it is an issue that is coming to a boil, and needs to be talked through between the two countries," said Chovanec.
Liberthal noted that while it appears China is unwilling12 to move on the currency issue, it is likely that it will make efforts in other areas, including resuming military-to-military dialogues.
China sidelined military-to-military dialogues earlier this year after Washington announced a new arms deal with Taiwan.
But analysts said if the relationship continues to sour, it not only will stall any improvement in U.S.-China ties, but also could further delay an expected visit by Mr. Hu to the United States.


1 adviser HznziU     
  • They employed me as an adviser.他们聘请我当顾问。
  • Our department has engaged a foreign teacher as phonetic adviser.我们系已经聘请了一位外籍老师作为语音顾问。
2 advisers d4866a794d72d2a666da4e4803fdbf2e     
顾问,劝告者( adviser的名词复数 ); (指导大学新生学科问题等的)指导教授
  • a member of the President's favoured circle of advisers 总统宠爱的顾问班子中的一员
  • She withdrew to confer with her advisers before announcing a decision. 她先去请教顾问然后再宣布决定。
3 analyst gw7zn     
  • What can you contribute to the position of a market analyst?你有什么技能可有助于市场分析员的职务?
  • The analyst is required to interpolate values between standards.分析人员需要在这些标准中插入一些值。
4 analysts 167ff30c5034ca70abe2d60a6e760448     
分析家,化验员( analyst的名词复数 )
  • City analysts forecast huge profits this year. 伦敦金融分析家预测今年的利润非常丰厚。
  • I was impressed by the high calibre of the researchers and analysts. 研究人员和分析人员的高素质给我留下了深刻印象。
5 discord iPmzl     
  • These two answers are in discord.这两个答案不一样。
  • The discord of his music was hard on the ear.他演奏的不和谐音很刺耳。
6 noted 5n4zXc     
  • The local hotel is noted for its good table.当地的那家酒店以餐食精美而著称。
  • Jim is noted for arriving late for work.吉姆上班迟到出了名。
7 contentious fa9yk     
  • She was really not of the contentious fighting sort.她委实不是好吵好闹的人。
  • Since then they have tended to steer clear of contentious issues.从那时起,他们总想方设法避开有争议的问题。
8 slated 87d23790934cf766dc7204830faf2859     
用石板瓦盖( slate的过去式和过去分词 )
  • Yuki is working up an in-home phonics program slated for Thursdays, and I'm drilling her on English conversation at dinnertime. Yuki每周四还有一次家庭语音课。我在晚餐时训练她的英语口语。
  • Bromfield was slated to become U.S. Secretary of Agriculture. 布罗姆菲尔德被提名为美国农业部长。
9 aluminum 9xhzP     
  • The aluminum sheets cannot be too much thicker than 0.04 inches.铝板厚度不能超过0.04英寸。
  • During the launch phase,it would ride in a protective aluminum shell.在发射阶段,它盛在一只保护的铝壳里。
10 columnist XwwzUQ     
  • The host was interviewing a local columnist.节目主持人正在同一位当地的专栏作家交谈。
  • She's a columnist for USA Today.她是《今日美国报》的专栏作家。
11 substantive qszws     
  • They plan to meet again in Rome very soon to begin substantive negotiations.他们计划不久在罗马再次会晤以开始实质性的谈判。
  • A president needs substantive advice,but he also requires emotional succor. 一个总统需要实质性的建议,但也需要感情上的支持。
12 unwilling CjpwB     
  • The natives were unwilling to be bent by colonial power.土著居民不愿受殖民势力的摆布。
  • His tightfisted employer was unwilling to give him a raise.他那吝啬的雇主不肯给他加薪。
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