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News & Reports 2011-06-05

时间:2011-08-29 03:41来源:互联网 提供网友:gmeng   字体: [ ]
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 Hello and Welcome to News and Reports on China Radio International.

 
In This Edition
 
Defense1 ministers and military officials from Asia- Pacific countries gathering2 at the Shangri-La Dialogue in Singapore agree that dialogue and cooperation, not confrontation3, should be the way ahead.
 
The World Health Organization says a toxic4 strain of E.coli bacteria that has killed at least 18 people in Europe has not been seen in previous outbreaks.
 
China and the Southern African Development Community vow5 to further promote mutually-beneficial trade ties.
 
And History-making Li Na claimed the first-ever grand slam women's singles title for China and Asia in the French Open final.
 
 
Hot Issue Reports
 
US Defence Secretary: Taliban Could Be Included in Afghan Political Process
Defense ministers and military officials from Asia- Pacific countries gathering at the Shangri-La Dialogue in Singapore agree that dialogue and cooperation, not confrontation, should be the way ahead.
 
U.S. Secretary of Defence Robert Gates reassured6 its Asia Pacific allies that the United States will maintain and enhance its strong presence in the region.
 
But he also stressed that the principle of resolving conflict without the use of force, and that Cold War turbulence7 should give way to new partnerships8 and cooperation.
 
He said that the United States and China are working together to build a positive, cooperative and comprehensive relationship, and that the military-to-military ties have steadily9 improved in recent months.
 
Meanwhile, on the Afghan issue, Gates said the Taliban could be included in Afghanistan's political process.
 
"The Taliban are probably a part of the fabric10 of the politics of Afghanistan at this point, and, I think, could potentially have a political role in the future in the country."
 
But Gates stresses that the U.S.-led NATO alliance should continue to put military pressure on the Taliban for this prospect11 to happen.
 
"But my own view is that the political opportunities will flow from military pressure, and only as long as the military pressure is further kept on and there are further gains, will the prospects12 for political solution will be improved."
 
The comments follow reports that the U.S. has begun a secret engagement with the Taliban, as it begins to withdraw troops from Afghanistan in July. The U.S. aims to hand over all combat operations to Afghan security forces by 2014.
 
The Shangri-La Dialogue, or the 10th Asia Security Summit hosted by the London-based think tank International Institute for Strategic Studies, gathers defense ministers and senior military officials from 27 countries and regions this year, making it an important forum13 for security dialogues.
 
Britain Continue to Support Libya Rebels
British Foreign Secretary William Hague visited the Libyan rebel stronghold of Benghazi on Saturday to show support for the opposition14 fighting to oust15 Muammar Gaddafi from power.
 
Hague, who was traveling with Secretary of State for International Development Andrew Mitchell, met leaders of the rebels' National Transitional Council, which the British government sees as the legitimate16 representative of the Libyan people.
 
"As long as Gaddafi continues to abuse his people, we will continue and intensify17 our efforts to stop him from doing so."
 
A NATO-led military alliance extended its mission to protect civilians18 in Libya for a further 90 days in the past week, and France said it was stepping up military pressure as well as working with those close to Gaddafi to try to persuade him to quit.
 
Rare daytime NATO strikes hit the Libyan capital Tripoli, but it was not immediately clear which targets were hit.
 
The British Ministry19 of Defence released gun-sight video of what it said were air attacks on two targets in Libya in the early hours of Saturday.
 
The video was released after British Apache and French attack helicopters were used for the first time in NATO's campaign in Libya.
 
The action was a significant escalation20 in NATO's operations and a major boost to Libyan rebels, just a day after rebel fighters forced government troops from three western towns and broke the siege of a fourth in yet another erosion of Gadhafi's power since the eruption21 in mid-February of the uprising to end his 42-year rule.
 
Until now, NATO has relied on attack jets, generally flying above 45 hundred metres and pounding Gadhafi targets in relentless22 overnight bombings.
 
WHO: E.coli in Germany Is a Rare Strain
The World Health Organization says a toxic strain of E.coli bacteria that has killed at least 18 people in Europe has not been seen in previous outbreaks.
 
WHO spokeswoman Fadela Chaib:
 
"The strain of E. Coli isolated24 from cases in the infection outbreak in Germany is a rare one but seen in humans before but never in an outbreak."
 
More than 1,600 people in Europe and the United States have become ill from E.coli, with Germany at the center of the outbreak.
 
Meanwhile, German doctors say they are attempting to apply a new antibody therapy to treat E.coli victims.
 
Reinhard Brunckhorst, President of Germany's Nephrology Society, says hospitals across Germany treating E.coli patients are closely cooperating and exchanging data.
 
"It's very early on for the antibody therapy. In individual cases we clearly have the impression that it works. But it's not the result of a medical study. However, we are very happy that we will evaluate all the data together, all the hospitals treating these patients. We will ultimately know better what is best for our patients."
 
E. coli bacteria itself is harmless. But the strain that is making people sick in Europe has the ability to stick to intestinal25 walls where it pumps out toxins26, sometimes causing severe bloody27 diarrhea and other complications.
 
China Strengthens Economic Cooperation with SADC
A business forum between China and Southern African Development Community was held in Beijing Saturday, co-chaired by Chinese vice28 Premier29 Wang Qishan and SADC chairperson, Namibian President Hifikepunye Pohamba, to cement ties and boost cooperation.
 
Addressing the forum, Wang Qishan said China and SADC have made great achievements in many areas like commerce and investment, and China is willing to help the community to strengthen its capacity of self-development.
 
"China will increase import from SADC, and encourage competent and well-established Chinese companies to invest in the region. Both sides should pursue mutually beneficial cooperation in business, finance, energy resources, infrastructure30 and so on."
 
He added that new challenges in cooperation are emerging against the backdrop of China's 12th five-year-plan and SADC's participation31 in Africa's north-south corridor development, and he stressed that enterprise plays a major role in bilateral32 cooperation and should create a good business environment.
 
Pohamba said a lot of Chinese investors33 have been involved in the construction of many important strategic projects in SADC, such as telecommunications, mining and agriculture.
 
"We encourage investors and entrepreneurs from China and the SADC region to expand the existing business ties and explore new investment opportunities, and facilitate increased trade and development between the two sides."
 
SADC is an inter-governmental organization with the goal of further socioeconomic cooperation and integration34 as well as political and security cooperation among 15 southern African states. China is SADC's largest trading partner, and the forum is believed to enhance China's relations with SADC and promote economic and trade exchanges.
 
Pohamba added SADC is hopes to increase bilateral trade volume and facilitate technology transfer to further expand the scale of manufacture in the region and upgrade its industrialization level.
 
Li Na Claims Tennis Grand Slam Singles Title
China's Li Na has lifted the French Open title at Roland Garros in Paris, to become the first Asian player to win a grand slam singles title.
 
The Chinese player defeated defending champion Francesca Schiavone of Italy 6-4 7-6.
 
Li Na held serve comfortably throughout the first set. Schiavone attempted a comeback in the second set, during which a disputed line call favored the Chinese player.
 
After the match, the 29-year-old Li Na says the victory is a joyous35 moment for her.
 
"When I was a young player, I wanted be a grand slam champion. People were saying I'm getting old. So this is a dream come true for an old woman today the dream comes true. This is not easy. It wasn't easy. At 6-0 in the tie-break I was thinking, 'Okay, don't do a stupid thing.' Because I have had many match points before but I never won the match. Of course it is exciting."
 
Chinese tennis fans in Beijing were delighted with Li Na's historic victory.
 
"Tennis was basically invented by the people of France and having a Chinese person become number one on French soil, I am extremely happy. Also the Chinese started playing tennis quite recently so this is a great achievement"
 
"I'm very ecstatic. I didn't really understand people who played tennis before but through Li Na, I have come to like tennis very much. I have come to love it."
 
Li Na's victory comes just five months after she was also the first Asian to reach the final of a major, at the Australian Open in January, which she lost to Kim Clijsters of Belgium.
 
Greece to Receive New Bailout Fund
Greece is expected to receive the next installment36 of its 110-billion-euro bailout facility next month, after a nearly month-long inspection37 of the country's public finances and the reforms it is implementing38 to meet the terms of the financial rescue plan.
 
Jean-Claude Juncker, head of the 17 euro zone finance ministers, made remarks following a meeting with Greek Prime Minister George Papandreou on Friday in Luxembourg.
 
"I expect the Euro group to agree to additional financing to be provided to Greece under, of course, strict conditionality40. This conditionality will include private-sector involvement on a voluntary basis, and this private-sector involvement will have to be negotiated with private creditors41."
 
Papandreou said the country has made impressive achievements, but much remains42 to be done.
 
"At the same time we have seen that the markets remain skeptical43, and this is why we are now discussing about additional financial support."
 
Meanwhile, thousands of members of Greece's communist-backed labor44 union marched through Athens on Friday to protest the country's austerity measures.
 
"We have nothing. They have taken everything from us, even the money from our pockets."
 
Debt inspectors45 from the European Union and the International Monetary46 Fund say Greece should receive the next 12-billion-euro tranche of its existing loan as long as the country's additional austerity and privatization measures are deemed sufficient.
 
Portugal Ready for Election amid Financial Crisis
Portugal's main political parties have asked voters to give them strong majorities in parliament ahead of elections on Sunday.
 
The elections come as Portugal is mired47 in a debt crisis and has received a 78-billion-euro bailout from the European Union and International Monetary Fund.
 
A majority in parliament is vital for the incoming Portuguese48 government to enact49 urgent and far-reaching social and fiscal50 reforms to restore fiscal health and spur growth.
 
Socialist51 caretaker Prime Minister Jose Socrates says he is confident that his party will win the support of voters.
 
"Of course, it is a difficult campaign, but ours is a brave party, a strong party and popular party and a party of the people."
 
Pedro Passos Coelho, leader of the opposition Social Democrats52, says Portugal has all the tools it needs to overcome the financial crisis.
 
"We have good workers, good business leaders, good entrepreneurs, young people that are having success around the world. We have the intellect to add value and wealth to Portugal."
 
Opinion polls have indicated that the Social Democrats are likely to unseat the governing Socialists53 in the election.
 
Portugal is one of the euro zone's smallest members, accounting54 for less than two percent of the bloc's economy.
 
But its fate is of concern to European leaders trying to hold the euro zone together amid severe financial strain caused by excessive debt.
 
The elections were called after Socrates resigned in late March when lawmakers rejected his austerity package.
 
He has since headed a caretaker government, which was forced to request a bailout package from the EU and IMF.
 
Some Israelis Urge Netanyahu to Support Palestinian State Based on 1967 Borders
An estimated 4,000 Israelis have staged a demonstration55 calling on Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu to support the establishment of a Palestinian state based on the 1967 borders.
 
Adam Keller is a spokesperson of the Israeli peace block "Gush56 Shalom", who took part in the demonstration.
 
"Israel should recognise the state of Palestine. Israel should make peace with the Palestinians. Israel should accept the 67' borders as the basis of peace. We think that the government is leading us to disaster, that Netanyahu is leading us to disaster."
 
Netanyahu has rejected any withdrawal57 to the borders existing before Israel captured the West Bank in a 1967 war, insisting such a frontier would be "indefensible."
 
Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas has cautiously welcomed a French proposal to convene58 Israeli and Palestinian negotiators in Paris by next month to renew collapsed59 peace talks.
 
Netanyahu has yet to respond publicly to the French idea.
 
The Palestinians have said that unless a breakthrough is achieved, they will unilaterally seek U.N. recognition of statehood in September - a step Israel strongly opposes.
 
Israel fears such a move would leave it isolated and the United States has already said it also opposes the plan.
 
Meanwhile, Israeli forces were deployed60 along the country's northern borders with Syria and Lebanon on Saturday, in anticipation61 of rallies to mark "Naksa Day".
 
Naksa or "setback62" in Arabic is officially marked on Sunday.
 
On June 5, 1967, Israeli warplanes destroyed more than 400 military aircraft belonging to Egypt, Syria, Jordan and Iraq, most of them sitting on the tarmac at various airfields63.
 
Iran Supreme64 Leader Voices Conditional39 Support for Muslim Uprisings
Iran's supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei says Iran backs all Muslim uprisings except those stirred up by Washington.
 
Khamenei made the remark while addressing a ceremony, commemorating65 the death of Iran's 1979 Revolutionary leader, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini.
 
"We support any movement that is anti-U.S. and anti-Zionist."
 
Iran relished66 the fall in February of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak, a U.S.-backed secularist67 who made peace with Israel.
 
Khamenei urged regional nations not to accept the help of the U.S. administration, saying that will harm their freedom.
 
"It is from the path of these hand-outs and dollars that the U.S. has exerted its domination over various nations. They enforce their expectations on them. They place a nation that has gained freedom, under their paws of authority and aggression68."
 
Tehran has voiced support for certain protest movements in the Muslim world, especially Bahrain, where the Sunni monarchy69 was aided by Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates.
 
But the Islamic Republic has not expressed backing for similar protests in Syria, where president Bashar al-Assad is a key regional ally.
 
Public Feedback on the Draft Amendment70 to the Personal Income Tax Law
 
The draft amendment to the Personal Income Tax Law has drawn71 fierce debate in China after being submitted to the top legislature in late April. People are now concerned about whether or not it will reflect mainstream72 public opinion after a month-long process of gathering public feedback.
 
The tax threshold is to be raised to a proposed 3,000 yuan, or $460 US dollars a month from the current 2,000 yuan. The current nine brackets of the rating system could be reduced to seven. Over 230,000 responses have been collected so far, a record high for a single draft law.
 
An article from China Daily argues that the active public response represents progress in China's democratic legislation. Transparent73 assessment74 of public opinion is vital to the legitimacy75 of new laws.
 
The article says the National People's Congress invited 16 public representatives, either selected from netizens, or recommended by trade unions for face-to-face talks in May with relevant officials from government departments to further interact with the public.
 
According to media reports, "a majority" of the 16 representatives spoke23 in favor of the proposed tax threshold, which in the author's opinion, would be in serious contradiction to a general impression that most people disapprove76 of it.
 
The author analyzes77 that it is counterintuitive to believe that millions of people would take all the trouble to submit their opinions to the NPC just to express their endorsement78 for the proposed amendments79.
 
The article goes on to say a recent poll conducted by the NetEase website of over 100 domestic economists80 shows 69 percent think the 3,000-yuan tax threshold is still too low.
 
The article notes that people criticize the draft amendment's failure to reduce the tax burden, especially on middle-income groups. The current tax system cannot effectively regulate the gap between the rich and the poor either. The slight rise in the tax threshold is a shortsighted move, which may soon be offset81 by the rising consumer price index.

点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 defense AxbxB     
n.防御,保卫;[pl.]防务工事;辩护,答辩
参考例句:
  • The accused has the right to defense.被告人有权获得辩护。
  • The war has impacted the area with military and defense workers.战争使那个地区挤满了军队和防御工程人员。
2 gathering ChmxZ     
n.集会,聚会,聚集
参考例句:
  • He called on Mr. White to speak at the gathering.他请怀特先生在集会上讲话。
  • He is on the wing gathering material for his novels.他正忙于为他的小说收集资料。
3 confrontation xYHy7     
n.对抗,对峙,冲突
参考例句:
  • We can't risk another confrontation with the union.我们不能冒再次同工会对抗的危险。
  • After years of confrontation,they finally have achieved a modus vivendi.在对抗很长时间后,他们最后达成安宁生存的非正式协议。
4 toxic inSwc     
adj.有毒的,因中毒引起的
参考例句:
  • The factory had accidentally released a quantity of toxic waste into the sea.这家工厂意外泄漏大量有毒废物到海中。
  • There is a risk that toxic chemicals might be blasted into the atmosphere.爆炸后有毒化学物质可能会进入大气层。
5 vow 0h9wL     
n.誓(言),誓约;v.起誓,立誓
参考例句:
  • My parents are under a vow to go to church every Sunday.我父母许愿,每星期日都去做礼拜。
  • I am under a vow to drink no wine.我已立誓戒酒。
6 reassured ff7466d942d18e727fb4d5473e62a235     
adj.使消除疑虑的;使放心的v.再保证,恢复信心( reassure的过去式和过去分词)
参考例句:
  • The captain's confidence during the storm reassured the passengers. 在风暴中船长的信念使旅客们恢复了信心。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
  • The doctor reassured the old lady. 医生叫那位老妇人放心。 来自《简明英汉词典》
7 turbulence 8m9wZ     
n.喧嚣,狂暴,骚乱,湍流
参考例句:
  • The turbulence caused the plane to turn over.空气的激流导致飞机翻转。
  • The world advances amidst turbulence.世界在动荡中前进。
8 partnerships ce2e6aff420d72bbf56e8077be344bc9     
n.伙伴关系( partnership的名词复数 );合伙人身份;合作关系
参考例句:
  • Partnerships suffer another major disadvantage: decision-making is shared. 合伙企业的另一主要缺点是决定要由大家来作。 来自英汉非文学 - 政府文件
  • It involved selling off limited partnerships. 它涉及到售出有限的合伙权。 来自辞典例句
9 steadily Qukw6     
adv.稳定地;不变地;持续地
参考例句:
  • The scope of man's use of natural resources will steadily grow.人类利用自然资源的广度将日益扩大。
  • Our educational reform was steadily led onto the correct path.我们的教学改革慢慢上轨道了。
10 fabric 3hezG     
n.织物,织品,布;构造,结构,组织
参考例句:
  • The fabric will spot easily.这种织品很容易玷污。
  • I don't like the pattern on the fabric.我不喜欢那块布料上的图案。
11 prospect P01zn     
n.前景,前途;景色,视野
参考例句:
  • This state of things holds out a cheerful prospect.事态呈现出可喜的前景。
  • The prospect became more evident.前景变得更加明朗了。
12 prospects fkVzpY     
n.希望,前途(恒为复数)
参考例句:
  • There is a mood of pessimism in the company about future job prospects. 公司中有一种对工作前景悲观的情绪。
  • They are less sanguine about the company's long-term prospects. 他们对公司的远景不那么乐观。
13 forum cilx0     
n.论坛,讨论会
参考例句:
  • They're holding a forum on new ways of teaching history.他们正在举行历史教学讨论会。
  • The organisation would provide a forum where problems could be discussed.这个组织将提供一个可以讨论问题的平台。
14 opposition eIUxU     
n.反对,敌对
参考例句:
  • The party leader is facing opposition in his own backyard.该党领袖在自己的党內遇到了反对。
  • The police tried to break down the prisoner's opposition.警察设法制住了那个囚犯的反抗。
15 oust 5JDx2     
vt.剥夺,取代,驱逐
参考例句:
  • The committee wanted to oust him from the union.委员会想把他从工会中驱逐出去。
  • The leaders have been ousted from power by nationalists.这些领导人被民族主义者赶下了台。
16 legitimate L9ZzJ     
adj.合法的,合理的,合乎逻辑的;v.使合法
参考例句:
  • Sickness is a legitimate reason for asking for leave.生病是请假的一个正当的理由。
  • That's a perfectly legitimate fear.怀有这种恐惧完全在情理之中。
17 intensify S5Pxe     
vt.加强;变强;加剧
参考例句:
  • We must intensify our educational work among our own troops.我们必须加强自己部队的教育工作。
  • They were ordered to intensify their patrols to protect our air space.他们奉命加强巡逻,保卫我国的领空。
18 civilians 2a8bdc87d05da507ff4534c9c974b785     
平民,百姓( civilian的名词复数 ); 老百姓
参考例句:
  • the bloody massacre of innocent civilians 对无辜平民的血腥屠杀
  • At least 300 civilians are unaccounted for after the bombing raids. 遭轰炸袭击之后,至少有300名平民下落不明。
19 ministry kD5x2     
n.(政府的)部;牧师
参考例句:
  • They sent a deputation to the ministry to complain.他们派了一个代表团到部里投诉。
  • We probed the Air Ministry statements.我们调查了空军部的记录。
20 escalation doZxW     
n.扩大,增加
参考例句:
  • The threat of nuclear escalation remains. 核升级的威胁仍旧存在。 来自辞典例句
  • Escalation is thus an aspect of deterrence and of crisis management. 因此逐步升级是威慑和危机处理的一个方面。 来自辞典例句
21 eruption UomxV     
n.火山爆发;(战争等)爆发;(疾病等)发作
参考例句:
  • The temple was destroyed in the violent eruption of 1470 BC.庙宇在公元前1470年猛烈的火山爆发中摧毁了。
  • The eruption of a volcano is spontaneous.火山的爆发是自发的。
22 relentless VBjzv     
adj.残酷的,不留情的,无怜悯心的
参考例句:
  • The traffic noise is relentless.交通车辆的噪音一刻也不停止。
  • Their training has to be relentless.他们的训练必须是无情的。
23 spoke XryyC     
n.(车轮的)辐条;轮辐;破坏某人的计划;阻挠某人的行动 v.讲,谈(speak的过去式);说;演说;从某种观点来说
参考例句:
  • They sourced the spoke nuts from our company.他们的轮辐螺帽是从我们公司获得的。
  • The spokes of a wheel are the bars that connect the outer ring to the centre.辐条是轮子上连接外圈与中心的条棒。
24 isolated bqmzTd     
adj.与世隔绝的
参考例句:
  • His bad behaviour was just an isolated incident. 他的不良行为只是个别事件。
  • Patients with the disease should be isolated. 这种病的患者应予以隔离。
25 intestinal DbHzX     
adj.肠的;肠壁;肠道细菌
参考例句:
  • A few other conditions are in high intestinal obstruction. 其它少数情况是高位肠梗阻。 来自辞典例句
  • This complication has occasionally occurred following the use of intestinal antiseptics. 这种并发症偶而发生在使用肠道抗菌剂上。 来自辞典例句
26 toxins 18c3f40d432ba8dc33bad8fb82873ea8     
n.毒素( toxin的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The seas have been used as a receptacle for a range of industrial toxins. 海洋成了各种有毒工业废料的大容器。
  • Most toxins are naturally excreted from the body. 大部分毒素被自然排出体外。 来自《简明英汉词典》
27 bloody kWHza     
adj.非常的的;流血的;残忍的;adv.很;vt.血染
参考例句:
  • He got a bloody nose in the fight.他在打斗中被打得鼻子流血。
  • He is a bloody fool.他是一个十足的笨蛋。
28 vice NU0zQ     
n.坏事;恶习;[pl.]台钳,老虎钳;adj.副的
参考例句:
  • He guarded himself against vice.他避免染上坏习惯。
  • They are sunk in the depth of vice.他们堕入了罪恶的深渊。
29 premier R19z3     
adj.首要的;n.总理,首相
参考例句:
  • The Irish Premier is paying an official visit to Britain.爱尔兰总理正在对英国进行正式访问。
  • He requested that the premier grant him an internview.他要求那位总理接见他一次。
30 infrastructure UbBz5     
n.下部构造,下部组织,基础结构,基础设施
参考例句:
  • We should step up the development of infrastructure for research.加强科学基础设施建设。
  • We should strengthen cultural infrastructure and boost various types of popular culture.加强文化基础设施建设,发展各类群众文化。
31 participation KS9zu     
n.参与,参加,分享
参考例句:
  • Some of the magic tricks called for audience participation.有些魔术要求有观众的参与。
  • The scheme aims to encourage increased participation in sporting activities.这个方案旨在鼓励大众更多地参与体育活动。
32 bilateral dQGyW     
adj.双方的,两边的,两侧的
参考例句:
  • They have been negotiating a bilateral trade deal.他们一直在商谈一项双边贸易协定。
  • There was a wide gap between the views of the two statesmen on the bilateral cooperation.对双方合作的问题,两位政治家各自所持的看法差距甚大。
33 investors dffc64354445b947454450e472276b99     
n.投资者,出资者( investor的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • a con man who bilked investors out of millions of dollars 诈取投资者几百万元的骗子
  • a cash bonanza for investors 投资者的赚钱机会
34 integration G5Pxk     
n.一体化,联合,结合
参考例句:
  • We are working to bring about closer political integration in the EU.我们正在努力实现欧盟內部更加紧密的政治一体化。
  • This was the greatest event in the annals of European integration.这是欧洲统一史上最重大的事件。
35 joyous d3sxB     
adj.充满快乐的;令人高兴的
参考例句:
  • The lively dance heightened the joyous atmosphere of the scene.轻快的舞蹈给这场戏渲染了欢乐气氛。
  • They conveyed the joyous news to us soon.他们把这一佳音很快地传递给我们。
36 installment 96TxL     
n.(instalment)分期付款;(连载的)一期
参考例句:
  • I shall soon pay the last installment of my debt.不久我将偿付我的最后一期债款。
  • He likes to buy things on the installment plan.他喜欢用分期付款法购买货物。
37 inspection y6TxG     
n.检查,审查,检阅
参考例句:
  • On random inspection the meat was found to be bad.经抽查,发现肉变质了。
  • The soldiers lined up for their daily inspection by their officers.士兵们列队接受军官的日常检阅。
38 implementing be68540dfa000a0fb38be40d32259215     
v.实现( implement的现在分词 );执行;贯彻;使生效
参考例句:
  • -- Implementing a comprehensive drug control strategy. ――实行综合治理的禁毒战略。 来自汉英非文学 - 白皮书
  • He was in no hurry about implementing his unshakable principle. 他并不急于实行他那不可动摇的原则。 来自辞典例句
39 conditional BYvyn     
adj.条件的,带有条件的
参考例句:
  • My agreement is conditional on your help.你肯帮助我才同意。
  • There are two forms of most-favored-nation treatment:conditional and unconditional.最惠国待遇有两种形式:有条件的和无条件的。
40 conditionality a11643d6ee75dfada0ddbea23fb16772     
n.受限制性,制约性
参考例句:
  • We have the same value plus half the upside, with no conditionality. 我们获得了相同价值,外加一半的上行机会,而且没有条件限制。 来自互联网
  • Gate conditionality does not mitigate the adverse effect of gate review criteria. 关卡制约性不会减少关卡评价标准的反作用。 来自互联网
41 creditors 6cb54c34971e9a505f7a0572f600684b     
n.债权人,债主( creditor的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • They agreed to repay their creditors over a period of three years. 他们同意3年内向债主还清欠款。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Creditors could obtain a writ for the arrest of their debtors. 债权人可以获得逮捕债务人的令状。 来自《简明英汉词典》
42 remains 1kMzTy     
n.剩余物,残留物;遗体,遗迹
参考例句:
  • He ate the remains of food hungrily.他狼吞虎咽地吃剩余的食物。
  • The remains of the meal were fed to the dog.残羹剩饭喂狗了。
43 skeptical MxHwn     
adj.怀疑的,多疑的
参考例句:
  • Others here are more skeptical about the chances for justice being done.这里的其他人更为怀疑正义能否得到伸张。
  • Her look was skeptical and resigned.她的表情是将信将疑而又无可奈何。
44 labor P9Tzs     
n.劳动,努力,工作,劳工;分娩;vi.劳动,努力,苦干;vt.详细分析;麻烦
参考例句:
  • We are never late in satisfying him for his labor.我们从不延误付给他劳动报酬。
  • He was completely spent after two weeks of hard labor.艰苦劳动两周后,他已经疲惫不堪了。
45 inspectors e7f2779d4a90787cc7432cd5c8b51897     
n.检查员( inspector的名词复数 );(英国公共汽车或火车上的)查票员;(警察)巡官;检阅官
参考例句:
  • They got into the school in the guise of inspectors. 他们假装成视察员进了学校。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Inspectors checked that there was adequate ventilation. 检查员已检查过,通风良好。 来自《简明英汉词典》
46 monetary pEkxb     
adj.货币的,钱的;通货的;金融的;财政的
参考例句:
  • The monetary system of some countries used to be based on gold.过去有些国家的货币制度是金本位制的。
  • Education in the wilderness is not a matter of monetary means.荒凉地区的教育不是钱财问题。
47 mired 935ae3511489bb54f133ac0b7f3ff484     
abbr.microreciprocal degree 迈尔德(色温单位)v.深陷( mire的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • The country was mired in recession. 这个国家陷入了经济衰退的困境。
  • The most brilliant leadership can be mired in detail. 最有才干的领导也会陷于拘泥琐事的困境中。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
48 Portuguese alRzLs     
n.葡萄牙人;葡萄牙语
参考例句:
  • They styled their house in the Portuguese manner.他们仿照葡萄牙的风格设计自己的房子。
  • Her family is Portuguese in origin.她的家族是葡萄牙血统。
49 enact tjEz0     
vt.制定(法律);上演,扮演
参考例句:
  • The U.S. Congress has exclusive authority to enact federal legislation.美国国会是唯一有权颁布联邦法律的。
  • For example,a country can enact laws and economic policies to attract foreign investment fairly quickly.例如一个国家可以很快颁布吸引外资的法令和经济政策。
50 fiscal agbzf     
adj.财政的,会计的,国库的,国库岁入的
参考例句:
  • The increase of taxation is an important fiscal policy.增税是一项重要的财政政策。
  • The government has two basic strategies of fiscal policy available.政府有两个可行的财政政策基本战略。
51 socialist jwcws     
n.社会主义者;adj.社会主义的
参考例句:
  • China is a socialist country,and a developing country as well.中国是一个社会主义国家,也是一个发展中国家。
  • His father was an ardent socialist.他父亲是一个热情的社会主义者。
52 democrats 655beefefdcaf76097d489a3ff245f76     
n.民主主义者,民主人士( democrat的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The Democrats held a pep rally on Capitol Hill yesterday. 民主党昨天在国会山召开了竞选誓师大会。
  • The democrats organize a filibuster in the senate. 民主党党员组织了阻挠议事。 来自《简明英汉词典》
53 socialists df381365b9fb326ee141e1afbdbf6e6c     
社会主义者( socialist的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The socialists saw themselves as true heirs of the Enlightenment. 社会主义者认为自己是启蒙运动的真正继承者。
  • The Socialists junked dogma when they came to office in 1982. 社会党人1982年上台执政后,就把其政治信条弃之不顾。
54 accounting nzSzsY     
n.会计,会计学,借贷对照表
参考例句:
  • A job fell vacant in the accounting department.财会部出现了一个空缺。
  • There's an accounting error in this entry.这笔账目里有差错。
55 demonstration 9waxo     
n.表明,示范,论证,示威
参考例句:
  • His new book is a demonstration of his patriotism.他写的新书是他的爱国精神的证明。
  • He gave a demonstration of the new technique then and there.他当场表演了这种新的操作方法。
56 gush TeOzO     
v.喷,涌;滔滔不绝(说话);n.喷,涌流;迸发
参考例句:
  • There was a gush of blood from the wound.血从伤口流出。
  • There was a gush of blood as the arrow was pulled out from the arm.当从手臂上拔出箭来时,一股鲜血涌了出来。
57 withdrawal Cfhwq     
n.取回,提款;撤退,撤军;收回,撤销
参考例句:
  • The police were forced to make a tactical withdrawal.警方被迫进行战术撤退。
  • They insisted upon a withdrawal of the statement and a public apology.他们坚持要收回那些话并公开道歉。
58 convene QpSzZ     
v.集合,召集,召唤,聚集,集合
参考例句:
  • The Diet will convene at 3p.m. tomorrow.国会将于明天下午三点钟开会。
  • Senior officials convened in October 1991 in London.1991年10月,高级官员在伦敦会齐。
59 collapsed cwWzSG     
adj.倒塌的
参考例句:
  • Jack collapsed in agony on the floor. 杰克十分痛苦地瘫倒在地板上。
  • The roof collapsed under the weight of snow. 房顶在雪的重压下突然坍塌下来。
60 deployed 4ceaf19fb3d0a70e329fcd3777bb05ea     
(尤指军事行动)使展开( deploy的过去式和过去分词 ); 施展; 部署; 有效地利用
参考例句:
  • Tanks have been deployed all along the front line. 沿整个前线已部署了坦克。
  • The artillery was deployed to bear on the fort. 火炮是对着那个碉堡部署的。
61 anticipation iMTyh     
n.预期,预料,期望
参考例句:
  • We waited at the station in anticipation of her arrival.我们在车站等着,期待她的到来。
  • The animals grew restless as if in anticipation of an earthquake.各种动物都变得焦躁不安,像是感到了地震即将发生。
62 setback XzuwD     
n.退步,挫折,挫败
参考例句:
  • Since that time there has never been any setback in his career.从那时起他在事业上一直没有遇到周折。
  • She views every minor setback as a disaster.她把每个较小的挫折都看成重大灾难。
63 airfields 4089c925d66c6a634cd889d36acc189c     
n.(较小的无建筑的)飞机场( airfield的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • For several days traffic fromthe Naples airfields was partially interrupted. 那不勒斯机场的对外交通部分地停顿了数天。 来自辞典例句
  • We have achieved a great amount of destruction at airfields and air bases. 我们已把机场和空军基地大加破坏。 来自辞典例句
64 supreme PHqzc     
adj.极度的,最重要的;至高的,最高的
参考例句:
  • It was the supreme moment in his life.那是他一生中最重要的时刻。
  • He handed up the indictment to the supreme court.他把起诉书送交最高法院。
65 commemorating c2126128e74c5800f2f2295f86f3989d     
v.纪念,庆祝( commemorate的现在分词 )
参考例句:
  • He was presented with a scroll commemorating his achievements. 他被授予一幅卷轴,以表彰其所做出的成就。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The post office issued a series commemorating famous American entertainers. 邮局发行了一个纪念美国著名演艺人员的系列邮票。 来自互联网
66 relished c700682884b4734d455673bc9e66a90c     
v.欣赏( relish的过去式和过去分词 );从…获得乐趣;渴望
参考例句:
  • The chaplain relished the privacy and isolation of his verdant surroundings. 牧师十分欣赏他那苍翠的环境所具有的幽雅恬静,与世隔绝的气氛。 来自辞典例句
  • Dalleson relished the first portion of the work before him. 达尔生对眼前这工作的前半部分满有兴趣。 来自辞典例句
67 secularist 1e7a7a643d9bb4bffa068c67c8541b42     
n.现世主义者,世俗主义者;宗教与教育分离论者
参考例句:
68 aggression WKjyF     
n.进攻,侵略,侵犯,侵害
参考例句:
  • So long as we are firmly united, we need fear no aggression.只要我们紧密地团结,就不必惧怕外来侵略。
  • Her view is that aggression is part of human nature.她认为攻击性是人类本性的一部份。
69 monarchy e6Azi     
n.君主,最高统治者;君主政体,君主国
参考例句:
  • The monarchy in England plays an important role in British culture.英格兰的君主政体在英国文化中起重要作用。
  • The power of the monarchy in Britain today is more symbolical than real.今日英国君主的权力多为象徵性的,无甚实际意义。
70 amendment Mx8zY     
n.改正,修正,改善,修正案
参考例句:
  • The amendment was rejected by 207 voters to 143.这项修正案以207票对143票被否决。
  • The Opposition has tabled an amendment to the bill.反对党已经就该议案提交了一项修正条款。
71 drawn MuXzIi     
v.拖,拉,拔出;adj.憔悴的,紧张的
参考例句:
  • All the characters in the story are drawn from life.故事中的所有人物都取材于生活。
  • Her gaze was drawn irresistibly to the scene outside.她的目光禁不住被外面的风景所吸引。
72 mainstream AoCzh9     
n.(思想或行为的)主流;adj.主流的
参考例句:
  • Their views lie outside the mainstream of current medical opinion.他们的观点不属于当今医学界观点的主流。
  • Polls are still largely reflects the mainstream sentiment.民调还在很大程度上反映了社会主流情绪。
73 transparent Smhwx     
adj.明显的,无疑的;透明的
参考例句:
  • The water is so transparent that we can see the fishes swimming.水清澈透明,可以看到鱼儿游来游去。
  • The window glass is transparent.窗玻璃是透明的。
74 assessment vO7yu     
n.评价;评估;对财产的估价,被估定的金额
参考例句:
  • This is a very perceptive assessment of the situation.这是一个对该情况的极富洞察力的评价。
  • What is your assessment of the situation?你对时局的看法如何?
75 legitimacy q9tzJ     
n.合法,正当
参考例句:
  • The newspaper was directly challenging the government's legitimacy.报纸直接质疑政府的合法性。
  • Managing from the top down,we operate with full legitimacy.我们进行由上而下的管理有充分的合法性。
76 disapprove 9udx3     
v.不赞成,不同意,不批准
参考例句:
  • I quite disapprove of his behaviour.我很不赞同他的行为。
  • She wants to train for the theatre but her parents disapprove.她想训练自己做戏剧演员,但她的父母不赞成。
77 analyzes e2e80b8320e1dd8d4c035d41fd7e44e5     
v.分析( analyze的第三人称单数 );分解;解释;对…进行心理分析
参考例句:
  • This approach analyzes management by studying experience usually through cases. 这个学派通常从实例获得经验,用以分析管理。 来自辞典例句
  • The econometrician analyzes statistical data. 经济计量学者要分析统计材料。 来自辞典例句
78 endorsement ApOxK     
n.背书;赞成,认可,担保;签(注),批注
参考例句:
  • We are happy to give the product our full endorsement.我们很高兴给予该产品完全的认可。
  • His presidential campaign won endorsement from several celebrities.他参加总统竞选得到一些社会名流的支持。
79 amendments 39576081718792f25ceae20f3bb99b43     
(法律、文件的)改动( amendment的名词复数 ); 修正案; 修改; (美国宪法的)修正案
参考例句:
  • The committee does not adequately consult others when drafting amendments. 委员会在起草修正案时没有充分征求他人的意见。
  • Please propose amendments and addenda to the first draft of the document. 请对这个文件的初稿提出修改和补充意见。
80 economists 2ba0a36f92d9c37ef31cc751bca1a748     
n.经济学家,经济专家( economist的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The sudden rise in share prices has confounded economists. 股价的突然上涨使经济学家大惑不解。
  • Foreign bankers and economists cautiously welcomed the minister's initiative. 外国银行家和经济学家对部长的倡议反应谨慎。 来自《简明英汉词典》
81 offset mIZx8     
n.分支,补偿;v.抵消,补偿
参考例句:
  • Their wage increases would be offset by higher prices.他们增加的工资会被物价上涨所抵消。
  • He put up his prices to offset the increased cost of materials.他提高了售价以补偿材料成本的增加。
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