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News & Reports 2011-06-11

时间:2011-08-29 03:42来源:互联网 提供网友:gmeng   字体: [ ]
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 Hello and Welcome to News and Reports on China Radio International.

 
In This Edition
 
Visiting Chinese Vice1 President Xi Jinping proposes to boost common development of China and Latin America.
 
Chinese health authorities implement2 strict precautions to prevent the current E.coli outbreak in Europe from becoming a problem here in China.
 
An American business professor at Tsinghua University shares his views on the prospect3 following the second round of quantitative4 easing in the United States coming to an end later this month.
 
Environmental experts warn that despite recent rains in central China, the ecological5 damage in the area caused by the lingering drought this year may take years to fix.
 
 
Hot Issue Reports
 
Chinese VP Eyes Boosting Common Development of China, Latin America
Visiting Chinese Vice President Xi Jinping has proposed to boost economic relations between China and Latin America.
 
Xi Jinping made the proposal in a speech at the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, headquartered in the Chilean capital of Santiago.
 
The U.N. body, established in 1948, is a think tank that promotes regional economic cooperation and development.
 
In his speech, Xi Jinping said that Latin America and the Caribbean region are among the regions with the most development potential in today's world.
 
"China is willing to work with Latin American and Caribbean countries to push forward our cooperation in a comprehensive, balanced and sustainable way. We should export to each other more high value-added products, expand trade volume and optimize6 trade structures. China will continue to encourage its enterprises to expand investment in Latin America in such industries as agriculture, manufacturing, infrastructure7 construction, new energy and aerospace8 on the basis of mutual9 respect and mutual benefit."
 
Xi Jinping has already met with Chilean President Sebastian Pinera and pledged joint10 efforts to enhance bilateral11 trade and investment.
 
Chile is the last leg of the Chinese vice president's four-nation trip that has already taken him to Italy, Cuba and Uruguay.
 
No Case of E. coli in China
Health Authorities here in China are implementing12 strict precautions to try to prevent the current E.coli outbreak which started in Europe from becoming a problem here in China.
 
CRI's He Fei has more.
 
Originating in Germany, the European E. coli outbreak has found its way to the United States and a dozen other countries around the world.
 
Deng Haihua with the Chinese Ministry13 of Health says so far, this country has been spared.
 
"Speaking of the epidemic14 of E. coli, I can assure you that until now, we haven't found any of such cases in the country."
 
E. coli is a virulent15 strain of stomach bacteria that can create stomach problems, diarrhea, and strokes.
 
In extreme cases, it can result in a coma16 or kidney failure.
 
E.coli outbreaks of this nature are not unheard of.
 
Japan, Canada and the United States have also had to deal with similar problems in the past.
 
In this outbreak, some 30 people have been killed, most of them in Germany.
 
Deng Haihua with the Health Ministry says the likelihood of the same E.coli strain affecting China is limited.
 
"China imports a limited amount of fresh vegetables and fruits from Europe. At present, there is no evidence that infected food have been spread out of Germany. Therefore, experts think there is little risk that the disease would be transmitted to China through imported foods. But there might be imported cases as people frequently travel between China and Europe."
 
The Ministry of Health has now ordered medical facilities across the country to beef up the monitoring of suspected E. coli cases and report them immediately, once they are discovered.
 
Deng Haihua says if the situation does change here in China, the Health Ministry will act accordingly.
 
"We will keep in close contact with the WHO and concerned European nations to closely monitor the epidemic. The ministry will also organize related departments to evaluate the risks in order to better cope with the developing situation."
 
The ministry is also recommending that people who have traveled to Germany and surrounding countries since April pay close attention to their health.
 
If they notice any symptoms that could possibly be an E.coli infection, they are being urged to go to a hospital immediately.
 
For CRI, I'm He Fei.
 
U.S. Official Urges Better S.Korea-DPRK Ties, Supports Dialogue
Assistant US Secretary of State Kurt Campbell has held talks with South Korean Foreign Minister Kim Sung-hwan and South Korea's nuclear envoy17 Wi Sung-lac.
 
The talks come amid new political wrangling19 between North and South Korea, with the North now threatening to release audio recordings20 of the recent secret meetings the two sides held here in Beijing.
 
Campbell visited China before heading to South Korea.
 
He says both China and the U.S. agree that there has to be an improvement between the two Koreas.
 
"I think it would be fair to say that the Chinese interlocutors were concerned by the disruptions in talks and a little surprised and very much want to see improvement in a dialogue between the North and the South and we've encouraged that process as well."
 
The North claims the South-side "begged" and offered concessions21 in exchange for a summit, a claim the South denies.
 
The visit is Campbell's last stop on his current Asian tour.
 
Meanwhile, Russia's deputy envoy for the six-party-talks is also in Seoul to discuss North Korean issues with his South Korean counterpart.
 
Talks on the US Economic Impact on China
The second round of quantitative easing in the United States is set to come to an end this month.
 
The US Federal Reserve says that it is not planning any further monetary22 easing, forecasting that he US economy will rebound23 in the second half of this year.
 
To boost its economy and employment, the United States launched a 600 billion US dollar treasury24 bond buyback, known as QE2, in November.
 
QE2 has sparked excessive liquidity25 concerns around the world, especially in emerging economies, like China's.
 
For more on the end of QE2, CRI's Paul James earlier talked with Patrick Chovanec, professor from the School of Economics and Management, Tsinghua University.
 
China's Second Moon Orbiter Chang'e-2 Goes to Outer Space
China's second moon orbiter, Chang'e-2, is now headed to outer space after setting off from its orbit around the moon.
 
It's now being dispatched on a 3-month journey to a location in our solar system known as the Lagrangian Points.
 
The orbiter completed all it was designed to around the moon, but has fuel to spare.
 
As such, it's now being tasked with additional work.
 
Dong Guangliang is one of the chief engineers of Chang'e-2.
 
"It mainly has two missions, including the long distance control and keeping the orbit. The longest control distance in China is 400,000 kilometers. This point is 1.5 million kilometer away from earth and the orbit is even farther. It is about 1.8 million kilometer away. We can gain some experience at this long-distance point that we have been before."
 
However, because Chang'e-2 wasn't designed for the deep space flight, Chinese space experts are going to face challenges in trying to control it.
 
Lake Dongting Drought Eased, Ecosystem26 to Resume Slowly
Environmental experts warn that even though Dongting Lake -- China's 2nd largest freshwater lake -- is now starting to fill up again because of the recent rains, the ecological damage in the area caused by the lingering drought this year may take years to fix.
 
CRI's Wei Tong has more from Hunan.
 
Dongting Lake, which covers some 28-hundred square kilometers, has been suffering through its worst drought in some 5-decades.
 
As a result, water levels have hit record lows this year.
 
The lake is home to nearly 200 species of birds and 110 different types of fish.
 
Walking around Dongting Lake these days, the absence of birds is quite noticeable.
 
The locals say that while right now isn't the high-season for birds on Dongting Lake, there are fewer and fewer birds this year.
 
At the same time, the people living around the lake are telling me that it's becoming harder and harder to catch fish these days.
 
"Before, birds could be seen everywhere along the lakeshore, which was covered by a layer of bird feathers and droppings. Now the number has dropped drastically."
 
"The rains should have come in last March or April, but it only just rained a few days ago. It's going to take more time to store water than it did last year. When I was a little boy, shoals of fish could be caught everywhere in the lake. Now it is hard to find almost anything."
 
Zhao Qihong, director of the East Dongting Lake Wetland Reserve says the recent rains have added a large amount of water into the lake.
 
However, he says the addition of new water isn't enough to return things to the way they used to be in the lake.
 
"Around 77 percent of the wetland reserve was dried up before the rains. The drought has seriously disrupted the biodiversity. This year had been considered a normal season for fish to breed. But most of them were killed because of the lack of water. Instead, sedge weed has now taken over and is flourishing at the moment. The sedge should have died off by now and then grown back in the autumn. However, because it's thriving right now, it will eventually die off in the autumn and not grow back in time for the migratory27 birds to nest."
 
Zhao Qihong also says he believes the food chain has been broken.
 
"It is estimated that it will take at least three to five years to see the ecosystem return to normal. However, if the rain keeps falling, the process will get faster."
 
However, ecologist Wang Yuchun doesn't agree.
 
"I believe that the disruption Dongting's ecosystem will sort itself out rather quickly. Actually, the water volume in the lake changes with the seasons. So the shift between a drought and flooding is a normal phenomenon. The drought was not severe enough to completely destroy the rejuvenation28 cycle. In my opinion, the damage to the ecosystem from the flooding won't make a difference. The damage to the ecosystem around Dongting Lake would be a lot worse if the drought continued on. As long as there is water, there is life. I'm sure the birds will be back soon."
 
Director Zhao Qihong says his department is now trying to do what it can to help the ecosystem recover.
 
"We are keeping a close watch on aquatic29 species in the lake. Any changes are being noted30. We also plan to build several low dams to keep the water from flowing out."
 
But while the recent rains have been helpful for Dongting Lake, their toll31 on the human population here is growing, with 15 more confirmed dead in the central Hunan Province overnight.
 
For CRI, this is Wei Tong in Yueyang, Hunan.
 
The 25th International Travel Expo Held in Hong Kong
The 25th Hong Kong International Travel Expo is now underway.
 
Over 10 thousand professionals are expected to attend the event, with exhibitors from a record 56 countries and regions.
 
Philip Yung, Hong Kong's Commissioner32 for Tourism, says the city is now upgrading its tourism resources.
 
"For example, two theme parks, the ocean park and the Hong Kong Disneyland, have been implementing a series of expansion projects. In addition, to maintain Hong Kong as a regional cruise hub, the government has fund the construction of a iconic cruise terminal at the former Kai Tak airport runway. The terminal building and the perch33 will commence operation in mid18 2013."
 
Last year, Hong Kong saw a record 36 million visitors.
 
That is a 20 percent rise over 2009 figures.
 
The Travel Expo takes place until Sunday at the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre.
 
Toyota Forecasts Profits Slump34 after Earthquake
Japanese auto35 giant Toyota says it expects its operating profits this business year to fall 35 percent to around $3.7 billion U.S. dollars because of the earthquake and tsunami36.
 
The massive disruption to production will likely mean Toyota will fall behind General Motors and possibly Volkswagen to rank third in global vehicle sales this year.
 
However, Toyota executive vice president Satoshi Ozawa is downplaying that possibility.
 
"Regarding the number of vehicles produced in this financial year, we're planning to increase the numbers to catch-up the delay occurred due to the earthquake disaster; as such, we're predicting to produce 7.39 million vehicles."
 
The earthquake and tsunami in March forced Toyota and other Japanese automakers to cut their output because of a disruption in their supply chain.
 
The ensuing nuclear disaster and power shortages have compounded the problems.
 
However, Ozawa says their strategic plans remain in effect.
 
"Despite the earthquake, we'll make no changes in our mid-term strategy. Investments for the next generation eco-friendly vehicles and for the emerging markets will be implemented37 actively38 and strategically while pursuing effectiveness."
 
Toyota's profits for the 1st quarter were down 52-percent year-on-year.
 
Newspaper Picks
 
China Daily: How often do you get irritated with the service in your local bank?
 
I thought so. Well one man in Jinan, Shandong reportedly got so annoyed with the customer service at his local bank that he decided39 to gain his revenge by withdrawing just 1 yuan at a time, that's 14 cents. According to the China Daily the man found only one counter open for business despite huge queues of waiting customers. He caused a stink40 with not only the bank staff over his actions but with other waiting customers. The man said the bank clerks were cold and didn't seem to care about the waiting people in the bank. Now although the guy didn't break the law by withdrawing only 1 yuan at a time, the police were called to try and coax41 him into stopping.

点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 vice NU0zQ     
n.坏事;恶习;[pl.]台钳,老虎钳;adj.副的
参考例句:
  • He guarded himself against vice.他避免染上坏习惯。
  • They are sunk in the depth of vice.他们堕入了罪恶的深渊。
2 implement WcdzG     
n.(pl.)工具,器具;vt.实行,实施,执行
参考例句:
  • Don't undertake a project unless you can implement it.不要承担一项计划,除非你能完成这项计划。
  • The best implement for digging a garden is a spade.在花园里挖土的最好工具是铁锹。
3 prospect P01zn     
n.前景,前途;景色,视野
参考例句:
  • This state of things holds out a cheerful prospect.事态呈现出可喜的前景。
  • The prospect became more evident.前景变得更加明朗了。
4 quantitative TCpyg     
adj.数量的,定量的
参考例句:
  • He said it was only a quantitative difference.他说这仅仅是数量上的差别。
  • We need to do some quantitative analysis of the drugs.我们对药物要进行定量分析。
5 ecological IrRxX     
adj.生态的,生态学的
参考例句:
  • The region has been declared an ecological disaster zone.这个地区已经宣布为生态灾难区。
  • Each animal has its ecological niche.每种动物都有自己的生态位.
6 optimize WIoxY     
v.使优化 [=optimise]
参考例句:
  • We should optimize the composition of the Standing Committees.优化人大常委会组成人员的结构。
  • We should optimize our import mix and focus on bringing in advanced technology and key equipment.优化进口结构,着重引进先进技术和关键设备。
7 infrastructure UbBz5     
n.下部构造,下部组织,基础结构,基础设施
参考例句:
  • We should step up the development of infrastructure for research.加强科学基础设施建设。
  • We should strengthen cultural infrastructure and boost various types of popular culture.加强文化基础设施建设,发展各类群众文化。
8 aerospace CK2yf     
adj.航空的,宇宙航行的
参考例句:
  • The world's entire aerospace industry is feeling the chill winds of recession.全世界的航空航天工业都感受到了经济衰退的寒意。
  • Edward Murphy was an aerospace engineer for the US Army.爱德华·墨菲是一名美军的航宇工程师。
9 mutual eFOxC     
adj.相互的,彼此的;共同的,共有的
参考例句:
  • We must pull together for mutual interest.我们必须为相互的利益而通力合作。
  • Mutual interests tied us together.相互的利害关系把我们联系在一起。
10 joint m3lx4     
adj.联合的,共同的;n.关节,接合处;v.连接,贴合
参考例句:
  • I had a bad fall,which put my shoulder out of joint.我重重地摔了一跤,肩膀脫臼了。
  • We wrote a letter in joint names.我们联名写了封信。
11 bilateral dQGyW     
adj.双方的,两边的,两侧的
参考例句:
  • They have been negotiating a bilateral trade deal.他们一直在商谈一项双边贸易协定。
  • There was a wide gap between the views of the two statesmen on the bilateral cooperation.对双方合作的问题,两位政治家各自所持的看法差距甚大。
12 implementing be68540dfa000a0fb38be40d32259215     
v.实现( implement的现在分词 );执行;贯彻;使生效
参考例句:
  • -- Implementing a comprehensive drug control strategy. ――实行综合治理的禁毒战略。 来自汉英非文学 - 白皮书
  • He was in no hurry about implementing his unshakable principle. 他并不急于实行他那不可动摇的原则。 来自辞典例句
13 ministry kD5x2     
n.(政府的)部;牧师
参考例句:
  • They sent a deputation to the ministry to complain.他们派了一个代表团到部里投诉。
  • We probed the Air Ministry statements.我们调查了空军部的记录。
14 epidemic 5iTzz     
n.流行病;盛行;adj.流行性的,流传极广的
参考例句:
  • That kind of epidemic disease has long been stamped out.那种传染病早已绝迹。
  • The authorities tried to localise the epidemic.当局试图把流行病限制在局部范围。
15 virulent 1HtyK     
adj.有毒的,有恶意的,充满敌意的
参考例句:
  • She is very virulent about her former employer.她对她过去的老板恨之入骨。
  • I stood up for her despite the virulent criticism.尽管她遭到恶毒的批评,我还是维护她。
16 coma vqxzR     
n.昏迷,昏迷状态
参考例句:
  • The patient rallied from the coma.病人从昏迷中苏醒过来。
  • She went into a coma after swallowing a whole bottle of sleeping pills.她吃了一整瓶安眠药后就昏迷过去了。
17 envoy xoLx7     
n.使节,使者,代表,公使
参考例句:
  • Their envoy showed no sign of responding to our proposals.他们的代表对我方的提议毫无回应的迹象。
  • The government has not yet appointed an envoy to the area.政府尚未向这一地区派过外交官。
18 mid doTzSB     
adj.中央的,中间的
参考例句:
  • Our mid-term exam is pending.我们就要期中考试了。
  • He switched over to teaching in mid-career.他在而立之年转入教学工作。
19 wrangling 44be8b4ea358d359f180418e23dfd220     
v.争吵,争论,口角( wrangle的现在分词 )
参考例句:
  • The two sides have spent most of their time wrangling over procedural problems. 双方大部分时间都在围绕程序问题争论不休。 来自辞典例句
  • The children were wrangling (with each other) over the new toy. 孩子为新玩具(互相)争吵。 来自辞典例句
20 recordings 22f9946cd05973582e73e4e3c0239bb7     
n.记录( recording的名词复数 );录音;录像;唱片
参考例句:
  • a boxed set of original recordings 一套盒装原声录音带
  • old jazz recordings reissued on CD 以激光唱片重新发行的老爵士乐
21 concessions 6b6f497aa80aaf810133260337506fa9     
n.(尤指由政府或雇主给予的)特许权( concession的名词复数 );承认;减价;(在某地的)特许经营权
参考例句:
  • The firm will be forced to make concessions if it wants to avoid a strike. 要想避免罢工,公司将不得不作出一些让步。
  • The concessions did little to placate the students. 让步根本未能平息学生的愤怒。
22 monetary pEkxb     
adj.货币的,钱的;通货的;金融的;财政的
参考例句:
  • The monetary system of some countries used to be based on gold.过去有些国家的货币制度是金本位制的。
  • Education in the wilderness is not a matter of monetary means.荒凉地区的教育不是钱财问题。
23 rebound YAtz1     
v.弹回;n.弹回,跳回
参考例句:
  • The vibrations accompanying the rebound are the earth quake.伴随这种回弹的振动就是地震。
  • Our evil example will rebound upon ourselves.我们的坏榜样会回到我们自己头上的。
24 treasury 7GeyP     
n.宝库;国库,金库;文库
参考例句:
  • The Treasury was opposed in principle to the proposals.财政部原则上反对这些提案。
  • This book is a treasury of useful information.这本书是有价值的信息宝库。
25 liquidity VRXzb     
n.流动性,偿债能力,流动资产
参考例句:
  • The bank has progressively increased its liquidity.银行逐渐地增加其流动资产。
  • The demand for and the supply of credit is closely linked to changes in liquidity.信用的供求和流动资金的变化有密切关系。
26 ecosystem Wq4xz     
n.生态系统
参考例句:
  • This destroyed the ecosystem of the island.这样破坏了岛上的生态系统。
  • We all have an interest in maintaining the integrity of the ecosystem.维持生态系统的完整是我们共同的利益。
27 migratory jwQyB     
n.候鸟,迁移
参考例句:
  • Many migratory birds visit this lake annually.许多候鸟每年到这个湖上作短期逗留。
  • This does not negate the idea of migratory aptitude.这并没有否定迁移能力这一概念。
28 rejuvenation b9e42846611643c4db26fc856328d569     
n. 复原,再生, 更新, 嫩化, 恢复
参考例句:
  • Prolonged starvation and aging might lead to rejuvenation of embryogenic potential. 长期的饥饿和衰老可以导致胚胎发生能力的复壮。
  • All this signs rejuvenation of agriculture. 所有这些都预示着农业将复苏。
29 aquatic mvXzk     
adj.水生的,水栖的
参考例句:
  • Aquatic sports include swimming and rowing.水上运动包括游泳和划船。
  • We visited an aquatic city in Italy.我们在意大利访问过一个水上城市。
30 noted 5n4zXc     
adj.著名的,知名的
参考例句:
  • The local hotel is noted for its good table.当地的那家酒店以餐食精美而著称。
  • Jim is noted for arriving late for work.吉姆上班迟到出了名。
31 toll LJpzo     
n.过路(桥)费;损失,伤亡人数;v.敲(钟)
参考例句:
  • The hailstone took a heavy toll of the crops in our village last night.昨晚那场冰雹损坏了我们村的庄稼。
  • The war took a heavy toll of human life.这次战争夺去了许多人的生命。
32 commissioner gq3zX     
n.(政府厅、局、处等部门)专员,长官,委员
参考例句:
  • The commissioner has issued a warrant for her arrest.专员发出了对她的逮捕令。
  • He was tapped for police commissioner.他被任命为警务处长。
33 perch 5u1yp     
n.栖木,高位,杆;v.栖息,就位,位于
参考例句:
  • The bird took its perch.鸟停歇在栖木上。
  • Little birds perch themselves on the branches.小鸟儿栖歇在树枝上。
34 slump 4E8zU     
n.暴跌,意气消沉,(土地)下沉;vi.猛然掉落,坍塌,大幅度下跌
参考例句:
  • She is in a slump in her career.她处在事业的低谷。
  • Economists are forecasting a slump.经济学家们预言将发生经济衰退。
35 auto ZOnyW     
n.(=automobile)(口语)汽车
参考例句:
  • Don't park your auto here.别把你的汽车停在这儿。
  • The auto industry has brought many people to Detroit.汽车工业把许多人吸引到了底特律。
36 tsunami bpAyo     
n.海啸
参考例句:
  • Powerful quake sparks tsunami warning in Japan.大地震触发了日本的海啸预警。
  • Coastlines all around the Indian Ocean inundated by a huge tsunami.大海啸把印度洋沿岸地区都淹没了。
37 implemented a0211e5272f6fc75ac06e2d62558aff0     
v.实现( implement的过去式和过去分词 );执行;贯彻;使生效
参考例句:
  • This agreement, if not implemented, is a mere scrap of paper. 这个协定如不执行只不过是一纸空文。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
  • The economy is in danger of collapse unless far-reaching reforms are implemented. 如果不实施影响深远的改革,经济就面临崩溃的危险。 来自辞典例句
38 actively lzezni     
adv.积极地,勤奋地
参考例句:
  • During this period all the students were actively participating.在这节课中所有的学生都积极参加。
  • We are actively intervening to settle a quarrel.我们正在积极调解争执。
39 decided lvqzZd     
adj.决定了的,坚决的;明显的,明确的
参考例句:
  • This gave them a decided advantage over their opponents.这使他们比对手具有明显的优势。
  • There is a decided difference between British and Chinese way of greeting.英国人和中国人打招呼的方式有很明显的区别。
40 stink ZG5zA     
vi.发出恶臭;糟透,招人厌恶;n.恶臭
参考例句:
  • The stink of the rotten fish turned my stomach.腐烂的鱼臭味使我恶心。
  • The room has awful stink.那个房间散发着难闻的臭气。
41 coax Fqmz5     
v.哄诱,劝诱,用诱哄得到,诱取
参考例句:
  • I had to coax the information out of him.我得用好话套出他掌握的情况。
  • He tried to coax the secret from me.他试图哄骗我说出秘方。
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