英语 英语 日语 日语 韩语 韩语 法语 法语 德语 德语 西班牙语 西班牙语 意大利语 意大利语 阿拉伯语 阿拉伯语 葡萄牙语 葡萄牙语 越南语 越南语 俄语 俄语 芬兰语 芬兰语 泰语 泰语 泰语 丹麦语 泰语 对外汉语

VOA慢速英语 2007 1218b

时间:2008-03-20 03:12来源:互联网 提供网友:蓝静子   字体: [ ]
    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)

VOICE ONE:

This is SCIENCE IN THE NEWS in VOA Special English.  I'm Faith Lapidus.

VOICE TWO:

 
Doctors say people can reduce the risk of some kinds of diabetes1 by increasing exercise and eating a healthy diet
And I'm Bob Doughty2.  Today, we tell about the disease diabetes.  The United Nations World Health Organization says diabetes killed more than one million people around the world in two thousand five.  The W.H.O. says the disease was also involved in many other deaths.  It warns that deaths linked to diabetes are likely to increase by more than fifty percent in the next ten years without urgent action. 

(MUSIC)

VOICE ONE:

Diabetes is the name for a medical condition in which too much glucose3, or sugar, builds up in the blood.  Diabetes develops when the body does not make enough of the hormone4 insulin or makes no insulin at all.  It also can develop when the body is not able to use the insulin that is made.

The body changes food into a sugar called glucose.  Glucose enters the blood and is taken to cells in all parts of the body.  Insulin helps the muscles, organs and tissues take in the glucose and change it into energy.

VOICE TWO:

The pancreas is the organ that produces insulin.  When too much glucose is in the blood, the pancreas produces the necessary insulin and sends it into the blood.  The insulin reduces the level of blood sugar by letting it enter cells. 

Diabetes is present when too much glucose remains5 in the blood and does not enter cells.  If the amount of glucose in the blood remains too high, it begins to damage the body. 

Over time, diabetes can cause blindness, kidney6 disease, and nerve damage.  High glucose levels in the blood also can lead to strokes and heart disease.  Blood flow also is affected7, especially in the legs.  Often, victims of diabetes must have a foot or even a leg removed because of problems linked to the disease.  Diabetes patients are more likely than other people to die of heart disease or kidney failure.

(MUSIC)

VOICE ONE:

 
A type 1 diabetes patient prepares her insulin
There are two main kinds of diabetes: type one and type two.  Type one diabetes generally affects children and young people.  It results from a lack of insulin production.  The exact cause is not known.  But some experts believe the body’s defenses against disease for some reason destroy the cells that produce insulin.

Signs of the disease may develop suddenly.  People suffering from type one Diabetes may develop a strong desire for food or something to drink.  Other signs are increased production of liquid wastes, loss of body weight, changes in eyesight and feeling extremely tired. 

People with type one diabetes almost always need daily injections of insulin.  Diabetes patients must always know their blood sugar levels.  When glucose levels are too high, they must use insulin to reduce them.  Type one patients must inject insulin every day, often several times. Type two patients may use medicines that help reduce their glucose levels. 

(MUSIC)

VOICE TWO:

 
People in New Delhi, India, join in a campaign against diabetes on World Diabetes Day, November 14, 2007.
The World Health Organization estimates that about ninety percent of people with diabetes worldwide have type two.  This kind of diabetes was seen only in adults until recently.  It is now being increasingly seen in children who are very fat.

Most people with type two diabetes are overweight and need physical exercise.  Their bodies cannot produce enough insulin to reduce glucose levels in their blood.  Or their bodies do not react correctly to the insulin being produced.

Signs of type two diabetes are similar to those of type one.  But experts say many people with type two diabetes have no signs.  As a result, the disease may not be recognized until after the patient has already begun to develop medical problems.

VOICE ONE:

Steve Fuchs is a dental health expert who lives in Washington, D.C.  When he was fifty years old, he became concerned about an unusual feeling in his feet.  So he went to a foot doctor.  The doctor said the unusual feeling could be an early sign of diabetes.  He urged Mister Fuchs to seek immediate8 medical help. 

The foot doctor was correct.  Steve Fuchs was found to have type two diabetes.  Steve says he was not really surprised because his father and other family members also had the disease.

VOICE TWO:

Experts say genes9 seem to be important in the development of diabetes.  They say that about ninety percent of those with type two diabetes have family members who also had the disease. 

In recent years, scientists have found several genes linked to type two diabetes.  Some also are linked to being extremely overweight.  Medical experts say people with type two diabetes can take steps to help their cells get more glucose from the blood.  This can be done with medicine, increased physical exercise and dietary changes.

VOICE ONE:

Allison Brown is a mother of two young children.  She lives with her family in Cleveland, Ohio.  She discovered her extremely high blood sugar levels a few years ago after a blood test required by an insurance company.  She had never experienced any signs of diabetes.

Miz Brown says she was fairly surprised to learn the test results.  But at the same time she was not shocked because her grandmother and great grandmother also had diabetes.

Her doctor immediately treated her with medicine to reduce her blood sugar levels.  She began exercising more and changed her diet.  Today, Miz Brown takes medicine and eats no carbohydrates10 or sugar and not a lot of fruit.  Carbohydrates such as potatoes, pasta and rice appear in the blood as sugar.  And many kinds of fruit enter the blood as sugar.

VOICE TWO:

Allison Brown measured her blood sugar levels even more carefully when she became pregnant11.  She says pregnancy12 can be dangerous for a diabetic person without medical supervision13.  

She visited her doctors often and had many tests.  She also began injecting insulin instead of taking pills to control her blood sugar.  She changed back to taking the medicine after each of her children was born.

Miz Brown says it is important for people to measure their blood sugar levels so diabetes can be discovered before it begins to damage the body.  She says diabetes changes your life, but you will be healthier as a result of medical treatment.

VOICE ONE:

Allison Brown knew she had diabetes before she became pregnant.  But some women develop unexpected diabetes during pregnancy.  This is called gestational diabetes, and usually disappears after the baby is born.

Hormones14 produced during pregnancy slowly stop the action of insulin in the body.  Usually, the woman's pancreas is able to produce more insulin to answer this change.  If not, sugar levels will increase, and the woman will develop gestational diabetes.

Treatment for gestational diabetes is similar to the treatment for type two diabetes: dietary changes and exercise.  Some women also may need to take insulin.

Medical researchers say gestational diabetes increases the risk of the developing child having diabetes later in life.  Also, women who have had it are at a sixty percent increased risk of developing type two diabetes.  But doctors say women can reduce that risk by keeping a healthy weight and exercising.

VOICE TWO:

Women who develop gestational diabetes know they are at increased risk for the disease.  Others who get type two diabetes have no idea they may develop it.  That is why medical experts say it is so important for people to get health examinations, because diabetes can be prevented.

Doctors have identified a condition they call pre-diabetes.  This is when a person has higher than normal levels of glucose in the blood, but not high enough to be considered diabetes.

Doctors say people with this condition can reduce the chance of getting diabetes by increasing exercise and eating low-fat foods.  At least two kinds of medicine have been shown to be effective in preventing diabetes in people with pre-diabetes. 

Doctors say healthy people should have their blood sugar tested every year, especially those with a family history of diabetes.  That way, they will have a chance to change their medical futures15 and prevent or delay the development of diabetes.

(MUSIC)

VOICE ONE:

This SCIENCE IN THE NEWS program was written by Nancy Steinbach.  Our producer was Brianna Blake.  I'm Faith Lapidus.

VOICE TWO:

And I'm Bob Doughty.  Read and listen to our programs at voaspecialenglish.com.  Join us again next week for more news about science in Special English on the Voice of America.

 


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 diabetes uPnzu     
n.糖尿病
参考例句:
  • In case of diabetes, physicians advise against the use of sugar.对于糖尿病患者,医生告诫他们不要吃糖。
  • Diabetes is caused by a fault in the insulin production of the body.糖尿病是由体內胰岛素分泌失调引起的。
2 doughty Jk5zg     
adj.勇猛的,坚强的
参考例句:
  • Most of successful men have the characteristics of contumacy and doughty.绝大多数成功人士都有共同的特质:脾气倔强,性格刚强。
  • The doughty old man battled his illness with fierce determination.坚强的老人用巨大毅力与疾病作斗争。
3 glucose Fyiyz     
n.葡萄糖
参考例句:
  • I gave him an extra dose of glucose to pep him up.我给他多注射了一剂葡萄糖以增强他的活力。
  • The doctor injected glucose into his patient's veins.医生将葡萄糖注入病人的静脉。
4 hormone uyky3     
n.荷尔蒙,激素,内分泌
参考例句:
  • Hormone implants are used as growth boosters.激素植入物被用作生长辅助剂。
  • This hormone interacts closely with other hormones in the body.这种荷尔蒙与体內其他荷尔蒙紧密地相互作用。
5 remains 1kMzTy     
n.剩余物,残留物;遗体,遗迹
参考例句:
  • He ate the remains of food hungrily.他狼吞虎咽地吃剩余的食物。
  • The remains of the meal were fed to the dog.残羹剩饭喂狗了。
6 kidney k2wxy     
n.肾,腰子,类型
参考例句:
  • Several of the patients had received kidney transplant.病人中有几位已接受了肾移植手术。
  • The operation to transplant a kidney is now fairly routine.肾脏移植手术如今已相当常见。
7 affected TzUzg0     
adj.不自然的,假装的
参考例句:
  • She showed an affected interest in our subject.她假装对我们的课题感到兴趣。
  • His manners are affected.他的态度不自然。
8 immediate aapxh     
adj.立即的;直接的,最接近的;紧靠的
参考例句:
  • His immediate neighbours felt it their duty to call.他的近邻认为他们有责任去拜访。
  • We declared ourselves for the immediate convocation of the meeting.我们主张立即召开这个会议。
9 genes 01914f8eac35d7e14afa065217edd8c0     
n.基因( gene的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • You have good genes from your parents, so you should live a long time. 你从父母那儿获得优良的基因,所以能够活得很长。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Differences will help to reveal the functions of the genes. 它们间的差异将会帮助我们揭开基因多种功能。 来自英汉非文学 - 生命科学 - 生物技术的世纪
10 carbohydrates 001f0186d1ea717492c413ca718f2635     
n.碳水化合物,糖类( carbohydrate的名词复数 );淀粉质或糖类食物
参考例句:
  • The plant uses the carbohydrates to make cellulose. 植物用碳水化合物制造纤维素。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • All carbohydrates originate from plants. 所有的碳水化合物均来自植物。 来自辞典例句
11 pregnant IP3xP     
adj.怀孕的,怀胎的
参考例句:
  • She is a pregnant woman.她是一名孕妇。
  • She is pregnant with her first child.她怀了第一胎。
12 pregnancy lPwxP     
n.怀孕,怀孕期
参考例句:
  • Early pregnancy is often accompanied by nausea.怀孕早期常有恶心的现象。
  • Smoking during pregnancy increases the risk of miscarriage.怀孕期吸烟会增加流产的危险。
13 supervision hr6wv     
n.监督,管理
参考例句:
  • The work was done under my supervision.这项工作是在我的监督之下完成的。
  • The old man's will was executed under the personal supervision of the lawyer.老人的遗嘱是在律师的亲自监督下执行的。
14 hormones hormones     
n. 荷尔蒙,激素 名词hormone的复数形式
参考例句:
  • This hormone interacts closely with other hormones in the body. 这种荷尔蒙与体內其他荷尔蒙紧密地相互作用。
  • The adrenals produce a large per cent of a man's sex hormones. 肾上腺分泌人体的大部分性激素。
15 futures Isdz1Q     
n.期货,期货交易
参考例句:
  • He continued his operations in cotton futures.他继续进行棉花期货交易。
  • Cotton futures are selling at high prices.棉花期货交易的卖价是很高的。
本文本内容来源于互联网抓取和网友提交,仅供参考,部分栏目没有内容,如果您有更合适的内容,欢迎点击提交分享给大家。
------分隔线----------------------------
TAG标签:   voa  慢速英语
顶一下
(0)
0%
踩一下
(0)
0%
最新评论 查看所有评论
发表评论 查看所有评论
请自觉遵守互联网相关的政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
评价:
表情:
验证码:
听力搜索
推荐频道
论坛新贴