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2006年NPR美国国家公共电台七月-Military Chiefs Find Second Careers as CE

时间:2007-07-20 06:37来源:互联网 提供网友:zhao6221133   字体: [ ]
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A new study of the Standard & Poor's 500 shows that military experience may actually be the best training to become a corporate1 CEO. The executive search firm Korn/Ferry International and the Intelligence Unit of the Economist2 Magazine found that former military officers are more likely to become CEOs in top companies than those who didn't serve in the military and they are more likely to succeed in the job. Chuck Wardell is a managing director of Korn/Ferry International, he joins us from NPR's New York Bureau, "Thanks very much for being with us, Mr. Wardell."

"Well,it's my pleasure, thank you for having me. "

"And I have to begin by asking if you served in the military. "

"Yes, I did. I m a Vietnam-era soldier. I was an officer and served and fought in Vietnam."

"What do you learn in the military that becomes directly applicable in corporate life? "

"Well, particularly at the company grade levels, lieutenant3 and up to captain, you learn organizational skills and you learn teamwork and you have to be a good communicator, and you have to stay calm. "

"To serve in the U.S. Military, especially, does it require people to figure out a way to get along as an effective working unit, if not necessarily personal friends? "

"You know, absolutely. It's an interesting statistic4 if you look at all adult males, only 3% were officers in the U.S. Military and yet if you look at the CEOs in the S&P 500, 8.4% had military experience. So, A), there is a higher level of percentage of CEOs and it does require skills that, unfortunately, not all that many American males get. "

"What's performing well? How do you define success? "

"The study found that 59 companies on the S&P 500 headed by CEOs of military experience provide an average shareholder5 return of 21% over a 3-year-period ending in September 05', versus6 11% for the S&P index during the same time. Er, we also found that CEOs who've served in the military tend to survive longer on the job. I think probably because of their market-beating performance. So, you look at a company return on investment, turnover7 in personnel, the morale8 of the company , the culture that's been built, its ability to absorb new products, ability to bring in new people and new ideas and keep reinventing itself. A lot of these traits are learned in the military. "

"As I understand , there's a caveat9 in this report that says that people are more likely to succeed in a corporate career if they leave the military as Lieutenants10 or Captains rather than if they rise to a higher rank."

"The training that the CEOs talk about and the skills they bring in the corporate life are generally those learned in the early years in the military. After captain, you get away from the company grade demands in the military, and you get more into the politics of the military, more into getting promoted within the military. But the first three ranks in the military are company grade, ranks which require many of the skills CEOs fall back on when they run the companies. "

"Does a military background offer someone in corporate life an avenue to learn how to effectively question authority or policy? "

"No, but it teaches you the cost of impulsively11 trying to comply. And so the ability to stay calm, to think it through, to know you're gonna do it but to question the best way to get there are things that you learn early on in the military."

"Is it difficult for people who've been military officers and perhaps have seen combat to go into making chairs or software, or something like that? "

"The answer is yes. It's a very tough transition. And it's one that you have to come to grips with early on when you leave the military. It's a lifestyle and a culture that's very hard to then readjust to the corporate world. Many do it successfully and quite honestly many don't. "

"Chuck Wardell, managing director and head of the northeast region of Korn/Ferry International. Mr. Wardell, thank you very much."

"Thank you."

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Standard & Poor's 500 :Standard & Poor's 500 Utilities Index,An index consisting of 500 stocks chosen for market size, liquidity12, and industry group representation. It is a market-value weighted index, with each stock's weight in the index proportionate to its market value;标准普尔500公用事业指数,各种股票包括四百种工业股、四十种公用事业股、二十种交通事业股、以及四十种银行股和保险股。它是一个包含500种股票的指数,股票的选择根据市场规模、流通性及行业组别代表性。这是一个按市场价值比重调整的指数,每种股票在指数的比重与其市场价值成正比
caveat:a warning that something may not be completely true, effective etc;警告,告诫
fall back on :to use something or depend on someone's help when dealing with a difficult situation, especially after other methods have failed;求助于, 退到, 回头再说
impulsively:someone who is impulsive does things without considering the possible dangers or problems first; 有推动力地
come(get) to grips with:to understand or deal with something difficult ;开始搏斗(与某种困难情况)


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1 corporate 7olzl     
adj.共同的,全体的;公司的,企业的
参考例句:
  • This is our corporate responsibility.这是我们共同的责任。
  • His corporate's life will be as short as a rabbit's tail.他的公司的寿命是兔子尾巴长不了。
2 economist AuhzVs     
n.经济学家,经济专家,节俭的人
参考例句:
  • He cast a professional economist's eyes on the problem.他以经济学行家的眼光审视这个问题。
  • He's an economist who thinks he knows all the answers.他是个经济学家,自以为什么都懂。
3 lieutenant X3GyG     
n.陆军中尉,海军上尉;代理官员,副职官员
参考例句:
  • He was promoted to be a lieutenant in the army.他被提升为陆军中尉。
  • He prevailed on the lieutenant to send in a short note.他说动那个副官,递上了一张简短的便条进去。
4 statistic QuGwb     
n.统计量;adj.统计的,统计学的
参考例句:
  • Official statistics show real wages declining by 24%.官方统计数字表明实际工资下降了24%。
  • There are no reliable statistics for the number of deaths in the battle.关于阵亡人数没有可靠的统计数字。
5 shareholder VzPwU     
n.股东,股票持有人
参考例句:
  • The account department have prepare a financial statement for the shareholder.财务部为股东准备了一份财务报表。
  • A shareholder may transfer his shares in accordance with the law.股东持有的股份可以依法转让。
6 versus wi7wU     
prep.以…为对手,对;与…相比之下
参考例句:
  • The big match tonight is England versus Spain.今晚的大赛是英格兰对西班牙。
  • The most exciting game was Harvard versus Yale.最富紧张刺激的球赛是哈佛队对耶鲁队。
7 turnover nfkzmg     
n.人员流动率,人事变动率;营业额,成交量
参考例句:
  • The store greatly reduced the prices to make a quick turnover.这家商店实行大减价以迅速周转资金。
  • Our turnover actually increased last year.去年我们的营业额竟然增加了。
8 morale z6Ez8     
n.道德准则,士气,斗志
参考例句:
  • The morale of the enemy troops is sinking lower every day.敌军的士气日益低落。
  • He tried to bolster up their morale.他尽力鼓舞他们的士气。
9 caveat 7rZza     
n.警告; 防止误解的说明
参考例句:
  • I would offer a caveat for those who want to join me in the dual calling.为防止发生误解,我想对那些想要步我后尘的人提出警告。
  • As I have written before,that's quite a caveat.正如我以前所写,那确实是个警告。
10 lieutenants dc8c445866371477a093185d360992d9     
n.陆军中尉( lieutenant的名词复数 );副职官员;空军;仅低于…官阶的官员
参考例句:
  • In the army, lieutenants are subordinate to captains. 在陆军中,中尉是上尉的下级。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
  • Lieutenants now cap at 1.5 from 1. Recon at 1. 中尉现在由1人口增加的1.5人口。侦查小组成员为1人口。 来自互联网
11 impulsively 0596bdde6dedf8c46a693e7e1da5984c     
adv.冲动地
参考例句:
  • She leant forward and kissed him impulsively. 她倾身向前,感情冲动地吻了他。
  • Every good, true, vigorous feeling I had gathered came impulsively round him. 我的一切良好、真诚而又强烈的感情都紧紧围绕着他涌现出来。
12 liquidity VRXzb     
n.流动性,偿债能力,流动资产
参考例句:
  • The bank has progressively increased its liquidity.银行逐渐地增加其流动资产。
  • The demand for and the supply of credit is closely linked to changes in liquidity.信用的供求和流动资金的变化有密切关系。
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TAG标签:   npr  公共电台  military  chief  career
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