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2006年NPR美国国家公共电台九月-A Chess Classic: 'The Immortal Game' (4'0

时间:2007-07-20 08:12来源:互联网 提供网友:joly   字体: [ ]
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    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)
This is All Things Considered from NPR News. I'm Robert Siegel.

Even in this era of Madden Football and Grand Theft Auto1 of Gameboys and PlayStations, you can still read an account of Hezbollah's raid2 across the Israeli border as Nasrallah's gambit, and you can find descriptions of the response it provoked3 as Israel's end game. The vocabulary of chess forms a metaphorical4 bridge between a harmless board game of strategy and the strategies of real-life war. The history of the game is recounted in a new book by David Shenk. It's called "The Immortal5 Game". And to serious chess players, that title has an obvious double meaning: It refers to the game itself and also to a particular match that was played by two masters in 1851. David Shenk weaves the story of that match move by move throughout the larger story. Welcome to the program.

Thank you for having me.

And tell us about the immortal game of 1851.

Well, this was a remarkable6 game because it wasn't supposed to be remarkable. Here were two amazing champions Lionel Kieseritzky and Adolf Anderssen. They were participating in really the first formal international chess tournament ever in 1851 in London and in between the formal games, these chess players of course couldn't get enough chess so they would play practice games. The actual formal games could last hours and hours and even days. So the practice games tended to be a lot shorter than that. And this was one of those practice games that really should have been a throwaway game, it shouldn't have even been remembered at all in history but it turned out to be so remarkable that the loser who I would not name was so blown away that he recorded it and it was quickly dubbed7 the immortal game and has been studied ever since.

The lesson of this particular "immortal game" match, as best as I can make of it, is that the player who actually gave up several very, very important pieces still won, it wasn't telling that he had lost such vital pieces as two rooks and a queen.

That's the technical lesson here is that you can sacrifice an amazing amount of material ah, you know, a novice8 would never think that you can give up a queen and still win a game but in fact if you know what you're doing you can give up far more than that and still win. The broader lesson though is that any chess game like any piece of art starts out mundane9 and you never know if it's gonna turn into magic or not. And the players don't know either.

Part of your motivation here in writing the book was to learn something about one Samuel Rosenthalo . Won't you tell us about him?

Yes, this was a piece of family lore10 and I really knew nothing about it. I wasn't even sure if Samuel Rosenthal existed but I had been told that he was my great-great-grandfather and that he was the, the dean11 of all chess in France in the 19th century and that he had been given all these prizes and taught someone in the Napoleon family and really was dominant12 for several decades and did those simultaneous13 demonstrations14 playing against 50 or 100 people at once and beating them all without a problem and, and would play these long, long chess matches in which he would be described as being as still as a statue.

And you met chess teachers who say Samuel Rosenthal, I've taught some of his games.

Yes, he is still known among serious chess players. Now I mean one of the interesting points to make about, about chess and where Rosenthal fits is that not too many of his games would be considered stellar today because chess knowledge like all other knowledge builds on itself. So, we can look at some of the amazing games in the 19th century and we can say well, for their time that was particularly creative and that was a new way of thinking but, but serious chess players build on top of that and actually there've been two or three schools of thought of, of how to play chess that have come along since Samuel Rosenthal's day.
------------------------------
PlayStations
a type of special computer made by Sony for playing games on
gambit
1
something that you do or say which is intended to give you an advantage in an argument
a clever debating gambit These questions are often an opening gambit (=the thing you say first) for a negotiation15.
2
a planned series of moves at the beginning of a game of chess
以优势的开局棋法, 话题, 开始
end game
the final stage of a war, disagreement etc when everyone is trying to gain an advantage for themselves
board game
用棋盘玩的游戏
throwaway
1
throwaway remark/line/comment etc
something that someone says or writes quickly, without thinking carefully about it
It was only a throwaway comment. He claims people overreacted to a few throwaway lines in the article.
2
throwaway products have been produced cheaply so that you can throw them away after you have used them
synonym16 disposablea throwaway cigarette lighter
3
throwaway society
used to show disapproval17 when talking about modern societies in which products are not made to last a long time
blow sb away phrasal verb
1
to make someone feel very surprised, especially about something they like or admire
It just blows me away, the way everyone's so friendly round here.
2
to kill someone by shooting them with a gun
One move and I'll blow you away!
3
to defeat someone completely, especially in a game
Nancy blew away the rest of the skaters.
rook
n.
(象棋)车, 赌棍, 骗子
vt.
欺骗
queen
(国际象棋中的)王后,后棋
mundane
1
ordinary and not interesting or exciting
??synonym boringInitially, the work was pretty mundane.The mundane task of setting the table can be fun on holidays.
2
literary concerned with ordinary daily life rather than religious matters
synonym worldly
lore
[uncountable]
knowledge or information about a subject, for example nature or magic, that is not written down but is passed from person to person
According to local lore, a ghost still haunts18 the castle.



点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 auto ZOnyW     
n.(=automobile)(口语)汽车
参考例句:
  • Don't park your auto here.别把你的汽车停在这儿。
  • The auto industry has brought many people to Detroit.汽车工业把许多人吸引到了底特律。
2 raid XAozr     
v.劫掠,攫取,袭击,突击搜捕;n.突然袭击
参考例句:
  • Our house was blown up in an air raid.在一次空袭中我们的房子被炸掉了。
  • During their raid on the house,the police found a lot of drugs.在对这所房子的搜查中,警方发现了大量的毒品。
3 provoked 4c555cdede316e88e3425dd959acf639     
激起( provoke的过去式和过去分词 ); 惹怒; 引起; 引发
参考例句:
  • The announcement provoked a storm of protest. 这个声明激起了抗议的风潮。
  • By their sin they provoked the wrath of the people. 他们因犯罪而激起人民的愤怒。
4 metaphorical OotzLw     
a.隐喻的,比喻的
参考例句:
  • Here, then, we have a metaphorical substitution on a metonymic axis. 这样,我们在换喻(者翻译为转喻,一种以部分代替整体的修辞方法)上就有了一个隐喻的替代。
  • So, in a metaphorical sense, entropy is arrow of time. 所以说,我们可以这样作个比喻:熵像是时间之矢。
5 immortal 7kOyr     
adj.不朽的;永生的,不死的;神的
参考例句:
  • The wild cocoa tree is effectively immortal.野生可可树实际上是不会死的。
  • The heroes of the people are immortal!人民英雄永垂不朽!
6 remarkable 8Vbx6     
adj.显著的,异常的,非凡的,值得注意的
参考例句:
  • She has made remarkable headway in her writing skills.她在写作技巧方面有了长足进步。
  • These cars are remarkable for the quietness of their engines.这些汽车因发动机没有噪音而不同凡响。
7 dubbed dubbed     
v.给…起绰号( dub的过去式和过去分词 );把…称为;配音;复制
参考例句:
  • Mathematics was once dubbed the handmaiden of the sciences. 数学曾一度被视为各门科学的基础。
  • Is the movie dubbed or does it have subtitles? 这部电影是配音的还是打字幕的? 来自《简明英汉词典》
8 novice 1H4x1     
adj.新手的,生手的
参考例句:
  • As a novice writer,this is something I'm interested in.作为初涉写作的人,我对此很感兴趣。
  • She realized that she was a novice.她知道自己初出茅庐。
9 mundane F6NzJ     
adj.平凡的;尘世的;宇宙的
参考例句:
  • I hope I can get an interesting job and not something mundane.我希望我可以得到的是一份有趣的工作,而不是一份平凡无奇的。
  • I find it humorous sometimes that even the most mundane occurrences can have an impact on our awareness.我发现生活有时挺诙谐的,即使是最平凡的事情也能影响我们的感知。
10 lore Y0YxW     
n.传说;学问,经验,知识
参考例句:
  • I will seek and question him of his lore.我倒要找上他,向他讨教他的渊博的学问。
  • Early peoples passed on plant and animal lore through legend.早期人类通过传说传递有关植物和动物的知识。
11 Dean lmUyu     
n.(大学)院长,系主任,教务长
参考例句:
  • The students much like the new dean.学生们很喜欢这位新系主任。
  • Who is the dean of the Foreign Languages Department?外语系主任是谁?
12 dominant usAxG     
adj.支配的,统治的;占优势的;显性的;n.主因,要素,主要的人(或物);显性基因
参考例句:
  • The British were formerly dominant in India.英国人从前统治印度。
  • She was a dominant figure in the French film industry.她在法国电影界是个举足轻重的人物。
13 simultaneous wyrwW     
adj.同时发生的,同时存在的,同步的
参考例句:
  • We need a simultaneous interpreter.我们需要一个同声翻译。
  • This event was almost simultaneous with that one.这件事几乎是与那件事同时发生的。
14 demonstrations 0922be6a2a3be4bdbebd28c620ab8f2d     
证明( demonstration的名词复数 ); 表明; 表达; 游行示威
参考例句:
  • Lectures will be interspersed with practical demonstrations. 讲课中将不时插入实际示范。
  • The new military government has banned strikes and demonstrations. 新的军人政府禁止罢工和示威活动。
15 negotiation FGWxc     
n.谈判,协商
参考例句:
  • They closed the deal in sugar after a week of negotiation.经过一星期的谈判,他们的食糖生意成交了。
  • The negotiation dragged on until July.谈判一直拖到7月份。
16 synonym GHVzT     
n.同义词,换喻词
参考例句:
  • Zhuge Liang is a synonym for wisdom in folklore.诸葛亮在民间传说中成了智慧的代名词。
  • The term 'industrial democracy' is often used as a synonym for worker participation. “工业民主”这个词常被用作“工人参与”的同义词。
17 disapproval VuTx4     
n.反对,不赞成
参考例句:
  • The teacher made an outward show of disapproval.老师表面上表示不同意。
  • They shouted their disapproval.他们喊叫表示反对。
18 haunts cfce5407c726c46b6589adfcf9faa56e     
v.(鬼魂)出没( haunt的第三人称单数 );经常出没于;(不快的事情)萦绕于脑际;长期不断地缠扰(某人)
参考例句:
  • A headless rider haunts the country lanes. 一个无头骑士常出没于乡间的小路上。
  • This is a problem that haunts all of us. 这是一个使我们大家都担忧不已的问题。 来自《简明英汉词典》
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TAG标签:   npr  公共电台  chess  classic
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