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时间:2005-06-08 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:幽幽草   字体: [ ]



    Maurice Ravel was born in 1875 in a little village in southern France near the Spanish border. His father was Swiss and his mother was Basque. Ravel's devotion to his mother bordered on the 1)obsessive1, but it is from her that he developed his passion for Spanish music.

Jean Yves Thibaudetpianist: Spanish composers have said that Ravel and 2)Debussy have written better Spanish music than Spanish composers. And this is true. I mean, it's funny that those guys were able to write music from a country that they had never even visited.

William Littler(critic): Ravel loved Spain. For some reason, some of the best Spanish music has been written by French composers. Chabriet certainly wrote some of it. And Ravel wrote quite a lot. And we needn't say anything more than Bolero.

Alexina Louie(composer): I believe Ravel was afraid that Bolero was going to be the piece that he was going to be remembered for. It's an unusual piece. It's an unusual piece for today. Because it's one 3)melodic2 line that just keeps repeating and there's really no development in it. What he changes is the 4)orchestral color by adding different instruments each time the melody comes back.

William Littler(critic): Don't think that it doesn't need a 5)conductor -- it has to be properly controlled, the 6)climax3 can't come too early. The various sections of the orchestra have to be kept in the right balance. It's 7)subtly done despite the fact that the 8)overt4 impression is an obvious one. And I think that there isn't a better 20th century showpiece for 9)spotlighting the individual 10)solo instruments of the orchestra, too. Small wonder orchestras like to play it -- they can 11)show themselves off.

     His new work was 12)premiered at the Paris opera in 1928, and was an immediate7 success with audiences. There was something incredibly colorful about the music.

Richard Westerfield(conductor): Ravel and Debussy as well, wrote at a time when classical music was going through so many changes and 13)tonality had all but exhausted8 itself 14)seemingly. And without Ravel and the music of the 15)impressionists, it's very hard to imagine where music would be today. Because all we would have then, as far taking tonality and moving it into something new and 16)evolving it, would be the 17)neo-classicists, Stravinsky, etc. To have that impressionist's school gave music so much of an expanded vocabulary of where tonality could go.

William Littler(critic): Color in music is a difficult concept because it's a 18)visual concept. What it means is, if you play one note with one instrument, and play the same note with the different instrument, you got a different color as we call it. There are details that we could talk about in terms of the 19)harmonic series and so on, but essentially9, that's what we're getting at. And he had a 20)sensitivity to the individual tone qualities of the instrument that was really extraordinarily10 21)refined.

Jean Yves Thibaudetpianist: One time in Paris for the, you know, 153rd time, maybe whatever was being played in there was yet again, and Ravel was invited so he went there. He was sitting in his 22)lounge. And in those days, there was another composer called Camil Chavial who was never very famous now, but in those days he was famous. So Ravel had invited him to be his guest at the concert. And the concert starts and Chavial doesn't show up and The Bolero starts, five minutes and ten minutes and twelve minutes, and Chavial is not there, and Ravel is really insulted. He says, you know, he could've been on time, really, that's really bad. And then about 30 seconds before the end of the piece, the door of his lounge opens and here comes Chavial. He sits down and the piece is finished and everybody's clapping, and Ravel is acknowledging it, and finally turns around and says, he said, Really Chavial, you're really very impolite. You could've been here at the beginning of the piece, what happened to you? Chavial looked at him and he said, 24)Merde! I only came for the 23)modulation11.












吉恩·伊维斯·泰宝德特(钢琴家):有一回,《波列罗》舞曲要在巴黎做第153次公演的时候,拉威尔又一次被邀请到场,他坐在包厢里。在那时候有另一个名叫卡米尔· 查维尔的作曲家,现在人们不怎么知道他,但当时他很有名。拉威尔邀请他为音乐会的嘉宾。音乐会开始了,但查维尔没有露面,《波列罗》舞曲演奏了五分钟,十分钟,到十二分钟后,查维尔还是没有出现,拉威尔来感到这简直是个侮辱。他说查维尔应该准时到,真是非常、非常的不像话。乐曲结束前三十秒钟,查维尔打开包厢的门走了进来。他刚坐下,《波列罗》舞曲就结束了,人人都在鼓掌。最后,拉威尔答谢后转过身来说:”查维尔,真的,你真的太不礼貌了。你本应在这首曲开始演奏之前入席,你怎么了?”查维尔看着他回答道:"该死!我是随着节奏而来的。"


1 obsessive a. 着迷的

2 Debussy 德彪西,法国作曲家

3 melodic a. 旋律优美的

4 orchestral a. 管弦乐队的

5 conductor n. 乐队指挥

6 climax n. 高潮,顶点

7 subtly adv. 精细地,巧妙地

8 overt a. 明显的,公然的

9 spotlight5 v. 使显著,使突出

10 solo a. 单独的

11 show off 炫耀,显示优点

12 premier6 v. 首次公演的

13 tonality n. 音调,色调

14 seemingly adv. 表面上地

15 impressionist n. 印象派主义者

16 evolve v. 进化,展开

17 neo- 借自希腊语的学术用语,意为”新的”、”新近的”

18 visual a. 视觉的

19 harmonic a. 融合的,和谐的

20 sensitivity n. 敏感,灵敏性

21 refined a. 精制的,优雅的

22 lounge n. 休闲室

23 modulation n. (声调的)抑扬变化

24 merde [法语] 诅咒词




1 obsessive eIYxs     
adj. 着迷的, 强迫性的, 分神的
  • Some people are obsessive about cleanliness.有些人有洁癖。
  • He's becoming more and more obsessive about punctuality.他对守时要求越来越过分了。
2 melodic WorzFW     
  • His voice had a rich melodic quality.他的音色浑厚而优美。
  • He spoke with a soft husky voice in a melodic accent.他微微沙哑的声音带着一种悠扬的口音。
3 climax yqyzc     
  • The fifth scene was the climax of the play.第五场是全剧的高潮。
  • His quarrel with his father brought matters to a climax.他与他父亲的争吵使得事态发展到了顶点。
4 overt iKoxp     
  • His opponent's intention is quite overt.他的对手的意图很明显。
  • We should learn to fight with enemy in an overt and covert way.我们应学会同敌人做公开和隐蔽的斗争。
5 spotlight 6hBzmk     
  • This week the spotlight is on the world of fashion.本周引人瞩目的是时装界。
  • The spotlight followed her round the stage.聚光灯的光圈随着她在舞台上转。
6 premier R19z3     
  • The Irish Premier is paying an official visit to Britain.爱尔兰总理正在对英国进行正式访问。
  • He requested that the premier grant him an internview.他要求那位总理接见他一次。
7 immediate aapxh     
  • His immediate neighbours felt it their duty to call.他的近邻认为他们有责任去拜访。
  • We declared ourselves for the immediate convocation of the meeting.我们主张立即召开这个会议。
8 exhausted 7taz4r     
  • It was a long haul home and we arrived exhausted.搬运回家的这段路程特别长,到家时我们已筋疲力尽。
  • Jenny was exhausted by the hustle of city life.珍妮被城市生活的忙乱弄得筋疲力尽。
9 essentially nntxw     
  • Really great men are essentially modest.真正的伟人大都很谦虚。
  • She is an essentially selfish person.她本质上是个自私自利的人。
10 extraordinarily Vlwxw     
  • She is an extraordinarily beautiful girl.她是个美丽非凡的姑娘。
  • The sea was extraordinarily calm that morning.那天清晨,大海出奇地宁静。
11 modulation mEixk     
  • The soft modulation of her voice soothed the infant. 她柔和的声调使婴儿安静了。
  • Frequency modulation does not allow static to creep in. 频率调制不允许静电干扰混入。
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