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CRI 中国国际广播电台 2010-01-13

时间:2010-07-13 02:47来源:互联网 提供网友:uv4313   字体: [ ]
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Hello and Welcome to News and Reports on China Radio International

In This Edition

China says its missile interception1 test adheres to the country's defensive2 military strategy.

China's central bank announces an increase of the deposit reserve requirement ratio.

Iran says three U.S. citizens detained in Iran and charged with espionage3 will stand trial soon.

And a nuclear physics professor at Tehran University has been killed by the explosion of a bomb-rigged motorcycle parked outside his home in Iran's capital.

Hot Issue Reports

 

Gov't Says Missile Interception Test Is In-line with Defensive Military Strategy

 

China's Foreign Ministry4 says its missile interception test has adhered to the country's defensive military strategy.

 

Ministry spokeswoman Jiang Yu made the remark at a regular press conference in Beijing on Tuesday.

 

"The test was defensive in nature and targeted at no country. It was in-line with the defensive national defense5 policy that China had always pursued."

 

Jiang says China has always taken a road of peaceful development, and the strengthening of its national defense development is intended to maintain its national sovereignty and security.

 

The test will neither produce space debris6 in orbit, nor pose a threat to the safety of orbiting spacecraft.

 

China conducted a test on ground-based midrange missile interception technology within its territory on Monday.

 

During the press conference, Jiang also said China opposes the United States having official exchanges with Taiwan.

 

She clarified the stance when asked to comment on Taiwan leader Ma Ying-jeou's trip to Honduras with a scheduled stopover in the United States.

 

Central Bank Raises Deposit Reserve Requirement Ratio by 0.5 Percentage Points

 

China's central bank has announced an increase of the deposit reserve requirement ratio. Analysts7 translate the increase as a move to manage inflationary expectations and avoid recurrence8 of lending boom.

 

US and South Korea Reject North Korea's Call for Peace Treaty Talks

 

The United States and South Korea have rejected North Korea's proposal to discuss a peace treaty before the resumption of talks on the denuclearization of the Korean peninsula.


American officials say North Korea should first return to the six-party process first, and then begin discussions on the proposed treaty and other issues instead of the other way around.


Philip Crowley, a U.S. State Department spokesman, says if North Korea is sincere about a peace treaty, it will first have to show it with a decision to denuclearize.

"The key here is North Korea has to come back to us, say yes, come back to the six-party process, start working on its obligations under the joint9 statement and then we are perfectly10 willing to have other kinds of discussions."


Wang Fan, a professor at the Institute of International Relations at China's Foreign Affairs University, has been following the matter.

"Apparently11, they did not accept the peace talk proposal because they did not trust North Korea. I think both sides should make an effort to improve the situation, try to modify the mechanism12 of the six-party talks, and discuss the denuclearization of the Korean peninsula through a peaceful dialogue."


On Monday, North Korea called for talks with the United States on a peace treaty to formally end the 1950-53 Korean War, Pyongyang said such a treaty would help revive the stalled six-party talks.


The Korean War ended in a truce13, not a peace treaty, leaving the Korean peninsula technically14 at war.


Iranian FM Spokesman: 3 U.S. Citizens Detained in Iran to Stand Trial Soon

 

An Iranian Foreign Ministry spokesman says three U.S. citizens detained in Iran and charged with espionage will stand trial soon.


The three American hikers were arrested by Iran last July after crossing into the country from neighbouring Iraq.


Speaking at a regular news briefing, the spokesman Ramin Mehmanparast did not give a date for their trial.

 

"Regarding the three detained US citizens, according to their charges, the judiciary will make a decision and we know that they will be tried soon."


Iran's foreign minister, Manouchehr Mottaki, said last month he expected a speedy trial for the three.


Also in December, U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton repeated the U.S. government position that the charges were totally unfounded and the hikers should be released.


Iranian Nuclear Physicist15 Killed in Bombing

 

A nuclear physics professor at Tehran University has been killed by the explosion of a bomb-rigged motorcycle parked outside his home in Iran's capital.


Massoud Ali Mohammadi had just left his house on his way to work when the remote-controlled explosion went off.


A witness describes the situation.


"It was about 7.30 a.m. when I heard a massive explosion, and the building trembled strongly, and I thought it was an earthquake. I was just getting up. I went outside and saw an uproar16. Everywhere was covered with smoke and the aftermath of the blast."


Iranian state media blame the killing17 on the West, which is locked in a tense confrontation18 with Iran over its nuclear program.


One news website associated with a prominent member of the country's clerical leadership has singled out the United States and Israel.


It says the assassination19 was probably the work of an armed Iranian opposition20 group under the direction of Israeli agents.


The blast shattered the windows of Mohammadi's home in northern Tehran's Qeytariyeh neighborhood and scattered21 blood and debris on the pavement outside.

 

Iran denies any intention to produce weapons and insists its nuclear work only has peaceful aims such as energy production.


The United States and its allies in Europe have been pushing Iran to stop its uranium enrichment program, which could create fuel for power plants, but also offers a possible pathway to weapons development.


Israel has threatened to take military action if diplomatic efforts with Iran fail.


Iran is already under three sets of UN sanctions for refusing to freeze its uranium enrichment activities.


Baghdad Lockdowned for Coming Election

 

Iraqi security forces have locked down parts of Baghdad and are searching neighborhoods for car bombs.


In some areas of Baghdad, no cars are being allowed on the normally traffic-clogged roads, and some schools have been closed.


Um Abdullah, a Baghdad resident, says she was forced to turn back on her way to work in the morning.

"We went out, heading to the office in the early morning. We arrived at Jumhuria Bridge, and they told us, 'You should return home.' There are car bombs on the streets."


The large-scale security lockdown comes as Iraq prepares for crucial nationwide parliamentary elections in March.


Officials worry insurgents22 will try to launch attacks to disrupt the voting.


Baghdad has been rocked by a number of bombings in recent months, mostly targeting government institutions in the central part of the city.

 

Light News

 

Cold Weather Sweeps China

 

Cold snap continues to sweep across China, affecting coal and gas supplies in many parts of northern China.

 

In Xinjiang region, more than 150 vegetable greenhouses collapsed23 after heavy snow fell on to the roof of the greenhouses.

 

The clear up operation from last week's strong blizzard24 is continuing with help from the army.

 

After the biggest snowfall, temperatures in Beijing are expected to drop again this week, making the fuel demand, especially for coal, surge to a record high.

 

Beijing resident Wang Jinzhong lives in an old cottage, he says it is the coldest winter in Beijing.

 

"I'm using about 12 briquettes every day which is more than what I usually use in winters. It's been extremely cold these days and we have to put new coal into the stove more often."

 

Other northern cities in China are also experiencing the coldest winter in 20 years.

 

The bitter cold has prompted authorities to order rotating shutdowns of hundreds of factories in central China to ensure sufficient power to heat homes.

 

Shanxi Increase Coal Production against Cold Weather

 

Meanwhile, major coal mines in Shanxi Province are working hard on coal production and increasing the supply of coal and electricity, as the lingering cold weather and snowfalls cause a coal shortage in China.

 

Zhang Dongjian, a worker from Yungang Coal Mine, says mines are increasing their coal production.

 

"Most of the power plants only have coal reserves that could be used for three to seven days. For our company, we are trying our best to produce coal. Our daily capacity is between 10-thousand and 17-thousand tons. Recently, we are definitely doing what we can to meet the country's energy needs. "

 

Meanwhile, Shangxi is also enhancing its railway capacity to transport coal to other regions, increasing its daily railway load from 40 thousand to 45 thousand.

 

Shanxi province is China's largest coal producer, accounting25 for one-third of China's coal output.

China becomes top world exporter, but weakness remains26

China has overtaken Germany to become the world's largest exporter, according to figures released by the General Administration of Customs. But Chinese experts say the country is still far from being a real trade power.

China Overtakes U.S. as the World's Biggest Auto27 Market

Chinese auto sales and output both exceeded 13 million in 2009, overtaking the U.S. to become the world's biggest auto market.
The growth is attributed to a series of favorable government policies that have helped promote the development of the industry.

Novel "Confucius" Released to Public

Depicting28 the most famous figure in Chinese history, the novel "Confucius" is drawing the most attention among this year's literary offerings at the Beijing Book Fair.

Hu Mei, the author and director of an upcoming movie based on the book, says the bestseller describes the tumultuous era more than two thousand years ago during which the sage29 lived.

She says the legendary30 life of Confucius has deeply influenced Chinese society to the present day.

Gu Qing is Deputy Editor in Chief of Zhonghua Book Company, the publisher of the masterpiece.

"We have prepared this book for three years and amended31 it a couple of times. This novel also includes the precious materials that the director of the movie referred to and her contributions to and explorations of the field of Chinese art. Compared with the movie, I should say the content of the book is much more intact."

Confucius continues to have global appeal for his insights on many aspects of society.

The novel is also expected to dominate the offerings in China's English-language press this year.

Online and mobile-phone versions of the book are also available to readers.

Confucius was an ancient Chinese philosopher whose thoughts about government administration and education are still cherished around the world today.

Media Digest

Beijing Youth Daily: Adopt Market Principles in the Book Market

In accordance with the regulations of book trade issued on January 10th, new books published for no more than one year should be sold at full price in solid bookstores and be given no more than 15 percent discount on the internet or for membership owners. The limitation upon the discount of books is aimed to change the situation of vicious competition in the book sales market which considers discounts as the most important competitive edge.

A commentary in Beijing Youth Daily says the act is expected to benefit publishers and bookstore owners. However, consumers may not buy the books for high price and it will eventually lead to a decrease in sales.

The author says the reason behind the chaos32 lies in the pricing system. Publishers in China set the price of books in accordance to their printed sheets, rather than the market demand and the quality of the books. Thus the price is usually deceptively high and has to be adjusted to cater33 to readers.

It adds that the act to limit the discounting of books is just a stopgap measure and will not solve the problem. Instead of administrative34 intervention35, the article says related departments should adopt market principles to ensure the healthy development of the publishing industry.

Rednet.cn: University Assessment36 System Is to Blame for Academic Corruption37

Chinese universities have been rocked by academic corruption cases, including instances of plagiarism38 and the publication of bogus research.

Recent research conducted by a Wuhan University group estimates that the turnover39 from the sale of academic dissertations40 and publications is about 146 million U.S. dollars a year.

A commentary on the website Rednet.cn says the rigid41 and unscientific assessment system at Chinese universities is to blame for such academic offenses42.

The commentary notes that Chinese universities usually require their professors to publish a certain number of research papers to receive promotions43 and salary increases. Some professors pay others to research and write for them.

The commentary argues that the academic assessment system has strayed far from the true mission of universities. Even though the scholars want to maintain their academic integrity with their research work, many find that the number of papers they are required to publish is overwhelming.

The commentary argues that Chinese universities should emphasize humanistic values and quality in their academic assessment systems for professors instead of only focusing on how many works they publish. Otherwise, it says, university education will forfeit44 its meaning and the reason why modern society values it.
 


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 interception wqSzGI     
n.拦截;截击;截取;截住,截断;窃听
参考例句:
  • Aerial photography can provide valuable information on precipitation, evapotraspiration, interception, and runoff. 航空摄影可提供有关降水量、蒸发蒸腾量、入渗和径流量的有价值的资料。
  • Light interception and distribution in hedgerow orchards with different alleyway widths is indicated in Fig. 56. 图56显示篱壁果园不同行间宽度的光能截取和分配的情况。
2 defensive buszxy     
adj.防御的;防卫的;防守的
参考例句:
  • Their questions about the money put her on the defensive.他们问到钱的问题,使她警觉起来。
  • The Government hastily organized defensive measures against the raids.政府急忙布置了防卫措施抵御空袭。
3 espionage uiqzd     
n.间谍行为,谍报活动
参考例句:
  • The authorities have arrested several people suspected of espionage.官方已经逮捕了几个涉嫌从事间谍活动的人。
  • Neither was there any hint of espionage in Hanley's early life.汉利的早期生活也毫无进行间谍活动的迹象。
4 ministry kD5x2     
n.(政府的)部;牧师
参考例句:
  • They sent a deputation to the ministry to complain.他们派了一个代表团到部里投诉。
  • We probed the Air Ministry statements.我们调查了空军部的记录。
5 defense AxbxB     
n.防御,保卫;[pl.]防务工事;辩护,答辩
参考例句:
  • The accused has the right to defense.被告人有权获得辩护。
  • The war has impacted the area with military and defense workers.战争使那个地区挤满了军队和防御工程人员。
6 debris debris     
n.瓦砾堆,废墟,碎片
参考例句:
  • After the bombing there was a lot of debris everywhere.轰炸之后到处瓦砾成堆。
  • Bacteria sticks to food debris in the teeth,causing decay.细菌附着在牙缝中的食物残渣上,导致蛀牙。
7 analysts 167ff30c5034ca70abe2d60a6e760448     
分析家,化验员( analyst的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • City analysts forecast huge profits this year. 伦敦金融分析家预测今年的利润非常丰厚。
  • I was impressed by the high calibre of the researchers and analysts. 研究人员和分析人员的高素质给我留下了深刻印象。
8 recurrence ckazKP     
n.复发,反复,重现
参考例句:
  • More care in the future will prevent recurrence of the mistake.将来的小心可防止错误的重现。
  • He was aware of the possibility of a recurrence of his illness.他知道他的病有可能复发。
9 joint m3lx4     
adj.联合的,共同的;n.关节,接合处;v.连接,贴合
参考例句:
  • I had a bad fall,which put my shoulder out of joint.我重重地摔了一跤,肩膀脫臼了。
  • We wrote a letter in joint names.我们联名写了封信。
10 perfectly 8Mzxb     
adv.完美地,无可非议地,彻底地
参考例句:
  • The witnesses were each perfectly certain of what they said.证人们个个对自己所说的话十分肯定。
  • Everything that we're doing is all perfectly above board.我们做的每件事情都是光明正大的。
11 apparently tMmyQ     
adv.显然地;表面上,似乎
参考例句:
  • An apparently blind alley leads suddenly into an open space.山穷水尽,豁然开朗。
  • He was apparently much surprised at the news.他对那个消息显然感到十分惊异。
12 mechanism zCWxr     
n.机械装置;机构,结构
参考例句:
  • The bones and muscles are parts of the mechanism of the body.骨骼和肌肉是人体的组成部件。
  • The mechanism of the machine is very complicated.这台机器的结构是非常复杂的。
13 truce EK8zr     
n.休战,(争执,烦恼等的)缓和;v.以停战结束
参考例句:
  • The hot weather gave the old man a truce from rheumatism.热天使这位老人暂时免受风湿病之苦。
  • She had thought of flying out to breathe the fresh air in an interval of truce.她想跑出去呼吸一下休战期间的新鲜空气。
14 technically wqYwV     
adv.专门地,技术上地
参考例句:
  • Technically it is the most advanced equipment ever.从技术上说,这是最先进的设备。
  • The tomato is technically a fruit,although it is eaten as a vegetable.严格地说,西红柿是一种水果,尽管它是当作蔬菜吃的。
15 physicist oNqx4     
n.物理学家,研究物理学的人
参考例句:
  • He is a physicist of the first rank.他是一流的物理学家。
  • The successful physicist never puts on airs.这位卓有成就的物理学家从不摆架子。
16 uproar LHfyc     
n.骚动,喧嚣,鼎沸
参考例句:
  • She could hear the uproar in the room.她能听见房间里的吵闹声。
  • His remarks threw the audience into an uproar.他的讲话使听众沸腾起来。
17 killing kpBziQ     
n.巨额利润;突然赚大钱,发大财
参考例句:
  • Investors are set to make a killing from the sell-off.投资者准备清仓以便大赚一笔。
  • Last week my brother made a killing on Wall Street.上个周我兄弟在华尔街赚了一大笔。
18 confrontation xYHy7     
n.对抗,对峙,冲突
参考例句:
  • We can't risk another confrontation with the union.我们不能冒再次同工会对抗的危险。
  • After years of confrontation,they finally have achieved a modus vivendi.在对抗很长时间后,他们最后达成安宁生存的非正式协议。
19 assassination BObyy     
n.暗杀;暗杀事件
参考例句:
  • The assassination of the president brought matters to a head.总统遭暗杀使事态到了严重关头。
  • Lincoln's assassination in 1865 shocked the whole nation.1865年,林肯遇刺事件震惊全美国。
20 opposition eIUxU     
n.反对,敌对
参考例句:
  • The party leader is facing opposition in his own backyard.该党领袖在自己的党內遇到了反对。
  • The police tried to break down the prisoner's opposition.警察设法制住了那个囚犯的反抗。
21 scattered 7jgzKF     
adj.分散的,稀疏的;散步的;疏疏落落的
参考例句:
  • Gathering up his scattered papers,he pushed them into his case.他把散乱的文件收拾起来,塞进文件夹里。
22 insurgents c68be457307815b039a352428718de59     
n.起义,暴动,造反( insurgent的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The regular troops of Baden joined the insurgents. 巴登的正规军参加到起义军方面来了。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Against the Taliban and Iraqi insurgents, these problems are manageable. 要对付塔利班与伊拉克叛乱分子,这些问题还是可以把握住的。 来自互联网
23 collapsed cwWzSG     
adj.倒塌的
参考例句:
  • Jack collapsed in agony on the floor. 杰克十分痛苦地瘫倒在地板上。
  • The roof collapsed under the weight of snow. 房顶在雪的重压下突然坍塌下来。
24 blizzard 0Rgyc     
n.暴风雪
参考例句:
  • The blizzard struck while we were still on the mountain.我们还在山上的时候暴风雪就袭来了。
  • You'll have to stay here until the blizzard blows itself off.你得等暴风雪停了再走。
25 accounting nzSzsY     
n.会计,会计学,借贷对照表
参考例句:
  • A job fell vacant in the accounting department.财会部出现了一个空缺。
  • There's an accounting error in this entry.这笔账目里有差错。
26 remains 1kMzTy     
n.剩余物,残留物;遗体,遗迹
参考例句:
  • He ate the remains of food hungrily.他狼吞虎咽地吃剩余的食物。
  • The remains of the meal were fed to the dog.残羹剩饭喂狗了。
27 auto ZOnyW     
n.(=automobile)(口语)汽车
参考例句:
  • Don't park your auto here.别把你的汽车停在这儿。
  • The auto industry has brought many people to Detroit.汽车工业把许多人吸引到了底特律。
28 depicting eaa7ce0ad4790aefd480461532dd76e4     
描绘,描画( depict的现在分词 ); 描述
参考例句:
  • a painting depicting the Virgin and Child 一幅描绘童贞马利亚和圣子耶稣的画
  • The movie depicting the battles and bloodshed is bound to strike home. 这部描写战斗和流血牺牲的影片一定会取得预期效果。
29 sage sCUz2     
n.圣人,哲人;adj.贤明的,明智的
参考例句:
  • I was grateful for the old man's sage advice.我很感激那位老人贤明的忠告。
  • The sage is the instructor of a hundred ages.这位哲人是百代之师。
30 legendary u1Vxg     
adj.传奇(中)的,闻名遐迩的;n.传奇(文学)
参考例句:
  • Legendary stories are passed down from parents to children.传奇故事是由父母传给孩子们的。
  • Odysseus was a legendary Greek hero.奥狄修斯是传说中的希腊英雄。
31 Amended b2abcd9d0c12afefe22fd275996593e0     
adj. 修正的 动词amend的过去式和过去分词
参考例句:
  • He asked to see the amended version. 他要求看修订本。
  • He amended his speech by making some additions and deletions. 他对讲稿作了些增删修改。
32 chaos 7bZyz     
n.混乱,无秩序
参考例句:
  • After the failure of electricity supply the city was in chaos.停电后,城市一片混乱。
  • The typhoon left chaos behind it.台风后一片混乱。
33 cater ickyJ     
vi.(for/to)满足,迎合;(for)提供饮食及服务
参考例句:
  • I expect he will be able to cater for your particular needs.我预计他能满足你的特殊需要。
  • Most schools cater for children of different abilities.大多数学校能够满足具有不同天资的儿童的需要。
34 administrative fzDzkc     
adj.行政的,管理的
参考例句:
  • The administrative burden must be lifted from local government.必须解除地方政府的行政负担。
  • He regarded all these administrative details as beneath his notice.他认为行政管理上的这些琐事都不值一顾。
35 intervention e5sxZ     
n.介入,干涉,干预
参考例句:
  • The government's intervention in this dispute will not help.政府对这场争论的干预不会起作用。
  • Many people felt he would be hostile to the idea of foreign intervention.许多人觉得他会反对外来干预。
36 assessment vO7yu     
n.评价;评估;对财产的估价,被估定的金额
参考例句:
  • This is a very perceptive assessment of the situation.这是一个对该情况的极富洞察力的评价。
  • What is your assessment of the situation?你对时局的看法如何?
37 corruption TzCxn     
n.腐败,堕落,贪污
参考例句:
  • The people asked the government to hit out against corruption and theft.人民要求政府严惩贪污盗窃。
  • The old man reviled against corruption.那老人痛斥了贪污舞弊。
38 plagiarism d2Pz4     
n.剽窃,抄袭
参考例句:
  • Teachers in America fight to control cheating and plagiarism.美国老师们努力对付欺骗和剽窃的问题。
  • Now he's in real trouble.He's accused of plagiarism.现在他是真遇到麻烦了。他被指控剽窃。
39 turnover nfkzmg     
n.人员流动率,人事变动率;营业额,成交量
参考例句:
  • The store greatly reduced the prices to make a quick turnover.这家商店实行大减价以迅速周转资金。
  • Our turnover actually increased last year.去年我们的营业额竟然增加了。
40 dissertations a585dc7bb0cfda3e7058ba0c29a30402     
专题论文,学位论文( dissertation的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • We spend the final term writing our dissertations. 我们用最后一个学期的时间写论文。
  • The professors are deliberating over the post graduates dissertations. 教授们正在商讨研究生的论文。
41 rigid jDPyf     
adj.严格的,死板的;刚硬的,僵硬的
参考例句:
  • She became as rigid as adamant.她变得如顽石般的固执。
  • The examination was so rigid that nearly all aspirants were ruled out.考试很严,几乎所有的考生都被淘汰了。
42 offenses 4bfaaba4d38a633561a0153eeaf73f91     
n.进攻( offense的名词复数 );(球队的)前锋;进攻方法;攻势
参考例句:
  • It's wrong of you to take the child to task for such trifling offenses. 因这类小毛病责备那孩子是你的不对。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Thus, Congress cannot remove an executive official except for impeachable offenses. 因此,除非有可弹劾的行为,否则国会不能罢免行政官员。 来自英汉非文学 - 行政法
43 promotions ea6aeb050f871384f25fba9c869cfe21     
促进( promotion的名词复数 ); 提升; 推广; 宣传
参考例句:
  • All services or promotions must have an appeal and wide application. 所有服务或促销工作都必须具有吸引力和广泛的适用性。
  • He promptly directed the highest promotions and decorations for General MacArthur. 他授予麦克阿瑟将军以最高的官阶和勋奖。
44 forfeit YzCyA     
vt.丧失;n.罚金,罚款,没收物
参考例句:
  • If you continue to tell lies,you will forfeit the good opinion of everyone.你如果继续撒谎,就会失掉大家对你的好感。
  • Please pay for the forfeit before you borrow book.在你借书之前请先付清罚款。
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