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CRI 中国国际广播电台 2010-01-14

时间:2010-07-13 02:50来源:互联网 提供网友:uv4313   字体: [ ]
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Hello and Welcome to News and Reports on China Radio International

In This Edition

China joins the international community in sending rescue teams to assist with disaster relief in Haiti following a devastating1 earthquake.

Russia and the United States will restart talks on a new arms control treaty and try to reach a deal before the end of the year.

And railways in Beijing are expected to transport more than 20 million passengers during the coming Spring Festival travel season.

Hot Issue Reports

 

World Responds to Haiti Quake

 

Countries around the world are responding quickly to provide humanitarian2 aid to Haiti, after a devastating quake rocked the country.

 

China has sent rescue teams to assist with disaster relief in Haiti, including earthquake experts, construction workers and medical staff.

 

Hou Keshi, co-leader of China's national earthquake disaster emergency rescue team, said workers will first rescue people who have suffered severe wounds.

 

"All the team members have participated in many rescue missions. They are experts in first-aid treatment and surgery. The team comes with equipment for first aid that is efficient in such operations. We will first rescue the survivors3 onsite and transfer them to local hospitals if we can. If they are too seriously injured, we will carry out first-aid treatment on the spot the best way we can."

 

The Red Cross Society of China has announced it will donate one million U.S. dollars of emergency aid to Haiti.

 

Meanwhile, the United States has also promised to offer military and civilian4 aid to Haiti.

 

US Secretary of State Hilary Clinton:

 

"The United States is offering our full assistance to Haiti and to others in the region. We will be providing both civilian and military disaster relief and humanitarian assistance. And our prayers are with the people who have suffered, their families and their loved ones."

Venezuelan Foreign Minister Nicolas Maduro says his country will send a rescue team with 50 experts.

 

"President (Hugo) Chavez has ordered the experienced Simon Bolivar rescue team with 50 rescue experts to Haiti early tomorrow morning."

Canada, Panama, the Dominican Republic and Chile have also promised to help the quake-hit country.

 

Columbia says it is ready to receive refugees from Haiti.

 

The United Nations has confirmed that the headquarters of the UN mission in Haiti was seriously damaged and "a large number of personnel remain unaccounted for."

 

Liu Xiangyang, Vice5 President of China's national earthquake disaster emergency rescue team, says eight Chinese peacekeepers in Haiti have been buried in the rubble6, and 10 others are missing.

 

China has deployed7 125 peacekeepers to Haiti, including six women.

 

UN Chief Calls for International Support in Wake of Devastating Haiti Quake


UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has issued an urgent call to the international community to assist Haiti following the catastrophic earthquake that has devastated8 the impoverished9 Caribbean nation's capital.

 

Russia, U.S. to Resume Nuke Disarmament Talks in January

 

Russia and the United States will restart talks on a new arms control treaty and try to reach a deal before the end of the year.

 

Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov says the talks will begin this month.

 

"The talks on a new arms reduction treaty will resume. We reckon this will take place in the second half of January. The negotiating teams are doing homework now because a document of this size and significance should be judicially11 and even editorially checked to prevent different interpretations12 in the Russian and English texts. So the work is underway, and as soon as it is completed we'll announce the dates of signing."

 

The new deal will succeed the 1991 Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty, also known as START-I (one), which expired on December 5th.

 

The former Soviet13 Union and the United States signed the START treaty in 1991. it obliged them to reduce the number of their nuclear warheads to 6,000 and delivery vehicles to 1,600.

 

U.S. president Barack Obama and his Russian counterpart, Dmitry Medvedev, agreed in July to cut the number of nuclear warheads each country has to between 1,500 and 1,675, and delivery vehicles to 500 to 1,000 under a new treaty.

 

NKorea Would Return to Nuclear Talks if Sanctions Lifted

 

North Korea's envoy14 to the United Nations says his nation is willing to conduct parallel talks on its nuclear program and on formally ending the Korean War, but only if all sanctions against it were lifted.

 

Ambassador Sin Son Ho described American and international sanctions as an expression of distrust that must be put aside before North Korea would rejoin talks to rid the Korean Peninsula of nuclear weapons.

 

"We will return to the six party talks, certainly, if the sanctions are removed. How can we go to six party talks with sanctions. If have sanctions, sanctions have to be removed, we can return to the six party talks even now, immediately, that is our position."

 

He said starting talks to formally end the Korean War without first ending all sanctions would be impossible.

 

South Korea and the U.S. already have rejected a similar proposal outlined by North Korea's Foreign Ministry16 on Monday.

 

The allies insisted that North Korea take steps toward disarmament before any concessions17 on sanctions or a treaty would be made.

 

Wang Fan, a professor at the Institute of International Relations at China's Foreign Affairs University, has been following the matter.

 

"Apparently18, they did not accept the peace talk proposal because they did not trust North Korea. I think both sides should make an effort to improve the situation, try to modify the mechanism19 of the six-party talks, and discuss the denuclearization of the Korean peninsula through a peaceful dialogue."

 

On Monday, North Korea called for talks with the United States on a peace treaty to formally end the 1950-53 Korean War, Pyongyang said such a treaty would help revive the stalled six-party talks.

 

The Korean War ended in a truce20, not a peace treaty, leaving the Korean peninsula technically21 at war.

 

Light News

 

China Defines Gangland-style Organizations

 

The Chinese government has issued a white paper on gangland-style organizations in the country, specifying22 their various characteristics.

 

The defining document was issued by China's Supreme23 People's Court, Supreme People's Procuratorate and the Ministry of Public Security.

 

Gao Jinghong, an official with a special department reasponsible for cracking down on organised crimes discussed the document at a news conference in Beijing on Wednesday.

 

"Members of gangland-style organizations include organizers, leaders, main participants and other participants. The definition provides a more detailed24 basis for their conviction by judicial10 organizations."

 

Gao also says gangland-style organizations jeopardize25 society.

 

"The paper lists eight characteristics detailing how gangs jeopardize society, including how the gangs are formed, how they maintain control illegally, and their negative impact."

 

The Ministry of Public Security has made it a priority this year to target gangland-style organizations of all kinds that devour26 national resources, manage monopolies, and are involved in other kinds of crimes.

 

Insider Blames Market Tumble for Increase in Deposit Reserve Requirement Ratio

 

Major Chinese stock indexes fell the most in seven weeks Wednesday after the central bank asked lenders to set aside more reserves as record bank credit last year ignited fears of inflation and asset bubbles.

 

The benchmark Shanghai Composite Index fell 101.31 points, or more than 3 percent, to 3,173 points.

 

The Shenzhen Component27 Index lost more than 2 percent to close at 13,017 points.

 

Yang Chunli, chief analyst28 from China International Trust and Investment Corporation, explains why the markets tumbled.

 

"We had such signals before. For example, the decline of the loan amount, the public marketing29 operation by the Bank of China, and the dramatic jump in the interest rate of central bank bills. These are very clear signals. However, many investors30 are not so sensitive to the negative information, which resulted in today's situation."

 

The People's Bank of China, or PBOC, says it will raise the deposit reserve requirement ratio by 0.5 percentage points next Monday.

 

This is the first time since the end of 2008 that the PBOC has adjusted the ratio for the deposits that lenders are required to set aside. It is also the first increase in the ratio since June 2008.

 

The PBOC cut the bank reserve requirement ratio four times in the second half of 2008 to stimulate31 economic growth as the global financial crisis started to weigh on the economy.

 

Railway Stations Gear Up for Spring Festival Transportation Peak

 

As the annual Spring Festival draws near, hundreds of millions of Chinese studying or working outside their hometowns are starting to rush home for family reunions. Railways in Beijing are expected to transport more than 20 million passengers during the 40 days of the coming Spring Festival rush.

Official: Tibet Witnesses Great Development in Past Decade

Since the start of China's Western Development Plan a decade ago, more preferential policies and investment have poured into the Tibet Autonomous32 Region in the southwestern part of the country. Qiangba Puncog, the region's top official, says Tibet has benefited greatly from the 10-year plan.

Media Digest

Chinadaily: Infrastructure33 and Service Improvement Equally Important

The Ministry of Railways recently announced a new ID-based booking system to crack down on ticket touts34 during the annual transportation peak.

The system requires passengers to show their ID cards or other identification when purchasing train tickets at 37 stations in Guangdong, Hunan and Sichuan provinces.

An editorial in the China Daily says that while railway authorities have splashed out on transportation infrastructure projects, they also recognize the importance of investing in software to improve service.

It says that spending lots of money on building railways has become an effective way for the Chinese government to prop15 up badly needed domestic demand. However, the current capacity of railways is still far from enough to ensure that everyone can get their train ticket timely during the Spring Festival rush.

The author points out under such circumstances, the railway departments should tackle problems in its current operation to provide better service for customers. The new real-name ticket selling system is expected to root out scalpers to ease the ticket shortage for travelers.

It adds though the new system may cause longer lines at the ticket offices and during the time of boarding for its complicated procedure, railway authorities should not slow their pace to expand the pilot system nationwide. Instead, they should take it as a public call for better railway service that a massive investment in hardware alone cannot provide.

Beijing News: Put Students' Interests First When Combining Rural Schools

China's Ministry of Education has ordered local governments to slow down combining elementary and middle schools in various rural areas.

The number of elementary schools in China has been falling about 3.8 percent annually35 since 1978, while the number of middle schools has been dropping 2.6 percent each year.

An editorial in the "Beijing News" says closing down some rural schools or combining them with others is a good move. It shows a differentiated36 approach based on students' interests instead of rigid37 adherence38 to the policy.

The editorial argues that combining schools is right because the rural population will continue to fall as a result of the one-child policy, increasing migration39 and urbanization. But the problem is sometimes that the students themselves cannot get benefits. Some have to walk a long way to go to a new school, and some do not have dorm rooms. In some areas, old buildings have already been torn down before new ones are built.

The article argues that these problems have occurred because some local governments don't understand that the real meaning of the policy is to help rural children get a better education. In such a vast country as China, it is naturally not scientific to implement40 the policy without any differentiation41.

The editorial suggests the central government undertake more research on the policy so it can issue more specific guidelines.
 


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 devastating muOzlG     
adj.毁灭性的,令人震惊的,强有力的
参考例句:
  • It is the most devastating storm in 20 years.这是20年来破坏性最大的风暴。
  • Affairs do have a devastating effect on marriages.婚外情确实会对婚姻造成毁灭性的影响。
2 humanitarian kcoxQ     
n.人道主义者,博爱者,基督凡人论者
参考例句:
  • She has many humanitarian interests and contributes a lot to them.她拥有很多慈善事业,并作了很大的贡献。
  • The British government has now suspended humanitarian aid to the area.英国政府现已暂停对这一地区的人道主义援助。
3 survivors 02ddbdca4c6dba0b46d9d823ed2b4b62     
幸存者,残存者,生还者( survivor的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The survivors were adrift in a lifeboat for six days. 幸存者在救生艇上漂流了六天。
  • survivors clinging to a raft 紧紧抓住救生筏的幸存者
4 civilian uqbzl     
adj.平民的,民用的,民众的
参考例句:
  • There is no reliable information about civilian casualties.关于平民的伤亡还没有确凿的信息。
  • He resigned his commission to take up a civilian job.他辞去军职而从事平民工作。
5 vice NU0zQ     
n.坏事;恶习;[pl.]台钳,老虎钳;adj.副的
参考例句:
  • He guarded himself against vice.他避免染上坏习惯。
  • They are sunk in the depth of vice.他们堕入了罪恶的深渊。
6 rubble 8XjxP     
n.(一堆)碎石,瓦砾
参考例句:
  • After the earthquake,it took months to clean up the rubble.地震后,花了数月才清理完瓦砾。
  • After the war many cities were full of rubble.战后许多城市到处可见颓垣残壁。
7 deployed 4ceaf19fb3d0a70e329fcd3777bb05ea     
(尤指军事行动)使展开( deploy的过去式和过去分词 ); 施展; 部署; 有效地利用
参考例句:
  • Tanks have been deployed all along the front line. 沿整个前线已部署了坦克。
  • The artillery was deployed to bear on the fort. 火炮是对着那个碉堡部署的。
8 devastated eb3801a3063ef8b9664b1b4d1f6aaada     
v.彻底破坏( devastate的过去式和过去分词);摧毁;毁灭;在感情上(精神上、财务上等)压垮adj.毁坏的;极为震惊的
参考例句:
  • The bomb devastated much of the old part of the city. 这颗炸弹炸毁了旧城的一大片地方。
  • His family is absolutely devastated. 他的一家感到极为震惊。
9 impoverished 1qnzcL     
adj.穷困的,无力的,用尽了的v.使(某人)贫穷( impoverish的过去式和过去分词 );使(某物)贫瘠或恶化
参考例句:
  • the impoverished areas of the city 这个城市的贫民区
  • They were impoverished by a prolonged spell of unemployment. 他们因长期失业而一贫如洗。 来自《简明英汉词典》
10 judicial c3fxD     
adj.司法的,法庭的,审判的,明断的,公正的
参考例句:
  • He is a man with a judicial mind.他是个公正的人。
  • Tom takes judicial proceedings against his father.汤姆对他的父亲正式提出诉讼。
11 judicially 8e141e97c5a0ea74185aa3796a2330c0     
依法判决地,公平地
参考例句:
  • Geoffrey approached the line of horses and glanced judicially down the row. 杰弗里走进那栏马,用审视的目的目光一匹接一匹地望去。
  • Not all judicially created laws are based on statutory or constitutional interpretation. 并不是所有的司法机关创制的法都以是以成文法或宪法的解释为基础的。
12 interpretations a61815f6fe8955c9d235d4082e30896b     
n.解释( interpretation的名词复数 );表演;演绎;理解
参考例句:
  • This passage is open to a variety of interpretations. 这篇文章可以有各种不同的解释。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The involved and abstruse passage makes several interpretations possible. 这段艰涩的文字可以作出好几种解释。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
13 Soviet Sw9wR     
adj.苏联的,苏维埃的;n.苏维埃
参考例句:
  • Zhukov was a marshal of the former Soviet Union.朱可夫是前苏联的一位元帅。
  • Germany began to attack the Soviet Union in 1941.德国在1941年开始进攻苏联。
14 envoy xoLx7     
n.使节,使者,代表,公使
参考例句:
  • Their envoy showed no sign of responding to our proposals.他们的代表对我方的提议毫无回应的迹象。
  • The government has not yet appointed an envoy to the area.政府尚未向这一地区派过外交官。
15 prop qR2xi     
vt.支撑;n.支柱,支撑物;支持者,靠山
参考例句:
  • A worker put a prop against the wall of the tunnel to keep it from falling.一名工人用东西支撑住隧道壁好使它不会倒塌。
  • The government does not intend to prop up declining industries.政府无意扶持不景气的企业。
16 ministry kD5x2     
n.(政府的)部;牧师
参考例句:
  • They sent a deputation to the ministry to complain.他们派了一个代表团到部里投诉。
  • We probed the Air Ministry statements.我们调查了空军部的记录。
17 concessions 6b6f497aa80aaf810133260337506fa9     
n.(尤指由政府或雇主给予的)特许权( concession的名词复数 );承认;减价;(在某地的)特许经营权
参考例句:
  • The firm will be forced to make concessions if it wants to avoid a strike. 要想避免罢工,公司将不得不作出一些让步。
  • The concessions did little to placate the students. 让步根本未能平息学生的愤怒。
18 apparently tMmyQ     
adv.显然地;表面上,似乎
参考例句:
  • An apparently blind alley leads suddenly into an open space.山穷水尽,豁然开朗。
  • He was apparently much surprised at the news.他对那个消息显然感到十分惊异。
19 mechanism zCWxr     
n.机械装置;机构,结构
参考例句:
  • The bones and muscles are parts of the mechanism of the body.骨骼和肌肉是人体的组成部件。
  • The mechanism of the machine is very complicated.这台机器的结构是非常复杂的。
20 truce EK8zr     
n.休战,(争执,烦恼等的)缓和;v.以停战结束
参考例句:
  • The hot weather gave the old man a truce from rheumatism.热天使这位老人暂时免受风湿病之苦。
  • She had thought of flying out to breathe the fresh air in an interval of truce.她想跑出去呼吸一下休战期间的新鲜空气。
21 technically wqYwV     
adv.专门地,技术上地
参考例句:
  • Technically it is the most advanced equipment ever.从技术上说,这是最先进的设备。
  • The tomato is technically a fruit,although it is eaten as a vegetable.严格地说,西红柿是一种水果,尽管它是当作蔬菜吃的。
22 specifying ca4cf95d0de82d4463dfea22d3f8c836     
v.指定( specify的现在分词 );详述;提出…的条件;使具有特性
参考例句:
  • When we describe what the action will affect, we are specifying the noun of the sentence. 当描述动作会影响到什么时,我们指定组成句子的名词。 来自About Face 3交互设计精髓
  • Procurement section only lists opportunistic infection drugs without specifying which drugs. 采购部分只说明有治疗机会性感染的药物,但并没有说明是什么药物。 来自互联网
23 supreme PHqzc     
adj.极度的,最重要的;至高的,最高的
参考例句:
  • It was the supreme moment in his life.那是他一生中最重要的时刻。
  • He handed up the indictment to the supreme court.他把起诉书送交最高法院。
24 detailed xuNzms     
adj.详细的,详尽的,极注意细节的,完全的
参考例句:
  • He had made a detailed study of the terrain.他对地形作了缜密的研究。
  • A detailed list of our publications is available on request.我们的出版物有一份详细的目录备索。
25 jeopardize s3Qxd     
vt.危及,损害
参考例句:
  • Overworking can jeopardize your health.工作过量可能会危及你的健康。
  • If you are rude to the boss it may jeopardize your chances of success.如果你对上司无礼,那就可能断送你成功的机会。
26 devour hlezt     
v.吞没;贪婪地注视或谛听,贪读;使着迷
参考例句:
  • Larger fish devour the smaller ones.大鱼吃小鱼。
  • Beauty is but a flower which wrinkle will devour.美只不过是一朵,终会被皱纹所吞噬。
27 component epSzv     
n.组成部分,成分,元件;adj.组成的,合成的
参考例句:
  • Each component is carefully checked before assembly.每个零件在装配前都经过仔细检查。
  • Blade and handle are the component parts of a knife.刀身和刀柄是一把刀的组成部分。
28 analyst gw7zn     
n.分析家,化验员;心理分析学家
参考例句:
  • What can you contribute to the position of a market analyst?你有什么技能可有助于市场分析员的职务?
  • The analyst is required to interpolate values between standards.分析人员需要在这些标准中插入一些值。
29 marketing Boez7e     
n.行销,在市场的买卖,买东西
参考例句:
  • They are developing marketing network.他们正在发展销售网络。
  • He often goes marketing.他经常去市场做生意。
30 investors dffc64354445b947454450e472276b99     
n.投资者,出资者( investor的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • a con man who bilked investors out of millions of dollars 诈取投资者几百万元的骗子
  • a cash bonanza for investors 投资者的赚钱机会
31 stimulate wuSwL     
vt.刺激,使兴奋;激励,使…振奋
参考例句:
  • Your encouragement will stimulate me to further efforts.你的鼓励会激发我进一步努力。
  • Success will stimulate the people for fresh efforts.成功能鼓舞人们去作新的努力。
32 autonomous DPyyv     
adj.自治的;独立的
参考例句:
  • They proudly declared themselves part of a new autonomous province.他们自豪地宣布成为新自治省的一部分。
  • This is a matter that comes within the jurisdiction of the autonomous region.这件事是属于自治区权限以内的事务。
33 infrastructure UbBz5     
n.下部构造,下部组织,基础结构,基础设施
参考例句:
  • We should step up the development of infrastructure for research.加强科学基础设施建设。
  • We should strengthen cultural infrastructure and boost various types of popular culture.加强文化基础设施建设,发展各类群众文化。
34 touts e7b84e5a035797f4e743a3bcd192b380     
n.招徕( tout的名词复数 );(音乐会、体育比赛等的)卖高价票的人;侦查者;探听赛马的情报v.兜售( tout的第三人称单数 );招揽;侦查;探听赛马情报
参考例句:
  • Many vouchers are returned for cash, allowing touts and middle men to make a healthy margin. 许多月饼券都被兑换成现金,这让券贩子和中间商赚取了不蜚的利润。 来自互联网
  • Spotting prey, the customary crowd of hustlers and touts swarmed around, jostling for my business. 照例有大群的拉客黄牛在寻觅猎物,他们争相过来抢我的生意。 来自互联网
35 annually VzYzNO     
adv.一年一次,每年
参考例句:
  • Many migratory birds visit this lake annually.许多候鸟每年到这个湖上作短期逗留。
  • They celebrate their wedding anniversary annually.他们每年庆祝一番结婚纪念日。
36 differentiated 83b7560ad714d20d3b302f7ddc7af15a     
区分,区别,辨别( differentiate的过去式和过去分词 ); 区别对待; 表明…间的差别,构成…间差别的特征
参考例句:
  • The development of mouse kidney tubules requires two kinds of differentiated cells. 小鼠肾小管的发育需要有两种分化的细胞。
  • In this enlargement, barley, alfalfa, and sugar beets can be differentiated. 在这张放大的照片上,大麦,苜蓿和甜菜都能被区分开。
37 rigid jDPyf     
adj.严格的,死板的;刚硬的,僵硬的
参考例句:
  • She became as rigid as adamant.她变得如顽石般的固执。
  • The examination was so rigid that nearly all aspirants were ruled out.考试很严,几乎所有的考生都被淘汰了。
38 adherence KyjzT     
n.信奉,依附,坚持,固着
参考例句:
  • He was well known for his adherence to the rules.他因遵循这些规定而出名。
  • The teacher demanded adherence to the rules.老师要求学生们遵守纪律。
39 migration mDpxj     
n.迁移,移居,(鸟类等的)迁徙
参考例句:
  • Swallows begin their migration south in autumn.燕子在秋季开始向南方迁移。
  • He described the vernal migration of birds in detail.他详细地描述了鸟的春季移居。
40 implement WcdzG     
n.(pl.)工具,器具;vt.实行,实施,执行
参考例句:
  • Don't undertake a project unless you can implement it.不要承担一项计划,除非你能完成这项计划。
  • The best implement for digging a garden is a spade.在花园里挖土的最好工具是铁锹。
41 differentiation wuozfs     
n.区别,区分
参考例句:
  • There can be no differentiation without contrast. 有比较才有差别。
  • The operation that is the inverse of differentiation is called integration. 与微分相反的运算叫做积分。
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