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历年考研英语阅读理解mp3(98-2)

时间:2008-10-13 07:24来源:互联网 提供网友:流畅   字体: [ ]
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    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)
[00:00.00]在线英语听力室(www.tingroom.com)友情制作
[00:05.90]1998 Passage2
[00:08.42]Well, no gain without pain, they say.
[00:12.66]But what about pain without gain?
[00:16.19]Everywhere you go in America,
[00:18.40]you hear tales of corporate1 revival2.
[00:21.43]What is harder to establish
[00:23.15]is whether the productivity revolution
[00:25.36]that businessmen assume they are presiding over is for real.
[00:30.32]The official statistics are mildly discouraging.
[00:33.88]They show that, if you lump manufacturing
[00:36.80]and services together,
[00:38.72]productivity has grown on average by 1.2% since 1987.
[00:45.48]That is somewhat faster than the average
[00:47.89]during the previous decade.
[00:50.61]And since 1991, productivity has increased
[00:54.36]by about 2% a year,
[00:57.29]which is more than twice the 1978-1987 average.
[01:02.54]The trouble is that part of the recent acceleration
[01:05.86]is due to the usual rebound
[01:07.76]that occurs at this point in a business cycle,
[01:10.88]and so is not conclusive3 evidence of a revival
[01:13.90]in the underlying4 trend.
[01:16.19]There is, as Robert Rubin,
[01:18.27]the treasury5 secretary, says,
[01:20.48]a "disjunction" between the mass of business anecdote
[01:24.23]that points to a leap in productivity
[01:26.54]and the picture reflected by the statistics.
[01:30.07]Some of this can be easily explained.
[01:33.30]New ways of organizing the workplace
[01:36.12]--all that re-engineering and downsizing
[01:38.53]--are only one contribution to the overall productivity
[01:42.47]of an economy,
[01:44.39]which is driven by many other factors
[01:46.93]such as joint6 investment in equipment and machinery,
[01:50.56]new technology, and investment in education and training.
[01:55.42]Moreover, most of the changes that companies make
[01:58.95]are intended to keep them profitable,
[02:01.57]and this need not always mean increasing productivity:
[02:05.40]switching to new markets or improving quality
[02:08.33]can matter just as much.
[02:11.15]Two other explanations are more speculative7.
[02:14.79]First, some of the business restructuring
[02:17.33]of recent years may have been ineptly8 done.
[02:21.37]Second, even if it was well done,
[02:24.19]it may have spread much less widely than people suppose.
[02:27.61]在线英语听力室(
www.tingroom.com)友情制作
[02:28.93]Leonard Schlesinger, a Harvard academic
[02:32.15]and former chief executive of Au BonPain,
[02:35.89]a rapidly growing chain of bakery cafes,
[02:39.10]says that much "re-engineering" has been crude.
[02:42.74]In many cases, he believes,
[02:44.95]the loss of revenue has been greater
[02:47.13]than the reductions in cost.
[02:49.55]His colleague, Michael Beer,
[02:51.58]says that far too many companies have applied9 re-engineering
[02:55.41]in a mechanistic fashion,
[02:57.82]chopping out costs without giving sufficient
[03:00.75]thought to long-term profitability.
[03:03.68]BBDO's Al Rosenshine is blunter.
[03:07.91]He dismisses a lot of the work of
[03:10.13]re-engineering consultants10 as mere11 rubbish
[03:13.05]--"the worst sort of ambulance-chasing."

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1 corporate 7olzl     
adj.共同的,全体的;公司的,企业的
参考例句:
  • This is our corporate responsibility.这是我们共同的责任。
  • His corporate's life will be as short as a rabbit's tail.他的公司的寿命是兔子尾巴长不了。
2 revival UWixU     
n.复兴,复苏,(精力、活力等的)重振
参考例句:
  • The period saw a great revival in the wine trade.这一时期葡萄酒业出现了很大的复苏。
  • He claimed the housing market was showing signs of a revival.他指出房地产市场正出现复苏的迹象。
3 conclusive TYjyw     
adj.最后的,结论的;确凿的,消除怀疑的
参考例句:
  • They produced some fairly conclusive evidence.他们提供了一些相当确凿的证据。
  • Franklin did not believe that the French tests were conclusive.富兰克林不相信这个法国人的实验是结论性的。
4 underlying 5fyz8c     
adj.在下面的,含蓄的,潜在的
参考例句:
  • The underlying theme of the novel is very serious.小说隐含的主题是十分严肃的。
  • This word has its underlying meaning.这个单词有它潜在的含义。
5 treasury 7GeyP     
n.宝库;国库,金库;文库
参考例句:
  • The Treasury was opposed in principle to the proposals.财政部原则上反对这些提案。
  • This book is a treasury of useful information.这本书是有价值的信息宝库。
6 joint m3lx4     
adj.联合的,共同的;n.关节,接合处;v.连接,贴合
参考例句:
  • I had a bad fall,which put my shoulder out of joint.我重重地摔了一跤,肩膀脫臼了。
  • We wrote a letter in joint names.我们联名写了封信。
7 speculative uvjwd     
adj.思索性的,暝想性的,推理的
参考例句:
  • Much of our information is speculative.我们的许多信息是带推测性的。
  • The report is highly speculative and should be ignored.那个报道推测的成分很大,不应理会。
8 ineptly 7c9bccaf31c869cf859bc0a9814d80fb     
adv. 不适当地,无能地
参考例句:
  • Unless the tests are ineptly designed, removing tests will just remove power. 除非测试用例是不熟练的设计,否则去掉测试用例就是去除作用力。
  • This function is ineptly left to a small voice. 这项任务不适当地交给了一个声音小的人。
9 applied Tz2zXA     
adj.应用的;v.应用,适用
参考例句:
  • She plans to take a course in applied linguistics.她打算学习应用语言学课程。
  • This cream is best applied to the face at night.这种乳霜最好晚上擦脸用。
10 consultants c6fbb5ca6219111731f9c4c4d2675810     
顾问( consultant的名词复数 ); 高级顾问医生,会诊医生
参考例句:
  • a firm of management consultants 管理咨询公司
  • There're many consultants in hospital. 医院里有很多会诊医生。
11 mere rC1xE     
adj.纯粹的;仅仅,只不过
参考例句:
  • That is a mere repetition of what you said before.那不过是重复了你以前讲的话。
  • It's a mere waste of time waiting any longer.再等下去纯粹是浪费时间。
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TAG标签:   考研英语  阅读理解
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