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历年考研英语阅读理解mp3(98-3)

时间:2008-10-13 07:25来源:互联网 提供网友:流畅   字体: [ ]
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[00:00.00]在线英语听力室(www.tingroom.com)友情制作
[00:05.80]1998 Passage3
[00:08.62]Science has long had an uneasy relationship
[00:11.94]with other aspects of culture.
[00:14.56]Think of Gallileo's 17th-century trial for his rebelling belief
[00:19.00]before the Catholic Church or poet William Blake's
[00:22.52]harsh remarks against the mechanistic worldview
[00:25.35]of Isaac Newton.
[00:27.46]The schism1 between science and the humanities has,
[00:31.06]if anything, deepened in this century.
[00:34.69]Until recently, the scientific community was so powerful
[00:38.63]that it could afford to ignore its critics
[00:41.66]--but no longer.
[00:43.38]As funding for science has declined,
[00:45.90]scientists have attacked "antiscience" in several books,
[00:50.34]notably Higher Superstition2, by Paul R.Gross,
[00:54.88]a biologist at the University of Virginia,
[00:58.10]and Norman Levitt,
[00:59.21]a mathematician3 at Rutgers University;
[01:02.23]and The Demon-Haunted World,
[01:04.65]by Carl Sagan of Cornell University.
[01:08.08]Defenders of science have also voiced their concerns
[01:11.71]at meetings such as "The Flight from Science and Reason,"
[01:15.86]held in New York City in 1995,
[01:19.08]and "Science in the Age of (Mis)information,"
[01:22.91]which assembled last June near Buffalo4.
[01:26.54]Antiscience clearly means different things to different people.
[01:31.27]Gross and Levitt find fault primarily with sociologists,
[01:35.71]philosophers and other academics
[01:38.23]who have questioned science's objectivity.
[01:41.15]Sagan is more concerned with those who believe in ghosts,
[01:44.77]creationism and other phenomena
[01:47.30]that contradict the scientific worldview.
[01:50.92]A survey of news stories in 1996 reveals
[01:54.93]that the antiscience tag has been attached to
[01:57.55]many other groups as well,
[01:59.77]from authorities who advocated the elimination
[02:02.18]of the last remaining stocks
[02:04.20]of smallpox5 virus to Republicans
[02:06.69]who advocated decreased funding for basic research.
[02:11.13]Few would dispute that the term applies to the Unabomber,
[02:15.25]whose manifesto6, published in 1995, scorns science
[02:20.20]and longs for return to a pretechnological utopia.
[02:24.22]But surely that does not mean environmentalists concerned
[02:27.85]about uncontrolled industrial growth are antiscience,
[02:31.79]as an essay in US News & World Report last May
[02:35.23]seemed to suggest.
[02:37.74]The environmentalists, inevitably7, respond to such critics.
[02:42.29]The true enemies of science,
[02:43.99]argues Paul Ehrlich of Stanford University,
[02:47.22]a pioneer of environmental studies, are those
[02:50.45]who question the evidence supporting global warming,
[02:53.88]the depletion8 of the ozone9 layer
[02:55.89]and other consequences of industrial growth.
[02:58.61]在线英语听力室(
www.tingroom.com)友情制作
[02:59.94]Indeed, some observers fear that the antiscience epithet
[03:04.47]is in danger of becoming meaningless.
[03:07.50]"The term 'antiscience' can lump together too many,
[03:10.93]quite different things,"
[03:13.05]notes Harvard University philosopher Gerald Holton
[03:16.28]in his 1993 work Science and Anti-Science.
[03:20.51]"They have in common only one thing
[03:22.63]that they tend to annoy or threaten those
[03:25.00]who regard themselves as more enlightened."


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1 schism kZ8xh     
n.分派,派系,分裂
参考例句:
  • The church seems to be on the brink of schism.教会似乎处于分裂的边缘。
  • While some predict schism,others predict a good old fashioned compromise.在有些人预测分裂的同时,另一些人预测了有益的老式妥协。
2 superstition VHbzg     
n.迷信,迷信行为
参考例句:
  • It's a common superstition that black cats are unlucky.认为黑猫不吉祥是一种很普遍的迷信。
  • Superstition results from ignorance.迷信产生于无知。
3 mathematician aoPz2p     
n.数学家
参考例句:
  • The man with his back to the camera is a mathematician.背对着照相机的人是位数学家。
  • The mathematician analyzed his figures again.这位数学家再次分析研究了他的这些数字。
4 buffalo 1Sby4     
n.(北美)野牛;(亚洲)水牛
参考例句:
  • Asian buffalo isn't as wild as that of America's. 亚洲水牛比美洲水牛温顺些。
  • The boots are made of buffalo hide. 这双靴子是由水牛皮制成的。
5 smallpox 9iNzJw     
n.天花
参考例句:
  • In 1742 he suffered a fatal attack of smallpox.1742年,他染上了致命的天花。
  • Were you vaccinated against smallpox as a child?你小时候打过天花疫苗吗?
6 manifesto P7wzt     
n.宣言,声明
参考例句:
  • I was involved in the preparation of Labour's manifesto.我参与了工党宣言的起草工作。
  • His manifesto promised measures to protect them.他在宣言里保证要为他们采取保护措施。
7 inevitably x7axc     
adv.不可避免地;必然发生地
参考例句:
  • In the way you go on,you are inevitably coming apart.照你们这样下去,毫无疑问是会散伙的。
  • Technological changes will inevitably lead to unemployment.技术变革必然会导致失业。
8 depletion qmcz2     
n.耗尽,枯竭
参考例句:
  • Increased consumption of water has led to rapid depletion of groundwater reserves.用水量的增加导致了地下水贮备迅速枯竭。
  • Farmers should rotate crops every season to prevent depletion of the soil.农夫每季应该要轮耕,以免耗尽土壤。
9 ozone omQzBE     
n.臭氧,新鲜空气
参考例句:
  • The ozone layer is a protective layer around the planet Earth.臭氧层是地球的保护层。
  • The capacity of ozone can adjust according of requirement.臭氧的产量可根据需要或调节。
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TAG标签:   考研英语  阅读理解
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