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历年考研英语阅读理解mp3(01-3)

时间:2008-10-13 07:43来源:互联网 提供网友:流畅   字体: [ ]
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    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)
[00:00.00]在线英语听力室(www.tingroom.com)友情制作
[00:03.75]2001 Passage3
[00:07.47]Why do so many Americans distrust
[00:10.22]what they read in their newspapers?
[00:12.44]The American Society of Newspaper Editors
[00:15.26]is trying to answer this painful question.
[00:18.29]The organization is deep into a long self-analysis known
[00:22.61]as the journalism1 credibility project.
[00:26.55]Sad to say, this project has turned out to be
[00:29.92]mostly low-level findings about factual errors
[00:33.66]and spelling and grammar mistakes,
[00:36.07]combined with lots of head-scratching puzzlement about
[00:39.39]what in the world those readers really want.
[00:42.72]But the sources of distrust go way deeper.
[00:46.65]Most journalists learn to see the world
[00:49.17]through a set of standard templates (patterns) into
[00:52.81]which they plug each day's events.
[00:56.43]In other words, there is a conventional story line
[00:59.56]in the newsroom culture that provides a backbone
[01:02.68]and a ready-made narrative2 structure
[01:05.11]for otherwise confusing news.
[01:08.74]There exists a social and cultural disconnect
[01:12.06]between journalists and their readers,
[01:14.48]which helps explain why the "standard templates"
[01:17.42]of the newsroom seem alien to many readers.
[01:21.45]In a recent survey,
[01:23.17]questionnaires were sent to reporters
[01:25.09]in five middle-size cities around the country,
[01:28.93]plus one large metropolitan3 area.
[01:32.55]Then residents in these communities
[01:34.87]were phoned at random4 and asked the same questions.
[01:39.21]Replies show that compared with other Americans,
[01:42.73]journalists are more likely to live in
[01:44.95]upscale neighborhoods,
[01:46.97]have maids, own Mercedeses, and trade stocks,
[01:50.50]and they're less likely to go to church,
[01:53.12]do volunteer work, or put down roots in a community.
[01:57.85]Reporters tend to be part of a broadly
[02:00.51]defined social and cultural elite5,
[02:03.26]so their work tends to reflect
[02:04.97]the conventional values of this elite.
[02:07.90]The astonishing distrust of the news media
[02:10.52]isn't rooted in inaccuracy or poor reportorial skills
[02:15.06]but in the daily clash of world views
[02:17.37]between reporters and their readers.
[02:19.38]在线英语听力室(
www.tingroom.com)友情制作
[02:20.70]This is an explosive situation for any industry,
[02:24.33]particularly a declining one.
[02:26.95]Here is a troubled business
[02:28.32]that keeps hiring employees
[02:30.75]whose attitudes vastly annoy the customers.
[02:34.60]Then it sponsors lots of symposiums
[02:37.54]and a credibility project
[02:39.26]dedicated to wondering why customers
[02:41.80]are annoyed and fleeing in large numbers.
[02:45.53]But it never seems to get around to noticing
[02:47.84]the cultural and class biases
[02:50.67]that so many former buyers are complaining about.
[02:54.71]If it did, it would open up its diversity program,
[02:58.34]now focused narrowly on race and gender,
[03:01.46]and look for reporters who differ broadly
[03:03.99]by outlook, values, education, and class.

点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 journalism kpZzu8     
n.新闻工作,报业
参考例句:
  • He's a teacher but he does some journalism on the side.他是教师,可还兼职做一些新闻工作。
  • He had an aptitude for journalism.他有从事新闻工作的才能。
2 narrative CFmxS     
n.叙述,故事;adj.叙事的,故事体的
参考例句:
  • He was a writer of great narrative power.他是一位颇有记述能力的作家。
  • Neither author was very strong on narrative.两个作者都不是很善于讲故事。
3 metropolitan mCyxZ     
adj.大城市的,大都会的
参考例句:
  • Metropolitan buildings become taller than ever.大城市的建筑变得比以前更高。
  • Metropolitan residents are used to fast rhythm.大都市的居民习惯于快节奏。
4 random HT9xd     
adj.随机的;任意的;n.偶然的(或随便的)行动
参考例句:
  • The list is arranged in a random order.名单排列不分先后。
  • On random inspection the meat was found to be bad.经抽查,发现肉变质了。
5 elite CqzxN     
n.精英阶层;实力集团;adj.杰出的,卓越的
参考例句:
  • The power elite inside the government is controlling foreign policy.政府内部的一群握有实权的精英控制着对外政策。
  • We have a political elite in this country.我们国家有一群政治精英。
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TAG标签:   考研英语  阅读理解
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